Department of Psychology
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Gordon Hodson
Professor, Ph.D. (Western)

Office: MC B307
Phone: (905)688-5550 ext.5127

research website


- intergroup relations, prejudice, stereotyping, discrimination, and dehumanization

- personality and individual differences

- immigration and intergroup threat

- intergroup contact, intergroup friendships, and emotions (e.g., disgust, anxiety, empathy)

My primary research interests examine intergroup processes related to prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination. This overall focus can be broken down into several key areas of investigation. First, how has contemporary prejudice transformed itself from overt and direct bias to more subtle and indicrect forms? How can these subtle biases be detected and combated among otherwise well-meaning individuals? Second, to what extent do personality constructs such as authoritarianism and social dominance predict and shape the expression of prejudice and discrimination? Third, how does the perception of intergroup threat posed by immigrants, refugees, and outgroups generally exacerbate negative intergroup outcomes? What social and personal factors trigger intergroup anxiety, and what are its consequences?

Most recently, my research addresses the contextual and personality factors involved in the attenuation of intergroup conflict, such as encouraging common ingroup categorization and identification. Specifically, I am testing the benefits of increasing positive intergroup contact and using intergroup friendships to reduce bias in a variety of settings.


Kteily, N.S., Hodson, G., Dhont, K., & Ho, A.K. (in press). Predisposed to prejudice but responsive to intergroup contact? Testing the unique benefits of intergroup contact across different types of individual differences. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. DOI: 10.1177/1368430217716750

Hoffarth, M.R., Hodson, G., & Molnar, D.S. (in press). When and why is religious attendance associated with anti-gay bias and gay rights opposition? A Justification-Suppression Model approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Hoffarth, M.R. & Hodson, G. (in press). Ambivalence. Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences (Eds. V. Zeigler-Hill & T.K. Shackelford). Springer.

MacInnis, C.C., & Hodson, G. (in press). It ain’t easy eating greens: Evidence of bias toward vegetarians and vegans from both source and target. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations. DOI: 10.1177/1368430215618253.

Choma, B.L., & Hodson, G. (2017). Right-wing ideology: Positive (and negative) relations to threat. Social Cognition, 35, 415-432.

Earle, M., & Hodson, G. (2017). What’s your beef with vegetarians? Predicting anti-vegetarian prejudice from pro-beef attitudes across cultures. Personality and Individual Differences, 119, 52-55.

Hodson, G., & Earle, M. (2017). Anti-Semitism. In F.M. Moghaddam (Ed.), The SAGE Encyclopedia of Political Behavior (pp. 28-30). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.

Hodson, G., MacInnis, C.C., & Busseri, M.A. (2017). Bowing and kicking: Rediscovering the fundamental link between generalized authoritarianism and generalized prejudice. Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 243-251. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.08.018

Hodson, G., Turner, R.N., & Choma, B.L. (2017). Individual differences in intergroup contact propensity and prejudice reduction.  In L. Vezzali & S. Stathi (Eds). Intergroup contact theory: Recent developments and future directions (Series: Current Issues in Social Psychology) (pp. 8-30). New York, NY: Routledge.

MacInnis, C.C., Page-Gould, E., & Hodson, G. (2017). Multilevel intergroup contact and anti-gay prejudice (explicit and implicit): Evidence of contextual contact benefits in a less visible group domain. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 8, 243-251. DOI: 10.1177/1948550616671405

Hodson, G., & MacInnis, C.C. (2017). Can left-right differences in abortion support be explained by sexism? Personality and Individual Differences, 104, 118-121. DOI: 10.1016/j.paid.2016.07.044

Dhont, K., Hodson, G., & Leite, A.C. (2016). Common ideological roots of speciesism and generalized ethnic prejudice: The social dominance human-animal relations model (SD-HARM). European Journal of Personality, 30, 507-522. DOI: 10.1002/per.2069

Hoffarth, M.R., & Hodson, G. (2016). Who needs imagined contact? Replication attempts examining previous contact as a potential moderator. Social Psychology, 47, 118-124. DOI: 10.1027/1864-9335/a000258

MacInnis, C.C., & Hodson, G. (2016). Surfing for sexual sin: Relations between religiousness and viewing sexual content online. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 23, 196-210.

Hoffarth, M.R., Drolet, C.E., Hodson, G., & Hafer, C.L. (2016). Development and validation of the Attitudes Toward Asexuals (ATA) scale. Psychology and Sexuality, 7, 88-100. DOI: 10.1080/19419899.2015.1050446.

Hodson, G., & MacInnis, C.C. (2016).  Derogating humor as a delegitimization strategy in intergroup contexts. Translational Issues in Psychological Science, 2, 63-74. 

Kteily, N., Hodson, G., & Bruneau, E. (2016). They see us as less than human: Meta-dehumanization predicts intergroup conflict via reciprocal dehumanization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 110, 343-370.

Choma, B.L., Haji, R., Hodson, G., & Hoffarth, M.R. (2016). Avoiding cultural contamination: Intergroup disgust sensitivity and religious identification as predictors of interfaith threat, faith-based policies, and Islamophobia. Personality and Individual Differences, 95, 50-55.

Adachi, P, J.C., Hodson, G., Willoughby, T., Blank, C., & Ha, A. (2016). From outgroups to allied forces: Effect of intergroup cooperation in violent and non-violent video games on boosting favorable outgroup attitudes. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 145, 259-265.

Hoffarth, M.R., & Hodson, G. (2016). Green on the outside, red on the inside: Perceived environmentalist threat as a factor explaining political polarization of climate change. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 45, 40-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvp.2015.11.002

Onraet, E., Van Hiel, A., Dhont, K., Hodson, G., Schitterkatte, M., & De Pauw, S. (2015). The association of cognitive ability with right-wing ideological attitudes and prejudice: A meta-analytic review. European Journal of Personality, 29, 599-621.  DOI: 10.1002/per.2027

Adachi, P.J.C., Hodson, G., & Hoffarth, M.R. (2015). Video game play and intergroup relations: Real world implications for prejudice and discrimination. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 25, 227-236. DOI: 10.1016/j.avb.2015.09.008.

Hodson, G., & Dhont, K. (2015). The person-based nature of prejudice: Individual difference predictors of intergroup negativity. European Review of Social Psychology, 26, 1-42. DOI: 10.1080/10463283.2015.1070018. [FREE ACCESS at]

Adachi, P.J.C., Hodson, G., Willoughby, T., & Zanette, S. (2015). Brothers or sisters in arms: Intergroup cooperation in a violent shooter game can reduce intergroup prejudice. Psychology of Violence, 5, 455-462. doi:10.1037/a0037407.

MacInnis, C.C., & Hodson, G. (2015). The development of online cross-group relationships among university students: Benefits of earlier (vs. later) disclosure of stigmatized group membership. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 32, 788-809. DOI: 10.1177/0265407514548394

MacInnis, C.C., & Hodson, G. (2015). Why are heterosexual men (vs. women) particularly prejudiced toward gay men? A social dominance theory explanation.  Psychology and Sexuality, 6, 275-294. DOI: 10.1080/19419899.2014.987684

Hodson, G., & Skorska, M.N. (2015). Tapping generalized essentialism to predict outgroup prejudices. British Journal of Social Psychology, 54, 371-382. DOI:10.111/bjso.12083.

MacInnis, C.C., & Hodson, G. (2015). Do American states with more religious or conservative populations search more for sexual content on Google? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 44, 137-147. DOI: 10.1007/s10508-014-0361-8

Hodson, G., Dube, B., & Choma, B.L. (2015). Can (elaborated) imagined contact interventions reduce prejudice among those higher in intergroup disgust sensitivity (ITG-DS)? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 45, 123-131. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12281.



Dr. Gordon Hodson
Department of Psychology
Brock University
1812 Sir Isaac Brock Way
St. Catharines, Ontario
Canada L2S 3A1

Telephone:1- 905-688-5550, ext. 5127
fax: 1-905-688-6922



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