Sidney J. Segalowitz

Professor, Ph.D. (Cornell)

Lab Facilities

Our Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory includes several high-density EEG recording systems, including ones that are portable for data acquisition with special populations, and the latest software in modelling source generators. We also examine other psychophysiological responses, especially heart rate variability, as a reflection of parasympathetic control.

Current research interests 

My research focus has been on methodological innovations in EEG and ERP research that allow us to examine more deeply psychological questions of information processing and the effect of individual differences on that processing. Most recently, we have been working with techniques involving ICA (for the derivation of latent components in the ERP), with source modelling (especially using sLORETA and sometimes BESA), ITC (inter-trial consistency measures for intra-subject variability in ERP responses), some new measures of cortical connectivity derived from EEG, and bootstrapping techniques for N=1 analyses.

With these techniques, we are able to ask questions of psychological importance such as those outlined below.

Performance monitoring

What happens in the human brain when people make correct or incorrect responses on simple challenge tasks, or when they make a gambling choice (pick one of two boxes to win or lose money)? The result is an interaction between the subcortical reward system of the brain and the prefrontal cortex monitoring region. I use EEG/ERPs to monitor these brain responses. Human brains react to a disappointing outcome with what are called error-related ERP components (especially the medial frontal negativities), which are easily recorded when someone realizes they have made an error.

These include the error-related negativity (ERN, or Ne) and positivity (Pe). Similarly, when one receives feedback concerning performance, a feedback-related negativity (FRN) is generated. We are working on understanding the cortical sources for these components and the cognitive and emotional contexts which influence their appearance, including the effects of heightened arousal during a task because of excitement.

Developmental differences

Some of the effects described above are affected by age. The prefrontal cortex of the adolescent brain is still rapidly maturing, and so does its production of the ERN. We are examining the relation between brain maturation and the production of various ERP components dependent on activity in the medial prefrontal cortex and what cognitive or personality characteristics account for the individual differences in this growth. These traits include executive functions, emotional self-regulation and reward-related personality characteristics, all aspects related to the mental health of children and youth.

Early stages of face, word and object perception

Information is processed extremely rapidly in the brain and reflected in ERPs. We are examining this rapid processing in the context of face perception, word reading and object perception. Some of our studies concern emotional face perception, especially as a function of the viewer’s personality, and others concern individual differences in the skill of the viewer in processing the stimuli.

Personality individual differences

We have also found that a person’s personality relates to his or her performance-related ERP responses (the ERN, Pe, FRN, and also the nogo-N2). Of particular interest to us are personality characteristics of risk-taking and sensation-seeking personality styles, responses to rewards and punishments, and the degree of empathy and obsessive-compulsiveness or perfectionism that the person shows. We think that the functioning of the medial prefrontal cortex is central to some of these individual differences.

ERPScore downloads

For WindowsClick here to download.
ERPScore was designed for Windows XP, so here is how to run ERPScore in Windows 7 and 8:

  1. Right click on the program (or the shortcut – this may work too).
  2. Click on the Compatibility tab and check “Run this program in compatibility mode for:” and choose Windows XP (Service Pack 3).
  3. Check the box “Run this program as an administrator”
  4. Click OK.

In Explorer, copy grid32.oca into the “Windows” folder on your C: drive.

For Mac OSX (ver 10.10):
For Max pre-Yosemite:

SPR 2016 – 2018 Presenations

Viczko, Jeremy, Segalowitz, Sidney J., Smart, Colette (2018). On the nature of wakefulness: examining the relationship between self-report and electrophysiological markers of arousal in long-term Vajrayana Buddhist meditators. Psychophysiology, 55,

Smart, Colette & Segalowitz, Sidney J. (2018). Learning to put the brakes on: attention control differences in long-term practitioners of somatic meditation. Psychophysiology, 55,

Coy, A., Tekok-Kilic, A., Libben, G., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2018). When is a threat less of a threat? ERP support for differentiating threat levels in the IAPS pictures. Psychophysiology, 55,

Chattha, O., Libben, G., & Segalowitz, S.J.  (2018). An ERP investigation of present/past tense verb production and morphological regularity. Psychophysiology, 55,

Segalowitz, S.J., Samar, V.J., Desjardins, J.A., & Weissflog, M. (2018). Childhood socioeconomic status affects adult medial frontal negativity (MFN) demonstrated by independent component analysis (ICA). Psychophysiology, 55,

Weissflog, M., Segalowitz, S.J., & Dywan, J. (2017). Factor 1 and Factor 2 Psychopathic Trait Severity Dissociated in Early Visual ERPs. Psychophysiology, 54, S60.

Balakumar, S., Murphy, T. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2017). The Effect of Sleep Deprivation on Inter-Trial Coherence of the P100, ERN and CRN. Psychophysiology, 54, S104.

Lackner, C., Santesso, D., Dywan, J., O’Leary, D., Wade, T. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2017). Adverse Childhood Experiences are Associated with the Magnitude of The ERN Difference. Psychophysiology, 54, S124.

Segalowitz, S.J., Callegari, J., Chattha, O. & Smith, B. (2017). Is the Early Visual ERP Sensitive to Low-Level Visual Stimulus Properties? A Test of Luminance vs. Cognitive Factors. Psychophysiology, 54, S133.

Matsuhashi, T., Segalowitz, S.J., Nagano, Y. & Masaki, H. (2016). Error-related negativity predicts improvement of a sequence motor learning. Psychophysiology, 53.

SPR 2015 Presentation

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2015

Stefon J.R. van Noordt, James A. Desjardins, Cody E.T. Gogo, Ayda Tekok-Kilic, & Sidney J. Segalowitz.
Cognitive Control is in the Eye of the Beholder: Theta and Alpha Modulation in a Cued Saccade Task.

SPR 2014 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2014

Capuana, Lesley J., Dywan, Jane, Gibson, Raechelle M., & Segalowitz, Sidney J.
Cardiac Autonomic Regulation and Cognitive Control in Older and Younger Adults.

Dzyundzyak, Angela, Santesso, Diane L., & Segalowitz, Sid J.
Problem Gambling and the FRN.

Davis, Charles P., Libben, Gary, & Segalowitz, Sidney J.
Compounding Matters: The P1 as an Index of Semantic Access to Compound Words.

Lackner, Christine L., Milligan, Karen, Wilkins, Leanne, Spiroiu, Flavia, Badali, Paul, Schmidt, Louis A., & Segalowitz, Sidney J.
Mindfulness Martial Arts Training Maintains Intertrial Coherence Indices of Selective Attention in Adolescents with ADHD and/or Learning Disabilities Over Repeated Task Administration.

Sternin, Avital, Segalowitz, Sidney J., Lewis, Terri L., Dywan, Jane, & Maurer, Daphne.
Electrophysiological Evidence of Altered Visual Processing in Adults with Blocked Pattern Vision During Infancy.

SPR 2013 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2013

Cynthia J. Wilner, Michelle K. Jetha, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Lisa M. Gatzke-Kopp. Emotional face processing biases and children’s externalizing and behaviours in school.

Lesley J. Capuana, Jane Dywan, Raechelle M. Gibson, Sidney J. Segalowitz. Cardiac autonomic regulation and cognitive control.

Charles P. Davis, Gary Libben, and Sidney J. Segalowitz. Compounding matters: The Pl as an index of semantic access to compound words.

Angela Dzyundzyak, Diane L. Santesso, & Sid J. Segalowitz. Problem gambling and the FRN.

Christine L. Lackner, Karen Milligan, Leanne Wilkins, Flavia Spiroiu, Paul Badali, Louis A. Schmidt, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Mindfulness martial arts training maintains intertrial coherence indices of selective attention in adolescents with ADHD and/or learning disabilities over repeated task administration.

SPR 2012 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2012

Stefon J.R. van Noordt, James A. Desjardins, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. It’s time for a change: Examining anterior cingulate cortex activation to cues signalling switches in response context.

Meghan Weissflog, Gillian E.S. Munro, Lisa M. Wirz, Sidney J. Segalowitz, and jane Dywan. Callous affect and the early visual processing of fearful faces.

Xin Zheng & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Putting a face in its place: In- and out-group membership alters the N170 response.

Michelle K. Jetha, Lisa M. Gatzke-Kopp, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. The stability of visual ERP components in young children.

William J. Marshall, Christine L. Lackner, Paul Marriott, Diane L. Santesso & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Using phase shifting and Granger causality to measure effective connectivity in EEG recordings.

SPR 2011 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2011

Stefon J.R. van Noordt & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Error-related brain potentials are associated with transient increases in spectral power & phase alignment of on-going EEG oscillations.

Meghan J. Weissflog, Sidney J. Segalowitz & Jane Dywan. Manipulation of spatial attention delays electrophysiological indices of early visual processing of emotional faces.

Xin Zheng & Sidney J. Segalowitz. The N170 face inversion effect is both face-specific and domain-general separate amplitude and latency effects.

Lesley J. Capuana, Raechelle M. Gibson, William J. Tays, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Jane Dywan. Performance monitoring and accuracy of response.

James A. Desjardins & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Time course and robustness of the N170 face effect at the scalp and in independent components: Separating the N170 and P100 face effects.

Angela Dzyundzyak, Mary H. MacLean, & sidney J. Segalowitz. Influence of reward information on anticipatory processes: CNV and alpha event-related desynchrony study.

Christine L. Lackner, William Marshall, Diane Santesso, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Phase reset variables are differentially associated with anxiety and aggression in a typically developing adolescent sample.

SPR 2010 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2010

James Desjardins, Christine L. Lackner, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Perfecting the P50 Gating Paradigm: The Benefits of Using ICA and Bootstrapping Techniques.

Angela Dzyundzyak & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Anticipating Wins and Losses: CNVs Appear to be Similar but Reflect Different Traits.

Christine L. Lackner, Diane L. Santesso, Jane Dywan, Terrance J. Wade & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Medial Prefrontal Nogo Activation During an Emotion Go-Nogo Task is Related to Worrying in Adolescents.

Diane L. Santesso, Jane Dywan, Terrance J. Wade, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Enhanced Feedback-Related ACC Activity in Relation to Negative Emotionality During Adolescence.

William J. Tays, Richelle L. Witherspoon, Lesley J. Capuana, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Jane Dywan. Resolving Interference One Component at a Time: Dissociation Between N2 and N450 in a Modified Continuous Performance Task.

Meghan J. Weissflog, Stefon J.R. van Noordt, Becky L. Choma, Jane Dywan, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Sociopolotical Ideology and Electrocortical Responses.

SPR 2009 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2009

Lesley J. Capuana, William J. Tays, Jane Dywan, Sidney J. Segalowitz. Autonomic Arousal and Inhibitory Control in Aging.

James A. Desjardins & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Deconstruction the P100 and N170 Face-effects using independent component analysis.

Angela Dzyundzyak, Diane L. Santesso, Sidney J. Segalowitz. Processing reward magnitude and valence: Dissociations and Individual differences in the FRN and P300.

Michelle K. Jetha, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Lisa Gatzke-Kopp. Frontal EEG Asymmetry in Highly Aggressive 5-6 Year-Old Girls.

Karen J. Mathewson, Irene E. Drmic, Michelle K. Jetha, Susan E. Bryson, Joel O. Goldberg, Geoffrey B. Hall, Diane L. Santesso, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Louis A. Schmidt. Cardiac Responses to Affective Auditory and Visual Stimuli in Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

Diane L. Santesso, Irene E. Drmic, Michelle K. Jetha, Karen J. Mathewson, Susan E. Bryson, Joel O. Goldberg, Geoffrey B. Hall, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Louis A. Schmidt. An ERP Source Localization Study of Performance Monitoring in Autism Spectrum Disorder.

William J. Tays, Jane Dywan, Sidney J. Segalowitz. Identifying the Role of the Interference-Elicited Medial Frontal Negativity: Effects of Working Memory Load Revealed by Independent Component Analysis.

Meghan J. Weissflog, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Gillian E.S. Munro, & Jane Dywan. ERP Correlates of Emotional Face Processing in Psychopathy: Tracking Down the Psychopathy Effect in Faces.

Xin Zheng, Mark D. Vida, Catherine J. Mondloch, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. N170 is Sensitive to Several Factors Important for Differentiating Individual Faces.

SPR 2008 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2008

Karen Mathewson, Jane Dywan, William J. Tays, Sidney J. Segalowitz. Aging Decline in Cardiac Vagal Regulation: Implications for Complex Cognition

Xin Zheng & Sidney J. Segalowitz. ERP Evidence of Early Semantic Access with a Randomized Semantic Priming Paradigm

Gillian E. Munro, Jane Dywan, Weimin Lim & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Subclinical Levels of Psychopathy Associated with an Affect-Specific Processing Deficit

CNS 2007 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Cognitive Neuroscience Society 2007

Sidney J. Segalowitz, William Marshall, Karen J. Mathewson, William J. Tays, Jane Dywan. Cross-Cortical Communication in Healthy Human Aging: A Mutural Information Analysis of EEG

William J. Tays, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Karen Mathewson, & Jane Dywan. Topographical Variability of ERP Response in Older Adults is Inversely Related to Interference in a Working Memory Task

Xin Zheng and Sidney J. Segalowitz. Early Components of Word Reading: A High-Density ERP Study of Lexical Access

SPR 2007 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2007

Sidney J. Segalowitz & Mathew Dipoce: Eliciting early VEP components: a comparison of paradigms

William J. Tays, Jane Dywan, Leslie Capuana, & Sidney J. Segalowitz: General Proactive Interference and the N450 Response.

Leslie J. Capuana, William J. Tays, Karen Mathewson, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Jane Dywan: Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA) and the MFN in Younger and Older Adults.

Xin Zheng & Sidney J. Segalowitz: A High-Density ERP Study on Word Frequency and Neighborhood: Lexical Status Effects in the P100.

Gillian E. Munro, Jane Dywan, Weimin Lim, & Sidney J. Segalowitz: Indices of Psychoppathy and ERP Responses to a Visual Oddball Task.

Karen Mathewson, Jane Dywan, William J. Tays, Peter J. Snyder, Sidney J. Segalowitz: Heart Rate Variability and Maze-Learning Performance in Older and Younger Adults.

SPR 2006 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2006

Diane L. Santesso & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Poor Error Monitoring Response is Related to Lack of Empathy.

Timothy I. Murphy, Michael Coons, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. You may Respond when Sleepy, but your Frontal Lobes May Not: The Effect of Sleep Deprivation and Incentive on the P300 and Contingent Negative Variation.

Gillian E. Munro, Jane Dywan, Grant T. Harris, Shari McKee, Ayse Unsal and Sidney J. Segalowitz. Response inhibition in psychopathy: The inhibitory N2 and P3.

Sidney J. Segalowitz and Diane L. Santesso. A Lack of Inhibitory Components in the Nogo N2 and the ERN.

SPR 2005 Presentations

Presented at the Annual Meeting for the Society for Psychophysiological Research 2005

Patricia L. Davies, Sidney J. Segalowitz, William J. Gavin. Relationship of Error-related Negativity to Cognitive Skills From 7 to 18 Years.

Hiroaki Masaki, Timothy I. Murphy, James A. Desjardins, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. ERN Characteristics on Partial versus Complete Errors.

Karen Mathewson, Jane Dywan, William J. Tays, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Peter J. Snyder. ERPs to Error-related Feedback During a Spatial Memory Task in Older and Younger Adults.

Gillian E. Munro, Jane Dywan, Grant T. Harris, Shari McKee, Ayse Unsal & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Source Modeling of the Error-Related Negativity in Criminal Psychopaths.

Timothy I. Murphy, Melanie Pine, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. P300 Latency is Dangerously Lengthened for Dual Task when Sleepy.

Sonia P. Sanichara, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Patricia L. Davies, William J. Gavin, Jane Dywan. Charting Developmental EEG Gamma Changes in the Auditory Modality.

Diane L. Santesso, Sidney J. Segalowitz, & Danielle I. Dyke. Sensation Seeking and Reward Sensitivity are Related to Poor Performance Monitoring (ERN) and Decision-making (IGT).

B. Stemmer, S. Segalowitz, J. Dywan, & M. Panisset. Dopaminergic medication and the ERN in Parkinson’s disease.

William J. Tays, Jane Dywan, Karen J. Mathewson, & Sidney J. Segalowitz. Age-Related Change in ERPs Associated with Context-Based & Response-Based Interference.

CNS 2005 Presentation

Segalowitz, Mondloc, Freir, Maure, Dywa CNS 2005

Matsuhashi, T., Segalowitz, S.J., Murphy, T.I., Nagano,Y., Hirao, T. & Masaki, H. (in press). Medial-Frontal Negativities Predict Performance Improvements During Motor Sequence but not Motor Adaptation Learning. Psychophysiology.

Lackner, C., Gorter, J-W, Segalowitz, S.J., MyStory Study Group (in press). Cognitive Electrophysiology in Young Adults with Cerebral Palsy: A Proof of Concept Study. Clinical EEG & Neuroscience.

Desjardins, J.A., van Noordt, S., Segalowitz, S.J., Elsabbagh, M. (in press). Lossless EEG pre-processing pipeline for objective signal quality assessment using data annotation and ICA. J Neurosci Methods.

Mulligan, B., Segalowitz, S.J., Hofer, S., Smart, Colette (in press) A multi-timescale, multi-method perspective on older adult neurocognitive adaptability. The Clinical Neuropsychologist.

Van Noordt, S., Desjardins, J., Huberty. S., Abou-Abbas, L., Webb, S.J., Levin, A., Segalowitz, S.J., Evans, A., & Elsabbagh, M.  (2020). EEG-IP: an international infant EEG data integration platform for the study of risk and resilience in autism and related conditions. Molecular Medicine, 26:40

Willner, C.J., Jetha, M.K., Segalowitz, S.J., & Gatzke-Kopp, L.M. (2020). Neurophysiological evidence for distinct biases in emotional face processing associated with internalizing and externalizing symptoms in children. Biological Psychology, 150, 107829.

Klymkiw, D.F., Milligan, K., Lackner, C., Phillips, M., Schmidt, L.A., and Segalowitz, S.J. (2020). Does Anxiety Enhance or Hinder Attentional and Impulse Control in Youth With ADHD? An ERP Analysis. Journal of Attention Disorders, 24(12), 1746-1756).

Hafer, C.L., Drolet, C.E., Davis, E.E., Segalowitz, S.J., & Shulman, E.P. (in press). Evidence of a Processing Advantage for Deservingness-Relevant Information. Social Psychology.

Milligan, K., Sibalis, A., McKeough, T., Lackner, C, Schmidt, L.A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (in press). Mindfulness enhances neural indices of attention in youth with learning disabilities and co-occurring mental health challenges. Mindfulness.

Klymkiw, D.F., Milligan, K., Lackner, C., Phillips, M., Schmidt, L.A., and Segalowitz, S.J. Does Anxiety Enhance or Hinder Attentional and Impulse Control in Youth With ADHD? An ERP Analysis. Journal of Attention Disorders. DOI: 10.1177/1087054717707297

Milligan, K., Sibalis, A., McKeough, T., Lackner, C. Schmidt, K.A., Pun, C., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2019). Impact of Mindfulness Martial Arts Training on Neural and Behavioral Indices of Attention in Youth with Learning Disabilities and Co-occurring Mental Health Challenges. Mindfulness, 10, 2152–2164.

Sibalis, A., Milligan, K., Pun,C., McKeough, T., Schmidt, L.A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2019). An EEG Investigation of the Attention-Related Impact of Mindfulness Training in Youth With ADHD: Outcomes and Methodological Considerations. J Attention Disorders, 23(7), 733-743. DOI: 10.1177/1087054717719.

Mulligan, B., Smart, C., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2019). Neuropsychological and resting-state electroencephalographic markers of older adult neurocognitive adaptability. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 33(2), 390-418.

Davis, C. P., Libben, G., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2019). Compounding matters: Event-related potential evidence for early semantic access to compound words. Cognition, 184(1), 44-52.

Campopiano, A., van Noordt, S., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2018). STATSLAB: An open-source toolbox for computing single-subject effects using robust statistics. Behavioural Brain Research, 347, 425-435.

Lackner, C.L., Santesso, D. L., Dywan, J., O’Leary, D., Wade, T.J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2018). Adverse Childhood Experiences are Associated with Self-Regulation and the Magnitude of the Error-Related Negativity Difference. Biological Psychology, 132, 244-251.

Mulligan, Bryce P., Smart, Colette M., Segalowitz, Sidney J., & MacDonald, Stuart W.S. (2018). Characteristics of healthy older adults that influence self-rated cognitive function. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 24(1), 57-66.

Smart, C. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2017). Respond, Don’t React: The Influence of Mindfulness Training on Performance Monitoring in Older Adults. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 17, 1151–1163.

Segalowitz, S. J., Sternin, A., Lewis, T. L., Dywan, J., & Maurer, D. (2017). Electrophysiological evidence of altered visual processing in adults who experienced visual deprivation during infancy. Dev Psychobiol, 59(3), 375-389. doi: 10.1002/dev.21502

Van Noordt, S.J.R., Desjardins, J.A., Gogo, C., Tekok-Kilic, A., Segalowitz, S.J. (2017). Cognitive control in the eye of the beholder: Electrocortical theta and alpha modulation during response preparation in a cued saccade task. Neuroimage, 145(Pt A), 82-95.

Tang, A., Santesso, D., Segalowitz, S., Schulkin, J., & Schmidt, L. (2016). Distinguishing shyness and sociability in adults: An event-related electrocortical-neuroendocrine study. Biological Psychology, 199, 200-209.

Van Noordt, S., Campopiano, A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2016). A functional classification of medial frontal negativity event-related potentials: Theta oscillations and single subject effects. Psychophysiology, 53(9), 1317-1334.

Smart, C.M., Segalowitz, S.J., Mulligan, B.P., Koudys, J., & Gawryluk, J.R. (2016). Mindfulness Training for Older Adults with Subjective Cognitive Decline: Results from a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease52, 757-774. DOI 10.3233/JAD-150992

Segalowitz, S.J. Exercise and Pediatric Brain Development: a Call to Action. (2016). Pediatric Exercise Science28, 217-225,

Gatzke-Kopp, L. M., Willner, C. J., Jetha, M., K., Abenavoli, R. M., DuPuis, D., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2015). How does Reactivity to Frustrative Non-Reward Increase Risk for Externalizing Symptoms?  International Journal of Psychophysiology98, 300-309. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.04.018

Van Noordt, S., Desjardins, J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2015). Watch Out! Medial frontal cortex is activated by cues signalling potential changes in response demands. NeuroImage114, 356-370.

Willner, C.J., Gatzke-Kopp, L.M., Bierman, K., Greenberg, M., & Segalowitz S.J. (2015). Relevance of a neurophysiological marker of selective attention for children’s learning-related behaviours and academic performance. Developmental Psychology, 51(8), 1148-1162.

Marshall, W.J., Lackner, C.L., Marriott, P., Santesso, D.L., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2014). Using Phase Shift Granger Causality to Measure Effective Connectivity in EEG Recordings. Brain Connectivity4(10), 826-841, doi:10.1089/brain.2014.0241

DuPuis, D., Ram, N., Willner, C.J., Karalunas, S., Segalowitz, S.J., Gatzke-Kopp, L.M. (2015). Implications of Ongoing Neural Development for the Measurement of the Error-Related Negativity in Childhood. Developmental Science18, 452-468DOI: 10.1111/desc. 12229.

Smart, C.M., Segalowitz, S.J., Mulligan, B.P., & MacDonald, S.W. (2014). Attention capacity and self-report of subjective cognitive decline: a P3 ERP study. Biol Psychol, 103, 144-151. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.08.016 S0301-0511(14)00201-4

Capuana, L. J., Dywan. J., Tays, W. J., Elmers, J. L., Witherspoon, R., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2014). Factors influencing the role of autonomic regulation in the service of cognitive control. Biological Psychology, 102, 88-97.

Aniyan, A. Kumar, Sajeeth N. P., Samar, V.J., Desjardins, J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2014). A wavelet based algorithm for the identification of event-related potential components. Neuroscience Methods, 233C, 63-72. doi: 10.1016/j.jneumeth.2014.06.004

Lackner, C.L., Santesso, D.L., Dywan, J., Wade, T.J., Segalowitz, S.J. (2014). Event-related Potentials Elicited to Performance Feedback in High- and Low-Shy Adolescents. Infant and Child Development, 23, 283-294. doi: 10.1002/icd.1865.

Zheng, X., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2014). Putting a face in its place: In- and out-group membership alters the N170 response. Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci, 9(7), 961-968. doi:10.1093/scan/nst069.

Gatzke-Kopp, L. M., Jetha, M. K., & Segalowitz, S. J. (2014). The role of resting frontal EEG asymmetry in psychopathology: Afferent or efferent filter? Developmental Psychobiology56, 73–85.

Lackner, C.L., Marshall, W.J., Santesso, D. L., Dywan, J., Wade, T., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2014). Adolescent Anxiety and Aggression can be Differentially Predicted by Electrocortical Phase Reset Variables. Brain and Cognition, 89(1), 90-98.

Jetha, M.K., Zheng, X., Goldberg, J.O., Segalowitz, S.J., & Schmidt, L.A. (2013). Shyness and Emotional Face Processing in Schizophrenia: An ERP study. Biological Psychology94, 562– 574.

Weissflog, M., Choma, B., van Noordt, S., Dywan, J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2013). The Political (and Physiological) Divide: Political Orientation, Performance Monitoring, and the Anterior Cingulate Response. Social Neuroscience, 8(5), 434-447.

Zheng, X., & Segalowitz, S.J. (in press). Putting a face in its place: In- and out-group membership alters the N170 response. Soc Cogn. Affect Neurosci.

Gatzke-Kopp, L.M., Jetha, M.K., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2014). The role of resting frontal EEG asymmetry in psychopathology: Afferent or efferent filter? Developmental Psychobiology, 56, 73-85.

Mondloch, C.J., Segalowitz, S.J., Lewis, T.L., Dywan, J., Le Grand, R., Levin, A.V., Maurer, D. (2013). The effect of early visual deprivation on the development of face detection. Developmental Science, 16(5), 728-742. DOI: 10.1111/desc.12065 .

Desjardins, J.A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2013). The timing and consistency of event-related potential responses when processing faces: Deconstructing the P100-N170 complex using ICA and robust estimation. Journal of Vision, 13(5): 22, 1-18., doi: 10.1167/13.5.22.

Lackner, C.L., Santesso, D.L., Dywan, J., Wade, T.J., Segalowitz, S.J. (2013). Electrocortical indices of selective attention predict adolescent executive functioning. Biological Psychology, 93, 325-333, DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2013.03.001

Jetha, M.K. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2012). Adolescent Brain Development: Implications for Behaviour. San Diego: Academic Press.

van Noordt, S. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2012). Performance monitoring and the medial prefrontal cortex: A review of individual differences and context effects as a window on self-regulation. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, article 197.

Choma, B., Hafer, C.L., Dywan, J., Segalowitz, S.J., Busseri, M. (2012). Political liberalism and political conservatism: Functionally independent? Pers. Indiv. Diff, 53(4), 431-436 .

Zheng, X., Mondloch, C.J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2012). The timing of individual face recognition in the brain. Neuropsychologia, 50(7), 1451-1461. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.02.030.

Capuana, L., Dywan, J., Tays, W.J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2012). Cardiac Workload and Inhibitory Control in Younger and Older Adults. Biological Psychology, 90, 60-70.

Jetha, M.K., Zheng, X., Schmidt, L.A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2012). Shyness and the First 100 Milliseconds of Emotional Face Processing. Social Neuroscience, 7(1), 74-89. .

Segalowitz, S.J., Santesso, D.L., Willoughby, T., Reker, D.L., Campbell, K., Chalmers, H., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (2012). Adolescent peer interaction and trait surgency weaken medial prefrontal cortex responses to failure. Social, Cognitive, and Affective Neuroscience, 7(1), 115-124.

Masaki, H., Murphy, T.I., Desjardins, J.A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2011). The Error-Related Negativity Associated with Different Strength of Stimulus-Response Interference. Clinical Neurophysiology. (CLINPH-D-09-3620R4, accepted July 27, 2011). doi:10.1016/j.clinph.2011.07.043

Zheng, X., Mondloch, C.J., Nishimura, M., Vida, M.D., Segalowitz, S.J. (2011). Telling one face from another: Electrocortical correlates of facial characteristics among individual female faces. Neuropsychologia, 49, 3254–3264.

Santesso, D.L., Dzyundzak, A., Segalowitz, S.J. (2011). Age, sex and individual differences in punishment sensitivity:  Factors influencing the feedback-related negativity. Psychophysiology, 48(11), 1481-1488.

Mathewson, K.J., Dywan, J., Snyder, P.J, Tays, W.J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2011). Autonomic regulation and maze-learning performance in older and younger adults. Biological Psychology88, 20-27.

William J. Tays, Jane Dywan, Lesley J. Capuana, Sidney J. Segalowitz, Age-related differences during simple working memory decisions: ERP indices of early recognition and compensation failure, Brain Research, Volume 1393, 1 June 2011, Pages 62-72, ISSN 0006-8993, 10.1016/j.brainres.2011.04.006.

Mathewson, K.J., Drmic, I.E., Jetha, M.K., Bryson, S.E., Goldberg, J.O., Hall, G.B., Santesso, D.L., Segalowitz, S.J., & Schmidt, L.A. (2011).  Behavioural and cardiac responses to emotional Stroop in adults with autism spectrum disorders:  Influence of medication.  Autism Research, 4, 98-108.

Santesso, D. L., Drmic, I. E., Jetha, M. K., Bryson, S. E., Goldberg, J. O., Hall, G. B., Mathewson, K. J., Segalowitz, S. J., & Schmidt, L. A. (2011). An event-related source localization study of response monitoring and social impairments in autism spectrum disorder. Psychophysiology, 48, 241-251.

Mathewson, K.J., Jetha, M.K., Drmic, I.E., Bryson, S.E., Goldberg, J.O., Hall, G.B., Santesso, D.L.,  Segalowitz. S.J., & Schmidt, L.A. (2010). Autonomic predictors of Stroop performance in young and middle-aged adults. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 76, 123-129.

Segalowitz, S.J., Santesso, D., Chantziantoniou, D., Murphy, T.I., Homan, D., Khan, S. (2010). Retest reliability of medial frontal negativities during performance monitoring. Psychophysiology47, 260-270.

Segalowitz, S. J., Santesso, D. L., & Jetha, M. K. (2010). Electrophysiological changes during adolescence: A review. Brain and Cognition72(1), 86-100.

Segalowitz, S.J., Santesso, D.L., Murphy, T.I., Homan, D., Chantziantoniou, D.K., & Khan, S. (2010). Retest Reliability of Medial Frontal Negativities During Performance Monitoring. Psychophysiology47, 260-270

Tays, W.J., Dywan, J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2009). General proactive interference and the N450 effect. Neuroscience Letters462, 239-243.

Segalowitz, S.J., & Dywan, J. (2009). Individual Differences and Developmental Change in the ERN Response: Implications for Models of ACC function. Psychological Research. 73, 857-870.

Segalowitz, S.J. & Zheng, X. (2009). An ERP study of category priming: Evidence of early lexical semantic access. Biological Psychology, 80, 122-129 .

Santesso, D.., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2009). The error-related negativity is related to risk-taking and empathy in young men. Psychophysiology, 46, 143-152 .

Mathewson, K.J., Dywan, J., Snyder, P.J., Tays, W.J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2008). Aging and electrocortical response to error feedback during a spatial learning task. Psychophysiology, 45, 936-948 .

Santesso, D.L., Segalowitz, S.J., Ashbaugh, A.R., Antony, M.M., McCabe, R.E., & Schmidt, L.A. 2008). Frontal EEG asymmetry and sensation seeking in young adults. Biological Psychology, 78, 164-172.

Tays, W.J., Dywan, J., Mathewson, K.J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2008). Age differences in target detection and interference resolution in working memory. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience20, 2250-2262.

Dywan, J., Mathewson, K.J., Choma, B.L., Rosenfeld, B., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2008). Autonomic and electrophysiological correlates of emotional intensity in older and younger adults. Psychophysiology45, 389-397.

Santesso, D.L. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2008). Development of Error-related ERPs in Middle to Late Adolescent Males. Developmental Psychology, 44, 205-17.

Schmidt, L.A., Santesso, D.L., Schulkin, J., Segalowitz, S.J. (2007). Shyness is a necessary but not sufficient condition for high salivary cortisol in typically developing 100 year-old children. Personality and Individual Differences, 43, 1541-1551.

Munro, G., Dywan, J., Harris, G.T., McKee, S., Unsal, A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2007). ERN varies with degree of psychopathy in an emotion discrimination task. Biological Psychology, 76, 31-42.

Stemmer, B., Segalowitz, S.J., Dywan, J., Panisset, M., & Melmed, C. (2007). The error negativity in non-medicated and medicated patients with Parkinson’s disease. Clinical Neurophysiology, 118, 1223-1229.

Munro, G., Dywan, J., Harris, G.T., McKee, S., Unsal, A. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2007). Response inhibition in psychopathy: The frontal N2 and P3. Neuroscience Letters, 418, 149-153.

Stieben, J., Lewis, M.D., Granic, I., Zelazo, P.D., Segalowitz, S.J., & Pepler, D. (2007). Neurophysiological mechanisms of emotion regulation for subtypes of externalizing children. Development & Psychopathology19, 455-480.

Santesso, D., Segalowitz, S.J., & Scmidt, L.A. (2006). Error-Related Electrocortical Responses are Enhanced in Children With Obsessive-Compulsive Behaviours. Developmental Neuropsychology, 29(3), 431-445.

Santesso, D., Reker, D.L., Schmidt, L.A., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2006). Frontal electroencephalogram activation asymmetry, emotional intelligence, and externalizing behaviours in 10-year-old children. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 36 (3), 311-328.

Santesso, D., Segalowitz, S.J., & Schmidt, L.A. (2006). Error-related electrocortical responses in 10-year-old children and young adults. Developmental Science, 9(5), 473-481.

Beaton, E.A., Schmidt, L. A., Ashbaugh, A. R., Santesso, D. L., Antony, M. M., McCabe, R. E., Segalowitz, S. J., Schulkin, J. (2006). Low salivary cortisol levels among socially anxious young adults: Preliminary evidence from a selected and a non-selected sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 1217-1228.

Murphy, T.I., Richard, M., Masaki, H. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2006). The effect of sleepiness on performance monitoring: I know what I am doing, but do I care? Journal of Sleep Research, 15, 15-21.

Lewis, M.D., Lamm, C., Segalowitz, S.J., Stieben, J. & Zelazo, P.D. (2006). Neurophysiological correlates of emotion egulation in children and adolescents. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 18 (3), 430-443.

Mathewson, K., Dywan, J. & Segalowitz, S. J. (2005). Brain bases of error-related ERPs as influenced by age and task. Biological Psychology70, 88-104.

Santesso, D., Segalowitz, S. J. & Schmidt, L. A. (2005). ERP Correlates of Error Monitoring in 10 Year Olds are Related to Socialization. Biological Psychology70, 79-87.

Leclerc, C., Segalowitz, S.J., Desjardins, J., Lassonde, M. & Lepore, F. (2005). EEG Coherence in Early-Blind Humans During Sound Localization. Neuroscience Letters, 376, 154-159.

Segalowitz, S.J. & Lane, K. (2004). Perceptual fluency and lexical access for function versus content words. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 27, 307-308.

Ridderinkhof, K.R., van den Wildenberg, W.P.M., Segalowitz, S.J. & Carter, C.S. (2004). Neurocognitive mechanisms of cognitive control: The role of prefrontal cortex in action selection, response inhibition, performance monitoring, and reward-based learning. Brain and Cognition, 56(2), 129-140.

Pailing, P.I. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2004). The effects of uncertainty in error monitoring on associated ERPs. Brain and Cognition, 56, 215-233.

Davies, P.L., Segalowitz, S.J., & Gavin, W.J. (2004). Development of Error Monitoring ERPs in Adolescents. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1021, 324-328.

Murphy, T.I. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2004). Eliminating the P300 rebound in short oddball paradigms. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 53(3), 233-238.

Davies, P. L., Segalowitz, S. J., Gavin, W.J. (2004). Development of Response-Monitoring ERPs in 7- to 25-Year-Olds. Developmental Neuropsychology, 25(3), 355-376.

Segalowitz, S.J. & Davies, P. L. (2004). Charting the maturation of the frontal lobe: an electrophysiological strategy. Brain and Cognition, 55, 116-133 .

Masaki, H. & Segalowitz, S.J. (2004). Error negativity: A test of the response conflict versus error detection hypotheses, in M. Ullsperger & M. Falkenstein (eds), Errors, Conflicts, and the Brain: Current Opinions on Performance Monitoring (pp 76-83). Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Cognition and Neurosciences.

Segalowitz, S.J., Davies, P.L., Santesso, D., Gavin, W.J., & Schmidt, L.A. (2004). The development of the error negativity in children and adolescents, in M. Ullsperger & M. Falkenstein (eds), Errors, Conflicts, and the Brain: Current Opinions on Performance Monitoring (pp 177-184). Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Cognition and Neurosciences.

Dywan, J., Mathewson, K., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2004). “Error-related ERP Components and Source Monitoring in Older and Younger Adults”, in M. Ullsperger & M. Falkenstein (eds), Errors, Conflicts, and the Brain: Current Opinions on Performance Monitoring (pp 184-192). Leippzig: Max Planck Institute for Cognition and Neurosciences.

Pailing, P.E. & Seglaowitz, S.J. (2004). The Error-Related Negativity (ERN/Ne) as a State and Trait Measure: Motivation, Personality and ERPs in Response to Errors. Psychophysiology, 41, 84-95.

McNeely, H., Dywan, J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2004). ERP indices of emotionality and semantic cohesiveness during recognition judgements. Psychophysiology, 41, 117-129.

Stemmer, B., Segalowitz, S.J., Witzke, W., & Schoenle, P.W. (2003). Error detection in patients with lesions to the medial prefrontal cortex: An ERP study. Neuropsychologica, 42, 118-130.

Dywan, J., Segalowitz, S.J., & Arsenault, A. (2002). Electrophysiological response during source memory decisions in older and younger adults. Brain and Cognition, 49, 322-340.

Hopkins, M.J., Dywan, J., & Segalowitz, S.J. (2002). Altered electrodermal response to facial expression after closed head injury. Brain Injury, 16, 245-257.

Pailing, P.E., Segalowitz, S.J., Dywan, J., & Davies, P.L. (2002). Error Negativity (Ne/ERN) and Response Control. Psychophysiology, 39, 198-206.

Segalowitz, S.J., Wintink, A.J., & Cudmore, L.J. (2001). P300 topographical change with task familiarization and task complexity. Cognitive Brain Research, 12, 451-457.

Baker, K., Segalowitz, S.J., & Ferlisi, M-C. (2001). The effect of differing scoring methods for the Tower of London Task on developmental patterns of performance. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 15, 309-313.

Davies, P.L., Segalowitz, S.J., Dywan, J., & Pailing, P.E. (2001). Error-related negativity and positivity as they relate to other ERP indices of attentional control and stimulus processing. Biological Psychology, 56, 191-206.

Segalowitz, S.J., Bernstein, D.M., & Lawson, S. (2001). P300 event-related potential decrements in well-functioning university students with mild head injury. Brain and Cognition, 45, 342-356.

Segalowitz, S.J. & Lane, K. (2000). Lexical access of function versus content words. Brain and language, 75, 376-389.

Segalowitz, S.J., Segalowitz, N.S., & Wood, A. (1998). Assessing the development of automaticity in second language word recognition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 19:53-67.

Segalowitz, S.J., Van Roon, P., & Dywan, J. (1997). The ERP late positivity: A graduated response to stimulus repetition. NeuroReport, 8, 757-760.

Segalowitz, S.J., Dywan, J. & Unsal, A. (1997). Attentional factors in response time variability after traumatic brain injury: An ERP study. Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society, 3, 95-107.

Segalowitz, S.J. & Lawson, S. (1995). Subtle symptoms associated with self-reported mild head injury. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 28, 309-319.

Unsal, A. & Segalowitz, S.J. (1995). Sources of P300 attenuation after head injury: Single trial amplitude, latency jitter, and EEG power. Psychophysiology, 32 (3), 249-256.