Teena Willoughby

Professor, Ph.D.

Teena Willoughby, Psychology, Brock University

Office: PL519
905 688-5550 x5474

  • resilience and adolescent lifestyle choices, risk behaviours
  • positive psychology, flow
  • academic motivation and underachievement
  • developmental pathways
  • media-technology influences on social interaction and learning
  • self-regulation

As a developmental psychologist, one of my research interests is adolescent resilience, particularly with regard to academic underachievement, risk behaviours, optimal experiences, and media/technology influences on lifestyle choices. A better understanding of resilience could suggest how and why lowered achievement and risk behaviours persist and escalate among some adolescents, but decrease and discontinue among others.

The goal of my research program is to examine the relation between developmental pathways and protective factors that promote and strengthen adolescent well-being. Another research interest is the impact of technology-based environments on social interaction and learning.

Tavernier, R., & Willoughby, T. (2014).  A longitudinal examination of the bidirectional association between sleep problems and social ties at university: The mediating role of emotion regulationJournal of Youth and Adolescence.doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0107-x.

Armiento, J., Hamza, C., & Willoughby, T. (2014). An examination of disclosure of nonsuicidal self-injury among university students. Journal of Community & Applied Social Psychology. doi: 10.1002/casp.2190.

Willoughby, T., & Fortner, A. (2014). At-risk depressive symptoms and alcohol use trajectories in adolescence: A person-centred analysis of co-occurrence. Journal of Youth and Adolescence. doi: 10.1007/s10964-014-0106-y.

Tavernier, R., & Willoughby, T. (2014).  Sleep problems: Predictor or outcome of media use among emerging adults at university. Journal of Sleep Research. doi: 10.1111/jsr.12132.

Willoughby, T., Tavernier, R., Hamza, C.A., Adachi, P.J.C., & Good, M. (2014). The Triadic Systems Model perspective and adolescent risk taking. Brain and Cognition. 

Good, M., & Willoughby, T. (2014). Institutional and personal spirituality/religiosity and psychosocial adjustment in adolescence: Concurrent and longitudinal associations.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(5), 757-774.

Hamza, C., & Willoughby, T. (2014). A longitudinal person-centred examination of nonsuicidal self-injury among university students. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(4), 671-685.

Tavernier, R., & Willoughby, T. (2014).  Bidirectional associations between sleep (quality and duration) and psychosocial adjustment among emerging adults across the first three years of university. Developmental Psychology, 50(3), 674-682.

Tavernier, R., & Willoughby, T. (2014).  Are evening-types doomed? Latent class analyses of morningness-eveningness, sleep, and psychosocial functioning. Chronobiology International, 31(2), 232-242.

Adachi, P.J.C., & Willoughby, T. (2014).  It’s not how much you play, but how much you enjoy the game: The longitudinal associations between frequency versus enjoyment of adolescent sports involvement and self-esteem. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(1), 137-145.

DesRoches, A. & Willoughby, T. (2014). Bidirectional associations between valued activities and adolescent positive adjustment in a longitudinal study: Positive mood as a mediator. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43(2), 208-220.

Willoughby, T., Good, M., Adachi, P.J.C., Hamza, C.A., & Tavernier, R. (2013). Examining the link between adolescent brain development and risk taking from a social-developmental perspective. Brain and Cognition, 83(3), 315-323.

Adachi, P.J.C., & Willoughby, T. (2013).  Demolishing the competition: The longitudinal link between competitive video games, competitive gambling, and aggression. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(7)1090-1104.

Adachi, P.J.C., & Willoughby, T. (2013). More than just fun and games: The longitudinal relation between strategic video games, problem solving skills, and academic marks. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42(7), 1041-1052.

Adachi, P.J.C., & Willoughby, T. (2013). Do video games promote positive youth development? Journal of Adolescent Research, 29(2), 155-165.

Hamza, C., & Willoughby, T. (2013). Nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviour: A latent class analysis among young adults. PLOS ONE. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0059955.

Hamza, C., Willoughby, T., & Good, M. (2013). A preliminary examination of the specificity of the functions of nonsuicidal self-injury among a sample of university students. Psychiatry Research, 205, 172-175.

Sugarman, D., & Willoughby, T. (2013). Technology and violence: Conceptual issues raised by
the rapidly changing social environment. Psychology of Violence, 3(1), 1-8.

Hamza, C., Stewart, S., & Willoughby, T. (2012). Examining the link between nonsuicidal self-injury and suicidal behaviour: A review of the literature and an integrated model. Clinical Psychology Review, 32(6), 482-495.

Hooshmand, S., Willoughby, T., & Good, M. (2012). Do bidirectional associations between depressive symptoms and health risk behaviours differ by behaviour? A longitudinal study across adolescence. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(2), 140-147.

Tavernier, R., & Willoughby, T. (2012). Meaning-making within adolescent turning points: Associations with psychological well-being. Developmental Psychology, 48(4), 1058-1068.

Segalowitz, S.J., Santesso, D., Willoughby, T., Reker, D.L., Campbell, K., Chalmers, H., & Rose-Krasnor, L. (2012). Adolescent peer interaction and trait surgency weaken medial prefrontal cortex responses to failure. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7(1), 115-124.

Willoughby, T., Adachi, P.J.C., & Good, M. (2012). A longitudinal study of the association between violent videogame play and aggression among adolescents. Developmental Psychology, 48(4), 1044-1057.

Adachi, P.J.C., & Willoughby, T. (2011). The effect of video game competition and violence on aggressive behaviour: Which characteristic has the greatest influence? Psychology of Violence, 1(4), 259-274.

Adachi, P.J.C., & Willoughby, T. (2011). The effect of violent video games on aggression: Is it more than just the violence? Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 16(1), 55-62.

Good, M., Willoughby, T., & Busseri, M. (2011). Stability and change in adolescent spirituality and religiosity: A person-centred approach. Developmental Psychology, 47(2), 538-550.

Good, M., Willoughby, T. (2011). Evaluating the direction of effects in the relation between religious versus non-religious activities, academic success, and substance use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(6), 680-693.

Hamza, C., & Willoughby, T. (2011). Perceived parental monitoring, adolescent disclosure, and adolescent depressive symptomology: A longitudinal examination. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(7), 902-915.

Willoughby, T., & Hamza, C. (2011). A longitudinal examination of the bidirectional associations among perceived parenting behaviours, adolescent disclosure and problem behaviour across the high school years. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(4), 463-478.

Desjarlais, M., & Willoughby, T. (2010). A longitudinal study of the relation between adolescent boys and girls’ computer use with friends and friendship quality: Support for the social compensation or the rich-get-richer hypothesis? Computers in Human Behaviour, 26 (5), 895-905.

King, G., Servais, M., Forchuk, C., Chalmers, H., Currie, M., Law, M., Specht, J., Rosenbaum, P., Willoughby, T., & Kertoy, M. (2010). The features and impacts of five multidisciplinary community-university research partnerships. Health and Social Care in Community, 18(1), 59-69.

McNamara, J.K., & Willoughby, T. (2010). A longitudinal study of risk-taking behaviour in adolescents with learning disabilities. Learning Disabilities: Research & Practice, 25(1), 11-24.

Shaffer, D.R., Kipp, K., Wood, E., & Willoughby, T. (2009) Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence, Third Canadian Edition.  Toronto: Nelson.

Willoughby, T., Wood, E., Desjarlais, M., Williams, L., Leacy, K., & Sedore, L. (2009). Gender comparisons in preschoolers and elementary school children’s social interaction during a computer-based activity. Sex Roles, 61, 864-878.

Good, M., Willoughby, T., & Frijters, J. (2009). Just another club? The distinctiveness of the relation between church attendance and adolescent psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(9), 1153-1171.

King, G., Servais, M., Kertoy, M., Specht, J., Currie, M., Rosenbaum, P., Law, M., Forchuk, C., Chalmers, H., & Willoughby, T. (2009). A measure of community members’ perceptions of the impacts of research partnerships in health and social services. Evaluation and Program Planning, 32, 289-299.

Willoughby, T., Anderson, A., Wood, E., Mueller, J., & Ross, C. (2009). Fast searching for information on the Internet to use in a learning context: The impact of prior knowledge. Computers & Education52(3), 640-648.

Busseri, M., Willoughby, T., Chalmers, H., & Bogaert, A. (2008). On the association between sexual attraction and adolescent risk taking involvement: Examining mediation and moderation. Developmental Psychology, 44(1), 69-80.

Good, M., & Willoughby, T.  (2008). Adolescence as a sensitive period for spiritual development. Child Development Perspectives2(1), 32-37.

McNamara, J.K., Vervaeke, S-L., & Willoughby, T. (2008). Learning disabilities and risk-taking behaviour in adolescents: A comparison of those with and without comorbid Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.  Journal of Learning Disabilities, 41(6), 561-574.

Mueller, J., Wood, E., Willoughby, T., DeYoung, T., Ross, C., & Specht, J. (2008). Identifying discriminating variables between teachers who fully integrate computers and teachers with limited integration.  Computers & Education, 51, 1523-1537.

Willoughby, T. (2008). A short-term longitudinal study of Internet and computer game use by adolescent boys and girls: Prevalence, frequency of use, and psychosocial predictors. Developmental Psychology44(1), 195-204.

Willoughby, T., & Wood, E. (Eds) (2008). Children’s Learning in a Digital World.  Blackwell.

Wood, E., Specht, J., Willoughby, T., & Mueller, J. (2008).  Integrating computer technology in early childhood education environments: Issues raised by early childhood educators. Alberta Journal of Educational Research.54(2), 210-228.

Busseri, M., Willoughby, T., & Chalmers, H.  (2007). A rationale and method for examining reasons for linkages among adolescent risk behaviours.  Journal of Youth and Adolescence36, 279-289.

Desjarlais, M., & Willoughby, T. (2007). Supporting learners with low domain knowledge when using the Internet.  Journal of Educational Computing Research, 37(1), 1-17.

Good, M., & Willoughby, T. (2007). The role of religious faith in the identity formation experiences of church-attending rural adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 22, 387-412.

Willoughby, T., Chalmers, H., Busseri, M., Bosacki, S., Dupont, D., Marini, Z., Rose-Krasnor, L., Sadava, S., & Ward, T. (2007). Adolescent non-involvement in multiple risk behaviours: An indicator of successful development? Applied Developmental Science, 11(2), 89-103.

Busseri, M., Rose-Krasnor, L., Willoughby, T., & Chalmers, H. (2006). A longitudinal examination of breadth and intensity of youth activity involvement and successful development. Developmental Psychology, 42(6), 1313-1326.

Busseri, M., Willoughby, T., Chalmers, H., & Bogaert, A. (2006). Same-sex attraction and successful adolescent development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(4), 561-573.

Chalmers, H. & Willoughby, T. (2006). Do predictors of gambling involvement differ across male and female adolescents? Journal of Gambling Studies, 22(4), 373-372.

Good, M., & Willoughby, T. (2006). The role of spirituality versus religiosity in adolescent psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(1), 1-15.

Rose-Krasnor, L., Busseri, M.A., Willoughby, T., & Chalmers, H. (2006). Breadth and intensity of youth activity involvement as contexts for positive development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 35(3), 365-379.

Holmes, E., & Willoughby, T. (2005). Play behaviour of children with autism spectrum disorders. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability, 30(3), 156-164.

McNamara, J., Willoughby, T., Chalmers, H., & YLC-CURA. (2005). Psychosocial status of adolescents with learning disabilities with and without comorbid attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Learning Disabilities Research & Practice, 20(4), 234-244.

Shaffer, D.R., Wood, E., & Willoughby, T. (2005). Developmental psychology: Childhood and adolescence, Second Canadian Edition. Toronto: Nelson .

Wood, E., Mueller, J., Willoughby, T., Specht, J., & DeYoung, T. (2005). Teachers’ perceptions: Barriers and supports to using technology in the classroom. Education, Communication, & Information, 5, 183-206.

Wood, E., Willoughby, T., Schmidt, A., Porter, L., & Gilbert, J. (2005). Use of computer input devices by older adults. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 24, 419-438 .

Willoughby, T., Chalmers, H., & Busseri, M. (2004). Where is the syndrome? Where is the risk? Co-occurrence among multiple “problem” behaviours in adolescence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology72, 1022-1037.

Wood, E., Willoughby, T., Schmidt, A., Porter, L., Specht, J., & Gilbert, J. (2004). Assessing the use of input devices for teachers and children in early childhood education programs. Information Technology in Childhood Education Annual16, 261-280.

Wood, E., Willoughby, T., Desmarais, S., Groves, A., & Bruce, S. (2003). Can gender stereotypes facilitate memory when elaborative strategies are used? Educational Psychology23(2), 169-180.

Willoughby, T., Wood, E., & Kraftcheck, E.R. (2003). When can a lack of structure facilitate strategic processing of information? British Journal of Educational Psychology73, 59-69.

Wood, E., Willoughby, T., Specht, J., & Porter, L. (2002). An examination of how a cross-section of academics use computer technology when writing academic papers. Computers in Education, 38, 287-301.

Wood, E., Willoughby, T., Specht, J., Stern-Cavalcante, W., & Childs, C. (2002). Developing a computer workshop to facilitate computer skills and minimize anxiety for early childhood educators, Journal of Educational Psychology, 94(1), 164-170 .

Willoughby, T., Wood, E., McDermott, C., & McLaren, J. (2000). Enhancing learning through strategy instruction and group interaction. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 14, 19-30.

Wood, E., Willoughby, T., McDermott, C., Motz, M., Kaspar, V., & Ducharme, M.J. (1999). Developmental differences in study behaviour. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 527-536.

Willoughby, T., Porter, L., Belsito, L., & Yearsley, T. (1999). Use of elaboration strategies by students in grades 2, 4, and 6. Elementary School Journal, 99(3), 221-232.

Willoughby, T., Wood, E., Desmarais, S., Sims, S., & Dalra, M. (1997). Mechanisms that facilitate the effectiveness of elaboration strategies. Journal of Educational Psychology, 89(4), 682-685.

Wood, E., Woloshyn, V.E., & Willoughby, T. (1995). Cognitive strategy instruction for middle and high schools. Cambridge: Brookline Books.