Maureen Lux

Professor and Chair

Office: GLA 256
905 688 5550 x5553

Maureen Lux teaches Canadian history, the history of Indigenous-government relations, and the history of medicine. Her recent book Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada, 1920s-1980s (U of Toronto Press, 2016) was awarded the Canadian Historical Association’s Aboriginal History prize and the Royal Society of Canada’s Jason A. Hannah Medal for a significant contribution to the history of medicine in Canada. Her first book, Medicine that Walks: Disease, Medicine, and Canadian Plains Native People, 1880-1940 also won the Hannah medal a well as the Canadian Historical Association’s Clio prize for the best work in Prairie history.

When she’s not marveling at the ships passing through the locks on the Welland Canal, Maureen Lux enjoys answering the question almost nobody asks: “Who is Watson and why is there a statue of him on the lawn of St. Catharines’ City Hall?” Perhaps a surprising choice for the only military statue in town, Alexander Watson was a lowly private who volunteered for the 90th Winnipeg Battalion of Rifles and died in 1885 in the Northwest Rebellion in what is now Saskatchewan. Lux helps students understand why folks like Watson might have felt the need to fight – and die – for Canada’s right to colonize the west; to understand how that fight and its aftermath dispossessed Indigenous peoples; to understand how the impact of that dispossession is with us still; and to understand why St. Catharines chose to memorialize that fight.


Watson plaque

My research interests are the history of medicine in Canada, Indigenous peoples’ experiences with western medicine, and the health impacts of colonization. I am currently working on a CIHR-funded project with Dr. Erika Dyck (University of Saskatchewan) on post-1969 politics of reproduction in Canada.

Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada, 1920-1980. University of Toronto Press, 2016

Medicine That Walks: Disease, Medicine, and Canadian Plains Native People, 1880-1940 (University of Toronto Press, 2001; reprinted 2007 and 2011)

Editor, with P. Bryden, C. Coates, L. Marks, M. Martel, D, Samson, Visions: The Canadian History Modules Project 2 vols (Toronto: Nelson, 2010)


Recent Articles

“Indian Hospitals” in Canadian Encyclopedia

with Erika Dyck, “Population Control in the ‘Global North’?: Canada’s Response to Aboriginal Reproductive Rights and Neo-Eugenics” Canadian Historical Review 97, 4, (December 2016): 481-512

“Tuberculosis” Entry for Eugenics Archive Online

“Peter Henderson Bryce” Dictionary of Canadian Biography (forthcoming)

“‘We Demand “Unconditional Surrender”: Making and Un-making the Blackfoot Hospital 1890s to 1950s” Social History of Medicine (UK) 25, 3 (2012): 665-684

“Care for the ‘Racially Careless’: Indian Hospitals in the Canadian West, 1920-1950s” Canadian Historical Review 91, 3 (2010): 407-434

“An Ideal Home for the Consumptive: Place, Race and Tuberculosis in the Canadian West.” Locating Health: Historical and Anthropological Investigations of Place and Health eds. C. Fletcher, E. Dyck, (Pickering & Chatto, series in the Social History of Medicine (UK), 2010)

“Taking the Pulse: Recent Publications in the History of Medicine in Canada” Review Essay, Journal of Canadian Studies 41 (3), 2007: 194-202