Maureen Lux


I teach Canadian history, the history of Indigenous-government relations, and the social history of medicine. My most recent book is a collaboration with Erika Dyck. In Challenging Choices: Canada’s Population Control in the 1970s (McGill-Queen’s Press, Nov 2020) we argue that reproductive politics were shaped by competing ideologies of global population control, poverty, personal autonomy, race, and gender.

My most recent SSHRC Insight grant, “Inuit Health and Qallunaat Medicine, 1940s-1980s” is a critical analysis of Qallunaat (western) medicine in the larger context of the 20th-century’s modernizing welfare state and the rise of medical authority to inform social policy.  It examines the massive Inuit relocations to southern institutions in the historical context of changing medical understandings of tuberculosis and its treatment, and the state’s use of relocation in service of colonialist objectives.


-My most recent book collaboration with Erika Dyck, Challenging Choices: Canada’s Population Control in the 1970s McGill-Queen’s Press, 2020

-Separate Beds: A History of Indian Hospitals in Canada, 1920-1980. University of Toronto Press, 2016

*Awarded the Royal Society of Canada’s 2017 Jason A. Hannah Medal for a significant contribution to the history of medicine in Canada.

*Awarded the Canadian Historical Association’s 2017 Aboriginal History prize.

-Medicine That Walks: Disease, Medicine, and Canadian Plains Native People, 1880-1940 University of Toronto Press, 2001; reprinted 2007 and 2011

*Awarded the Royal Society of Canada’s 2002 Jason A. Hannah Medal for a significant contribution to the history of medicine in Canada.

*Awarded the Canadian Historical Association’s 2002 Clio prize for the best work in Prairie history.

-Editor, with P. Bryden, C. Coates, L. Marks, M. Martel, D.Samson,Visions: The Canadian History Modules Project: Pre Confederation; Post Confederation 2 vols Toronto: Nelson, 2010

Selected Recent Articles

with Mary Jane Logan McCallum “Medicare versus Medicine Chest: Court Challenges and Treaty Rights to Health Care” in Jones, Hanley, Gavrus eds., Medicare’s Histories Origins, Omissions, and Opportunities in Canada University of Manitoba Press, 2022

“Indian Hospitals” in Canadian Encyclopedia

with Erika Dyck, “Population Control in the ‘Global North’?: Canada’s Response to Aboriginal Reproductive Rights and Neo-Eugenics” Canadian Historical Review 97, 4, (December 2016): 481-512

“Tuberculosis” Entry for Eugenics Archive Online

“Bryce, Peter Henderson,” in Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 16, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003

“‘We Demand “Unconditional Surrender”: Making and Un-making the Blackfoot Hospital 1890s to 1950s” Social History of Medicine (UK) 25, 3 (2012): 665-684

“Care for the ‘Racially Careless’: Indian Hospitals in the Canadian West, 1920-1950s” Canadian Historical Review 91, 3 (2010): 407-434

“An Ideal Home for the Consumptive: Place, Race and Tuberculosis in the Canadian West.” Locating Health: Historical and Anthropological Investigations of Place and Health eds. C. Fletcher, E. Dyck, (Pickering & Chatto, series in the Social History of Medicine (UK), 2010)