The Prudhommes Project: Building Community Resiliency through Green-Blue Infrastructure Development

Building resilience into sustainable community development is the aim of this five-year partnership involving the Town of Lincoln, Vineland Research and Innovation Centre, and the Environmental Sustainability Research Centre.

The landmark Prudhomme’s development site in the Town of Lincoln is the primary focus of the partnership. It is intended to “set out a new urban vision, urban design and public realm guidelines, updated land-use designations, servicing strategies, transportation requirements and implementation policies”. Led by the Resilience Collaborative, the partners will collaborate to provide critical insights about resilience from theoretical and on-the-ground experiences and experiment with novel approaches to build resilience into development initiatives. Knowledge generated and lessons learned will be transferable elsewhere in the municipality, providing evidence-based decisions, catalyzing opportunities for innovation, and influencing uptake of best practices.

Among some of the more specific activities the collaborators are working toward are:

  • Develop a program of praxis in the Town of Lincoln, which draws upon and implements state-of-the-art resilience and ecosystem-based approach to greening landscapes
  • Engage graduate and undergraduate students in the partnership through experiential education, course projects, and independent research (i.e., MRP/Thesis)
  • Explore and pursue mutually beneficial opportunities of shared interest in resilience and social-ecological systems such as grant proposals and events
  • Promote the program within the Town of Lincoln, Vineland Research and Innovation Centre, and the Brock University community, and develop informal networks locally, nationally, and internationally

Meet the Team

Ryan Plummer


Director, ESRC, Brock University
Adjunct Professor, Sustainability Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast
Adjunct Faculty, Department of Environment and Resource Studies, University of Waterloo

Ryan’s multi-faceted program of research broadly concerns the governance of social-ecological systems. In striving to advance knowledge of collaboration and adaptation within complex systems, he has focused on the exploring their theoretical underpinnings and ethical implications, modeling their processes, examining the roles of social capital, and investigating the influences of social learning. Water resources are the context in which his research mainly occurs and he is a Faculty Investigator in the Water Policy and Governance Group.

Findings from his research have been published in leading international journals such as Ecological Economics, Ecology and Society, Environmental Management, Frontiers in Ecology and Society, Global Environmental Change, Journal of Environmental Management, Society and Natural Resources and the UN journal, Natural Resources Forum. In addition, he is the author of Outdoor Recreation (Routledge, 2010), and co-editor of Adaptive Capacity and the Making of Environmental Governance (with D. Armitage, Springer, 2010) and Resilience in Social-Ecological Systems: the Role of Learning and Education (with M.E. Krasny and C. Lundholm, Routledge, 2011). He serves as a Subject Editor for Ecology and Society. The scholarly quality of his research program was formally recognized in 2008 with the awarding of a Chancellor’s Chair for Research Excellence. In 2004 he received the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences Award for Teaching Excellence and in 2008 he was selected as one of the Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) Excellence in Education Award winners for Promotion of Sustainable Practices.

PhD, University of Guelph (Rural Studies)
MA, University of New Brunswick (Sport and Recreation Administration)
BOR (Hons), Lakehead University (Outdoor Recreation)
BA, Lakehead University (History)

Darby is a Research Scientist and Program Leader for Vineland Research and Innovation’s Centre Greening the Landscape Program.  She works with the nursery – landscape supply chain developing solutions to improve tree establishment in challenging urban settings. She is also an adjunct professor at Brock University and the University of Waterloo.

Michael Kirkopoulos


Twitter: @MikeKirkopoulos


Chief Administrative Officer, Town of Lincoln


About Michael:

Michael Kirkopoulos has been the Chief Administrative Officer for the Town of Lincoln since 2015. Lincoln is one of the fastest growing municipalities in the Niagara Region. In his leadership role with Lincoln, Michael oversees the delivery of municipal services, while ensuring the long-term vision of Lincoln is integrated in all decision-making to achieve a sustainable and complete community.

From a focus on enhanced communication, leveraging growth opportunities, more community outreach, economic development, partnership and institutional expansion, there is no shortage of projects currently underway under his leadership. Prior to taking on this role in Lincoln, Michael was with the City of Hamilton for 18 years holding the role of Director – Communications, Inter-governmental Affairs and Special Projects.

Michael holds a Bachelor of Science degree with a major in Biology, and a minor in Economics. He also holds a master’s degree in management and has studied and trained in conflict resolution, mediation, government and media studies. He is a member of the Canadian Management Professional’s Association, the International Association of City Managers, the Ontario Municipal Administrators Association and holds a CMP designation.

Matt Bruder


Manager of Planning Services, Town of Lincoln

About Matt

Matt Bruder joined the Town of Lincoln in late 2016 as the Manager of Planning Services. His portfolio has since expanded to providing leadership in the development engineering, building and by-law departments as well. As such, Matt oversees the processing of planning applications; review and Provincial regulatory framework and updating of municipal frameworks accordingly; issuance of building permits and all required inspections that are related; and the provision of by-law services including enforcement and development/updating of Town by-laws.

Previously, Matt was an Environmental Planner at Stantec Consulting Ltd. for nearly 10 years. As such, he has a strong background in consideration of environmental impacts associated with development, mitigation, and extensive consultation and communication that come along with undertaking environmental assessments for large projects. Matt carries this knowledge forward and applies core principles to his overall approach to work collaboratively with agencies and developers to produce an end product that greatly enhances the Town as a place to live and work.

Matt is a registered professional planner and holds a Master’s degree in Urban Planning, a stream under the Environmental Studies faculty at York University. He also holds a Sustainable Busines and Environment diploma obtained from the Schulich School of Business at York University. Matt is a LEED Green Associate which showcases his sustainability oriented approach to development.

Samantha Witkowski

Master of Sustainability, Class of 2021

Samantha holds a BA in Environmental Studies from Laurentian University, and completed her Master of Sustainability at Brock University in 2020. Her interests surround participatory monitoring and evaluation (PM&E) strategies in environmental planning and management. In her thesis research, she investigated how the critical PM&E phase influences the broader collaborative process. This research involved a systematic review of literature encompassing monitoring and evaluation associated with collaborative and adaptive environmental management. The insights gained from this scholarship were applied and assessed within a local environmental stewardship initiative in Summer 2019.

Past Team Members

Janani Sivarajah

Twitter: @JananiSivarajah
Please visit her website here.
Please see her google scholar profile here.


Post-Doctoral Fellow, ESRC, Brock University

Research Associate, Department of Architectural Science, Ryerson University



PhD, University of Toronto (Urban Forestry)

MFC, University of Toronto (Forest Conservation)

BSc. (Hons), University of Toronto (Integrative Biology and French)


About Janani:

Janani Sivarajah is an urban ecology, urban greening, and plant biology researcher, educator, and consultant. Her transdisciplinary research explores the ecosystem services of urban trees and public green spaces, and finds greening solutions to improve the socio-ecological resilience of cities. She is particularly interested in building multifunctional landscapes and proposing nature-based solutions to global environmental challenges (e.g., climate change, increasing UV, heatwaves). Her work has found direct and relevant applications in both public health and environmental fields. She is a Registered Professional Forester in Training, President of the Ontario Urban Forest Council, and member of the Toronto Cancer Prevention Coalition, Shade Policy Steering Committee. She enjoys public engagement, science communication, and hiking through the woods.

Bridget McGlynn

Master of Sustainability, Class of 2022

Bridget graduated from McMaster University in 2018 with a Bachelor in Integrated Science. Her research interests include water policy and resource management.