2004-2005 Undergraduate Calendar

Geography  
Chair Anthony Shaw Undergraduate Program Advisers David Butz, Hugh J. Gayler Professor Emeritus John N. Jackson Professors John Menzies, Keith J. Tinkler Associate Professors David Butz, Hugh J. Gayler, Alun O. Hughes, Daniel McCarthy, Michael Ripmeester, Anthony B. Shaw Assistant Professors Marilyne Jollineau, Ute Lehrer, Dragos Simandan Adjunct Professor Deborah Leslie Senior Demonstrator/Instructor Daryl F. Dagesse  
General Information Go to top of document
Administrative Assistant Virginia Wagg 905-688-5550, extension 3484 Mackenzie Chown C322 https://brocku.ca/geography/ The Department of Geography offers programs leading to BA and BSc degrees at the honours and pass levels and participates in a number of combined major programs. Geographers study the distribution of physical and human phenomena over the Earth's surface and the interrelationships of humans and the natural environment. Their work ranges from description and mapping, through scientific analysis and explanation, to forecasting and planning for the future. The discipline of geography has a broad scope and combines elements of both the social and natural sciences. Two principal divisions of the subject exist-human geography and physical geography-linked by a common background, a mutual concern for humans and the environment and a body of related theory and methodology. Geography majors at Brock may choose from the following degree programs: BA Human Geography, BSc Physical Geography, BA Geography and BSc Geography. The first two are relatively specialized, while the last two strike a balance between the physical and human sides of the discipline. Within each program students may be admitted to the honours degree program at any time. An honours degree program provides students with an opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the discipline. These programs are described in detail in subsequent sections. In addition, the Department offers four-year Honours programs leading to either a BA or BSc degree in Geography with a concentration in Geographic Information Science. This program combines Brock courses with those offered by Niagara College. The Department and the Faculty of Education co-operate in offering a Concurrent BA (Honours) or BSc (Honours)/BEd degree at both the Junior/Intermediate and Intermediate/Senior levels. In most courses there is emphasis on practical work. This involves structured labs and seminars in early years and progressively more independent work in later years, culminating in an optional honours thesis in year 4. Field work features prominently in many courses. Students should note that a nominal fee may be charged in courses having a field work or laboratory component. Two field courses, GEOG 3P56 and 3P57, are held in September in the week following Labour Day, with follow-up seminars/labs during term. One of these courses is mandatory for students entering year 3; prospective students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. GEOG 4F99 is an internship program in year 4, enabling students to obtain work experience while still at the University. Laboratories and equipment are available for work in biogeography, geomorphology, climatology, cartography, surveying, remote sensing, geographic information systems and human geography. The University Map Library, containing an extensive collection of maps, atlases and air photos, is housed within the Geography department.  
Program Notes Go to top of document
1.  Certain courses (GEOG 2P07, 2Q96, 3F91, 3F95, 3P01, 3P04, 3P05, 3P07, 3P76, 3P81, 3P83, 3P92, 3P95, 4F99, 4P02, 4P03, 4P07) can be taken for either BA or BSc credit.  
2.  In the case of GEOG 3V60-3V69, 3V90-3V99, 4F90, 4P95 and 4P96 the content in a given year determines whether the course yields BA credit or BSc credit.  
3.  Students may hold credit for only one of GEOG 3P56 or 3P57.  
4.  For students with a specific interest in geomorphology and soils the following ERSC courses are recommended as elective credits: ERSC 2P10, 3P61 and 4P61.  
5.  Two Social Science credits are required and must be other than GEOG.  
6.  Three Science credits are required and must be from: BIOL/BCHM, CHEM, COSC, ERSC, MATH and PHYS (excluding ASTR 1F00, BIOL 1F25, CHEM 1P00, COSC 1P93, ERSC 1F90, 1P92, 1P93 and SCIE 1F30). One of these credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.  
7.  In all 20 credit degree programs, at least 12 credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above, six of which must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above and of these, three must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above. In all 15 credit degree programs, at least seven credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above, three of which must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above.  
Course Offerings Go to top of document
Courses offered by the Department fall into two main groups, group A in human geography and group B in physical geography. A third group (C) emphasizes geographical techniques in cartography and related studies. Group A:
- GEOG 1F90
- GEOG 2P01, 2P02, 2P03, 2P06, 2P10, 2Q96
- GEOG 3F90, 3F91, 3F92, 3F95, 3F96, 3P45, 3P51, 3P53, 3P57, 3P60, 3P65, 3P66, 3P74, 3P76, 3P80, 3P83, 3P84, 3P86, 3P87, 3P88, 3P90, 3P92, 3V60-3V69, 3V90-3V99
- GEOG 4F90, 4F99, 4P60, 4P61, 4P66, 4P70, 4P71, 4P75, 4P95, 4P96
Group B:
- GEOG 1F91
- GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P09, 2P11, 2P97, 2Q96
- GEOG 3F91, 3F95, 3P10, 3P12, 3P24, 3P25, 3P26, 3P33, 3P36, 3P56, 3P76, 3P83, 3P85, 3P91, 3P92, 3V60-3V69, 3V90-3V99
- GEOG 4F90, 4F99, 4P12, 4P13, 4P26, 4P28, 4P80, 4P95, 4P96
Group C:
- GEOG 2P07
- GEOG 3P01, 3P04, 3P05, 3P07, 3P90, 3P91, 3P95
- GEOG 4P02, 4P03, 4P07
 
Bachelor of Arts in Human Geography Go to top of document
Honours Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and GEOG 1F91 (may be taken in Year 2)
- MATH 1P98
- one Humanities context credit
- one Social Science context credit (see program note 5)
- one-half elective credit
Year 2
- GEOG 2P07 and 2P10
- one and one-half credits from GEOG 2P01, 2P02, 2P03, 2P06
one Social Science credit (see program note 5)
- one and one-half elective credits (to include GEOG 1F91 if not completed in Year 1)
Year 3
- GEOG 3P57
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group C
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from either group A or C
- two elective credits
Year 4
- GEOG 4F99
- three credits from GEOG 4F90, 4P02, 4P03, 4P07, 4P60, 4P61, 4P66, 4P70, 4P71, 4P75, 4P95, 4P96 or two credits from this group and one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A or C
- one elective credit
 
Pass Program Go to top of document
Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.  
Bachelor of Science in Physical Geography Go to top of document
Honours Year 1
- GEOG 1F91 and 1F90 (may be taken in Year 2)
- MATH 1P97 and 1P98
- one Humanities context credit
- one Science context credit (see program note 6)
Year 2
- GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P07, 2P09 and 2P11
- one Science credit (see program note 6)
- one and one-half elective credits (to include GEOG 1F90 if not completed in Year 1)
Year 3
- GEOG 3P56
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group C
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B or C
- one Science credit (see program note 6)
- one elective credit
Year 4
- GEOG 4F99
- three credits from GEOG 4F90, 4P02, 4P03, 4P07, 4P12, 4P13, 4P28, 4P80, 4P95, 4P96 or two credits from this group and one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B or C
- one elective credit
Pass Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.
 
Bachelor of Arts in Geography Go to top of document
Honours Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- MATH 1P98
- one Humanities context credit
- one Social Science context credit (see program note 5)
- one-half elective credit
Year 2
- GEOG 2P07 or 2P11
- GEOG 2P10
- one credit from GEOG 2P01, 2P02, 2P03, 2P06
- one credit from GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P09
- one Social Science credit (see program note 5)
- one elective credit
Year 3
- GEOG 3P57
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A or C
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B or C
- two elective credits
Year 4
- GEOG 4F99
- two GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from groups A, B, C
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above from groups A, B, C
- one elective credit
Pass Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.
 
Bachelor of Science in Geography Go to top of document
Honours Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- MATH 1P97 and 1P98
- one Humanities context credit
- one Science context credit (see program note 6)
Year 2
- GEOG 2P07 or 2P10
- GEOG 2P11
- one credit from GEOG 2P01, 2P02, 2P03, 2P06
- one credit from GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P09
- one Science credit (see program note 6)
- one elective credit
Year 3
- GEOG 3P56
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B or C
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A or C
- one Science credit (see program note 6)
- one elective credit
Year 4
- GEOG 4F99
- two GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from groups A, B, C
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above from groups A, B, C
- one elective credit
Pass Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.
 
Concurrent BA/BEd and BSc/BEd Go to top of document
The Department of Geography and the Faculty of Education co-operate in offering two Concurrent BA (Honours)/BEd programs and two BSc (Honours)/BEd programs. The Geography BA (Honours)/BEd program combines the BA Honours program or BA Honours Integrated Studies program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching at the Intermediate/Senior level (grades 7 - 12) and at the Junior/Intermediate level (grades 4 - 10). The Geography BSc (Honours)/BEd combines the BSc Honours program or BSc Integrated Studies program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching at the Intermediate/Senior level (grades 7 - 12) and at the Junior/Intermediate level (grades 4 - 10). Refer to the Education - Concurrent BA (Honours), Education - Concurrent BA Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd, Education - Concurrent BSc (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) or Education-Concurrent BSc Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate) program listings for further information.  
Combined Major Programs Go to top of document
The Department of Geography participates in combined major programs with the following departments: Biological Sciences (BSc), Computer Science (BA and BSc), Earth Sciences (BSc), Economics (BA). The requirements are listed in the calendar sections of the co-major discipline. Combined major programs with other disciplines are also possible; students interested in pursuing one of these should consult the Chair of Geography and of the other department/centre involved. As in the single major programs, students pursuing a combined major may be admitted to the 3 Year (Pass) program at any time. The 3 Year (Pass) program provides students with an opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the field. All combined major students are required to complete the following courses:
- GEOG 1F90 or 1F91
- GEOG 2P10 or 2P11
- GEOG 3P56 or 3P57
- GEOG 4F99
- MATH 1P98 or equivalent
In addition, BSc Combined majors are required to complete MATH 1P97.
 
Concentration in Geographic Information Science Go to top of document
The Concentration in Geographic Information Science combines a training in the technical fields of cartography, geographic information systems (GIS), remote sensing and surveying with an education in a chosen academic discipline, which may be any subject that deals with spatial information relating to the Earth's surface. One combination, Geography and Geographic Information Science, has been developed to date and is described below. This is a four-year Honours program and combines Brock courses with courses offered through Niagara College's postgraduate certificate program in Geographic Information Systems. Students completing the program receive a Brock Honours degree in Geography with a concentration in Geographic Information Science, as well as a postgraduate certificate in Geographic Information Systems from Niagara College. The degree may be a BA or BSc, depending on whether the human or physical side of geography is emphasized. The program caters to the increasing demand in society for professionals who possess both a solid technical background in GIS and related fields and the substantive knowledge necessary to apply those technologies successfully in the real world. Normally, this involves attending college after gaining a university degree, but the Brock and Niagara program combines the two in a single integrated package. Students should note the following about this program:
1.  Students normally enter the program at the start of Year 2 and should apply for admission at the end of Year 1. Enrolment is limited, depending on the availability of lab space at Niagara College. Admission to the concentration will include concurrent admission to the Niagara College postgraduate certificate program in Geographic Information Systems.
2.  In Year 3 courses are taken at Niagara College in the Fall Term and at Brock in the Winter Term. In Year 4 courses are taken at Brock in the Fall Term and at Niagara College in the Winter Term. The Niagara College courses are taught at the Glendale Campus and are of 14 weeks duration with an additional week for exams.
3.  Upon completion of the required courses at Niagara College, with a minimum 70 percent overall average, students will have 4.5 transfer credits applied to their Brock degree. Students who successfully complete GEOG 2P07, 3P04, 3P05, 3P07 and 4P07 and receive the 4.5 transfer credits will satisfy the concentration in Geographic Information Science. Students in this program may not take GEOG 3P01, 3P95 and 4F99 for credit.
4.  Courses in the Niagara College certificate program:
  GISC 9112
GIS Project Management
GISC 9114
GIS Database Concepts
GISC 9115
Introduction to ArcGIS
GISC 9116
Computers and GIS Programming
GISC 9117
Spatial Analysis
GISC 9118
Foundations of Mapping
GISC 9216
Digital Image Processing
GISC 9230
Surveying and Data Collection
GISC 9231
Introduction to Remote Sensing
GISC 9232 - Applications in GIS
GISC 9234 - Applied GIS Thesis/Project
GISC 9235 - Advanced ArcGIS
Brock students are exempt from GISC 9216 and 9231, and take either GISC 9232 or 9235.
BA (Honours) Geography with Concentration in Geographic Information Science
Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- COSC 1P95
- MATH 1P98
- one Social Science context credit (see program note 6)
- one Humanities context credit
5.  Year 2
- GEOG 2P07, 2P10, 3P05 and 3P07
- one and one-half credits from GEOG 2P01, 2P02, 2P03, 2P06
- one and one-half elective credits
5.  Year 3
- One and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A
- GEOG 3P04
- one-half elective credit (see program note 2)
5.  Year 4
- GEOG 3P57 and 4P07
- one GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above from group A
- one-half elective credit (see program notes 2 and 7)
5.  BSc (Honours) Geography with Concentration in Geographic Information Science
  Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- COSC 1P95
- MATH 1P98
- one Science context credit (see program note 6)
- one Humanities context credit
5.  Year 2
- GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P07, 2P09, 2P11, 3P05 and 3P07
- MATH 1P97
- one elective credit
5.  Year 3
- One and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group B
- GEOG 3P04
- one-half elective credit (see program note 2)
5.  Year 4
- GEOG 3P56 and 4P07
- one GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from group B
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above from group B
- one-half elective credit (see program notes 2 and 7)
 
Minor in Geography Go to top of document
Students in other disciplines can obtain a Minor in Geography within their degree program by completing the following courses with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
- GEOG 1F90 or 1F91
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 1(alpha)90 to 2(alpha)89
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above.
 
Description of Courses Go to top of document
Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable term timetable for details. # Indicates a cross listed course * Indicates primary offering of a cross listed course  
Prerequisites and Restrictions Go to top of document
Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met. GEOG 1F90 Introduction to Human Geography Practical and problem-oriented examination of spatial patterns of human organization and their links with social, cultural, economic, political and ecological processes. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. GEOG 1F91 Principles of Physical Geography The interactions of atmosphere, soils, vegetation and landforms occurring at the surface of the Earth. The development of natural environments and impacts upon people and their activities. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. GEOG 2P01 Introduction to Social Geography Spatial distribution of social well-being in Western society: work, housing, crime, gender, race, ethnicity and disability in relation to underlying structures of inequality, exploitation and alienation. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 3P52. GEOG 2P02 Economic Geography Theory and concepts of economic geography and the work of economic geographers. The organization of goods and services producing activities and their locational patterns. An overview of the geography of economic change in Canada and the United States since 1930. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 2P03 Urban Geography (also offered as ENVI 2P03) Basic concepts and problems underlying the growth of cities, the urban system, land-use patterns in the city and urban policy making. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 2P04 Introduction to Meteorology (also offered as ENVI 2P04) Principles, structure, composition and processes of the atmosphere; its energy budget, moisture balance and motion. Weather forecasting in middle and low latitudes, forecasting techniques and special problems in applied meteorology. Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F91 or permission of instructor. #GEOG 2P05 Earth Surface Processes (also offered as ENVI 2P05 and ERSC 2P05) Earth surface processes and geomorphology within global environments. A dynamic and physically based account of processes and the Earth's surface, linking the fields of sedimentology, physical geography and fluid mechanics. Lectures, lab, field work, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F91 or ERSC 1F01 (1F95) or permission of the instructor. GEOG 2P06 Cultural and Historical Geography Interactions among culture, society and landscape. The material and symbolic manifestations of culture in processes of landscape change. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 2P07 Foundations of Geomatics Introduction to spatial, metric, graphic and other concepts common to cartography, photogrammetry, remote sensing and geographic information systems (GIS). Properties of maps and air photos and satellite imagery. Principles of map compilation and design. Practical experience in computer mapmaking, image interpretation and GIS analysis. Lectures, lab, field work, 4 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 1F90 , 1F91, ERSC 1F01 (1F95) or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 2P09 Principles of Biogeography (also offered as ENVI 2P09 and ERSC 2P09) Autoecological aspects of soils and plants including the human impact at all scales. Patterns of soils and plants and their explanation. Spatial patterns of soils and vegetation communities and their explanation. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: one of GEOG 1F91 and MATH 1P98, ERSC 1F01 (1F95) and MATH 1P98, CHEM 1F92 (CHEM 1P80 and 1P81 or CHEM 1P90 and 1P91) or permission of the instructor. GEOG 2P10 Qualitative Research Design and Methodology Aspects of qualitative research: project formulation, methodologies, writing-up; relation of theory and methodology. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 2P11 Research Methods in the Geosciences (also offered as ERSC 2P11) Appraisal of scientific method. Problems of research design and the acquisition of information from the field by mapping, instrumental measurement, sampling and the use of published and unpublished data sources. Quantitative analysis of data, interpretation and the communication of results. Lectures, lab, seminar, 5 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 1F91 or ERSC 1F01 (1F95); MATH 1P98 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 2P50 Geography of Canada Analysis of factors underlying the development of Canada's distinctive regions emphasizing major metropolitan areas, resource regions and areas of decline. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Note: major credit will not be granted to GEOG majors. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 2P91. *GEOG 2P97 Introduction to Soil Science (also offered as OEVI 2P97) Physical, chemical, biological, and hydrological processes within the soil system, their interrelationships, and relationships between these processes and the potential use of the soil. Emphasis on soils in Southern Ontario and individual student analysis of those soils. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F91 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 2Q96 Environmental Problems and Development (also offered as INTL 2Q96) Investigation of the current global environmental crisis, including population growth, global warming, deforestation, water pollution, and waste disposal. Consideration of environmental problems in the broader context of natural and human-induced (social, cultural, political, and economic) forces. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, ENVI 1P90 and 1P91, ERSC 1F01 (1F95), 1F90, INTL 1F90 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 2P96. GEOG 3F90 London England Growth and development of London as a world city, capital of Britain and major metropolitan area through an examination of its major functions, institutions, peoples and internal spatial structures; major planning issues involved in achieving a workable urban environment. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 3F92 and 3M90. GEOG 3F91 Environmental and Development Issues in Thailand Examination of development approaches, environmental issues and cultural practices through visits to small-scale village projects, national parks and urban areas. Assessment of the traditional versus the Western-style economy within the context of sustainable development. Environmental constraints on development. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. GEOG 3F92 London-Paris Field Course Contrasts and similarities between London and Paris in terms of their roles as global cities, national capitals, metropolitan cities and local places; examination of major functions, institutions, people and internal spatial structures. Focus on planning issues in achieving an enriched urban environment. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 3F90 (3M90). GEOG 3F95 Greek Viticulture and Wines Examination of the combined influence of Greek topoclimatology and viticulture practices in relation to wine production in selected regions through visits to archaeological and historical sites. Role of wine in ancient Greece. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. #GEOG 3F96 Landscape and Cultural Memory (also offered as CANA 3F96 and FREN 3F96) Field course in Québec. Readings in literature and geography, exploring the links and reciprocal influences between disciplines. Authors studied may include Louis Hémon, Philippe Aubert de Gaspé, Roger Lemelin. Restriction: consult the Chair regarding permission to register. Prerequisite: one of CANA 2P91, 2P92 (2F91), FREN 2F03 or permission of the instructor. Note: field work for two weeks in May. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. Course given in English. French majors complete written assignments and exams in French. CANA students may count this as either Cultural Studies I or II and as a credit related to French Canada. GEOG 3P01 Topographic Surveying Principles and techniques of topographic surveying. Use of tape, compass, clinometer, level, plane table, transit, theodolite, tachymeter, electronic distance meter and GPS receiver. Mapping using CADD software.
Lectures, lab, field work, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P04 Map Design and Production Advanced aspects of map design. Methods of statistical mapping. Evolution of cartographic technology. Monochrome and colour map production using Adobe Illustrator. Issues and trends in cartography. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P05 Geographic Information Systems Principles and use of computer-based systems for capturing, managing, manipulating, analysing and displaying data relating to the Earth's surface, with emphasis on raster applications. Practical work using Idrisi32. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P07 Remote Sensing Theory and practice of remote sensing. Photographic, thermal, multispectral, radar and laser imaging of the Earth's surface from airborne and spaceborne platforms. Image interpretation, and image-analysis techniques using Idrisi32. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P10 Applied Climatology Studies in selected topics from the field of energy and moisture exchanges, air pollution, climatic change, climatic impact assessment and bioclimatology. Human impact on the climate along with applied microclimatological investigations and climatic data analysis. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P04 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 3P12 Climate and Winegrape Production (also offered as OEVI 3P12) Climatological aspects of winegrape production emphasizing selected wine regions of the world. Effects of climate, weather-related diseases, topography, soil and viticulture practices on winegrape production. Lectures, lab, field work, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P04 or permission of the instructor. Note: students enrolled in the OEVI program and OEVI certificate students are permitted to register without the prerequisite. #GEOG 3P24 Glacial Geomorphology/Geology (also offered as ERSC 3P24) Introduction to glaciology; glacial processes, glacial deposits; their genesis and sedimentology. Relationship of glacial processes to landforms and surface topography. Glacial systems and facies associations. Applied aspects of glacial geology such as drift exploration. Lectures, lab, field work, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P05 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P25 Quaternary Geology (also offered as ERSC 3P25) Glaciations in the geological record, causes of glaciations, biotic responses to climatic changes, eustatic and isostatic sea level changes in response to glaciation, Quaternary stratigraphy and correlation of glacial and non-glacial events, application of Quaternary geology to economic and environmental problems, methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P24 or ERSC 2P10 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P26 Glacial Soils and Sediments (also offered as ERSC 3P26) Applied aspects of glacial deposits. Geotechnical and pedochemical properties and structural attributes of glacial soils and sediments. Micromorphology, glacial soil discontinuity analyses. Introductory aspects of soil mechanics. Drift exploration. Landfill problems and issues related to glacial soils and sediments. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P24 or 3P25 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P33 Biodiversity (also offered as ERSC 3P33) Dispersal and migration; adaptation; speciation; extinction; ecological interaction; species invasion; plant and animal introductions; habitat fragmentation and application of biogeographical theory to conservation biology; human impacts on fire regimes. Lectures, lab, field work, 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 2P09, BIOL 2P05, 2Q04 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P36 Fluvial Geomorphology (also offered as ERSC 3P36) River basins, channel morphology, flood frequency analysis, elementary flow mechanics and sediment transport; analysis of river records; long term changes in river systems. Introduction to HEC-RAS flow modelling. Lectures, lab, 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P05 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P45 Urban Growth Processes and Planning Economic, social and political forces underlying population growth, land-use change and spatial expansion in cities in advanced industrial societies. Technological innovations and urban morphology. Urban planning issues relating to suburbanisation, small-town development, urban countryside, new towns, urban sprawl versus containment and intensification, and the loss of valuable resource areas. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 2P02, 2P03, 2P06 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 3P46 Cities and Globalization (also offered as INTL 3P46) Introduction to major debates on urban change under the impact of globalization. Topics include relations between economic restructuring and urban form, spatial relations within and among cities, social and cultural composition in globalizing cities, and the role of architecture and urban design. Examples from New York, London, Tokyo, Los Angeles, Toronto, Berlin and Shanghai. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 1F90; one of GEOG 2P03, 2P06, INTL 1F90 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P51 Popular Music, Identity and Place Examines links among places, music and cultural identities. Focus on globalization, migration and mobility, place identity, music tourism and the role of companies and technology in music's diffusion, innovation and commercialization. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 2P01, 2P02, 2P06 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P53 Community Development and Social Planning Geographical approach to conceiving community and planning for community empowerment. Theories, policy perspectives and empirical studies from Canada and around the world. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 2P03 or 2P06; GEOG 2P10 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P56 Physical Geography Field Course Application of geographical principles and field techniques to problems in physical geography. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite: completion of year 2 GEOG requirements in the BSc GEOG (single or combined) programs. Note: field work in September in the week following Labour Day. Students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 3P57. GEOG 3P57 Human Geography Field Course Application of geographical principles and field techniques to problems in human geography. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite: completion of year 2 GEOG requirements in the BA GEOG (single or combined) programs. Note: field work in September in the week following Labour Day. Students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 3P56. GEOG 3P60 Geography of Transportation Geographical aspects of transportation with particular emphasis on the urban transportation problem, including its causes, consequences and potential solutions. Sustainable transportation and its implications for land use planning, transportation and urban design. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P03 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 3P65 Geography of Rural Development and Tourism (also offered as TOUR 3P65) Provides overview of tourism as it intersects with rural development theory, processes and planning. Examines various social, environmental, cultural and economic problems, consequences and opportunities of tourism in a rural development context. Incorporates examples of rural festivals, wineries and agri-tourism as means to understand appropriate rural tourism development. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90 or TOUR 1P98 (2P08). Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG (TOUR) 3V60. GEOG 3P66 Introduction to Urban and Regional Planning Evolution of planning theory and practice in North America, and influential planning ideas since the late 19th century. Current trends and challenges in urban and regional planning at the local, metropolitan and regional levels. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P03 or permission of instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 3V66. *GEOG 3P74 Geography and Gender (also offered as COMM 3P74 and WISE 3P74) Work of feminist geographers. Relationships between gender and space with respect to the organization of the city, architecture of the home, design of the shopping mall, the media, fear, homelessness, gentrification and employment. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 2P02, 2P03, 2P06, WISE 2P90 (2F90), 2P91, COMM 2P20 and 2P21 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P76 Geographies of Energy Concept of energy in the rethinking of the relation between society and nature and the connection between physical and human geography. Analysis of conventional approaches to energy and an overview of competing accounts of change. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, 2Q96 (2P96) or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 3P80 Geography and International Development (also offered as INTL 3P80) Analysis of international development theory, policy and practice. Development's relation to globalization, imperialism and neo-colonialism. Development solutions to environmental problems. Selected case studies from the developing world. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week Prerequisite: GEOG 1F90, INTL 1F90 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P83 Geography of Water Resources Physical and human factors affecting patterns of use and development of water resources. Emphasis on patterns of supply and demand, approaches to development and management of the resource, problems and alternative strategies. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, ERSC 1F01(1F95) or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P84 Themes in Political Geography Introduction to political geography with primary emphasis on contemporary themes, including geopolitics, economic globalization, global sustainability theory, evolution and emergent issues of the nation-state, new regionalism and place-based politics, and the local-global role of the new social movements. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P02 or 2P06 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P85 Ecology of a Changing Planet (also offered as BIOL 3P85 and ERSC 3P85) Impact of environmental change and human activity on ecosystems. Topics include climate change and global warming, habitat fragmentation, extinction, invasive species, conservation biology and the management of ecological integrity. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 2P09, BIOL 2P05, 2Q04 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P86 Themes in Cultural Geography Geographies of culture and cultural politics emphasizing heritage issues focussing on ways in which relationships of power become manifest in material and symbolic landscapes. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 2P06 and 2P10 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P87 Themes in Historical Geography Literature, philosophies and methodologies of historical geography, including sections exploring the traditions of the field as well as current debates. Uses and limitations of primary source materials such as newspapers, oral traditions and government documents. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 2P06 and 2P10 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P88 Globalization and Sustainability Phenomenon of globalization in relation to theories of sustainability. Changing spatial and power relations occurring through the globalization of economic, political, social, cultural and environmental spheres. Global sustainability principles in the contexts of local and regional «survival» under changing global conditions. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2P02, 2P06 or permission of the instructor. Note: GEOG 3P84 strongly recommended. GEOG 3P90 GIS Applications in Human Geography Introduction to private and public sector GIS data. GIS planning and analytical capabilities in the context of their real world applications using ArcView 8. Choice and design of GIS applications by defining a problem, collecting, inputting, analysing, and outputting data in GIS. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 3P05, 3P95 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P91 GIS Applications in Physical Geography Exploration of GIS data sources and analytical techniques emphasizing GIS planning and analytical capabilities for solving real world problems using ArcView 8. Choice and design of GIS applications by defining a problem, searching, inputting, analysing, and outputting data in GIS. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 3P05, 3P95 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P92 Resource Management: Discourses, Policies and Ethics Competing discourses concerning the management of both natural and human resources. Emphasis on the ethical and political implications of public policies, resource management and processes of globalization. Seminar, 3 hours per week Prerequisite: GEOG 2Q96 (2P96) or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P95 Advanced Geographic Information Systems Further study of geographic information systems emphasizing vector and database applications and advanced analytical operations. Practical work using Idrisi32 and MapInfo Professional. Discussion of legal, ethical, management and other issues relating to GIS. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P05. GEOG 3V60-3V69 Special Topics in Geography Topics selected from year to year on the basis of faculty expertise. GEOG 3V90-3V99 Selected Field Studies and Directed Readings Application of geographical methods and techniques to the analysis of field data and problems; two weeks of field work in a selected area. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: experience in hiking and wilderness travel recommended. GEOG 4F90 Honours Thesis Individual research project carried out under the direction of a faculty adviser. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: students contemplating a thesis must consult with the Department at the end of year 3. Regulations governing the thesis may be obtained from the Administrative Assistant. A detailed proposal must be submitted in writing before May 1st prior to entering year 4. GEOG 4F99 Honours Internship Internship on a specific geographic problem or task under either the direction of a faculty member, or in a government or private agency working under the supervision of that agency. Internship, 8 hours per week for 15 weeks; seminar, 3 hours per week for 9 weeks. Restriction: permission of the Department. GEOG 4P02 Topographic Science Independent study of an approved topic selected from the fields of surveying, remote sensing, geographical information systems and cartography. Lab, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 3P01, 3P04, 3P05, 3P07, 3P95 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P03 Advanced Cartography Research, discussion and synthesis of a selected issue in modern cartography or the compilation and design of a map illustrative of a specific theme. Lab, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P04 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P07 Advanced Remote Sensing Theory and practice of in situ, airborne and spaceborne remote sensing. Emphasis on techniques used to study natural and human-made environments. Topics include data acquisition and data preprocessing, image analysis, accuracy assessment and the production of information products. Image processing and analyses using commercially available image-analysis software. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P07 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P12 Research Topics in Applied Climatology Climatological investigations of selected problems in winegrape production, air pollution and climate change. Seminar, lab and field work, 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 2P04 and 3P10 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 4F11. GEOG 4P13 Research Topics in Climatic Hazards Special topics relating to climatic hazards, their impacts and societal adjustments. Seminar, lab and field work, 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: GEOG 2P04 and 3P10 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in GEOG 4F11. #GEOG 4P26 Advanced Fluvial Geomorphology (also offered as ERSC 4P26) Steep, rough river systems emphasizing boulder bed and rock bed channels. Seminar, lab, field work, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P36 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 4P28 Advanced Glacial Sedimentology (also offered as ERSC 4P28) Sedimentology of present day glacial environments and of Quaternary sediments. Thermo-mechanical principles of glacier physics as applied to past and present glacier ice conditions. Glacial lithofacies associations. Glacio-tectonics and diagenesis. Principles of glacial erosion, entrainment and deposition. Lectures, lab, field work, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 3P24, 3P26 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P60 Advanced Urban-Economic Geography Conceptual and theoretical background to recent developments in global cities and service industries. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisites: one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 from group A. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in 4F50, 4F65 and 4F69. GEOG 4P61 Research Themes in Urban-Economic Geography Methodological and ethical issues related to empirical research on global cities and service industries. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 4P60 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in 4F50, 4F65 and 4F69. GEOG 4P66 Advanced Urban and Regional Planning Evolution of planning theories based primarily upon the work of influential planning figures and visionaries. Application of planning skills to selected local and regional growth and development problems. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 3P60, 3P46, 3P66 (3V66) or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P70 Advanced Cultural and Social Geography Selected debates and theoretical themes in the spatiality of culture and social well-being. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 3P52, 3P53, 3P86, 3P87 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in GEOG 4F51, 4F61 and 4F64. GEOG 4P71 Research Themes in Cultural and Social Geography Methodological and ethical issues related to empirical research on the spatiality of culture and social well-being. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 4P70 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in GEOG 4F51, 4F61 and 4F64. GEOG 4P75 Resources and Social Movements Conflicts over resource use and distribution and the mobilization of social movements with strong disruptive potential for political and economic life. The dynamics of these conflicts in relation to the role of the media and to processes of globalization. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite: GEOG 2Q96 (2P96), 3P92 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 4P80 Dendrochronology (also offered as BIOL 4P80 and ERSC 4P80) Principles and use of dendrochronology to study forest dynamics, geomorphic events and paleoenvironmental change; use of tree growth in the study of climate and environmental factors; measurement and statistical analysis of tree growth records. Lectures, lab, local field trip, 6 hours per week. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 2P09, BIOL 2P05, 2Q04. GEOG 4P95 Directed Readings I Topic not covered in the Department's regular course offerings. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. GEOG 4P96 Directed Readings II Topic not covered in the Department's regular course offerings. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial.
 
Last updated: July 7, 2004 @ 02:52PM