2018-2019 Undergraduate Calendar

Geography  
Chair Christopher Fullerton Director, Co-op, Career and Experiential Education Cara Krezek Academic Advisers Samantha Morris, Virginia Wagg  
General Information Go to top of document
Administrative Co-ordinator Virginia Wagg 905-688-5550, extension 3484 Mackenzie Chown C322 brocku.ca/geotour The discipline of Geography has a broad scope and combines elements of both the social and natural sciences. Two principal divisions of the subject exist - human geography and physical geography - linked by a common background: a mutual concern for humans and the environment, and a body of related theory and methodology. Geography majors at Brock may choose from the following degree programs: BA Geography and BSc Geography. Within each program students with a minimum 70 percent major average may be admitted to the Honours degree program at any time. An Honours degree program provides students with an opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the discipline. These programs are described in detail in subsequent sections. The Department also participates in four-year Co-op programs leading to a BA or BSc Honours degree. The Department and the Faculty of Education co-operate in offering a Concurrent BA (Honours) or BSc (Honours)/BEd degree at both the Junior/Intermediate and Intermediate/Senior levels. Most courses emphasize structured labs and seminars in early years and progressively more independent work in later years, culminating in an optional honours thesis in year 4. Field work features prominently in some courses. Students should note that a nominal fee may be charged in courses having a field work or laboratory component. Two field courses, GEOG 3P56 and 3P57, are held in October in the week following Thanksgiving Day, with seminars/labs during the term. One of these courses is mandatory for students entering year 3; prospective students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. GEOG 4F99 is a required internship course in year 4, enabling students to obtain work experience while still at the University. Prospective students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. Physical laboratories and equipment are available for work in biogeography, climatology, geomorphology, hydrology and soil science. Computer labs with geomatics software are also available for students interested in geographic information systems, remote sensing and digital mapping. The University Map, Data and GIS Library contains an extensive collection of maps, atlases and geospatial datasets housed adjacent to the Department of Geography and Tourism Studies.  
Co-op Program Go to top of document
The Geography Co-op programs combine academic and work terms over a four year period. Students spend the first two years in an academic setting where their exposure to courses in the core areas of Geography provides the necessary background for their first work placement. In addition to the current fees for courses in academic study terms, Geography Co-op students are assessed an annual administrative fee (see the Schedule of Fees). Eligibility to continue in the Co-op program is based on the student's major average and non-major average. A student with a minimum 70 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent non-major average will be permitted to continue. A student with a major average lower than 70 percent will not be permitted to continue in the Geography Co-op program, but may continue in the BA or BSc Geography non Co-op program. For further information, see the Co-op programs section of the Calendar and contact the Department of Geography. All students in the Co-operative Education program are required to read, sign and adhere to the terms of the Student Regulations Waiver and Co-op Student Manuals (brocku.ca/co-op/current-students/co-op-student-manuals) as articulated by the Co-op Programs Office. In addition, eligibility to continue in the Co-op option is based on the student's major average and non-major average, and the ability to demonstrate the motivation and potential to pursue a professional career. Each four-month Co-operative education work term must be registered. Once students are registered in a Co-op work term, they are expected to fulfill their commitment. If the placement accepted is for more than one four-month work term, students are committed to complete all terms. Students may not withdraw from or terminate a work term without permission from the Director, Co-op Program Office. The Geography Co-op program designation will be awarded to those students who have successfully completed a minimum of twelve months of Co-op work experience.  
Program Notes Go to top of document
1.  GEOG 2P07, 2P13, 2P21, 2P33, 2P94, 3P04, 3P05, 3P07, 3P21, 3P22, 3P34, 3P50, 3P83, 3P95, 4F99, 4P07 and 4P83 can be taken for either BA or BSc credit.  
2.  In the case of GEOG 3V60-3V69, 3V90-3V99, 4F90, 4P95 and 4P96 the content in a given year determines whether the course yields BA credit or BSc credit.  
3.  Students may hold credit for only one of GEOG 3P56 or 3P57.  
4.  For students with a specific interest in geomorphology and soils the following ERSC courses are recommended as elective credits: ERSC 2P16 and 4P61.  
5.  This credit must be other than GEOG and TOUR.  
6.  The Social Science credit must be from CHYS, COMM, ECON, ENSU, FILM, LABR, LING, PCUL, POLI, PSYC, SOCI or WGST.  
7.  One Science credit is required and must be from BCHM, BIOL, CHEM, COSC, ERSC, MATH and PHYS (excluding ASTR 1P01, 1P02, BIOL 1F25, 1P27, 1P28, CHEM 1P00, ERSC 1P92, SCIE 1P50, 1P51 and 1P52).  
8.  One Science credit is required, must be from BCHM, BIOL, CHEM, COSC, ERSC, MATH and PHYS and must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.  
9. 

In 20 credit degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least three credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; at least three credits must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.

In 15 credit degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least three credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.

In some circumstances, in order to meet university degree and program requirements, more than 15 or 20 credits may be taken.

 
Course Offerings Go to top of document
Courses offered by the Department fall into two main groups, group A in human geography and group B in physical geography. A third group (C) emphasizes geomatics approaches to geographical problems and a fourth (D) emphasizes the environment. Group A: Human Geography
- GEOG 1F90
- GEOG 2P01, 2P03, 2P06, 2P21, 2P30, 2P66
- GEOG 3F90, 3F93, 3F97, 3P21, 3P22, 3P30, 3P40, 3P45, 3P57, 3P66, 3P70, 3P80, 3P86, 3P91, 3P98, 3V60-3V69, 3V90-3V99
- GEOG 4F90, 4F99, 4P11, 4P32, 4P50, 4P66, 4P68, 4P70, 4P71, 4P95, 4P96
Group B: Physical Geography
- GEOG 1F91
- GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P21
- GEOG 3F93, 3P09, 3P12, 3P13, 3P14, 3P21, 3P22, 3P24, 3P25, 3P26, 3P33, 3P35, 3P56, 3P85, 3Q99, 3V60-3V69, 3V90-3V99
- GEOG 4F90, 4F99, 4P12, 4P26, 4P28, 4P80, 4P85, 4P95, 4P96, 4P97
Group C: Geomatics
- GEOG 2P07
- GEOG 3P04, 3P05, 3P07, 3P95
- GEOG 4P07
Group D: Environment
- GEOG 2P13, 2P33, 2P94
- GEOG 3P34, 3P50, 3P83
- GEOG 4P83
 
Honours Program Go to top of document
Bachelor of Arts in Human Geography Go to top of document
Year 2
- Year 2 is now closed
Year 3
- Year 3 is now closed
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- GEOG 4F99
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A, C or D
- one and one-half elective credits
 
Bachelor of Arts in Human Geography Co-op (Honours only) Go to top of document
Students admitted to the Co-op program must follow an approved program pattern. The most common pattern is listed below. For other approved programs consult the Co-op office. Year 3
- Year 3 is now closed
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- GEOG 0N03 and 2C03
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A, C or D
- two GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A
- one GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A, C or D
- one-half elective credit
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- One and one-half elective credits
 
Bachelor of Science in Physical Geography Go to top of document
Year 3
- Year 3 is now closed
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- GEOG 4F99
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 and above from Group B
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 and above from Group B, C or D
- one and one-half elective credit
 
Bachelor of Science in Physical Geography Co-op (Honours only) Go to top of document
Year 3
- Year 3 is now closed
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- GEOG 0N03 and 2C03
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B, C or D
- two GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 and above from Group B
- one GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 and above from Group B, C or D
- one half Science credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above (see program note 8)
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- One and one-half elective credits
 
Bachelor of Arts in Geography Go to top of document
Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- one Humanities context credit
- one Social Sciences context credit (see program note 5)
- one elective credit
Year 2
- GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P07 and 2P21
- one credit from GEOG 2P01, 2P03, 2P06, 2P13, 2P30, 2P33, 2P66, 2P94
- one Social Sciences credit (see program note 6)
- one elective credit
Year 3
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22
- GEOG 3P57
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B, C or D
- one and one-half elective credits
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- GEOG 4F99
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group B, C or D
- one and one-half elective credits
 
Bachelor of Arts in Geography Co-op (Honours only) Go to top of document
Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- one Humanities context credit
- one Social Sciences context credit (see program note 5)
- one elective credit
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- One elective credit
Year 2
- GEOG 0N90, 2P04, 2P05, 2P07 and 2P21
- one credit from GEOG 2P01, 2P03, 2P06, 2P13, 2P30, 2P33, 2P66, 2P94
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A
- one Social Sciences credit (see program note 6)
- one-half elective credit
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- GEOG 0N01 and 2C01
Year 3 Fall Term:
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22
- GEOG 3P57
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B, C or D
Winter Term:
- GEOG 0N02 and 2C02
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- GEOG 0N03 and 2C03
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)90 from Group A
- two GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A
- one GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to or above from Group B, C or D
- one elective credit
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- One and one-half elective credits
 
Bachelor of Science in Geography Go to top of document
Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- MATH 1P97
- one Humanities context credit
- one Sciences context credit (see program note 7)
- one-half elective credit
Year 2
- GEOG 2P04, 2P05, 2P07 and 2P21
- one credit from GEOG 2P01, 2P03, 2P06, 2P13, 2P30, 2P33, 2P66, 2P94
- one Science credit (see program note 7)
- one elective credit
Year 3
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22
- GEOG 3P56
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A, C or D
- one and one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B
- one Science credit (see program note 8)
- one-half elective credit
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- GEOG 4F99
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A, C or D
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group B
- one and one-half elective credits
 
Bachelor of Science in Geography Co-op (Honours only) Go to top of document
Year 1
- GEOG 1F90 and 1F91
- MATH 1P97
- one Humanities context credit
- one Sciences context credit (see program note 7)
- one-half elective credit
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- One elective credit
Year 2
- GEOG 0N90, 2P04, 2P05, 2P07 and 2P21
- one credit from GEOG 2P01, 2P03, 2P06, 2P13, 2P30, 2P33, 2P66, 2P94
- one-half GEOG credit from 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A
- one-half GEOG credit from 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B
- one Science credit (see program note 7)
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- GEOG 0N01 and 2C01
Year 3 Fall Term:
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22
- GEOG 3P56
- one GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B
- one-half Science credit (see program note 8)
Winter Term:
- GEOG 0N02 and 2C02
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- GEOG 0N03 and 2C03
Year 4
- GEOG 3P21 or 3P22 (not taken in year 3)
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group A, C, D
- one-half GEOG credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89 from Group B
- one GEOG credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group A, C or D
- two GEOG credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from Group B
- one-half Science credit (see program note 8)
Spring/Summer Sessions:
- One and one-half elective credits
 
Concurrent BA/BEd and BSc/BEd Go to top of document
The Department of Geography and the Faculty of Education co-operate in offering two Concurrent BA (Honours)/BEd programs and two BSc (Honours)/BEd programs. The Geography BA (Honours)/BEd program combines the BA Honours program or BA Honours Integrated Studies program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching at the Intermediate/Senior level (grades 7 - 12) and at the Junior/Intermediate level (grades 4 - 10). The Geography BSc (Honours)/BEd combines the BSc Honours program or BSc Integrated Studies program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching at the Intermediate/Senior level (grades 7 - 12) and at the Junior/Intermediate level (grades 4 - 10). Refer to the Education - Concurrent BA (Honours), Education - Concurrent BA Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd, Education - Concurrent BSc (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) or Education-Concurrent BSc Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate) program listings for further information.  
Pass Program Go to top of document
Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.  
Combined Major Program Go to top of document
The Department of Geography participates in combined major programs with the following departments and centres: Biological Sciences (BSc), Child and Youth Studies (BA), Computer Science (BA and BSc), Earth Sciences (BSc), Economics (BA), Labour Studies (BA). The requirements are listed in the calendar sections of the co-major discipline. Combined major programs with other disciplines are also possible; students interested in pursuing one of these should consult the Chair of Geography and of the other department/centre involved. As in the single major programs, students pursuing a combined major may be admitted to the Pass program at any time. The Pass program provides students with an opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the field. All combined major students are required to complete the following courses:
- GEOG 1F90 or 1F91
- GEOG 2P07, 2P21, 3P21, 3P22 and 4F99
- GEOG 3P56 or 3P57
In addition, BSc combined majors are required to complete GEOG 2P04, 2P05, MATH 1P97
 
Minor in Geography Go to top of document
Students in other disciplines can obtain a Minor in Geography within their degree program by completing the following courses with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
- GEOG 1F90 or 1F91
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 1(alpha)90 to 2(alpha)89
- one and one-half GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above.
 
Master of Arts (MA) Program Go to top of document
The MA Program in Geography is designed to train students broadly in geographical approaches to understanding social and human/environment relations, with emphasis on how contemporary processes affect spatial relations across a range of scales from the local to the global. For details about the program, see the Graduate Calendar or contact the Geography Graduate Program Director.  
Description of Courses Go to top of document
Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable term timetable for details. # Indicates a cross listed course * Indicates primary offering of a cross listed course  
Prerequisites and Restrictions Go to top of document
Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.

GEOGRAPHY COURSES

GEOG 1F90 Introduction to Human Geography Practical and problem-oriented examination of spatial patterns of human organization and their links with social, cultural, economic, political and ecological processes. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. may be offered online. GEOG 1F91 Principles of Physical Geography The interactions of atmosphere, soils, vegetation and landforms occurring at the surface of the Earth. The development of natural environments and impacts upon people and their activities. Lectures, 2 hours per week; lab, 2 hours bi-weekly. GEOG 2P01 Introduction to Social Geography Understanding the connections between space, society and knowledge; minds and bodies, communities, cities and streets, nations, economies and institutions, and ruralities. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 2P03 Cities in a Globalizing World Introduction to role of global economy in contemporary city formation and evolution. Urban-economic geography theories and methodologies. Role of economy in the production of urban policy. Relation between geographical division of labor, regional specialization, trade and urbanization. Gender, race, and class in urban-economic context. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 2P02. *GEOG 2P04 Introduction to Meteorology (also offered as ERSC 2P04) Major concepts, principles and interactions related to the atmospheric-Earth systems, weather analysis and forecasting, natural and anthropogenic factors related to climate change and variability, weather hazards and extreme events, and biophysical feedback effects. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F91, ERSC 1P01 and 1P02 (1F01), (1F90) or permission of instructor. #GEOG 2P05 Earth Surface Processes (also offered as ERSC 2P05) Earth surface processes and geomorphology within global environments. A dynamic and physically based account of processes and the Earth's surface, linking the fields of sedimentology, physical geography and fluid mechanics. Lectures, 5 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) and ERSC (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1F91 or ERSC 1P02 (1F01). *GEOG 2P06 Cultural and Historical Geography (also offered as PCUL 2P06 and TOUR 2P06) Interactions among culture, society and landscape. The material and symbolic manifestations of culture in processes of landscape change. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, COMM 1F90, PCUL 1F92, TOUR 1P91, 1P92 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 2P07 Introduction to Geospatial Technologies (also offered as ERSC 2P07, IASC 2P07 and TOUR 2P07) Concepts and applications of geographic information systems (GIS), global positioning systems (GPS) and remote sensing. Properties of digital maps, airborne data and satellite imagery. Principles of map compilation and design. Practical experience in computer mapping, image interpretation and GIS analysis. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. *GEOG 2P13 Resource and Environmental Geographies (also offered as TOUR 2P13) Analysis of the relation between resources, global environmental dynamics, and the management of uncertainty. Emphasis on the changing pattern of energy flows. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, ERSC 1P01 and 1P02 (1F01), (1F90), INTC 1F90, TOUR (TMGT/TREN) 1P91 and 1P92 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 2P21 Introduction to Research Design and Methodology (also offered as TOUR 2P21) Concepts related to research design. Properties of knowledge, preparing for research, describing and interpreting data. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, TOUR (TMGT/TREN) 1P91 and 1P92 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 2P30 Culture, Heritage and Tourism (also offered as TOUR 2P30) Principles of preservation, conservation, and management of built and cultural resources for heritage tourism destinations on a variety of scales from World Heritage Sites to local heritage and cultural tourism attractions. Regional identities and environments and the importance of small and medium sized enterprises. Lectures, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, TOUR 1P91, 1P92 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 2P10. #GEOG 2P33 Sustainable Integrated Waste Management (also offered as TOUR 2P33) Waste reduction, reuse and recycling; environmentally sensible design. Waste auditing, optimal materials use and life cycle analysis. Sewage treatment technologies. Composting for managing organic waste and sewage. Tourism and waste management on land, on the water and in the air; managing wastes in remote and environmentally sensitive areas, camps and resorts. Policy, legislation and case studies. Lectures, seminar, workshop, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, TOUR 1P91, 1P92 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 2P93. GEOG 2P50 Geography of Canada Analysis of factors underlying the development of Canada's distinctive regions emphasizing major metropolitan areas, resource regions and areas of decline. Lectures, 3 hours per week. Note: major credit will not be granted to GEOG majors. GEOG 2P66 Introduction to Planning and Community Development Introduction to planning theory, concepts and practice. Evolution of approaches and frameworks in planning from the 19th century through to today. Introductory overview of planning sub-fields: urban and regional planning; transportation planning, community development and social planning, rural planning, environmental planning, and economic development planning. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1F90 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 2P94 Human-Dominated Ecosystems (also offered as TOUR 2P94) Human impacts in natural and built ecosystems from local to global scales. Key environmental issues, principles, policy options, problem solving and possibilities for creative planned change. Local examples from the Greenbelt and Niagara. Lectures, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, TOUR (TMGT/TREN) 1P91 and 1P92 (1F90) or permission of the instructor. Note: the majority of classroom lectures will be replaced by 3-4 full-day field programs within the Niagara Region on Saturdays and Sundays in September and October; final scheduling details to be determined in consultation with students. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TREN 2P16 and TMGT (TREN) 2P94. *GEOG 3F90 London Field Course (also offered as TOUR 3F90) Growth and development of London as a global city, capital of Britain and major metropolitan area examining its major functions, institutions, peoples and internal spatial structures; major planning issues involved in achieving an enriched urban environment. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): two GEOG credits, two TOUR (TMGT/TREN) credits or permission of the instructor. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 3F92. *GEOG 3F97 Tourism Field Course (also offered as TOUR 3F97) Intensive field course with relevance to Tourism Studies. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): two TOUR (TMGT/TREN), two GEOG credits numbered 1(alpha)90 to 2(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 3F70. GEOG 3P04 Digital Mapping Principles of cartography and advanced aspects of map design. Topics include geographic coordinate systems, cartographic techniques, data analysis, advances in online mapping, and use of mapping software. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. Note: practical experiences in mapping quantitative data and digital map production using commercially available software. *GEOG 3P05 Geographic Information Systems (also offered as ERSC 3P05 and IASC 3P05) Principles and use of geographic information systems (GIS) as a tool for investigating and communicating spatial patterns in natural and anthropogenic systems: data acquisition, data management, spatial analysis, application development and cartographic display. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 3P07 Remote Sensing (also offered as ERSC 3P07) Theory and practice of remote sensing. Multispectral, hyperspectral, thermal, radar and laser imaging of the Earth's surface from airborne and spaceborne platforms. Image interpretation and image-analysis techniques. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P07 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P09 Principles of Biogeography Abiotic and biotic controls of plant and animal distributions at global to local scales. Impacts of climate and environmental change on organisms. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P04 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG (ERSC) 2P09. GEOG 3P12 Climate and Winegrape Production Climatological aspects of winegrape production emphasizing selected wine regions of the world. Effects of climate, weather-related diseases, topography, soil and viticulture practices on winegrape production. Lectures, lab, field work, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P04 or permission of the instructor. Note: students enrolled in the OEVI program and OEVI certificate students are permitted to register without the prerequisite. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in OEVI 3P12. *GEOG 3P13 Applied Climatology (also offered as ERSC 3P13) Studies in selected topics from the field of energy and moisture exchanges, air pollution, climatic change, climatic impact assessment and bioclimatology. Human impact on the climate along with applied microclimatological investigations and climatic data analysis. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P04 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 3P14 Introduction to Soil Science (also offered as OEVI 3P14) Consideration of soil as a finite environmental resource. Physical, chemical, biological and hydrological processes within the soil system. Assessment and rehabilitation of contaminated soils. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 1F91 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P21 Qualitative Research Design and Methodology (also offered as TOUR 3P21) Aspects of qualitative research: project formulation, methodologies, writing-up; relation of theory and methodology. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P21 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 2P10. #GEOG 3P22 Quantitative Research Design and Methodology (also offered as TOUR 3P22) Geographical concepts and applications of descriptive and inferential statistics. Use of measures of central tendency, hypothesis testing (t-test and ANOVA), regression analysis, non-parametric tests, spatial statistics and use of geographic information systems (GIS). Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P21 or permission of the instructor. Students will not receive earned credit for GEOG 3P22 if MATH 1F92 has been successfully completed. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 2P11, 2P12 and MATH 1P98. #GEOG 3P24 Glacial Geomorphology/Geology (also offered as ERSC 3P24) Introduction to glaciology; glacial processes, glacial deposits; their genesis and sedimentology. Relationship of glacial processes to landforms and surface topography. Glacial systems and facies associations. Applied aspects of glacial geology such as drift exploration. Lectures, lab, field work, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P05. #GEOG 3P25 Quaternary Geology (also offered as ERSC 3P25) Glaciations in the geological record, causes of glaciations, biotic responses to climatic changes, eustatic and isostatic sea level changes in response to glaciation, Quaternary stratigraphy and correlation of glacial and non-glacial events, application of Quaternary geology to economic and environmental problems, methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 3P24, ERSC 2P03, 2P16 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P26 Glacial Soils and Sediments (also offered as ERSC 3P26) Applied aspects of glacial deposits. Geotechnical and pedochemical properties and structural attributes of glacial soils and sediments. Micromorphology, glacial soil discontinuity analyses. Introductory aspects of soil mechanics. Drift exploration. Landfill problems and issues related to glacial soils and sediments. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P24. #GEOG 3P30 Tourism Planning and Development (also offered as TOUR 3P30) Role and function of tourism policy and planning. Planning and development of tourism resorts, attractions, tourism sites and regional economies through tourism; consideration of regional, provincial and national developments. Lectures, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): two TOUR (TMGT/TREN), two GEOG credits numbered 1(alpha)90 to 2(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 3P10. #GEOG 3P33 Biodiversity (also offered as ERSC 3P33) Dispersal and migration; adaptation; speciation; extinction; ecological interaction; species invasion; plant and animal introductions; habitat fragmentation and application of biogeographical theory to conservation biology, and human impacts on fire regimes. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): BIOL 1P91 and 1P92 (1F90) or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P34 Sustainable Transportation (also offered as TOUR 3P34) Interdisciplinary survey of the environmental, cultural, social and economic effects of automobiles, airplanes, trains and watercraft in built and natural environments. Impacts of tourist mobility. Principles, policies, and planning for sustainable transportation. Lectures, seminar, workshop, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): two TOUR (TMGT/TREN), two GEOG credits numbered 1(alpha)90 to 2(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG (TMGT/TREN) 3P18. #GEOG 3P35 Biomonitoring and Environmental Stress Assessment (also offered as ERSC 3P35) Use of biodiversity indicators, field methods and passive and active sensors to assess environmental quality. Collection and analysis of quantitative and qualitative data to investigate urban air and water pollution and forest health. Lab, 3 hours per week. Restriction: students must have a minimum of 10.0 overall credits. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 3P09 (2P09), BIOL 1P91 and 1P92 (1F90), ERSC 1P01 and 1P02 (1F01), (2P09). Note: field trip(s) in September. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. #GEOG 3P37 Croatia Field Course (also offered as TOUR 3P37) Intensive field course of relevance to Tourism Studies. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): two GEOG credits numbered 1(alpha)90 to 2(alpha)99, two TOUR (TMGT/TREN) credits or permission of the instructor. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 3P70 and 3P71. #GEOG 3P40 The New Niagara (also offered as CANA 3P40) Quantitative and qualitative techniques for examining Niagara's cultural, demographic and economic changes. Topics may include changes in Niagara's industries and occupations, Niagara's position in the world economy, regional growth coalitions, economic restructuring, income inequality, free trade, deindustrialization, agricultural decline, tourism, structural unemployment, demographic transition, in- and out-migration, brain drain, greying population, and transition to cognitive cultural economy. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Restriction: students must have a minimum of 10.0 overall credits. Prerequisite(s): two credits from GEOG (2P02), 2P03, 2P07, 2P12, 3P05, CANA 2P86, 2P91, 2P92, ECON 1P91, 1P92, 2P19, HIST 2F27, MATH 1P92, 1P98, POLI 2P80, SOCI 2P22, 2P23, 2P26, 3P11, 3P12 or permission of the instructor. Note: labs involve using GIS and other software to map and analyze cultural, demographic and economic change in Niagara. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 3P93 and GEOG (TREN/TMGT) 3P98. GEOG 3P45 Urban Dystopias Development of historical and contemporary cities under the influence of capital, religion, gender construction, racism, and environmental planning and design theories. Role of circular and cumulative causation, path dependence and unintended consequences in producing urban dystopias. Urban policies and urban political economies. Urban and social reform. Urban social and environmental justice. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P03, 2P06 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P50 Resource Management: Discourses, Policies and Ethics (also offered as TOUR 3P50) Ethical and political implications of competing discourses of both human and natural resource management. Emphasis on the production and uses of power from the level of individual leadership and network-building to that of the global governance of resources. Lectures/seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P13 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P56 Physical Geography Field Course Application of geographical principles and field techniques to problems in physical geography. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): completion of Year 2 GEOG requirements in the BSc GEOG (single or combined) programs. Note: field work in October in the week following Thanksgiving Day. Students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 3P57. *GEOG 3P57 Human Geography and Tourism Studies Field Course (also offered as TOUR 3P57) Application of geographical principles and field techniques to problems in human geography. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): completion of Year 2 GEOG requirements in the BA GEOG (single or combined) programs or completion of Year 2 TOUR requirements in the BA Tourism Studies programs. Note: field work in October in the week following Thanksgiving Day. Students must register with the Department by April of the preceding academic year. Students are expected to pay their own expenses. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 3P56. GEOG 3P66 Critical Perspectives on Planning and Community Development Detailed exploration of contentious planning issues affecting urban and rural communities. Causes, impacts and proposed solutions for major planning problems, emphasizing concerns such as social and environmental justice, economic restructuring, inclusion and exclusion, and transportation disadvantage. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P03, 2P06, 2P66 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P70 Geographies of Social Exclusion and Social Change Detailed theoretical and conceptual explorations of how social relations, identities and inequalities are produced and reproduced in and through various material, digital and imagined spaces. Topics include gendered, racial and sexualized inequalities, homelessness, social security and poverty, dis/abilities, colonial present, health geographies, geographies of care, militarized violence, and citizenship. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P01 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 3P80 Geography and International Development Analysis of international development theory, policy and practice. Development's relation to globalization, imperialism and neo-colonialism. Development solutions to environmental problems. Selected case studies from the developing world. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P01, 2P13 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in INTC 3P80. *GEOG 3P83 Geography of Water Resources (also offered as ERSC 3P83 and TOUR 3P83) Physical and human factors affecting patterns of use and development of water resources. Emphasis on patterns of supply and demand, approaches to development and management of the resource, problems and alternative strategies. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 1F90, 1F91, ERSC 1P01 and 1P02 (1F01) or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 3P85 Ecology of a Changing Planet (also offered as BIOL 3P85 and ERSC 3P85) Impact of environmental change and human activity on ecosystems. Topics include climate change and global warming, habitat fragmentation, extinction, invasive species, conservation biology and the management of ecological integrity. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 3P09 (2P09), BIOL 2P05, 2Q04, (ERSC 2P09). *GEOG 3P86 Place, Belonging and Exclusion (also offered as TOUR 3P86) Ways that places and cultural identities produce one another through ongoing processes of contestation. Analyzes power, belonging, transgression and resistance. Lectures, seminar, 4 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 2P01, 2P03, 2P06, TOUR 2P30 (TMGT/TREN 2P10) or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 3P86. *GEOG 3P91 Chicago Field Course (also offered as TOUR 3P91) Cultural and historical geographies of Chicago. Emphasis on the urban spectacle of the modern city and the contrasting geographies of race and class inequalities through the examination of public space, architecture, housing and suburbanization, and cultural production. Restriction: permission of the Department Prerequisite(s): two GEOG credits, two TOUR (TMGT/TREN) credits or permission of the instructor. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. *GEOG 3P95 Advanced Geographic Information Systems (also offered as ERSC 3P95) Advanced study of geographic information systems emphasizing the use of several leading edge software for solving complex geospatial questions. Evaluating the extent of human-induced landscape changes. Builds on key concepts from GEOG 3P05, including data acquisition techniques (e.g., GPS, unmanned aviation), data management, georeferencing, geoprocessing, spatial modelling and statistics, and cartography. Lectures, lab, 4 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) and ERSC (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. After that date open to GEOG (single, combined or general studies), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), ERSC (single, combined or general studies) majors, GHUM, SOSC students, GEOG and ERSC minors until date specified in Registration guide. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P05. *GEOG 3Q93 Vancouver Field Course (also offered as TOUR 3Q93) Cultural, historical and tourism geographies of Vancouver. Emphasis on the urban spectacle of the modern city and the contrasting geographies of race and class inequalities through the examination of public space, architecture, tourism spaces, housing and suburbanization and cultural production. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): two GEOG credits, two TOUR (TMGT/TREN) credits or permission of the instructor. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. #GEOG 3Q99 Field School-Quaternary Geology (also offered as ERSC 3Q99) Field and laboratory methods for analysis of Quaternary landscapes based on field sites including fluvial, hillslope, coastal, glacial, and biosphere examples. Restriction: permission of the Department. Prerequisite(s): ERSC (GEOG) 2P17 or ERSC 2P18. Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses. GEOG 3V60-3V69 Special Topics in Geography Topics selected from year to year on the basis of faculty expertise. GEOG 3V90-3V99 Selected Field Studies and Directed Readings Application of geographical methods and techniques to the analysis of field data and problems; two weeks of field work in a selected area. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: experience in hiking and wilderness travel recommended. *GEOG 4F90 Honours Thesis (also offered as TOUR 4F90) Individual research project carried out under the direction of a faculty adviser. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), TMGT and TREN majors with a minimum 75 percent in all Year 3 Geography or Tourism courses, approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the Department. Note: students contemplating a thesis must consult with a possible Faculty Supervisor in D2 of Year 3. The student must submit a detailed proposal to the possible Faculty Supervisor by March 15 of D3 of Year 3. Regulations governing the thesis may be obtained from the Administrative Co-ordinator. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TMGT (TREN) 4F90. *GEOG 4F99 Honours Internship (also offered as TOUR 4F99) Internship on a specific geographic problem or task under either the direction of a faculty member, or in a government or private agency working under the supervision of that agency. Internship, 8 hours per week for 15 weeks; seminar, 3 hours per week for 9 weeks. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), TMGT and TREN majors with approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the Department *GEOG 4P07 Advanced Remote Sensing (also offered as ERSC 4P07) Theory and practice of in situ, airborne and spaceborne remote sensing. Emphasis on techniques used to study natural and human-made environments. Topics include data acquisition and preprocessing, image analysis, accuracy assessment and the production of information products. Image processing and analyses using commercially available image-analysis software. Lab, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) and ERSC (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P07 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 4P11 Critical Approaches to Applied Social Research Design (also offered as POLI 4P11 and SOCI 4P11) Application of social science skills in community and public-sector settings, including various qualitative and quantitative research strategies to empower communities and inform social policy development. Includes evaluation of a community agency or social program of choice. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), CHYS (single or combined), POLS (single or combined) and SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 3P21 (2P10), 3P22 (2P12), CHYS 3P10, 3P15, POLI 2P80, SOCI 2P11 or permission of the Sociology Department Administrator. GEOG 4P12 Research Topics in Applied Climatology Climatic hazards, their causes, impacts, mitigation and adaptation strategies, vulnerability issues, field work, data collection and analysis, methodological approaches and applications to several fields of human activities, environmental impact assessment. Seminar, lab, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) and GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 2P04 and 3P13 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 4P26 Stream Form and Function (also offered as BIOL 4P26 and ERSC 4P26) Exploration of the physical, chemical and biological characteristics of stream systems. Seminar, lab, field work, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BIOL (single or combined), BIOL (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) and ERSC (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 3P09, (ERSC 2P09), BIOL 2P05, 2Q04 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 4P28 Advanced Glacial Sedimentology (also offered as ERSC 4P28) Sedimentology of present day glacial environments and of Quaternary sediments. Thermo-mechanical principles of glacier physics as applied to past and present glacier ice conditions. Glacial lithofacies associations. Glacio-tectonics and diagenesis. Principles of glacial erosion, entrainment and deposition. Lectures, lab, local field trip, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P24 or 3P26. #GEOG 4P32 Sustainable Rural Tourism (also offered as TOUR 4P32) Socio-economic challenges of rural communities in developed and developing nations. Critical evaluation of rural tourism as an alternative community development tool. Lectures, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), TMGT and TREN majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): two GEOG credits numbered 2(alpha)00 to 3(alpha)99, two TOUR (TMGT/TREN) or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 4P63 and TMGT (TREN) 4P17. GEOG 4P50 Critical Analysis of Urban and Economic Geographies Advanced study of the urban and economic geographies of 21st-century cities and their hinterlands, with special research projects in the Niagara Region. Possible topics include innovation, cultural economy, political economy, public policy and public space, brain-drain, population aging, deindustrialization, seasonal economies, high-tech manufacturing, retirement communities, youth poverty and long-term unemployment. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P45, 3P66 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P66 Advanced Topics in Planning and Community Development Application of planning skills to selected local and regional growth and development problems under the overarching theme of sustainable development. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) and GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P45, 3P66 or permission of the instructor. Note: individual and group field-based projects, along with field trips, are integral components. #GEOG 4P68 Social Movements and Globalization (also offered as POLI 4P68 and SOCI 4P68) Restructuring of social movements from around the world in new alliances for global justice. Topics may include relations between local and global scales, cross-cultural collaboration, tensions between unity and diversity, conflicts and unequal power relations in networks and North-South inequalities. May include indigenous movements, transnational feminism, the anti-corporate globalization movement and environmentalism. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), POLS (single or combined) and SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). GEOG 4P70 Research in Social Geography Advanced theories and themes in social geography including critical explorations of theoretical and conceptual understandings of power and resistance. Topics including social and spatial relations of intersectional power relations, new formations of difference and diversity as well as social resistance. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) and GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P70 or permission of the instructor. Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in WGST 4P70. GEOG 4P71 Research in Cultural Geography Consideration of selected debates, theoretical issues and empirical themes relating to the spatiality of culture through small-group discussion and the pursuit of independent research projects. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) and GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P86 or permission of the instructor. *GEOG 4P80 Dendrochronology (also offered as BIOL 4P80 and ERSC 4P80) Fundamental principles of tree-ring analysis and applications to address contemporary issues in the fields of climate and environmental change, geomorphology, archaeology and ecology. Lectures, local field trip, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BIOL (single or combined), BIOL Honours/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) and ERSC (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): one of GEOG 3P09, BIOL 2Q04, (ERSC 2P09) or permission of the instructor. Note: BIOL majors must take BIOL 2Q04; BIOL 2P93 or 2P94 is strongly recommended. *GEOG 4P83 Research Themes in Water Resources (also offered as TOUR 4P83) Major debates and conflicts over water resources and their distribution. Emphasis on patterns of supply and demand, approaches to development and management of the resource, problems, and alternative strategies. Seminar, 3 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined), GEOG (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), TMGT and TREN majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P83 or permission of the instructor. #GEOG 4P85 Ecosystems and Changing Disturbance Regimes (also offered as BIOL 4P85 and ERSC 4P85) Terrestrial ecosystem response to large-scale environmental change. Topics may include disturbance regimes, adaptation, alteration of biogeochemical cycles, invasive species and range shifts, carbon cycle feedbacks, predicting future climate and vegetation impacts, change detection, scaling-up and nonlinearity. Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P85 or permission of the instructor. GEOG 4P95 Directed Readings I Topic not covered in the Department's regular course offerings. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. GEOG 4P96 Directed Readings II Topic not covered in the Department's regular course offerings. Restriction: permission of the Department. Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. GEOG 4P97 Soil Physics Analysis of fundamental processes occurring within the physical environment of soils including the structural, mechanical and rheological properties of porous materials. Characterization, measurement and movement of soil water under both transient and steady state conditions. Application to environmental contamination problems. Lectures, lab, 5 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG (single or combined) and GEOG (Honours)/BEd Intermediate/Senior) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours). Prerequisite(s): GEOG 3P14 or permission of the instructor.

CO-OP COURSES

GEOG 0N01 Co-op Work Placement I First co-op work placement (4months) with an approved employer. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students GEOG 0N02 Co-op Work Placement II Second co-op work placement (4months) with an approved employer. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. GEOG 0N03 Co-op Work Placement III Third co-op work placement (4months) with an approved employer. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. GEOG 0N04 Co-op Work Placement IV Optional co-op work placement (4months) with an approved employer. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. GEOG 0N05 Work Placement V Optional co-op work placement (4months) with an approved employer. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. GEOG 0N90 Co-op Professional Preparation Provides students with the tools, resources and skills to maximize co-op employment and professional development opportunities. Lectures, presentations, site visits, 1.5 hours per week. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. GEOG 2C01 Co-op Relective Learning and Integration I Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 0N90. Corequisite(s): GEOG 0N01. Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. GEOG 2C02 Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration II Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 0N90. Corequisite(s): GEOG 0N02. Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. GEOG 2C03 Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration III Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in their academics studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 0N90. Corequisite(s): GEOG 0N03. Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. GEOG 2C04 Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration IV Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 0N90. Corequisite(s): GEOG 0N04. Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. GEOG 2C05 Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration V Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites. Restriction: open to GEOG Co-op students. Prerequisite(s): GEOG 0N90. Corequisite(s): GEOG 0N05. Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation.
 
Last updated: June 26, 2018 @ 11:12AM