Last updated: March 30, 2021 @ 09:53AM

Sociology

Chair
Mary-Beth Raddon

Professors
Janet Conway, Andrea Doucet, Thomas Dunk, Jane Helleiner, Murray Smith, John Sorenson, Michelle Webber

Associate Professors
Kate Bezanson, Jonah Butovsky, Nancy Cook, Lauren Corman, Katerina Deliovsky, Ifeanyi Ezeonu, Margot Francis, Kevin Gosine, Tamari Kitossa, Trent Newmeyer, Hijin Park, Mary-Beth Raddon, Dennis Soron

Lecturer
Gökbörü Sarp Tanyildiz

Academic Administrator
Lindsay Shaw

General Information

Administrative Co-ordinators
Jill DeBon
Debbie Ouellette

905-688-5550, extension 3455
Academic South 400A
brocku.ca/sociology

The Department of Sociology offers students a unique opportunity to cultivate their intellectual curiosity and social awareness, and to develop their capacity to engage in a critical, informed and self-reflective way with the key social institutions, relationships and processes shaping the world in which they live.

Sociology, by its very nature, encompasses all spheres of social life. Accordingly, it allows students to delve into a rich variety of fascinating topics of the greatest historical and contemporary relevance: animal studies; gender; sexism; family life; sexuality; race and racism; cultural identity; globalization; imperialism and colonialism; immigration; poverty and class inequality; work and the economy; education; religion; the environment; crime, prisons and social repression and social movements. Underlying the wide range of issues taken up in the department's teaching and research activities is a shared commitment to analyzing inequality, oppression and exploitation in all of their varied manifestations and exploring the forms of resistance and struggle to which they give rise.

Students of Sociology develop useful skills that they can carry forward into many areas of their future lives. They learn the basic principles and techniques of social research and are given the opportunity to develop more advanced skills in both qualitative and statistical analysis. They expand their critical thinking, theory-construction and problem-solving abilities and sharpen their skills in oral and written expression. Finally, by learning to develop and to support their ideas while remaining responsive to contending opinions and perspectives, they greatly enhance their ability to work constructively with others, to think outside the narrow confines of ingrained cultural prejudices and habitual forms of "common sense," and to respond creatively and proactively to a wide range of personal, social and political challenges.

Students declaring a major in Sociology can pursue one of six programs: an Honours BA program either in Sociology alone or as a combined major, a BA with Major (either single or combined) and a 3-year Pass BA program (either single or combined). In addition to combined major programs in other academic departments, Sociology students may co-major in interdisciplinary Centres such as Canadian Studies, Labour Studies or Women's and Gender Studies.

Students with a minimum 70 percent Sociology average may declare the BA Honours or combined Honours program as well as a Concentration in Criminology or Concentration in Critical Animal Studies before June 1 of any study year. The Honours program provides students with the opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the field. Request for admission to Year 4 (Honours) is by application through a Year 4 Studies form (available online at brocku.ca/webfm_send/1377 or the Registrar's Office) and requires a minimum 70 percent major average and completion of a minimum of 13.5 overall credits. Submit honours applications to the Department Administrator.

Students with a minimum 60 percent Sociology average may declare the BA with Major (single or combined), BA Pass (single or combined) major, Critical Animal Studies or Sociology Minor before June 1 of any study year. Submit Declaration of Major form to the Department Administrator.

Students declaring a major in Sociology (Honours, BA with Major, Pass) are responsible for ensuring that their programs satisfy the departmental requirements. The Department Administrator provides academic advising to Sociology students upon request. Students book advising online. To declare a major, minor, or concentration in Sociology, normally at the completion of SOCI 1F90 with a minimum 60 percent average, a Declare or Change Major form must be completed (available online at brocku.ca/webfm_send/1400 or at the Office of the Registrar) and submitted for approval to the Department Administrator by June 1. To book an appointment with the Department Administrator go to my.brocku.ca/BrockDB/reg_Advising, select appointments-academic advising-social sciences-sociology.

The requirements for graduation with a BA (Honours) are a minimum 70 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent non-major average. The requirements for a BA with Major and a Pass BA are a minimum 60 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent overall average.

Sociology and Labour Studies-George Brown College
This program involves courses offered through Brock and George Brown College of Applied Arts and Technology. This four-year program combines courses and training in applied labour studies settings at George Brown College with a degree at Brock. The program caters to individuals who wish to have a career in a wide variety of areas including unionized environments, occupational health and safety, politics, or human resources. The program allows students to gain both solid applied skills in these areas and a strong theoretical knowledge about a variety of these topics. Students who successfully complete the requirements for this program will be granted both a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Sociology and Labour Studies degree from Brock and two certificates from George Brown College: 1) a certificate in Contemporary Labour Perspectives from the George Brown School of Labour, and 2) a Post-Graduate Certificate in Human Resources Management. Gaining both a degree and these certificates would ordinarily involve attending college after earning a university degree, but the Brock and George Brown program combines the two in a single integrated package that can be completed in four years. Applicants must have a minimum 70 percent overall average to be considered for admission to the program. Volunteer experience is considered an asset. Successful applicants must maintain a minimum 70 percent overall average during Year 2 and meet other program requirements to continue in the program. Enrolment in this program is limited. Admission to the program is not guaranteed by attainment of the minimum requirements. Application forms for the Sociology and Labour Studies program are available from the Office of the Dean of Social Sciences.

Please consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

Policing and Criminal Justice
The Policing and Criminal Justice program involves courses offered through Brock and Niagara College of Applied Arts and Technology. This four-year program combines training in policing and criminal justice with an education in a chosen academic discipline, which may be Political Science, Psychology or Sociology. For students majoring in Sociology, this four-year program leads to a BA with Major in Sociology and a diploma in Police Foundations from Niagara College. The program caters to the increasing demand in society for professionals who possess both solid applied skills and the substantive knowledge needed to apply them to the areas of policing and criminal justice. This would ordinarily involve attending college after gaining a university degree, but the Brock and Niagara program combines the two in a single integrated package. Enrolment is limited.

Please consult the Policing and Criminal Justice entry for a listing of program requirements.

Program Notes
  1. SOCI 4F01 and 4F90 are restricted to students with a minimum 80 percent (single or combined) major average and permission of the Department Administrator.
  2. Acceptable alternatives from the student's co-major may be substituted for SOCI 4F90 (Honours only). However, the student must take additional SOCI credits at the same level, to total seven SOCI credits for an Honours degree.
  3. Courses given outside the Department may be given SOCI credit provided that they are part of an integrated program and written approval is obtained from the Department Administrator.
  4. With permission of the Department Administrator, courses in related disciplines numbered 3(alpha)90 or above may be considered for SOCI credit.
  5. In 20 credit honours degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least three credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; at least three credits must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.
    In this 20 credit BA with Major degree program a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least four and one-half credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; at least one and one-half credits must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.
    In 15 credit degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least three credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.
    In some circumstances, in order to meet university degree and program requirements, more than 15 or 20 credits may be taken.

Honours Program

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   two SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02, 3P11 and 3P12
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Year 4
·   SOCI 4P00
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one and one-half SOCI credits numbered 4(alpha)00 or above (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits

Bachelor of Arts in Sociology Co-op (Honours only)

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   SOCI 0N90, 2P00 and 2P11
·   two SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   two elective credits

Year 3 - Fall Term
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P11
·   SOCI 3P02
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99

Year 3 - Winter Term
·   SOCI 0N01 and 2C01

Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   SOCI 0N02 and 2C02

Year 4
·   SOCI 4P00
·   SOCI 3P12
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one and one-half SOCI credit numbered 4(alpha)00 or above
·   one and one-half elective credits

Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   SOCI 0N03 and 2C03

Year 5 - Fall Term
·   Two and one-half elective credits

BA with Major

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   two SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02 or 3P11
·   two SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Year 4
·   One and one-half SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   one and one-half SOCI credits numbered 3(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Pass Program

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   two SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02 or 3P11
·   two SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Combined Major Program

Honours

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one credit from the co-major discipline
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   one elective credit

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two credits from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02 or 3P12
·   SOCI 3P11
·   one-half SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   two credits from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit
Year 4
·   One-half SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one and one-half SOCI credits numbered 4(alpha)01 or above (see program notes 1, 2, 4 and 5)
·   two credits from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Sociology and Child and Youth Studies

Consult the Child and Youth Studies entry for a listing of the program requirements.

Sociology and Labour Studies

Consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of the program requirements.

BA with Major

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one credit from the co-major discipline
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   one elective credit

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two credits from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02 or 3P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   one credit from the co-major discipline
·   one credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Year 4
·   One SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   one credit from the co-major discipline
·   one-half credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above from the co-major discipline
·   one-half credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Sociology and Women's and Gender Studies

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   WGST 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   one elective credit

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two credits from WGST 2P90, 2P91, 2P92, 2P93, 2P95, 2P96, 2P98, 2P99, 2Q90, 2Q99
·   one elective credit

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02 or 3P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   one WGST credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one WGST credit
·   one elective credit

Year 4
·   One SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)89
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   WGST 4P90 and 4P91
·   one WGST credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one elective credit

Sociology and Child and Youth Studies
Consult the Child and Youth Studies entry for a listing of the program requirements.

Sociology and Labour Studies
Consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of the program requirements.

Pass

Year 1
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one credit from the co-major discipline
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   one elective credit

Year 2
·   SOCI 2P00 and 2P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   two credits from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Year 3
·   SOCI 3P00 or 3P01
·   SOCI 3P02 or 3P11
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99
·   two credits from the co-major discipline
·   one elective credit

Concentration Program

Concentration in Applied Social Research and Data Analysis
Combining courses from several areas provides a broad liberal arts background with specialization in social research and data analysis.

Students may earn a Concentration in Applied Social Research and Data Analysis by successfully completing the following courses together with the requirements for a BA (Honours) in Sociology:
·   SOCI 1F90, 2P00, 2P11, 3P02, 3P11, 3P12, 4P00
·   two of SOCI 3Q96, 4P11, 4P88
·   two of SOCI 3V10-3V19, 3P70, 3P98, 4V10-4V19, 4P12, 4P70, 4Q41

Concentration in Criminology

Combining courses from several areas provides a broad liberal arts background with specialization in three areas of criminology: criminal justice; social and moral regulation; law and society.

Students may earn a Concentration in Criminology by successfully completing the following courses together with the requirements from a BA (Honours) in Sociology:
·   SOCI 1F90, 2P11, 2P33, 2P61 and 2P62
·   one of SOCI 2P20, 2P47, 2P71, 3P38, 3P45, 3P51, 3P96, 3P98, 3Q98
·   one and one-half credits from SOCI 3P33, 3P45, 3P60, 3P61, 3P63, 3P65, 3P67, 3P68, 3P69, 3P70, 3P82, 3P97
·   one credit from SOCI 3Q95, 4P33, 4P61, 4P62, 4P65, 4P81, 4P82, 4P83, 4V80-4V84

Concentration in Critical Animal Studies

Combining courses from several areas provides a broad liberal arts background with specialization in animals and society.

Students may earn a Concentration in Critical Animal Studies by successfully completing the following courses together with the requirements for a BA (Honours) in Sociology:
·   SOCI 1F90, 2P00, 2P11 and 2P85
·   one of SOCI 2P23, SOCI 2P75, 2Q94, 2Q95, 3P52, 3P64, 3P65, 3P75, 3P85, 3P95
·   one credit from SOCI 3P95, 4P65, 4P80, 4P85
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)00 to 3(alpha)99

Minor Program

Minor in Africana Studies
Brock University, housed in the Niagara Region, where the Underground Railroad is a recognized UNESCO World Heritage Site is ideally suited to offer students course-based and community learning experience opportunities in Africana studies. Africana Studies focuses equally on Africa and the world-wide Africana diaspora across time and space.

Students in other disciplines may obtain a Minor in Africana Studies by successfully completing the following courses with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   SOCI 1F90, 2P47, 3P45
·   one credit from CANA 2P91, 2P92, ENGL 2P52, 2P53, HIST 2P08, 2P61, 2P62, 2P63, LABR 2P92, MARS 2P87, MUSI 2P00, SPAN 1P95, 2P92, SWAH 1F00
·   one credit from CHYS 3P96, ENGL 4P41, FREN 3Q90, 3P94, HIST 3P52, 3P64, 3P66, MARS 3Q63, POLI 3P43, SOCI 4P57, SPAN 4P84, WGST 3Q93

Minor in Critical Animal Studies

Students in other disciplines can obtain a Minor in Critical Animal Studies within their degree program by completing the following courses with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   SOCI 1F90 and 2P85
·   one of SOCI 2P75, 2Q94, 2Q95, 3P52, 3P64, 3P65, 3P75, 3P85, 3P95
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)00 to 3(alpha)99

Minor in Sociology

Students in other disciplines can obtain a Minor in Sociology within their degree program by completing the following courses with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one and one-half SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99
·   one and one-half SOCI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99

Brock/Colleges Articulation Agreement

Policing and Criminal Justice-Niagara College

Consult the Policing and Criminal Justice entry for a listing of program requirements.

Sociology and Labour Studies-George Brown College

Consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

MA in Critical Sociology

The graduate program allows for study and directed research in critical sociology. For further information, including the faculty interests, see the graduate calendar or the Sociology Department website brocku.ca/social-sciences/graduate-programs/critical-sociology

MA in Social Justice and Equity Studies

Many faculty members from the Sociology Department participate in the interdisciplinary MA in Social Justice and Equity Studies. For further information see brocku.ca/webcal/current/graduate/SJES

Course Descriptions

Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable term timetable for details.

# Indicates a cross listed course
* Indicates primary offering of a cross listed course

Prerequisites and Restrictions

Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.

SOCIOLOGY COURSES

SOCI 1F90
Introduction to Sociology
(also offered as CRIM 1F90)
Major theoretical paradigms, core concepts and research methodologies. Sociological perspectives on contemporary problems in Canadian, cross-cultural and global contexts.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 1P01
Global Issues: Canadian Connections
Topics may include global mining interests, international worker migration, water scarcity, the sex trade industry and human trafficking, the trade in armaments, nuclear proliferation, the international labour movement, and animal rights from a global perspective.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

SOCI 1P80
Introduction to Cultural Anthropology
Major anthropological theories, concepts and methodologies. Topics may include comparative perspectives on kinship, sexuality, politics, economics, social inequality and social change.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

SOCI 2F14
Decolonizing Indigenous Women's Identities
(also offered as INDG 2F14 and WGST 2F14)
Indigenous women's identities from social, cultural and political perspectives emphasizing culture, tradition and spirituality.
Lectures/seminar, 3 hours per week.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in ABST 2F14.

SOCI 2F60
Foundations for Community Engagement
(also offered as CANA 2F60 and CRIM 2F60)
Interdisciplinary examination of philosophies, social histories and politics of community service, combined with experiential learning and field trips in community settings, and practices of self-reflection on community engagement.
Lectures, seminar, experiential learning activities, 3 hours per week.
Note: transportation and additional cost is the student's responsibility.

SOCI 2P00
Foundations in Sociological Thinking
(also offered as CRIM 2P00)
Foundational ideas in social theory, from its classical roots to contemporary branches. Critical thinking and expression.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 2P11
Introduction to Research Methods
(also offered as CRIM 2P11)
Research techniques employed by sociologists and the formulation of research designs appropriate to various kinds of intellectual problems in the social sciences, including the relationship between social theory and social research, the logic of research design, fundamental techniques of data collection and ethical issues in social research.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 2P20
Sexualities and Society
(also offered as CRIM 2P20 and WGST 2P20)
Topics may include the structuring of sexual identities, sexuality and inequality, legal and social regulation of sexuality, and social justice issues.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or WGST 1F90.

SOCI 2P21
Sociology of Families
(also offered as WGST 2P21)
Sociological approaches to families as sites of social reproduction. Topics may include Canadian and global perspectives on gender and generation in family life, families and inequality, family-based state and legal regulation, families and social justice struggles.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, WGST 1F90, 2P00.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in CHYS 3P38.

SOCI 2P22
Education and Equity
Contemporary issues in education in Canada and globally. Topics may include implications of globalization, teacher education, teachers and professors as workers, equity issues (gender, race, sexuality, age and class), and efforts to alter curriculum and pedagogy (critical, feminist, anti-racist.)
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: may be available on-site or online. Students may not concurrently register in CHYS 2P22.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in CHYS 2P22.

SOCI 2P23
Sociology of Climate Change
Sociological perspectives on climate change. Topics may include environmental racism, critical green criminology, Indigenous resistance, species extinction, environmental justice, capitalism and labour, disaster and risk management, environmental displacement and migration, and wildlife and habitat destruction.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90

SOCI 2P26
Health, Healthcare and Society
Sociological approaches to health and healthcare. Topics may include theoretical and comparative perspectives on social determinants, cultural constructions, inequalities and diverse intersectionalities of health, healthcare, and the healthcare industry.
Lectures, seminar 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: may be available on-site or online.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in HLSC 2P21.

SOCI 2P32
In and Out of Work in the Global Economy
(also offered as LABR 2P32)
Examination of paid and unpaid work in industrialized and industrializing countries. Topics may include patterns of un/under-employment, peripheral employment, home-working and worker resistance.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.
Note: may be available on-site or online.

SOCI 2P33
Law and Social Justice
(also offered as CRIM 2P33)
Examination of the complex relations between law, inequality and social change. Theoretical approaches to the sociology of law. The role of law in the differential distribution and relations of power along different points of disadvantage.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, SOCI, CRAS and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 2P38
Childhood, Youth and Society
Historical, cross-cultural and sociological perspectives on the relationship between childhood, youth and society. Topics include children and youth in schools, communities, popular culture and state policy.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors and minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: students may not concurrently register in CHYS 2P38.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in CHYS 2P38.

SOCI 2P47
Racialization and Society
(also offered as CRIM 2P47)
Topics may include theoretical, historical and comparative perspectives on the structuring of racial and ethnic identities, ethnic and racial privilege and oppression and anti-racist struggles.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 2P51
Sociology of Gender
(also offered as CRIM 2P51 and WGST 2P51)
Sociological approaches to gendered social structures, social relations and identities. Topics may include historical and cross-cultural perspectives on gender, the gendering of social institutions and everyday lives, and struggles for gender equality.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or WGST 1F90.

SOCI 2P54
Documentary Film
(also offered as COMM 2P54 and FILM 2P54)
History, theory, aesthetics and cultural implications of documentary film and other related media.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week; plus weekly lab.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, COMM 1F90, CPCF 1F25, FILM 1F94 or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 2P58
Self and Society
Relationship between the individual and social structure as revealed through everyday life. Theoretical perspectives on the self, identity, culture and power.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 2P61
Foundations of Critical Criminology
(also offered as CRIM 2P61)
Historical development of major schools of criminology, the development of criminal laws. Topics may include methodological problems in the study of crime, victimization and selected types of criminal activity.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, SOCI, CRAS and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. In Spring session, open to all students.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 2P62
Sociology of Criminal Justice
(also offered as CRIM 2P62)
Inequality in the creation and enforcement of law in the administration and operation of the Canadian criminal legal system. Critical perspective on the social construction of law, role of courts, problematics of policing and enforcement, crime and criminalization, and issues in punishment and imprisonment.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, SOCI, CRAS and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 2P70
Popular Music and Society
(also offered as COMM 2P70, MUSI 2P70 and PCUL 2P70)
Critical approaches to popular music in its social, cultural, political and economic contexts.
Lectures, seminar, lab, 4 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), BCMN, COMM, MCMN, MUSI (single or combined) and PCUL majors until date specified in Registration guide. After that date open to SOCI (single or combined), BCMN, COMM, MCMN, MUSI (single or combined), PCUL majors, GHUM, SOSC students, MEST and PCUL minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, COMM 1F90, CPCF 1F25, MUSI 1F00, 1F50, PCUL 1F92 or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 2P71
Social Class and Social Conflict
(also offered as CRIM 2P71 and LABR 2P71)
Classical and contemporary approaches to the study of social class. Topics may include class relations and class conflict, elites, social mobility, poverty and social marginalization, the Canadian class structure in comparison to other industrialized nations.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.

SOCI 2P73
Globalization, Inequality and New World Disorders
(also offered as CRIM 2P73)
Global spread of capitalism, historical origins and perpetuation of underdevelopment, the destruction of traditional societies and environmental impact. Socio-economic structures and political institutions of selected Third World countries and their relation to metropolitan, industrialized power centres.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 2P75
Sociology of Dogs and Other Canids
Human interactions with domesticated and wild canids. Topics may include domestication and social bonds across species, cultural constructions of canids, dog breeding, dogs as pets, street dogs, dogfighting, role of animal shelters, eating dogs, efforts to exterminate, manage or conserve wild canids.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI 3P87.

SOCI 2P80
Labour, Environment and Consumption
(also offered as LABR 2P80)
Topics may include global comparative consumption patterns and the relation between labour and environmental interests.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.

SOCI 2P81
Sociology of Food and Agriculture
Social and health issues related to food and food production. Topics may include the dramatic changes in the way food is produced, the risks and benefits of different forms of food produced, who produces food and the constraints they face.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or permission of the Department Administrator.

SOCI 2P83
Changing Cultures and Societies
Cultural anthropology provides a comparative perspective on cultural identities and social life in a globalized world. Topics may include struggles for environmental, economic and social justice.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or 1P80.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in INTC 2P83.

SOCI 2P85
Animals and Human Society
Relationships between animals and human societies from various theoretical perspectives. Topics may include cultural attitudes, symbolism, social meanings, animal rights, animals as food, entertainment and models for human societies, experimentation, environmental issues and related matters.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 2P86
Women, Gender and the Economy
(also offered as CANA 2P86, LABR 2P86 and WGST 2P86)
Women in the Canadian labour market. Topics include allocation of time between the household and the labour market, gender segregation in the work place, how earnings are determined, causes of occupational and earning difference by gender, role of investment in education and discrimination, recent developments in the labour market and their impact on women and men, and selected policy issues.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 4.0 credits and a minimum 65 percent overall average.
Note: may be offered online.

SOCI 2P90
Women and Gender: Sexuality, Class, Ethnicity
(also offered as WGST 2P90)
Diverse theoretical perspectives on the production of gender through the intersection of sexuality, class, ethnicity and other expressions of social inequality. Classic feminist perspectives will be applied to these issues and related social policies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), WGST (single or combined) majors, CRAS, SOCI and WGST minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.

SOCI 2P91
Directed Studies I
Topic, readings and methods of evaluation chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the student.
Restriction: permission of the instructor.
Note: students should consult with the Department Administrator prior to enrolment. A written agreement is filed in the Department.

SOCI 2P92
Directed Studies II
Topic, readings and methods of evaluation chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the student.
Restriction: permission of the instructor.
Note: students should consult with the Department Administrator prior to enrolment. A written agreement is filed in the Department.

SOCI 2P93
Beauty, Bodies and Cultures
(also offered as KINE 2P93 and WGST 2P93)
Intersectional examination of the social constructions of beauty and the regulation of bodies in historical and contemporary periods, as well as in national and global contexts. Topics may include fashion, fitness and cosmetic industries, eating disorders, representations of racialized others, plastic surgery and genital surgeries.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI (WGST) 3P03.

SOCI 2P95
Troubling Identities
(also offered as CRIM 2P95)
Sociological perspectives on the processes by which social and personal identities are formed at the nexus between social structural arrangements and everyday lives. Social processes by which these identities may be systematically troubled. Topics may include stigmatization, shaming and marginalization.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI 2P52.

SOCI 2P96
Women, Gender and Development
(also offered as LABR 2P96 and WGST 2P96)
Theoretical paradigms of development (economic development, sustainable development and women/gender in development) and the debates surrounding them.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in INTC 2P96.

SOCI 2P98
Media Industries
(also offered as COMM 2P98 and PCUL 2P98)
Canadian media production in its economic, political and technological environments.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), BCMN, COMM, MCMN, FILM (single and combined), PCUL majors, CRAS, SOCI, MEST and DCUL minors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, COMM 1F90, CPCF 1F25, PCUL 1F92.

SOCI 2P99
Gender in Canada: Global Contexts
(also offered as WGST 2P99)
Impact of government policies on society, as a result of neoliberal globalization. Topics may include Indigenous rights, migrant workers, reproductive justice, gendered racism, and activist movements for change.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in INTC 2P99.

SOCI 2Q90
Parenting: 'Family', Images, Issues and Patterns
(also offered as CHYS 2Q90 and WGST 2Q90)
Parenting as it is theorized/analyzed in interdisciplinary feminist scholarship and portrayed in fictional or autobiographical writings and art forms.The historical, socio-cultural, sexual, and political construction of gender and families.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.

SOCI 2Q94
Sociology of Veganism
Examination of consumption of animal products and exploitation. Philosophical and political contours of veganism, consideration of historical aspects and contemporary representations in the media, literature and industry propaganda. Links between animal agriculture and climate change, environmental destruction, biodiversity loss, pollution, violence, labour exploitation, and human health problems.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90

SOCI 2Q95
Animals at Work
(also offered as LABR 2Q95)
Examination of labour involving animals in historical, contemporary, and cross-cultural contexts. Topics may include class and animals, animals as workers, connections and tensions between the rural and urban, debates about workers' and animals' welfare, inter-species solidarity, agency, and political action.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, 1P80, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 2V80-2V89
Selected Topics in Sociology
Issues in sociology.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

SOCI 3P00
Introduction to Early Modern Social Theory
(also offered as CRIM 3P00)
Central ideas of the social sciences, their intellectual origin and their change over time. The works of major social philosophers from the 18th and 19th centuries as well as classical sociological theorists.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P00.

SOCI 3P01
Contemporary Social Theory
(also offered as CRIM 3P01)
Major contemporary perspectives of society including functionalist, Marxist, neo-Marxist, cultural, symbolic interactionist, feminist, critical race, post-structural, queer and post-colonial theories. Theoretical origins and development in historical context, their assumptions, conceptual distinctions, methodological features and ethical implications.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P00.

SOCI 3P02
Qualitative Sociological Methods
(also offered as CRIM 3P02)
Selected qualitative methods commonly used in Sociology. Topics may include participant observation, unobtrusive methods, case studies, interviews, focus groups, textual and historical analyses.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P11.

SOCI 3P06
Class and Culture
(also offered as LABR 3P06 and PCUL 3P06)
Intersectional and critical analysis of the cultural politics of class. Topics may include class experience and consciousness, class and labour in popular culture, the influence of class and culture on society, and cultures of resistance.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to students with a minimum 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, PCUL 2P20 or permission of the instructor.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 3P11
Quantitative Data Analysis I
(also offered as CRIM 3P11)
Introduction to descriptive and inferential statistics. Emphasis on hand computing and statistical computing.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P11.

SOCI 3P12
Quantitative Data Analysis II
(also offered as CRIM 3P12)
Advanced quantitative methods of data analysis focusing on the development and application of technical skills, including data processing, accessing public information systems, multivariate analysis and advanced regression techniques.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, SOCI, CRAS and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 3P11 (2P13).

SOCI 3P20
Queer Communities and Popular Culture
(also offered as CRIM 3P20 and WGST 3P20)
Growth of queer communities and their influence on popular print, audio and visual media. Topics include gay, lesbian, bisexual, two-spirited and transgendered (glbtt) influence on contributions to a wide range of culture including film, fashion, sport, theatre and cyberspace.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or WGST 1F90.

SOCI 3P26
Medical Sociology
(also offered as HLSC 3P26)
Social factors associated with physical health, illness and impairments; health care delivery systems and the factors which influence their utilization.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or permission of the Department Administrator.

SOCI 3P33
Law and Social Regulation
(also offered as CRIM 3P33)
Legal, administrative and moral regulation of populations perceived as deviant, risky or undesirable and the production of desirable citizens.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P35
Communities in Crisis
(also offered as LABR 3P35)
Poverty, unemployment, personal upheaval and family relocation in the early 21st century and, within this context, the evolving individual and collective strategies to create vibrant communities.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 3P38
Sociology of Gender, Families and Care
(also offered as WGST 3P38)
Sociological approaches to the changing practices and institutions of motherhood and fatherhood. Gendered issues of paid labour, social reproduction and care work, global care chains, and social policy.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or WGST 1F90.
Note: SOCI 2P51 is recommended.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI (LABR/WGST) 3P30.

SOCI 3P44
Gender and Sexuality in Childhood and Youth
(also offered as CHYS 3P44 and WGST 3P44)
Historical, cross-cultural and sociological approaches to the development of gender identities and sexuality amongst children and youth. Topics include the role of families, schools, peers and state policies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), CHYS (single or combined), CHYS BA (Honours)/BEd (Primary/Junior), WGST (single or combined) majors and minors until date specified in Registration guide. After that date open to SOCI (single or combined), CHYS (single or combined), CHYS BA (Honours)/BEd (Primary/Junior), WGST (single or combined) majors, GHUM, SOSC students, CRAS, SOCI, CHYS and WGST minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P00 and 2P11, 2P38, CHYS 2P38, WGST 2P90, 2P91.

SOCI 3P45
Sociology of African Canadians
(also offered as CRIM 3P45 and WGST 3P45)
Sociological perspectives and issues in the lives of African Canadians. Topics may include contemporary and historical immigration patterns, slavery, criminal justice, family, gender analysis, racism, sexual identity, labour, the civil rights movement, desegregation, Diasporan debates, and contributions in arts and science. Addresses men's and women's issues equally.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or WGST 1F90.

SOCI 3P51
Gender and Society
(also offered as CRIM 3P51 and WGST 3P51)
Sociological approaches to gender as an organizing principle in society. Topics may include Canadian and global perspectives on the structuring of masculinities, femininities and other genders, gendered economies, gendered politics, gendered families and gendered popular culture.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, WGST 1F90, 2P00.

SOCI 3P52
Sociology of Eco-terrorism
(also offered as CRIM 3P52)
Topics may include wilderness defence, environmental and animal advocacy, state and legal constructions of 'eco-terrorism' and strategies for resistance.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI 2P94.

SOCI 3P54
Issues in Documentary Film
(also offered as COMM 3P54 and FILM 3P54)
Advanced studies in selected aspects of documentary film and other visual media.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week; plus weekly lab.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P54.

SOCI 3P55
Sociology of Professional Wrestling
(also offered as SPMA 3P55)
Comprehensive and critical analysis of pro wrestling as cultural phenomenon. Topics include the history of pro wrestling; the organization of pro wrestling-national and international comparisons; occupational recruitment and retention; the business of pro wrestling multi-media complex.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or SPMA 1P91 and 1P92.
Note: may be available on-site or online.

SOCI 3P60
Criminology and the Sociology of Knowledge
(also offered as CRIM 3P60)
Production of knowledge in criminology. Radical perspectives such as anti-criminology, counter-colonialism, feminism, green criminology, abolitionism and social harms. Topics may include the state as primary definer of criminology, critiques of criminology as a moral enterprise and criminologists as knowledge workers and servants of power.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.
Note: SOCI 2P61 recommended.

SOCI 3P61
Sociology of Punishment
(also offered as CRIM 3P61)
Critique of contemporary and historical sociological perspectives and philosophies regarding punishment. Topics may include punishment as a practice and the ideologies that sustain it, the role of authority and bureaucracy, ceremonies of ritual degradation, power and powerlessness, scapegoating, moral panic and revenge.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P63
Crime, Surveillance and Security
(also offered as CRIM 3P63)
Critical exploration of contemporary efforts to prevent crime, produce order and enhance security through decentralized and proactive initiatives. Conceptions of risk, order and disorder, community and security through examination of topics that may include gated communities, crime stoppers, community policing, urban planning and design, private policing, regulation of public space and surveillance technologies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P64
Animals, Plagues and Pandemics
Sociological approaches to animal pandemics. Topics may include global commodity chains, agriculture, racism, poverty, zoonotic diseases, international wildlife trade, COVID-19, and animal practices and vilification.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P65
Animals and the Law
(also offered as CRIM 3P65)
Overview of the legal status of animals and how this affects their treatment. Topics may include animal rights and animal welfare, anti-cruelty legislation, regulations and standards concerning use of animals in agriculture, biotechnology, entertainment and vivisection.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P66
Social Movements
(also offered as LABR 3P66)
Survey of the impact of ideology on behaviour and the subsequent development of social movements or specific examinations of particular movements such as separatism, nationalism, fascism, Marxism or feminism.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the Department Administrator.

SOCI 3P67
Crime and the Media
(also offered as CRIM 3P67)
Media construction of crime and the implications for criminal justice policies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P68
Critical Gang Studies
(also offered as CRIM 3P68)
Street gangs and gang violence in North America. Topics may include theories of gang formation, the social construction of gang problems, the cultural diffusion of gang activities, gang typologies and subculture, and policing gang violence.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P69
Critical Perspectives in Indigenous Criminalization
(also offered as CRIM 3P69 and INDG 3P69)
Sociological approaches to Indigenous criminalization. Topics may include imprisonment, gendered violence, state crimes, the policing of protest, and Indigenous law and self-governance.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or one INDG (ABST) credit.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in ABST 3P69.

SOCI 3P70
Social Justice Research
(also offered as CRIM 3P70)
Exploration of social justice issues through a critical reading of original case studies including theoretical perspective, methodological approach, findings and implications.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P71
The State and Society
(also offered as CRIM 3P71)
The state as a social, economic, political and ideological institution emphasizing Canada. Topics may include theories of the state (such as Marxist, liberal and feminist); welfare and post-welfare state theory; state power in a global context; and selected case studies of states, public policy and social justice.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or permission of the Department Administrator.

SOCI 3P73
Popular Music and Youth Culture
(also offered as COMM 3P73, MUSI 3P73 and PCUL 3P73)
Cultural relation between young people and popular music. Topics include music's role in the formation of identity, the connection between musical taste and various forms of youth fashion or style, and the impact of new technologies on the ways in which young people access music.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

SOCI 3P74
Youth Culture, Crime and Criminalization
(also offered as CRIM 3P74)
Critical criminology of youth subcultures, crime and criminalization. Topics may include misconduct, scapegoating, moral panics and folk devils, class, gender, race, police in schools, construction of delinquency and neuroscience research.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P75
Sociology of Animal Agriculture
Political economy of animal agriculture. Topics may include factory farming, dairy and fishing industries, fast food, cruelty to animals, slaughterhouses, impacts on environment and human health, cultural meanings of meat, vegetarianism, veganism, industry responses, biotechnology, labour relations and intersections of class, gender and racism.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P77
Post-Radical Criminological Theories
(also offered as CRIM 3P77)
Sociology of knowledge, historicizing and overview of radical conflict sociological theories of crime and criminalization. Topics may include anti-criminology, counter-colonial criminology, critical criminology, globalization criminology, green criminology, left realism, peace-making criminology, social harms and post-structural criminology.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3P80
Environmental Justice
(also offered as CRIM 3P80 and WGST 3P80)
Historical review of relation between environment and human societies from various theoretical perspectives. Inequalities and social justice struggles. Topics may include sustainability, biodiversity, eco-tourism, population, consumerism, environmental management.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or WGST 1F90.

SOCI 3P81
Indigenous Mothering and Motherhood: Historical and Contemporary Realities
(also offered as INDG 3P81 and WGST 3P81)
Indigenous ideologies of mothering and motherhood from a variety of perspectives. Historical mothering practices and family structures highlighting unique roles of Indigenous women in many communities. Contemporary understandings of Indigenous ideologies of motherhood.
Lectures/seminar, 3 hours per week.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in ABST 3P80.

SOCI 3P82
Gender, Crime and Justice
(also offered as CRIM 3P82 and WGST 3P82)
Feminist criminological theory and selected topics on crime, prisons and the Canadian criminal justice system as they pertain to women. Topics may include women's crime rates, violence by and against women, prostitution, drug use, girl gangs, women's prisons, women police officers, women in the security sector, women and terrorism, and Domestic Violence Courts.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), WGST (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI, WGST and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, WGST 1F90, 2P00.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 3P85
Animals in Cross-Cultural Perspective
Human relationships with animals in various cultures. Topics may include utilitarian, economic, symbolic and emotional relationships with animals, Ethnographic case studies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P86
Indigenous Peoples in Global Perspective
(also offered as CRIM 3P86, INDG 3P86 and WGST 3P86)
Contemporary debates in global Indigenous movements, including the legacy of colonization, land dispossession, cultural appropriation and new developments in the areas of environmental justice, cultural revival and political sovereignty.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one INDG (ABST) credit, WGST 1F90, 2P00 or permission of the Department Administrator.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI (INDG 3P46) and ABST 3P86.

SOCI 3P90
Directed Studies III
Topic, readings and methods of evaluation chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the student.
Restriction: permission of the instructor.
Note: students should consult with the Department Administrator prior to enrolment. A written agreement is filed in the Department.

SOCI 3P91
Directed Studies IV
Topic, readings and methods of evaluation chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the student.
Restriction: permission of the instructor.
Note: students should consult with the Department Administrator prior to enrolment. A written agreement is filed in the Department.

SOCI 3P92
Advanced Seminar in Eco-Feminism
(also offered as WGST 3P92)
Examines different perspectives that connect or disconnect the oppression of women with the oppression of nature.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, WGST 1F90, 2P00.

SOCI 3P93
Indigenous People in Media and Popular Culture
(also offered as CANA 3P93, COMM 3P93 and PCUL 3P93)
Historical and contemporary representations of Indigenous people in mainstream media and popular culture. Indigenous interventions in production of cultural content and media structures.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week; plus weekly lab.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), BCMN, CANA, COMM, MCMN, PCUL majors and MEST minors with a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P00, CANA 1F91, COMM 1F90 or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 3P94
Economy, Culture and Society
Sociological perspectives on relation between economic beliefs and actions, cultural values and norms, and social structures and processes. Topics may include cross-cultural perspectives on markets, wealth, gift giving and labour.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: may be offered online.

SOCI 3P95
Sociology of Wildlife
Social construction of wildlife and examination of the situation of various species. Human-animal interactions in various contexts: wildlife trade, captivity, sanctuaries. Critical approaches to wildlife in cultural, economic, political and social context.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P96
Human Migration in a Globalized World
(also offered as CRIM 3P96)
Examination of histories, political economies, social relations and cultural meanings of global human migration. Topics may include voluntary and forced migration, immigration, refugee issues, tourism, borders, securitization, citizenship, diaspora and transnationalism.
Lecture, seminars, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.

SOCI 3P97
Liberties, Rights and Protections
(also offered as CRIM 3P97)
Theoretical and empirical issues of civil liberties and human rights in criminological perspective. Topics may include criminalization and criminal justice, security, surveillance and control, international crimes and persecution, and protection.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI 2P65 and 3P25.

SOCI 3P98
Domestic and Intimate Violence
(also offered as CHYS 3P98 and CRIM 3P98)
A critical overview of theories of and legal responses to family and intimate violence, research on these forms of abuse, and the response of police, the courts and other components of the social and legal system.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous grade assigned and credit obtained in SOCI(CHYS) 3P83.

SOCI 3P99
Social Dimensions of Mental Health and Illness
Sociological perspectives on mental health and illness, offering a challenge to purely biomedical and psychiatric models of mental disorder. Topics may include broad debates over the social determinants of mental health, the construction of normalcy and deviance, therapy culture and the structure of mental health institutions and professions, as well as more specific contemporary concerns such as anxiety, depression, addiction, attention deficit, stress and trauma.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or permission of the Department Administrator.
Note: may be offered on-site or online.

SOCI 3Q90
Indigenous Cultural Production and Activism
(also offered as COMM 3Q90, DART 3Q90, INDG 3Q90, PCUL 3Q90 and WGST 3Q90)
Draws on cultural, experiential and theoretical texts to better understand Indigenous epistemologies. Examples include ImagineNative and community arts projects.
Lectures, field work, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, COMM 1F90, one INDG (ABST) credit, PCUL 1F92, WGST 1F90, 2P00 or permission of the instructor.
Note: students are expected to pay their own expenses.

SOCI 3Q92
Capitalism, the State and Informal Economies
(also offered as CRIM 3Q92)
Contemporary and social history of capitalism, the state, crime and criminalization. Topics may include structuring of market economies, piracy, proxy state actors, organized crime, informal enterprises and states as racketeer organizations.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors, CRAS, SOCI and CRIM minors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 CRIM credits above CRIM 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.

SOCI 3Q95
Sex Work and Sex Workers
(also offered as LABR 3Q95, POLI 3Q95 and WGST 3Q95)
Examination of sex work, various theoretical perspectives on sex work and their social policy implications for sex workers. Topics may include prostitution, pornography, the political economy of sex work and sex worker union organizing.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, WGST 1F90.
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 3Q96
Critical Issues in Contemporary Society
(also offered as CRIM 3Q96)
Social problems in advanced industrial societies and Canada in particular. Focus on social problems stemming from economic and political crises. Topics may include unemployment, regionalism, ethnic/racial conflict, sovereignty, nationalism, concentrated economic power, and state and market. Proposed strategies of remedial social change.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90 or permission of the Department Administrator.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI 3P36.

SOCI 3Q97
Indigenous Feminisms
(also offered as INDG 3Q97 and WGST 3Q97)
Re-conceptualizes feminisms with a transnational Indigenous framework. Topics include debates within Indigenous knowledge production, analyses of genders and sexualities, violence, poverty, the politics of reproduction, cultural identities, media and environmental and social justice.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one INDG (ABST) credit, WGST 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI (WGST/INDG) 2P97.

SOCI 3Q98
Indigenous Peoples in North America
(also offered as CRIM 3Q98, INDG 3Q98 and WGST 3Q98)
Contemporary struggles for cultural survival, land, self-determination and rights in the context of colonialism in North America. Diversity of Indigenous peoples, including their internal debates and divides.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: students must have a minimum of 7.0 overall credits or 2.0 SOCI credits above SOCI 1F90.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one INDG (ABST) credit, WGST 1F90, 2P00 or permission of the Department Administrator.
Completion of this course will replace previous grade assigned and credit obtained in SOCI(INDG) 3P46, SOCI(ABST/WGST) 3P76 and ABST 3Q98.

SOCI 3V10-3V19
Selected Research Topics
Selected methodological issues in sociology.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide.

SOCI 3V80-3V99
Selected Topics in Sociology
Selected issues in sociology.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

SOCI 4F01
Honours Seminar
Examination and assessment of problems in research.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors with a minimum 80 percent major average and approval to year 4 (honours) or permission of the Department.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 3P00 or 3P01; SOCI 3P02 and 3P11.

SOCI 4F90
Honours Thesis
Students electing this option will be required to undertake an independent research project under the supervision of a member of the department.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors with a minimum 80 percent major average, approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the Department Administrator.
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 3P00, 3P01, 3P12.
Note: the results of the project will be presented as a thesis. Students are required to submit a detailed (one page minimum) letter of intent by March 31. For more information contact the Department Administrator.

SOCI 4P00
Engaging the Sociological Imagination
Integration of theory, research and practice through critical and analytical overviews of the discipline of Sociology. Advanced skills and avenues for applied sociology. Topics may include writing for scholarly and public audiences, literature research, policy and media analysis, qualitative interviewing, and action research.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single) majors until date specified in Registration guide. After that date open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P01
Service Learning in Community Justice
(also offered as CRIM 4P01)
Application of concepts and theories of conflict resolution and community justice to the practices of organizations such as those involved in prison abolition/reform, mental health, shelters, halfway houses and Indigenous Centres.
Seminar, experiential learning activities, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of CRIM 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.
Note: transportation and additional costs may be the student's responsibility.

SOCI 4P02
Selected Topics in Social Theory
Selected topics in early or late modern theory and theoretical sociology. In-depth explorations of specific theoretical paradigms, philosophies of social science, theoretical research programs or comparative analysis of alternative or contending theoretical strategies or projects.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 3P00 or 3P01.

SOCI 4P03
Collaborative Prison Education
(also offered as CRIM 4P03)
Collaborative study between prisoners and non-prisoners through Walls to Bridges. Links the prison and punishment to sociological issues not limited to capitalism, environmentalism, gender and sexuality, history, race and racism, public education and war and peace.
Seminar, experiential learning activities, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 2P33, 2P61, 2P62.
Note: This course will be offered off-site at Grand Valley Institution for Women. Transportation and additional costs may be the student's responsibility. Students are required to submit an application by March 31. For more information contact the Department Administrator.

SOCI 4P11
Critical Approaches to Applied Social Research Design
(also offered as POLI 4P11)
Application of social science skills in community and public-sector settings, including various qualitative and quantitative research strategies to empower communities and inform social policy development. Includes evaluation of a community agency or social program of choice.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and POLS (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P11, POLI 2P80 or permission of the Department Administrator.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 4P11.

SOCI 4P12
Foundations in Digital Social Research
Introduction to digital methods, data and techniques for the examination of sociological phenomena. Application of research tools and technology relevant to the study of social media and social network analysis.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P21
Labour and Social Justice Organizing
(also offered as LABR 4P21)
Theory and praxis of labour and social justice organizing.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and LABR majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.
Note: experiential learning component with students creating their own labour/social justice campaign or participating in an existing campaign.

SOCI 4P22
Education and Equity
(also offered as WGST 4P22)
Selected issues in education in Canada and globally. Topics may include access, representation, experience, and careers of students, teachers and faculty; student cultures; student supervision; efforts to alter pedagogy and curriculum; and implications of globalization.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: SOCI 2P22 recommended. May be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 4P23
Research on Media and Popular Culture
(also offered as COMM 4P23 and PCUL 4P23)
Advanced research seminar on the relations between mass media and popular culture.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), BCMN, COMM, MCMN, PCUL majors, CRAS, SOCI and MEST minors with approval to year 4 (honours) or permission of the instructor
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 2P98 or COMM 3P15.

SOCI 4P24
Resurgence of Right-wing Politics
Examination of a range of social movements, political regimes, institutional initiatives, on-and off-line cultural practices. Explanatory frameworks such as neoliberal austerity policies, religious movements countering sexual rights, reactionary responses to globalization, failures of liberal democracy, intersections of sexism, racism and homophobia with religions and nationalisms.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P26
Sociology of Health
(also offered as HLSC 4P26)
Selected social policy issues in medical sociology, psychiatric sociology or related subdisciplines. Topics may include the politics of individualizing health problems, clinical sociology and related topics.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and PHTH majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P31
Women, Work and Leadership
(also offered as LABR 4P31 and WGST 4P31)
Analysis of women's and feminist leadership theory and praxis through the lens of paid and unpaid work, combined with the development of students' own leadership skills through experiential learning opportunities.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), LABR (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of SOCI 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, WGST 1F90.

SOCI 4P32
Sociology of Work
(also offered as LABR 4P32 and WGST 4P32)
Theoretical and research developments in the sociology of work. Topics may include the impact of technological innovation on the labour process, reconceptualizations of work and leisure, changes in the gendered nature of work, role of the contemporary labour movement, and international perspectives on labour and the labour force.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), LABR (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): two SOCI or LABR credits or permission of the Department Administrator.
Note: SOCI 2P32 recommended.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI (LABR) 4F30.

SOCI 4P33
Law and Society
(also offered as CRIM 4P33)
Specific relationships between Canada's legal institutions and social structure and institutions; law and Aboriginal peoples, family and gender issues, environment, work and technology, feminist critique of legal theory and practice.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: may be offered on-site, online or blended.

SOCI 4P35
Gendered Patterns of Resistance and Survival
(also offered as LABR 4P35 and WGST 4P35)
Examination of the ways in which women and men, separately and together, seek to resist and survive the social and economic turmoil of the 21st century. Focus on individuals, families and communities and resistance in the context of global economic reorganization. Topics may include case studies in the Niagara Peninsula.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), LABR (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P37
Exploring Alternatives to Capitalism
(also offered as LABR 4P37)
Topics may include socialism, anarchism, eco-feminism, co-operativism, and social democracy. Theoretical and historical perspectives may be examined.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P38
Advanced Topics in Childhood, Youth and Society
(also offered as CHYS 4P38)
Canadian and international research on childhood and youth in changing societies. Topics include the globalization of childhood and youth, child labour, child welfare and Canadian policy.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), CHYS (single or combined) and CHYS BA (Honours)/BEd (Primary/Junior) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: With Major CHYS students with a minimum 70 percent major average, a 70 percent overall average in CHYS 3P10 and 3P15, and a minimum of 14.0 overall credits may be able to register. Contact the Department of Child and Youth Studies.

SOCI 4P51
Gender and Society
(also offered as CRIM 4P51 and WGST 4P51)
Selected issues in gender and society. Topics may include feminist theories, work, family, state, popular culture, race, militarism and violence.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), CRIM and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): two SOCI or WGST credits or permission of the Department Administrator.
Note: SOCI 3P51 recommended.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI (WGST) 4F50.

SOCI 4P53
Masculinities, Culture and Economy
(also offered as CRIM 4P53, LABR 4P53 and WGST 4P53)
Theoretical and empirical issues of the relation between masculinities and cultural and economic processes and structures. May include ethnicity, racialization, sexuality, nationalism, popular culture, leisure, changes in work and the labour market, class formation, and regional identity.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), CRIM, LABR (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): two SOCI credits or permission of the Department Administrator.

SOCI 4P57
Global Racism/Antiracism
(also offered as CRIM 4P57)
Topics may include theorizing of racism, ethnicity and anti-racism in diverse trans/national settings, comparative perspectives on racialized inequalities and anti-racist movements.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: SOCI 2P47 recommended.

SOCI 4P61
Interrogating Criminal Justice
(also offered as CRIM 4P61)
Topics may include critical perspectives on law and social control, feminist perspectives on law and criminology and the politics of law and criminal justice.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P62
Social and Moral Regulation
(also offered as CRIM 4P62)
Topics may include critical theoretical perspectives on deviance, moral regulation and the politics of social control.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P65
Animals and the Law
(also offered as CRIM 4P65)
Topics may include ideas of justice, animal protection, animal abuse and violence, commodification and property status of animals, legal rights for animals, wildlife trade, endangered species, international laws.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: SOCI 3P65 recommended.

SOCI 4P67
Racism/Antiracism in Canada
(also offered as CRIM 4P67)
Topics may include Canadian theoretical contributions to the study of racism, ethnicity and anti-racism, racialized inequality in Canada, Canadian anti-racist movements.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: SOCI 2P47 recommended.

SOCI 4P68
Social Movements and Globalization
(also offered as POLI 4P68)
Restructuring of social movements from around the world in new alliances for global justice. Topics may include relations between local and global scales, cross-cultural collaboration, tensions between unity and diversity, conflicts and unequal power relations in networks and North-South inequalities. May include indigenous movements, transnational feminism, the anti-corporate globalization movement and environmentalism.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and POLS (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 4P68.

SOCI 4P70
Social Issues in the Community
(also offered as CRIM 4P70)
Organizational responses, resistance strategies, constraints on social action and policy alternatives.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P76
Indigenous Social and Political Thought
(also offered as CRIM 4P76, INDG 4P76 and WGST 4P76)
History and contemporary literatures on Indigenous epistemologies, the political philosophy of movements for decolonization, environmental sustainability, and Indigenous writing on gendered justice and cultural resurgence in a globalizing world emphasizing writings by Indigenous scholars.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined), CRIM and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of two SOCI credits, one INDG (ABST) credit, two WGST credits or permission of the Department Administrator.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in ABST 4P76.

SOCI 4P80
Critical Animal Studies
Selected issues related to the interaction between animals and human society.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 honours.
Note: SOCI 2P85 or 3P85 recommended.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in SOCI 4F80.

SOCI 4P81
Selected Issues in Criminology
(also offered as CRIM 4P81)
Comparative sociological perspectives on issues in criminology.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P82
Race and the War for Drugs
(also offered as CRIM 4P82)
Topics may include the so-called domestic and international drug war and its relation to classism, racism, sexism and militarization, foreign intervention, banks and money laundering, and the state as a participant in and amplifier of narco-trafficking.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90.
Note: SOCI 2P61 and 2P62 recommended.

SOCI 4P83
War and Non-Violence
(also offered as CRIM 4P83)
Theoretical inquiries into the origins and continuity of warfare, standing armies and non-violence. Topics may include theories of the state, nationalism and patriotism, colonialism and imperialism, gender and sex, religion, race, science and technology, slavery and social movements for peace and non-violence.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90
Note: SOCI 2P61 and 2P62 recommended.

SOCI 4P85
Animals and Human Societies
Sociology of animal-human interaction. Topics may include exploration of animal-human bonds and boundaries, theoretical arguments on the nature of animal rights, ethical treatment of animals; animals and the law, representation of animals, and cultural meanings of animals.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: SOCI 2P85 recommended.

SOCI 4P87
Social Inequality
(also offered as CRIM 4P87)
Advanced study of social inequality and social class in a comparative perspective.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P88
Social Problems
(also offered as CRIM 4P88)
Advanced study of social problems using various social research methodologies.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P89
Controversies in Sociology
(also offered as CRIM 4P89)
Advanced study of controversies in Sociology emphasizing issues in the 21st century. Topics may include racism, gender, social class and sexuality.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and CRIM majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4P90
Directed Studies V
Topic, readings and methods of evaluation chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the student.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors with approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the instructor.
Note: students should consult with the Department Administrator prior to enrolment. A written agreement is filed in the Department.

SOCI 4P91
Directed Studies VI
Topic, readings and methods of evaluation chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the student.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors with approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the instructor.
Note: students should consult with the Department Administrator prior to enrolment. A written agreement is filed in the Department.

SOCI 4Q41
Social Policy
(also offered as WGST 4Q41)
Canadian and comparative social policy issues, with a focus on gender and political economy. Topics may include the sociological political economy of advanced welfare states, welfare state typologies, social and income inequalities in policy formation and delivery, federalism, family policy, and tax policy.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) and WGST (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 1F90, WGST 1F90 or permission of the instructor.

SOCI 4V10-4V19
Selected Research Topics
Selected methodological issues in sociology.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

SOCI 4V80-4V89
Special Topics in Sociology
Selected issues in sociology. Course content will vary depending upon the interests of instructors and students.
Restriction: open to SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).

CO-OP COURSES

SOCI 0N01
Work Placement I
First co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.

SOCI 0N02
Work Placement II
Second co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.

SOCI 0N03
Work Placement III
Third co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.

SOCI 0N90
Co-op Professional Preparation
Provides students with the tools, resources and skills to maximize co-opemployment and professional development opportunities.
Lectures, presentation, site visits, 1.5 hours per week.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.

SOCI 2C01
Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration I
Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in theiracademic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 0N90
Corequisite(s): SOCI 0N01
Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in asite visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work termperformance evaluation.

SOCI 2C02
Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration II
Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in theiracademic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 0N90
Corequisite(s): SOCI 0N02
Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in asite visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work termperformance evaluation.

SOCI 2C03
Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration III
Provide student with the opportunity to apply what they've learned in theiracademic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites.
Restriction: open to SOCI Co-op students.
Prerequisite(s): SOCI 0N90
Corequisite(s): SOCI 0N03
Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in asite visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work termperformance evaluation.