Last updated: February 27, 2024 @ 09:22PM

Political Science

Chair
Matthew Hennigar

Professors Emeriti
Carl Baar, Leah Bradshaw, Daniel Madar, David T. Siegel

Professors
Charles Conteh, Hevina S. Dashwood,Timothy Heinmiller,Pierre Lizé

Associate Professors
Stefan Dolgert, Nicole Goodman, Blayne Haggart, Paul Hamilton, Matthew Hennigar,Pascal Lupien,Ingrid Makus, Livianna Tossutti

Assistant Professors
Joanne Heritz, Danielle McNabb, Liam Midzain-Gobin

Academic Advisor / Seminar Coordinator
Diane Leon

General Information

Claire Gallop

Administrative Assistant

905-688-5550, extension 3476
Plaza 328
brocku.ca/social-sciences/departments-and-centres/political-science
political.science@brocku.ca

Politics affects everyone. It is through politics that the future of the world we inhabit is shaped. Aristotle called politics the master science because he recognized how wide and pervasive politics is. The interests of political scientists are diverse. They include conflict at city hall or in the courtroom; the arguments and processes through which our national existence might be preserved; the collapse of Communism and the struggle to establish new political arrangements in its place; the role of pressure groups in shaping public policy; electoral reform; the control of civil servants; the rule of law among nations; the place of moral principle and national interest in the conduct of foreign policy; or how far any citizen might have the right or duty to disobey an unjust law. Political Science offers us the opportunity to become freer human beings and citizens because, whatever the subject of our immediate inquiry, the focus is always upon the ideas, institutions and processes that shape our lives.

The BA Honours program provides students with the opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the field.

Political Science may be combined at the Honours or Pass level with other disciplines, the choice depending upon the student's interests and capabilities. As well, it is possible, within the departmental offerings, to arrange a thematic program of study around a selection of courses built to suit the student's particular interests.

All students in Political Science especially those proceeding to graduate studies or to a career in the public service, are encouraged to become proficient in a language other than English, normally French. Students who develop interests in a particular geographical area are urged to select related courses in history, language and literature. Questions about the Political Science program should be directed to the Undergraduate Advisor.

Political Science Co-operative (Co-op)

The Political Science Co-op program combines academic and work terms over a four and one-half year period. Students spend two years in an academic setting doing course work prior to taking the first work term. In addition to the current fees for courses in academic study terms, Political Science Co-op students are assessed an annual administration fee (see Schedule of Fees).

Eligibility to continue is based on the students major average and non-major average. A student with a minimum 70 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent non-major average will be permitted to continue. A student with a major average lower than 70 percent will not be permitted to continue in the Political Science Co-op program. If a student subsequently raises their major average to 70 percent, the student may be readmitted to the Co-op program only if approved by the Co-op Education Office in consultation with the Department.

All students in the Co-operative Education program are required to read, sign and adhere to the terms of the Student Regulations Waiver and Co-op Student Manuals (brocku.ca/co-op/current-students/co-op-student-manuals) as articulated by the Co-op Education Office. In addition, eligibility to continue in the co-op option is based on the student's major average and non-major average, and the ability to demonstrate the motivation and potential to pursue a professional career.

Each four-month co-operative education work term must be registered. Once students are registered in a co-op work term, they are expected to fulfill their commitment. If the placement accepted is for more than one four-month work term, students are committed to complete all terms. Students may not withdraw from or terminate a work term without permission from the Director, Co-op Education Office.

The Political Science Co-op program designation will be awarded to those students who have honours standing and who have successfully completed a minimum of twelve months of Co-op work experience.

Students whose primary interest is in public policy and administration as a field of study, or as a potential career are advised to consider the Co-op program in public policy and administration, outlined below. This program leads to a BA (Honours) Political Science.

Public Policy and Administration Co-operative (Co-op)
Public policy refers to the laws and regulations created by governments, and public administration the political, legal and managerial dimensions of the public sector that implements those policies . Designed to equip students with the necessary skills, knowledge and practical experience to provide them with a competitive edge in seeking employment in the Federal, Provincial or Municipal levels of government, the Public Policy and Administration Co-op program combines academic and work terms over a four and one-half year period. Students spend two and one-half years in an academic setting studying political science with a specialization in public administration and public policy prior to their first work term. In addition to the current fees for courses in academic study terms, co-op students are assessed an annual administration fee (see Schedule of Fees).

Eligibility to continue is based on the student's major average and non-major average. A student with a minimum 70 per cent major average and a minimum 60 per cent non-major average will be permitted to continue. A student with a major average lower than 70 percent will not be permitted to continue in the Public Policy and Administration Co-op program. If a student subsequently raises their major average to 70 percent, the student may be readmitted to the Co-op program only if approved by the Co-op Education Office in consultation with the Department.

All students in the Co-operative Education program are required to read, sign and adhere to the terms of the Student Regulations Waiver and Co-op Student Manuals (brocku.ca/co-op/current-students/co-op-student-manuals) as articulated by the Co-op Education Office. In addition, eligibility to continue in the co-op option is based on the student's major average and non-major average, and the ability to demonstrate the motivation and potential to pursue a professional career.

Each four-month co-operative education work term must be registered. Once students are registered in a co-op work term, they are expected to fulfill their commitment. If the placement accepted is for more than one four-month work term, students are committed to complete all terms. Students may not withdraw from or terminate a work term without permission from the Director, Co-op Education Office.

The Public Policy and Administration Co-op program designation will be awarded to those students who have honours standing and who have successfully completed a minimum of twelve months of Co-op work experience. This program leads to a BA (Honours) Political Science.

Paralegal-Seneca College
The Paralegal program involves courses offered through Brock University and Seneca College. Paralegals are legally qualified to offer specified legal services directly to the public for a fee without the supervision of a lawyer. The Seneca program is designed to provide students with an understanding of general law principles, legal ethics, small business practices, and other legal subjects. Students are also required to complete a field placement at the end of their year at Seneca. Students who successfully complete the requirements for this program will be granted a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science degree from Brock and a Paralegal diploma from Seneca College. Gaining both a degree and this diploma would ordinarily involve attending college after gaining a university degree, but the Brock and Seneca program combines the two in a single integrated package that can be completed in four years. Applicants must have a minimum 70 percent major and overall average to be considered for admission to the program. Volunteering experience is considered an asset. Successful applicants must maintain a minimum 70 percent major and overall average during Year 2 and meet other program requirements to continue in the program. Enrolment in this program is limited. Admission to the program is not guaranteed by attainment of the minimum requirements.

Political Science and Labour Studies-George Brown College or Niagara College
This Political Science and Labour Studies program involves courses offered through Brock University and George Brown College or Niagara College. This four-year program combines courses and training in applied labour studies settings at George Brown College or Niagara College with a degree at Brock. The program caters to individuals who wish to have a career in a wide variety of areas including unionized environments, occupational health and safety, politics, or human resources. The program allows students to gain both solid applied skills in these areas, and a strong theoretical knowledge about a variety of these topics. Students who successfully complete the requirements for this program will be granted both a Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Political Science and Labour Studies degree from Brock, and a certificate from George Brown College or Niagara College in Human Resources Management. Gaining both a degree and a certificate would ordinarily involve attending college after gaining a university degree, but the Brock and George Brown program and Brock and Niagara program combines the two in a single integrated package that can be completed in four years. Applicants must have a minimum 70 percent major and overall average to be considered for admission to the program. Volunteering experience is considered an asset. Successful applicants must maintain a minimum 70 percent major and overall average during Year 2 and meet other program requirements to continue in the program. Enrolment in this program is limited. Admission to the program is not guaranteed by attainment of the minimum requirements.

Please consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

Political Science and Public Administration-Humber College
The Political Science and Public Administration-Humber program allows students with a career interest in the public service to take an Honours BA and post-graduate certificate in Public Administration in 4 years. Students must have a minimum 70 percent major and 70 percent overall average in Year 2 at Brock to be eligible to apply for this comprehensive program. Students will complete 15.0 credits at Brock, then proceed to Humber College for their final year. Upon successful completion of the Humber requirements, including a work placement, students will receive 5.0 transfer credits toward their Honours BA in Political Science at Brock, and a post-graduate Certificate in Public Administration from Humber. Enrolment in this program is limited. Admission to the program is not guaranteed by attainment of the minimum requirements.

Program Notes
  1. Students are encouraged to take courses from at least three of the designated subfields in Political Science.
  2. With the permission of the Undergraduate Advisor, methods courses which are required in other departments/centres may be considered equivalents for POLI 2P80 or 3P91. If approved a 0.5 POLI credit at the same level would be required instead.
  3. Students in the Honours program with concentration in Public Law are strongly recommended to complete SOCI 1P90 and 1P91 (1F90).
  4. Students may not take ACTG 2P40 to satisfy elective requirement.
  5. In the combined Political Science and Business program FREN 1F90 is recommended as the Humanities context credit, MATH 1P97 is recommended in year 2, ECON 2P21 or 2P23 is recommended in year 2 and ECON 3P14 and 3P15 are recommended in year 3.
  6. In 20 credit Honours degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least three credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; at least three credits must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.
    In this 20 credit BA with Major degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least four and one-half credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above and at least one and one-half credits must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.
    In 15 credit degree programs a maximum of eight credits may be numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99; at least three credits must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above; and the remaining credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above.
    In some circumstances, in order to meet university degree and program requirements, more than 15 or 20 credits may be taken.

Political Science Subfields

The courses numbered 2(alpha)00 or above fall into a number of fields and the Department advises Political Science majors to select courses from at least three of these fields.

Canadian Politics
·   POLI 2P03, 2P12, 2P13
·   POLI 3P05, 3P12, 3P13, 3P14, 3P15, 3P18, 3P19, 3P28, 3P72, 3P97, 3P99
·   POLI 4P12, 4P14, 4P16, 4P17, 4P19, 4P37, 4P41, 4P71, 4P75

Comparative Politics
·   POLI 2P31*, 2P32*, 2P47, 2P97
·   POLI 3P33, 3P43, 3P46, 3P71, 3P72, 3P94, 3P96
·   POLI 4P34, 4P36, 4P38, 4P73

International Relations
·   POLI 2P20*, 2P47
·   POLI 3P21, 3P22, 3P26, 3P28, 3P94
·   POLI 4P20, 4P21, 4P22, 4P24, 4P26, 4P27, 4P72

Political Theory
·   POLI 2P91*, 2P92*
·   POLI 3P02, 3P05, 3P07, 3P71, 3P93
·   POLI 4P01, 4P02, 4P03, 4P04, 4P07, 4P37, 4P70

Public Policy and Administration
·   POLI 2P99*
·   POLI 3P11, 3P66, 3P67, 3P97, 3P99, 3Q97
·   POLI 4P10, 4P12, 4P50, 4P54, 4P67, 4P74, 4P75

*recommended for students intending to take other courses in this field in years 3 and 4.

Honours Program

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   POLI 2P80 (see program note 2)
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   POLI 2P12
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits

Year 3
·   POLI 3P91 (see program note 2)
·   one-half credit from political theory list
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits

Year 4
·   One-half POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one POLI credit numbered 4(alpha)00 or above
·   two elective credits

Political Science Co-op (Honours only)

Students admitted to the political science co-op program must follow an approved program pattern. The most common pattern is listed below; however, as courses are subject to change and availability, students' schedules must be approved by the Undergraduate Advisor.

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   POLI 0N90, 2P12 and 2P80
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   two elective credits

Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   POLI 0N01 and 2C01

Year 3
·   POLI 3P91
·   one-half additional credit from the political theory list
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   two elective credits

Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   POLI 0N02 and 2C02

Year 4
Fall Session:
·   POLI 0N03 and 2C03

Winter/Spring Sessions:
·   One-half POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one POLI credit numbered 4(alpha)00 or above
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   two elective credits

Public Policy and Administration Co-op (Honours only)
Students admitted to the Co-op program must follow an approved program pattern. The most common pattern is listed below; however, as courses are subject to change and availability, students' schedules must be approved by the Undergraduate Advisor.

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   POLI 0N90, 2P12, 2P80, 2P99 and 3P67
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one elective credit

Year 3
Fall Term:
·   POLI 3P11
·   POLI 3P91
·   one-half POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one-half credit from political theory list
·   one-half elective credit

Winter Term:
·   POLI 0N01 and 2C01

Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   POLI 0N02 and 2C02

Year 4
·   POLI 4P50
·   one credit from POLI 4P10, 4P12, 4P54, 4P67
·   one-half credit from POLI 3P97, 3P99, 3Q97
·   one-half POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one-half POLI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   two elective credits

Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   POLI 0N03 and 2C03

Year 5
Fall Term:
·   Two and one-half elective credits

International Political Economy (Honours only)

Consult International Political Economy entry for a listing of program requirements.

BA with Major Program

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   POLI 2P80 (see program note 2)
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   POLI 2P12
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits

Year 3
·   POLI 3P91 (see program note 2)
·   one half-credit from political theory list
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits

Year 4
·   One-half POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one POLI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   two elective credits

Pass Program
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80 and 3P91 (see program note 2)
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   POLI 2P12
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above (see program notes 1 and 6)
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   six elective credits

Combined Major Program

Students are likely to find that both parts of their program benefit if they combine studies in Political Science with studies in another Social Sciences, such as Film Studies, Economics, Geography or Sociology; or with studies in a related field in a different faculty, such as Business or History. Political Science also provides a sound disciplinary core when combined with a program of study in Canadian Studies, Labour Studies or Women's and Gender Studies.

Honours
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80
·   POLI 3P91
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   one-half credit from the political theory list
·   POLI 2P12
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one POLI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above (see program notes 1, 2 and 6)

BA with Major
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80
·   POLI 3P91
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   one-half credit from political theory list
·   POLI 2P12
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one-half POLI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above (see program notes 1, 2, and 6)

Pass
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80 and 3P91
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   POLI 2P12
·   one POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above (see program notes 2 and 6)

Political Science and Business (Honours only)

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   ECON 1P91 and 1P92
·   STAT 1P98
·   one Humanities context credit (see program note 5)
·   one Sciences context credit
·   one-half elective credit (see program note 5)

Year 2
·   POLI 2P12 and 2P80
·   POLI 2P99
·   ACTG 1P91
·   MGMT 1P93 and 1P96
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   one and one-half elective credits (see program note 5)

Year 3
·   one-half credit from political theory list
·   ENTR 2P91 or ITIS 1P97
·   FNCE 2P91
·   MKTG 2P91
·   OBHR 2P91
·   two credits from POLI 3P11, 3P12, 3P15, 3P18, 3P19, 3P21, 3P26, 3P33, 3P66, 3P67
·   one-half elective credit (see program note 5)

Year 4
·   POLI 3P91
·   POLI 4P54
·   ACTG 2P12
·   one of ETHC 3P82, MKTG 3P24, OPER 2P91
·   FNCE 3P93 or OBHR 3P97
·   one and one-half credits from POLI 3P99, 4P01, 4P10, 4P12, 4P14, 4P21, 4P24, 4P50, 4P67
·   one elective credit

Political Science and Labour Studies

Consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

Certificate Program

The Political Science Department offers programs leading to a Certificate in Public Policy and Administration and a Certificate in Public Law. These programs provide an overview for interested people who do not wish to proceed to a degree or those who have already obtained a degree with a major other than Political Science. Only under exceptional circumstances and with special permission from the department will applicants who already have a degree with a major (or combined major) in Political Science be admitted.

The Certificate in Public Policy and Administration is of interest to people already employed in the public sector environment and wanting to embark on a program of part-time studies.

The Certificate in Public Law is of interest to people already employed in the legal and justice fields who wish to embark on a program of part-time studies and to those with Community College qualifications in law and justice who would like to add university-level certification.

The requirements for admission to the certificate programs are the same as for admission to the degree program. For those without a degree, the equivalent of five approved credits selected from the lists below are required.

See "Certificate Requirements" under Academic Regulations.

Certificate in Public Policy and Administration

The Certificate in Public Policy and Administration is awarded upon completion of the following courses with a minimum overall average of 70 percent:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P12, 2P99 and 4P50
·   one and one-half credits from POLI 3P11, 3P66, 3P67, 3P97, 3P99, 3Q97, 4P10, 4P12, 4P54, 4P67
·   one elective credit approved by the Undergraduate Program Advisor

Under exceptional circumstances, the Department may require the substitution of other relevant courses for those usually required.

Certificate in Public Law

The Certificate in Public Law is awarded upon completion of the following courses with a minimum 70 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P12, 2P99, 3P18 and 3P26
·   two credits from POLI 3P07, 3P11, 3P14, 3P15, 3P66, 3P67, 3P97, 3P99, 3Q95, 4P01, 4P10, 4P14, 4P19, 4P34, 4P41, 4P50, 4P67

Concentration Programs

Concentration in International Development
International Development is concerned with the uneven global distribution of wealth and power, and its impact on countries and peoples in the Global South. Impacts include the colonial experience, globalization, poverty, development policies of donor countries and international financial institutions, and touch upon issues related to race, gender, ethnicity and labour practices.

Students may earn a Concentration in International Development by successfully completing the following courses as part of the requirements for a BA (Honours) in Political Science:
·   POLI 2P20, 3P21, 3P43 or 3P46, and 4P22
·   two and one-half credits from POLI 1P97, 2P31, 2P32, 2P47, 3P26, 3P33, 3P43, 3P46, 3P71, 3Q93
·   one and one-half credits from POLI 4P16, 4P20, 4P21, 4P24, 4P26, 4P36, 4P38, 4P68

Concentration in Public Law

Public Law consists of those areas of the law that deal with the relationship between the individual and the state or relationships between jurisdictions. These include administrative, constitutional, criminal, international and municipal law. (See program note 3).

Students may earn a Concentration in Public Law by successfully completing the following courses as part of the requirements for a BA (Honours) in Political Science:
·   POLI 2P12, 2P99, 3P18 and 3P26
·   two and one-half credits from POLI 1P91, 2P03, 2P47, 3P02, 3P07, 3P11, 3P14, 3P66, 3P67
·   two credits from POLI 3P97, 3P99, 3Q95, 4P01, 4P10, 4P14, 4P19, 4P20, 4P34, 4P41, 4P50, 4P67, 4P95

Minor Program

Minor in Canadian Politics
Students in other disciplines may obtain a minor in Canadian Politics within their degree program by successfully completing the following credits with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P12
·   two and one-half POLI credits from Canadian Politics list

Minor in Comparative Politics

Students in other disciplines may obtain a minor in Comparative Politics within their degree program by successfully completing the following credits with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P31 and 2P32
·   two POLI credits from Comparative Politics list

Minor in International Relations

Students in other disciplines may obtain a minor in International Relations within their degree program by successfully completing the following credits with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P20
·   two and one-half POLI credits from International Relations list

Minor in Political Theory

Students in other disciplines may obtain a minor in Political Theory within their degree program by successfully completing the following credits with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   two and one-half POLI credits from Political Theory list

Minor in Political Science

Students in other disciplines may obtain a minor in Political Science within their degree program by successfully completing the following credits with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99
·   one of POLI 2P91 or 2P92
·   one POLI credit
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above

Minor in Public Policy and Administration
Students in other disciplines may obtain a minor in Public Policy and Administration within their degree program by successfully completing the following credits with a minimum 60 percent overall average:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)00 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P12 and 2P99
·   two POLI credits from Public Policy and Administration list

Brock/Colleges Articulation Agreement

Paralegal - Seneca College

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits (see program note 4)

Year 2
·   POLI 2P03, 2P12, 2P80 and 2P99
·   one credit from POLI 2P91, 2P92, 3P02, 3P05, 3P07, 3P71
·   one and one-half POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one-half elective credit (see program note 4)

Year 3
·   taken at Seneca College

Year 4
·   POLI 3P18
·   POLI 3P91
·   one credit from POLI 3P11, 3P33, 3P66, 3P67
·   two and one-half credits from POLI 3P97, 3Q95, 4P01, 4P14, 4P19, 4P20, 4P34, 4P41, 4P50, 4P54
·   one-half elective credit (see program note 4)

Public Administration - Humber

Year 1
·   one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Sciences context credit
·   two elective credits

Year 2
·   POLI 2P12, 2P80, 2P99 and 3P67
·   one credit from POLI 2P91, 2P92, 3P02, 3P05, 3P07, 3P71, 3P93
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   one-half elective credit
Year 3
·   POLI 3P11, 3P91 and 4P50
·   two credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above from the Public Policy and Administration subfield list
·   one POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one-half elective credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
Year 4
·   taken at Humber College

Political Science and Labour Studies-George Brown College
Consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of program requirements

Master of Arts (MA) Program

The MA program allows for study and directed research with a concentration in several fields including Canadian politics, comparative politics, international relations, political theory and public policy. For details about graduate courses and programs, see the Graduate Calendar.

Course Descriptions

Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable term timetable for details.

# Indicates a cross listed course
* Indicates a primary offering of a cross listed course

Prerequisites and Restrictions

Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.

POLITICAL SCIENCE COURSES

POLI 1P91
Courts and Politics: Great Cases in Constitutional Law
Constitutional cases - past and current, Canadian and non-Canadian - as an introduction to fundamental issues in the study of politics, and to the analysis of political and social phenomena.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 1P93
Canada and the Global Community
Impact of politics, economics, culture, society and globalization on Canada's role in the community of nations. Canadian political system in comparative perspective and trends in Canada's political development.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 1P95
Statehood, Ethnicity and Nationalism
Evolution of the modern state, origin of modern ethnic identities and politics of multi-ethnic states which are the vast majority in the international community. Case examples explore accommodation and conflict in situations of competing ethnic identities and nationalisms, with outcomes ranging from stable rule to civil war.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 1P96
Political Theory Through Film and Literature
Topics in political philosophy such as justice, power, equality, property and human nature through analysis of films and literature in conjunction with major texts in political theory.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 1P97
Politics and Sports
Examination of the place of sport in politics and society in a global context. Topics include political economy, globalization, nationalism, militarism, gender, colonialism, race and ethnicity, and transnational regulation.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 3V91.

POLI 1P98
How Government Works
How democratic governments make and implement policy decisions. Who has input and influence in these decision-making and implementation processes.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2P03
Labour and Employment Law
(also offered as LABR 2P03)
Legal regulation of both union and non-union work in Canada. Topics may include employment standards, labour relations, human rights and labour relations boards.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99,one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2P12
Canadian Government and Politics
(also offered as CANA 2P12)
Core institutions of Canadian government, including federalism, parliamentary government, electoral systems, the judiciary, constitutional rights, and the machinery of government. How these institutions shape and are shaped by political parties, Indigenous politics, and other social forces.
Lectures, seminars, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 2F12.

POLI 2P13
Social Dimensions of Canadian Politics
(also offered as CANA 2P13)
Canadian political culture and attitudes, identity politics, civil society groups and social movements, and relations with the global community, with emphasis on leading political and public policy issues. Topics may include the environment, Indigenous reconciliation, socioeconomic inequality, social diversity, gender, and disruptive technologies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 2F12.

POLI 2P20
Introduction to Global Politics
Concepts and theories. Evolution of global politics since 1945. International law and institutions, war and terrorism, international development and post-colonialism, regional politics and globalization.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 2F20.

POLI 2P31
Comparative Politics: Political Institutions and Approaches
Systematic comparison of politics around the world. Topics may include comparative methodology, the modern state and its development, pathways to democracy, legislatures, the executive, the judiciary and electoral systems.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 2F30.

POLI 2P32
Comparative Politics: Society and Policy Issues
Systematic comparison of politics around the world and institutional and cultural forces shaping them. Topics may include policymaking, media, civil society and social movements, poverty and inequality, terrorism and security, environmental governance, gender, and migration. Comparisons between developed and developing states made in order to enhance our understanding of the key themes.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P31 strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 2F30.

POLI 2P47
Rights Across Borders
Contemporary debate on meaning and implications of human rights as a political entitlement. Current issues in application, verification and enforcement of UN Covenants and related international conventions on human rights and collective rights, including rights of indigenous peoples. Structure, function and impact of regional, national and local human rights institutions in Canada and abroad.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2P80
Introduction to Research Design and Methods
Research design, methodologies, and skills commonly used in studying politics. Topics include the evolution of political science, the ways in which empirical political research is carried out, use of qualitative methodologies, and the advantages and limitations of the scientific approach in political analysis.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2P91
Political Theory I
Ancient political philosophy, focusing on the theory and critique of Athenian democracy. May include texts by Homer, Thucydides, Plato, Aristotle, plays from Greek tragedy and comedy, and texts from Rome, Late Antiquity or the Middle Ages.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.
Note: strongly recommended that students take this course if they intend to take POLI 2P92. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 2P91.

POLI 2P92
Political Theory II
Political theory from 1500 to present. Topics include foundational writers such as Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Wollstonecraft, Mill, Marx, and Nietzsche, and contemporary discussions of liberalism, conservatism, anti-colonialism, environmentalism, feminism, postmodernism, intersectionality, queer theory, and indigeneity.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: strongly recommended that students have taken POLI 2P91. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2P97
The Government and Politics of the United States
American political system and the institutions of the federal government in the context of the constitutional separation of powers and the political party structure. Related topics include federalism, elections and voting behaviour, civil rights and selected public policy issues.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2P99
Good Governance: Public Policy and Public Administration
Structures and processes of Canadian policy-making and implementation. Real-world challenges, best practices, and public sector careers.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LABR 2P99.

POLI 3P02
Citizenship
Studies in citizenship, including classical and contemporary understandings.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P05
Canadian Political Thought
Selected works from the multiple traditions of Canadian political thought, including liberalism, Red Toryism, socialism, multiculturalism, and Indigenous resurgence, to contemporary problems in Canadian politics.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P07
American Political Thought
Survey of the history of political thinking in America. Topics may include Native American thought, the Revolution and Constitution, slavery, Manifest Destiny, the Civil War and Jim Crow, the expulsion of Native Americans, women's suffrage, the rise of industrial capitalism, the New Deal, the Cold War, the Civil Rights Movement, the "Reagan Revolution," and contemporary debates over identity politics and the meaning of January 6, 2021.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P11
Local Government
Local government and politics in Canada with particular reference to Ontario. Topics include municipal organization, metropolitan and regional government, provincial-municipal-relations, elections, councils and councillors, citizen participation, property taxation and municipal finance, selected policy areas and theories of local government.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P12
Political Parties and Electoral Behaviour
Political party competition in Canada, party ideologies and ideas, election and party financing, election campaign techniques, voting behaviour, the electoral system and proposals for reform.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 (2F12) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P13
The Politics of Labour
(also offered as CANA 3P13 and LABR 3P13)
Critical, multidisciplinary, exploration of parliamentary and extra-parliamentary political activism in Canada's labour movement.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, CANA 1F91, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P14
Indigenous Politics in Canada
(also offered as CANA 3P14)
Key historic and contemporary issues in Indigenous politics. Topics include settler-state relations, treaties, reconciliation, Indigenous governance, participation and resistance.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 (2F12) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P15
Politics in Ontario
Major aspects of political life in Ontario, including province-building, voting behaviour, party systems, policy making and administrative apparatus.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P18
Law and Politics
(also offered as CANA 3P18)
Canadian constitutional law emphasizing the protection of civil liberties both before and after the adoption of the Charter of Rights. Courts in both legal and political perspectives.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 (2F12) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P19
Provincial and Territorial Politics
(also offered as CANA 3P19)
Key elements of provincial and territorial governance in a comparative context. Topics may include party systems, policy making, sub-state nationalism and identity, Indigenous relations, multi-level governance, and the administration of key policy areas such as health care and education.
Lectures, seminar. 3 hours per week
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 or 2P13 strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P21
Introduction to International Political Economy
Survey of theoretical perspectives and policy-related frameworks necessary to the study of the international political economy. Topics may include relations among production, finance and trade; role of transnational corporations and international economic institutions; politics of underdevelopment; emerging issues such as gender and work, the environment, new technologies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P22
Global Internet and Digital Governance
How politics and economics have shaped the emergence and development of the internet, global online platforms, the data-driven digital society, and the intersection between technology and International Relations. Issues such as artificial intelligence regulation, the global political economy of data, and the changing power relations among individuals, states and companies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)80 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P26
International Law and International Organization
International law and organization in the changing context of international politics. Activities and mechanisms of the United Nations, the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court. Tensions between law and power at the international level.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P28
Canadian Foreign Policy
(also offered as CANA 3P28)
Canadian foreign policy formulation and behaviour in response to global shifts in power and influence and the challenges posed by these changes. Topics may include strains in the Canada-United States relationship, regional relations including the rise of China, and Canada's approaches to global cooperation across wide-ranging issues, including climate change, insecuritysecurity, global health, human rights, poverty, and inequality.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P33
Politics, the Economy and the State
(also offered as LABR 3P33)
Contest of ideas on the national state-economy relationship; historic and contemporary thought on the role of the state in the economy; alternative models of political-economic policy on challenging current issues.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P43
Politics in the Global South
Political institutions, processes, and social movements in the Global South, including the role of international organizations and transnational corporations. Countries examined may be drawn from Africa, Asia, and Latin America.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P31 and 2P32 (2F30) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P46
Politics of Latin America
(also offered as SPAN 3P46)
Survey of governments and politics of selected Latin American states. Topics may include human insecurity, political institutions, democracy and authoritarianism, populism, revolutions and revolutionaries, social movements and protest, gender and ethnicity, human rights.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P31 and 2P32 (2F30) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P66
Environmental Policy, Law and Administration
Development of the issue of pollution, including perceptions of the problem of different actors, public participation, governmental reactions and legislation, the implementation of potential solutions and international cooperation. Topics may include toxic wastes, acid rain, energy, the Great Lakes, risk assessment and ideologies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in TREN 3P66.

POLI 3P67
Public Policy and Social Change
The role of public policy in social change and the factors that influence governments to embrace or reject social change. Examines recent social changes as well as ongoing changes pertaining to climate change, social justice, and economic innovation.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of POLI 1P98, 2P12 (2F12), 2P99 (2Q98) or permission of the instructor.
Note: This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LABR 3P67.

POLI 3P71
Gender and Politics
(also offered as WGST 3P71)
Theoretical and practical issues in the relationships among gender, sex and politics, such as sexual equality and its nature and implications for public and private life.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, WGST 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P72
Women in Politics
(also offered as WGST 3P72)
Women's participation and influence in the political institutions, processes and policies of modern states emphasizing contemporary Canada.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, WGST 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P91
Quantitative Political Analysis
Quantitative research methods and the analysis of survey and aggregate data for the purpose of answering research questions and becoming more informed consumers of quantitative information. Instruction in data analysis software such as SPSS and ArcGIS.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): POLI 2P80.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P93
Politics and Technology
Assessing the relation between technology and politics, including considerations of evolving conceptions of citizenship, aesthetics and economics. Authors may include Marx, Heidegger, Foucault, Latour and Haraway.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 3P93.

POLI 3P94
European Politics
Survey of the governments and politics of selected European states and the European Union. Topics include political institutions, parties and elections, multi-level governance, EU-member state relations, and relations with the global community.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P31 and POLI 2P32 (2F30) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 3P44 and 3P45.

POLI 3P96
Global Indigenous Politics
Survey of Indigenous politics across the globe. Topics may include Indigenous peoples and nations in different regions around the world, transnational Indigenous organizing, and international Indigenous rights.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P97
Criminal Justice Politics and Policy
How Canadian criminal justice policy is made, implemented, and shaped by broader political forces. Topics may include youth justice, systemic discrimination, gun control, the role of mental health, drug policy, the regulation of sex and reproduction, sentencing, and why we criminalize or decriminalize certain behaviours.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 and 2P99 strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3P99
The Politics of Digital Policy
Leading digital policy questions facing governments today and why countries choose different responses. Topics may include political misinformation and disinformation, data governance, election technologies, digital citizenship, innovation policy, the knowledge economy, and AI and machine learning.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: POLI 2P12 and 2P99 strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3Q90
Animals, Sex and Power
Political behaviour among nonhuman animals, including collective decision-making, reproductive strategies, ethics and play. Introduction to methods derived from biology, game theory, primatology, biomimetics and animal studies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3Q93
Labour in a Global and Comparative Perspective
(also offered as LABR 3Q93)
Transnational issues such as global capitalism, the environment and nature, trade, migration and labour organizing, and national case studies from regions such as the global south, Europe and Asia.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, GEOG 1F90, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, SOCI 1P90 and 1P91 (1F90).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3Q95
Sex Work and Sex Workers
(also offered as CRIM 3Q95, LABR 3Q95, SOCI 3Q95 and WGST 3Q95)
Examination of sex work, various theoretical perspectives on sex work and their social policy implications for sex workers. Topics may include prostitution, pornography, the political economy of sex work and sex worker union organizing.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, SOCI 1P90 and 1P91 (1F90), WGST 1F90, CRIM 1P90 and 1P91 (1F90).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 3Q97
Public Sector Unions
(also offered as LABR 3Q97)
Multidisciplinary examination of public sector unionism in Canada. Topics include the origin and growth, collective bargaining and dispute resolution, privatization and contracting out, and public sector union political action.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite(s): one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4F99
Honours Thesis
Individual study and research under faculty supervision.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum 78 percent major average and approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: topics may come from any field in the discipline and may involve library research, field work and empirical analysis. Students must have a one-page topic proposal approved by a faculty supervisor by May 31 prior to registration. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P01
The Philosophy of Law
Traditional and contemporary accounts of law and their implications for issues of contemporary concern.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS or FPAC (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 4P01.

POLI 4P02
Ancient Political Theory
Political theory of the ancient world, spanning texts from the Near East, Greece, Rome or China. Topics may include democracy, justice, power, tragedy, gender and ecology.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 4P02.

POLI 4P03
Modern Political Theory
Modern political theory examined in selected texts. Topics may include historicism, consent, progress, equality or a selected author such as Rousseau, Kant, Hegel.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 4P03.

POLI 4P04
Politics and Tyranny
Comparative accounts of ancient and modern tyranny examined in light of the question: has political domination varied significantly in the Western tradition.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 4P04.

POLI 4P07
Postmodern Political Theory
Perspectives on the postmodern condition in the works of selected 20th-century thinkers. Topics may include notions on the self, aesthetics and politics, reason and power, and the construction of meaning.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in LART 4P07.

POLI 4P10
Issues in Local Government
Policy making and service delivery in local government including economic development, fire, parks, policing, public health, recreation and social services.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): POLI 3P11 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P11
Critical Approaches to Applied Social Research Design
(also offered as SOCI 4P11)
Application of social science skills in community and public-sector settings, including various qualitative and quantitative research strategies to empower communities and inform social policy development. Includes evaluation of a community agency or social program of choice.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined), CRIM and SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): POLI 2P80, SOCI 2P11 or permission of the Sociology Department Administrator.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 4P11.

POLI 4P12
Citizen Politics
Citizen engagement in Canadian political parties, social movements, advocacy groups and voluntary organizations, and the impact of civic activism on public discourse, policies and laws.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): POLI 2P12 (2F12) or permission of the instructor.
Note: may combine seminars with a service learning component. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P14
Federalism in Canada
Canadian concepts of federalism, judicial interpretation of the constitutional distribution of powers, the social, economic and cultural factors that influence federal-provincial relations, issues in federal-provincial relations, the impact of federalism on public policy, and the politics of constitutional change.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: POLI 2P12 (2F12) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P16
Global Migration: Canada in a Comparative Context
Global migration patterns, immigrant and refugee admission and integration policies, the trafficking of persons and smuggling, and the relation between migration and development.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): POLI 2P12 (2F12) or permission of the instructor.
Note: combines seminars with a mandatory experiential learning component. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P17
Canadian Politics in the Digital Age
Impact of digital technology and innovation on political institutions in Canada. Implications of these changes for democracy.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum of 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): POLI 2P12 (2F12) or permission of the instructor.
Note: combines seminars with a mandatory experiential learning component. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P19
The Canadian Judicial Process
The structure, functions, and political dimension of the judiciary in Canada. Topics may include judicial decision-making, appointment and independence; the policy impact of judicial rulings; the criminal process; the influence of the Charter of Rights and Freedoms on the judicial system; and the players in the judicial process, including judges, interest groups and governments.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS or FPAC (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: POLI 2P12 (2F12) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P20
Globalization and Global Governance
Globalization of national politics and the reconstruction of politics at a global level. Topics may include policy problems linked to the effectiveness of international and national institutions; theoretical considerations on new concepts of politics and democracy in the globalized world.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P21
The Global Digital Political Economy
Intersection between economics and politics, emphasizing understanding how issues such as data governance, intellectual property and internet governance are shaping global economic governance, trade and development.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P22
Canada and International Development
Canada's policies and practices in addressing global inequalities in wealth and power. Topics may include Canada's international assistance policies directed to lower and middle-income countries, ethical considerations, and international cooperation to address the differential impacts of global developments.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P24
Private Global Governance
The role of private, non-state actors in global governance. Interactions between global corporations, voluntary standards associations, non-governmental organizations, states and industry associations and the influences that drive global private governance arrangements and global standard setting. Global human rights, environmental protection and corporate social responsibility in industrial sectors.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P26
International Politics and National Security
Conditions affecting the use of force in the post-Cold War international system. Basis of state security, the nature of threats and regional conflicts.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P27
Theories of International Relations
International relations theory emphasizing the nature of the international system and its relationship to the choices and actions of individual states.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P34
Comparative Judicial Systems
Global expansion of judicial power and the role of courts in democratization, rights protection, political centralization, and resolving societal conflict. Domestic as well as supranational courts from around the world are considered, representing both common law and civil law systems. Topics include the success and failure of the rights revolutions, the judicialization of politics, court reform, and justifications for judicial review.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS or FPAC (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: POLI 2P31 and POLI 2P32 (2F30) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P36
Comparative Democratization in a Global Age: Reform, Revolution and Reversal
Analysis of the origins, processes, and outcomes of democratization and de-democratization in countries around the world.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: POLI 2P31 and POLI 2P32 (2F30) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P37
Indigenous-Settler Relations in Canada and Beyond
(also offered as CANA 4P37)
Indigenous-settler relations and reconciliation in Canada and other Anglo settler states examined through selected texts. Theories of settler colonialism, Indigenous-settler relationships on both collective and individual levels, the politics of recognition, constitutional rights, truth commissions, and Indigenous theories of decolonization.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) or CANA majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: open to INDG, SOCI, WGST and other majors with permission of instructor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in POLI 4V80.

POLI 4P38
Nationalism and Ethnic Politics
Theories of nationalism, ethnic conflict and secession. Use of case studies to analyze civil war, genocide and the political mobilization of ethno-national groups.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: POLI 2P31 and POLI 2P32 (2F30) strongly recommended. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P41
Labour Law and the Charter of Rights and Freedoms
(also offered as CANA 4P41 and LABR 4P41)
Application of Charter rights and freedoms, notably expression and association, to labour law in Canada.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and LABR (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of, one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, CANA 1F91.
Note: POLI 2P12 (2F12) recommended for Political Science majors. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P50
Machinery of Government
Structures and processes of federal and provincial government in Canada. Emphasis on the operation of government departments, central agencies, regulatory agencies and crown corporations.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): POLI 2P99 (2Q98) or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P51
The Political Economy of Work and Labour
(also offered as LABR 4P51)
Critical exploration of the role of labour, capital, and the state in the transformation of work and labour markets. Topics include legislative and regulatory frameworks, international trade and transnational migration, technological and climate change, working-class politics, and global capitalism.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and LABR (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or one LABR credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P54
Business-Government Relations
(also offered as LABR 4P54)
Politics and management of relations between business organizations and governments in Canada emphasizing current research and issues. Topics include theories of business-government relations, the legislative and regulatory environment of business, public enterprise and privatization, lobbying, and interaction among government, business, media and labour.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined), INPE and LABR (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: open to non-POLS majors with relevant background in other disciplines and permission of the instructor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P67
Comparative Public Policy
Major concepts, theoretical approaches and issues in Comparative Public Policy, assessing the various frameworks used for understanding and addressing public policy issues in different countries and regions. Cases from Canada, the United States, Europe and the developing world.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite(s): one of POLI 2P12 (2F12), 2P99 (2Q98), 3P67 or permission of the instructor.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P68
Social Movements and Globalization
(also offered as SOCI 4P68)
Restructuring of social movements from around the world in new alliances for global justice. Topics may include relations between local and global scales, cross-cultural collaborations, tensions between unity and diversity, conflicts and unequal power relations in networks and North-South inequalities. May include indigenous movements, transnational feminism, the anti-corporate globalizations movement and environmentalism.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined), CRIM and SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in Registration guide. Students must have approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade and credit obtained in GEOG 4P68.

POLI 4P70
Tutorial in Political Theory
Guided reading on an aspect of political theory not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P71
Tutorial in Canadian Politics
Guided reading on an aspect of Canadian politics not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P72
Tutorial in International Relations
Guided reading on an aspect of international relations not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P73
Tutorial in Comparative Politics
Guided reading on an aspect of comparative politics not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P74
Tutorial in Public Administration
Guided reading on an aspect of public administration not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P75
Tutorial in Public Policy
Guided reading on an aspect of public policy not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P76
Tutorial in Political Science
Guided reading on an aspect of political science not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Advisor. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4P95
Political Science Internship
Part-time internship in a government agency, political party, research institute, relevant non-governmental organization (NGO) or other approved placement.
Internship placement time, minimum 5 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single) and INPE majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits, a minimum 75 percent major average and permission of the Department.
Note: enrolment limited to number of placements available up to a maximum of 15 students. Students will be required to complete a major paper setting the internship experience within a theoretical context. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 4V80-4V89
Special topics in Political Science

CO-OP COURSES

POLI 0N01
Work Placement I
First co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N02
Work Placement II
Second co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N03
Work Placement III
Third co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N90
Co-op Professional Preparation
Provides students with the tools, resources and skills to maximize co-op employment and professional development opportunities.
Lectures, presentation, site visits, 1.5 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.
Note: this course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2C01
Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration I
Provides students with the opportunity to apply what they haveve learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.
Prerequisite(s): POLI 0N90.
Corequisite(s): POLI 0N01.
Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2C02
Co-op reflective Learning and Integration II
Provides students with the opportunity to apply what they haveve learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.
Prerequisite(s): POLI 0N90.
Corequisite(s): POLI 0N02.
Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.

POLI 2C03
Co-op Reflective Learning and Integration III
Provides students with the opportunity to apply what they haveve learned in their academic studies through career-oriented work experiences at employer sites.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.
Prerequisite(s): POLI 0N90.
Corequisite(s): POLI 0N03.
Note: students will be required to prepare learning objectives, participate in a site visit, write a work term report and receive a successful work term performance evaluation. This course may be offered in multiple modes of delivery. The method of delivery will be listed on the academic timetable, in the applicable term.