Last updated: July 8, 2022 @ 09:57AM

Applied Health Sciences

Peter Tiidus
Faculty of Applied Health Sciences

Associate Dean Research and Graduate Studies
Deborah O'Leary
Faculty of Applied Health Sciences

Administrative Graduate Coordinator
Joanne Kremble
905-688-5550, extension 4797
South Block 439

Doctor of Philosophy in Applied Health Sciences

Field(s) of Specialization
Health Biosciences
Behavioural and Population Health
Social and Cultural Health Studies

Master of Arts in Applied Health Sciences

Field(s) of Specialization
Community Health
Health and Physical Education
Leisure Studies
Sport Management

Master of Science in Applied Health Sciences

Field(s) of Specialization
Health Sciences

PhD in Applied Health Sciences

Behavourial and Population Health
Core Faculty

Anthony Bogaert (Health Sciences), Brent E. Faught (Health Sciences), Kimberley Gammage (Kinesiology), Jian (Jason) Liu (Health Sciences), Diane Mack (Kinesiology), Dawn Prentice (Nursing), Philip Sullivan (Kinesiology), Terrance Wade (Health Sciences), Philip Wilson (Kinesiology)

Associate Professors
Kelli-an Lawrance (Health Sciences), William Pickett (Health Sciences)

Assistant Professors
Corliss Bean (Recreation and Leisure Studies), Antony Wai Ho Chum (Health Sciences), Karen Patte (Health Sciences)

Professors Emeriti
John Hay (Health Sciences), Martin Tammemagi (Health Sciences)

Health Biosciences
Core Faculty

Allan Adkin (Kinesiology), Stephen Cheung (Kinesiology), Jens Coorssen (Health Sciences), David Ditor (Kinesiology), Bareket Falk (Kinesiology), David Gabriel (Kinesiology), Panagiota Klentrou (Kinesiology/Chair), Paul LeBlanc (Health Sciences/Chair), Deborah O'Leary (Health Sciences/Associate Dean Research and Graduate Studies), Brian Roy (Kinesiology/Associate Dean, Faculty of Graduate Studies), Ana Sanchez (Health Sciences), Craig Tokuno (Kinesiology), Evangelia Tsiani (Health Sciences), Rene Vandenboom (Kinesiology), Wendy Ward (Kinesiology)

Associate Professors
Michael Holmes (Kinesiology/CRC), Kelly Lockwood (Kinesiology), Adam MacNeil (Health Sciences), Rebecca MacPherson (Health Sciences),Hui Di Wang (Health Sciences)

Assistant Professors
Shawn Beaudette (Kinesiology), Val Andrew Fajardo (Kinesiology/CRC)

Professors Emeriti
Sandra Peters (Kinesiology), Michael J. Plyley (Kinesiology)

Social and Cultural Health Studies
Core Faculty

Maureen Connolly (Kinesiology), Colleen Hood (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Ken Lodewyk (Kinesiology), Lynn McCleary (Nursing), Tim O'Connell (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Cathy van Ingen (Kinesiology)

Associate Professors
Jarold Cosby (Kinesiology), Timothy Fletcher (Kinesiology), Curtis Fogel (Sport Management), Shannon Kerwin (Sport Management), Lisa Kikulis (Sport Management), Brad Millington (Sport Management), Erin Sharpe (Recreation and Leisure Studies), Julie Stevens (Sport Management), Dawn Trussell (Sport Management), Colleen Whyte (Recreation & Leisure Studies)

Master of Arts in Applied Health Sciences

Community Health
Core Faculty

Anthony Bogaert (Health Sciences), Dan Malleck (Health Sciences), Lynn McCleary (Nursing), Terrance Wade (Health Sciences)

Associate Professors
Joanne Crawford (Nursing), Pauli Gardner (Health Sciences), Madelyn Law (Health Sciences/Associate Vice-Provost, Teaching & Learning), Kelli-an Lawrance (Health Sciences), Miya Narushima (Health Sciences)

Assistant Professors
Alisa Grigorovich (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Valerie Michaelson (Health Sciences)

Participating Faculty
Sue Arai (University of Waterloo), John Cairney (University of Queensland)

Health and Physical Education
Core Faculty

Maureen Connolly (Kinesiology), Anna Lathrop (Kinesiology/Vice-Provost & Associate VP, Students), Ken Lodewyk (Kinesiology), Philip Sullivan (Kinesiology), Cathy van Ingen (Kinesiology), Philip Wilson (Kinesiology)

Associate Professors
Jarold Cosby (Kinesiology), Timothy Fletcher (Kinesiology), Ian Ritchie (Kinesiology), Danny Rosenberg (Kinesiology)

Assistant Professor
Rob Millington (Kinesiology)

Participating Faculty
Chunlei Lu (Education)

Professor Emeritus
Nancy Francis (Kinesiology)

Leisure Studies
Core Faculty

Colleen Hood (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Tim O'Connell (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Shalini Singh (Recreation & Leisure Studies)

Associate Professors
Martha Barnes (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Sanghee Chun (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Scott Forrester (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Garrett Hutson (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Erin Sharpe (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Colleen Whyte (Recreation & Leisure Studies)

Assistant Professors
Corliss Bean (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Alisa Grigorovich (Recreation & Leisure Studies), Pei-Chun Hsieh (Recreation & Leisure Studies)

Participating Faculty
Bob Henderson (McMaster University), Glenn Stalker (York University)

Core Faculty

Lynn McCleary (Nursing), Dawn Prentice (Nursing)

Associate Professors
Joanne Crawford (Nursing), Jane Moore (Nursing), Sheila O'Keefe-McCarthy (Nursing), Zaida Rahaman (Nursing), Jennine Salfi (Nursing), Karyn Taplay (Nursing/Chair)

Assistant Professor
Constance Schumacher (Nursing)

Participating Faculty
Joyce Engel (Nursing), Cindy Ko (Niagara College)

Sport Management
Core Faculty

Associate Professors
Chris Chard (Sport Management/Chair), Laura Cousens (Sport Management), Curtis Fogel (Sport Management), Craig Hyatt (Sport Management), Shannon Kerwin (Sport Management), Lisa Kikulis (Sport Management), Cheryl Mallen (Sport Management), Brad Millington (Sport Management), Kirsty Spence (Sport Management/Associate Dean, Undergraduate Studies), Julie Stevens (Sport Management), Dawn Trussell (Sport Management)

Assistant Professors
Nicholas Burton (Sport Management), Michele Donnelly (Sport Management), Michael Naraine (Sport Management), Olan Scott (Sport Management), Michael Van Bussel (Sport Management)

Master of Science in Applied Health Sciences

Health Sciences
Core Faculty

Jens Coorssen (Health Sciences), Brent E. Faught (Health Sciences), Paul LeBlanc (Health Sciences/Chair), Jian (Jason) Liu (Health Sciences), Deborah O'Leary (Health Sciences/Associate Dean, Research and Graduate Studies), Ana Sanchez (Health Sciences), Newman Siu Kwan Sze (Health Sciences/CRC), Evangelia Tsiani (Health Sciences), Wendy Ward (Kinesiology)

Associate Professors
Adam MacNeil (Health Sciences), Rebecca MacPherson (Health Sciences), William Pickett (Health Sciences), Hui Di Wang (Health Sciences)

Assistant Professors
Antony Wai Ho Chum (Health Sciences), Asif Khowaja (Health Sciences), Karen Patte (Health Sciences)

Participating Faculty
Theodoros Tsakiridis (McMaster Medical Centre), Sarah Pennisi (Director of Health Services)

Professor Emeritus
Martin Tammemagi (Health Sciences)

Core Faculty

Allan Adkin (Kinesiology), Stephen Cheung (Kinesiology), David Ditor (Kinesiology), Bareket Falk (Kinesiology), David Gabriel (Kinesiology), Panagiota Klentrou (Kinesiology/Chair), Diane Mack (Kinesiology), Brian Roy (Kinesiology/Associate Dean, Faculty of Graduate Studies), Philip Sullivan (Kinesiology), Peter Tiidus (Kinesiology/Dean), Craig Tokuno (Kinesiology), Rene Vandenboom (Kinesiology), Wendy Ward (Kinesiology), Philip Wilson (Kinesiology)

Associate Professors
Kimberley Gammage (Kinesiology), Nathan Hall (Kinesiology), Michael Holmes (Kinesiology/CRC), Kelly Lockwood (Kinesiology), Jae Patterson (Kinesiology)

Assistant Professors
Shawn Beaudette (Kinesiology), Val Andrew Fajardo (Kinesiology/CRC), William Gittings (Kinesiology), Stephen Klassen (Kinesiology), Sean Locke (Kinesiology)

Participating Faculty
Peter Fritz (McMaster University), Brian Timmons (McMaster University), Russ Tupling (University of Waterloo)

Professors Emeriti
Sandra Peters (Kinesiology), Michael J. Plyley (Kinesiology)

Program Description - PhD

The PhD program focuses on the development of knowledge through the systematic evaluation of evidence related to the health and well-being of individuals and groups. The overall goals of the program are to develop well-trained individuals who think creatively, are able to evaluate critically both their own work and that of others, and are capable of conducting research and scholarship at the forefront of their chosen field. The PhD candidate strives to demonstrate the ability to conduct research independently, and to develop a program of research that is both original and capable of making a significant contribution to the candidate's field.

The program offers the student the opportunity to participate in an individualized program of study, including mentorship-style learning and concentrated inquiry in an area of interest. Course work emphasizes a broad approach to the subject area, with particular attention to research techniques and the application of research methodology, current paradigms, and related conceptual, philosophical, and theoretical issues in health science research.

Success in achieving the program goals is evaluated through: a) a formal thesis proposal defence to the Advisory Committee; b) a comprehensive examination (including both written and oral components) of a defined area of knowledge within the first 15-18 months of enrollment in the program; c) a Faculty oral defence conducted by the Advisory Committee; and d) a final Faculty of Graduate Studies oral defence, which includes both an Internal and an External Examiner.

Admissions Requirements ­ PhD

To be eligible for admission, applicants must have completed a thesis oriented Master's degree or equivalent with at least a B+ standing from a recognized university in a discipline appropriate to the intended field of doctoral study.

Applicants whose primary language is not English, or who have not completed three or more years of post-secondary work at a Canadian institution, at which English is the primary language of instruction, must provide certification of English language proficiency.

The Faculty of Applied Health Sciences normally accepts only full-time degree students.

Degree Requirements ­ PhD

The PhD program is designed as a 4-year program involving a combination of course work, a comprehensive examination, an original research program, and the writing and subsequent defence of a thesis.

Students must take two required half-courses and two optional half-courses. The courses will be chosen in consultation with the candidate's advisor, but will normally include AHSC 7P01; one of AHSC 7P17 or AHSC 7P27; and two half-credit course electives. Students may choose Selected Research Topic or Directed Study courses, or graduate level courses (number 5(alpha)00 or above) from any graduate program in the University, to fulfill their two elective course requirements.

Students must also complete a comprehensive examination that includes both an oral and written component, and a formal defence of a thesis proposal. Once the research is complete and the thesis written, the student must defend the thesis in both an internal Faculty oral defence and a formal University oral defence.

Program Description ­ MA/MSc

The Master's program in Applied Health Sciences offers Master's of Arts degrees with the fields of Community Health, Health and Physical Education, Leisure Studies, Nursing, and Sport Management, and Master's of Science degrees with the fields of Health Sciences and Kinesiology. Students receive a unique educational experience which combines mentorship of the student by a faculty supervisor and extensive small group work with fellow students and faculty from each of the five academic departments represented in the program: Health Sciences, Nursing, Kinesiology, Recreation and Leisure Studies and Sport Management. Students will gain in-depth training, knowledge and research experience through their thesis work while also benefiting from the broad, cross-disciplinary approach followed in the course work. The advanced course work and strong research experience are intended to prepare students to continue their graduate training at the doctoral level. Students will also be prepared to pursue the wide variety of career possibilities in health, kinesiology, recreation, and sport management.

The objectives of the program are: a) to foster students' ability to do high quality, scientifically rigorous research in their discipline; b) to expand their understanding of concepts, theories and practices in their discipline such that they can successfully advance to doctoral studies; c) to provide the knowledge base and skills to analyze and evaluate programs, policies, environmental issues, and organizational structures related to applied health sciences; d) to enhance students' abilities to apply and disseminate new knowledge and practices to colleagues, practitioners, policy makers/analysts, and other professionals in applied health sciences.

Admission Requirements MA/MSc

Successful completion of a four year Bachelor's degree, or equivalent, from an accredited university in a relevant discipline (For example, Health Studies, Nursing, Recreation and Leisure Studies, Kinesiology or Sport Management), with an average of not less than 75% (mid-B) over the last two years of full-time undergraduate study. Students with a Bachelor's degree in such related fields as Psychology, Planning, Sociology, Gerontology, Social Work, Biology and Business may also be eligible, although additional course work may be required. Applicants must have undergraduate preparation in research methods in either quantitative or qualitative data analysis. Applicants who do not have an undergraduate research methods course and/or an undergraduate data analysis course may be admitted to the program as a conditional student. These students, however, must successfully complete, at the undergraduate level, the research methods and/or data analysis course within the first two terms in order to continue in the program. Agreement from a faculty advisor to supervise the student is also required for admission to the program.

The Graduate Admissions Committee will review all applications and recommend admission for a limited number of suitable candidates.

Admission to part-time study is not normally available. Individuals interested in part-time study should consult with the Graduate Program Director.

Degree Requirements ­ MA/MSc

Basic degree requirements include the successful completion of at least four half course credits and a research project that culminates in a thesis (AHSC 5F90). The research project for the thesis will be chosen in consultation with the student's advisor.

The courses will be chosen in consultation with the student's advisor, but normally will include a minimum of one of the following: AHSC 5P07, AHSC 5P17, AHSC 5P27, AHSC 5P37, AHSC 5P38, AHSC 5P47, AHSC 5P57 or AHSC 5P77; and three half-credit course electives. Students in the Leisure Studies, Nursing and Sport Management fields are required to take AHSC 5P30, AHSC 5P10 and AHSC 5P08, respectively, as one of the three half-credit electives. Students may choose a Selected Research Topic or Directed Study course, or a graduate level course (number 5(alpha)00 or above) from any graduate department in the University to fulfill their three elective course requirements. Students must also register and complete AHSC 5N01 in the first year of study. Students are expected to complete their course requirements within the first three terms of study, and conclude all requirements within six academic terms (two years).

A thesis proposal will be required of all MA/MSc students in the program. The proposal should contain a detailed statement of the research problem and significance in terms of its contribution to knowledge and/or practice, a precise account of the methodology or research techniques to be employed, plus an outline of the proposed data analysis procedures to be used. The student will be required to present and defend this proposal before the student's thesis advisory committee. The final thesis based on the completed research must also be successfully defended to satisfy the thesis requirement.


The Faculty has over twenty labs including behavioural/observation labs, "dry" biophysical labs, "wet" biophysical labs, functional assessment labs and anatomy/physiology teaching labs. A number of graduate student areas are available for use by FAHS graduate students. Students have access to a variety of software programs, including SPSS, SAS, and other discipline-specific software. Also available is a large format printer for printing posters, and various scanners, cameras, and devices for digital analysis.

Course Descriptions

Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable timetable for details.

Students must ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.
MA/MSc Research and Thesis
A research project involving the preparation and defence of a thesis proposal and a final thesis report which demonstrate a capacity for independent work. The thesis shall be carried out under the supervision of a faculty member and both the proposal and final thesis shall be defended at an oral examination.

Current Issues in Applied Health Sciences Research
This non-credit course provides students an overview of evidence-based thinking via research conducted with an applied health science focus. Students will be exposed to a range of methodological and paradigmatic issues characterizing the multidisciplinary nature of research in applied health sciences. Students will also have the opportunity to develop their knowledge mobilization skills pertaining to disseminating research ideas.
Note: Student must register and complete AHSC 5N01 in the first year of study.

Sport and the Environment
Examination of the symbiotic relationship between sport and the natural environment (i.e., sport ecology). Topics include sport’s impacts on the environment, implications of climate change for sport participation and facilities, sustainability and sport organizations, corporate environmentalism, environmental policy, social movements, and sustainable development.

Organizational Analysis of Sport
An introduction to selected topics in organizational theory and to discuss how these can be used to understand and conduct research on the different types of sport organizations.

Leadership and Organizational Behaviour in Leisure, Sport, and Community Based Organization
Understanding and effectively managing human behaviour is critical for leaders in sport, recreation, health and educational organizations. Content will relate to theory, current research, and the practical application of the behaviour of people in organizations and how that behaviour interfaces with management.

Social Responsibility for Sports, Recreation and Health
Examination of the role of social responsibility for sport, recreation and health with focus on organizational and individual oreintations of social responsibility and global citizenship. Topics include social responsibility, business ethics, employee relations community-related development, corporate citizenship, social marketing, fundraising and awareness, giving.

International Relations and Globalization of Sport
Global issues affecting sport. Topics include governance of international sport; United Nations, international sport federations, corruption and cheating in international sport; global labour issues; sport media complex; use of sport and sport events for international relations, and trade; athlete rights/human rights; different models of sport delivery and unequal distribution of resources in global sport.

Qualitative Approaches, Theories & Methods
This course provides an introduction to the philosophical foundations that guide qualitative inquiry. Students will develop an introductory understanding of onto-epistemological underpinnings, theoretical perspectives, methodological approaches, methods, ethical issues, and paradigmatic criterion for high quality qualitative inquiry.

Critical Analysis of Sport Management Research
An examination of the nature of research used in sport management and the problems this research aims to address. Research themes may include: organizational theory, organizational behaviour, human resource management, sport policy, sport marketing, sport law, and sport economics.

Power, Politics and Policy for Applied Health Sciences
Examines the relationships between power, politics, and policy in sport, physical activity, health, and leisure, including theories of policy making and political theory, content and scope of policy, struggle for power within and between organizations, the role of non-governmental organizations, community development, advocacy, public participation, citizen engagement, and deliberative democracy.

Basis of Nursing Practice and Inquiry
An inquiry into the philosophical, historical and theoretical foundations of nursing knowledge that influence nursing. Critical analysis of various concepts, theories paradigms and metaparadigms that influence nursing will also be emphasized.
Note: Course is required for Nursing stream students.

Theory and Practice of Health Program Planning and Evaluation
Fundamentals of program planning, implementation, and evaluation in a variety of health settings. Critical examination of models and processes used to plan, implement and evaluate health programs.

Qualitative Data Analysis and Interpretation
Examines and applies a variety of qualitative data analysis strategies and techniques including the use of computer software programs in qualitative data analysis. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation, representation, and implications of empirical qualitative research in the field.
Prerequisite(s): AHSC 5P07 or permission of the instructor.

Marketing Communications for Health, Sport and Recreation Service Organizations
An exploration of the integrated role of communications in the marketing management function for health, sport and recreation service organizations. Special attention will be directed to the nature and methods of communication and marketing strategies, teamwork and collaboration with regard to the marketing team and client groups, and corporate and social responsibility theories.

Sport, Social Justice, and Human Rights
A critical examination of power, privilege, oppression, and exclusion in the context of sport, as well as the transformative potential of sport for fostering equality, justice, and peace.

Biostatistics in Applied Health Science Research
Statistical principles and their applications in the applied health sciences with emphasis on advanced understanding of multivariate analysis and practical skills in statistical programming.

Foundations of Leisure Studies
An examination of contemporary variations in the meaning of leisure and the origins and trajectories of those meanings, including the historical, political, economic, and social foundations of leisure as an idea, and the practical concerns and issues that surround the interpretation of leisure, leisure behaviour, and the leisure services in contemporary society.

Recreation Behaviour in Natural Environments
An examination of the philosophical and theoretical perspectives utilized in understanding people's recreation and leisure behaviours in an outdoor context. Emphasis is placed on using contemporary research to explore foundational concepts that describe outdoor recreation and leisure behaviours, particularly from a Canadian viewpoint.

Positive Leisure Science: Individual and Community Well-being
The intersection between positive psychology and leisure behaviour; the role of leisure in supporting positive emotion and experience; the enhancement of individual, family and community strength; and overall health and well-being. Contemporary research contributions and limitations for leisure practice and research.

Youth Culture, Leisure and Sport Engagement
Critical examination of youth cultures, alternative lifestyles, power, and politics within leisure and sport experiences, including discussion on major issues of representation and difference such as gender, race, and social class. Emphasis on research design complexities (in the social sciences) when working with youth.

Quantitative Data Analysis and Interpretation: ANOVA Designs
Examines and applies a variety of ANOVA-based statistical analysis techniques in research in applied health sciences. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation and implications of empirical quantitative research in the field.

Research Design for Social Research
Critical examination of theoretical, methodological and practical issues of effective research design in Applied Health Sciences. Major topics of discussion include the conceptualization of research problems, strategies in reviewing relevant literature, ethical considerations and techniques for verifying the existence of primary and secondary data (quantitative and qualitative) that bear upon the research problem.

Strengths-Based Facilitation Techniques
This course is designed to examine a variety of strengths-based approaches to supporting behaviour change. Many health professionals work towards supporting personal change in participants, either through increasing physical activity, changing health related behaviour, or enhancing leisure engagement. This course will provide the opportunity to critically examine and apply a variety of facilitation techniques, including affective, cognitive, behavioural and eclectic approaches.

Interventions in Physical Activity and Health
Health promotion strategies, with a focus on physical activity as a means to promote health across the lifespan and for various health conditions such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, osteoporosis.

Foundations of Physical Education Research
A critical analysis of the theoretical, historical, philosophical, socio-cultural, pedagogical, and political foundations within the discipline of physical education.

Quantitative Data Analysis and Interpretation: Regression Designs
Examines and applies a variety of regression-based statistical analysis techniques in research in applied health sciences. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation and implications of empirical quantitative research in the field.

Modern Epidemiology
Concepts, principles and biostatistical tools of epidemiological analysis required to conduct research studies. Critical evaluation of papers, protocols, and grants involving population studies of human health.

Health Ethics
An examination of selected topics in health ethics. An overview of the history, principles and applications of health ethics in research, clinical and institutional settings, incorporating both theoretical and applied perspectives and experiences.

Knowledge Mobilization for Health Researchers
Development of a knowledge mobilization plan will be a focus. Deliverables with different formats will be created to develop strategies and skills for effective translation of research findings to knowledge users.
Restriction: open to thesis-based AHSC graduate students only.

Quantitative Research Analysis
Major quantitative research methods used in health research including topics such as study design, sampling and measurement are examined with a focus on their epistemological, theoretical and statistical linkages.

Directed Study
Directed individual project in a substantive area to be chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor.

Directed Reading
Directed individual or group reading in an area of applied health sciences.

Sociology of the Modern Olympic Games
Social and political issues including historical trends in the Olympic Movement, power and organizational structure of the International Olympic Committee, media integration, gender equity, substance use, athletes' rights, and the role of the Olympic Games in globalization and international development.

Biological Research Design
Structuring research methodology for hypothesis testing in biological systems from humans to model organisms, tissues, cells, and molecules in consideration of sample type and size, statistical power and analysis, and appreciation of study limitations.

Adaptations to Habitual Activity
Systematic examination of recent advances in our understanding of the physiological function and the adaptive responses to various types of habitual activity (endurance, high intensity interval, and resistance training), in terms of health, performance, fatigue, and alterations in whole body and cellular function, and the pathways leading to adaptation/maladaptation.

Research Topics in Cardiovascular Regulation and Adaptation
Cardiovascular physiology, pharmacology, epidemiology, rehabilitation/prevention exercise cardiology and related topics. An in-depth examination of concise and current topics in the area of cardiovascular physiology.

Body-Related Concerns in Health and Physical Activity Settings
Examination of topics related to body image and other body-related concerns and how they are related to health and physical activity. Students will have the opportunity to increase their understanding of the theoretical basis of body-related concerns, read and critique the research literature, and understand how research can be used to reduce body-related concerns in a variety of populations.

Applied Sport Psychology Interventions
Theory and applied practice of sport psychology consulting with individual and team sports at various levels of performance.
Note: Previous coursework in Sport and Exercise Psychology and approval of the instructor is required. Includes an experiential learning component of at least 20 hours of work placement.

Current Topics in Infection and Immunity
Discussions of landmark and current research from the field, with select topics from infectious diseases, allergic inflammation, cancer immunology, immunogenetics, molecular immunology, and emerging challenges and strategies in vaccination and immunotherapy, presented in a journal club-inspired format.
Prerequisite(s): Permission of the instructor.

Skeletal Muscle Physiology
Physiological approach to understand the structure and function of muscle tissue under different conditions and in various pathological states. An examination and critical review of historical and current research in muscle physiology.

Physiological Responses to Adverse Environments
An exploration of the field of thermoregulation across a wide spectrum of species, including humans. Using a multi-disciplinary and systems-based perspective the broad spectrum of environmental stress effects on the physiological responses of both humans and other animal species will be examined.

Human Integrative Neurocirculatory Regulation
Investigation of the integrative regulation of the human cardiovascular system for homeostatic maintenance during physiological stressors (e.g., physical exercise and the upright posture). Emphasis will be placed on the neural mechanisms governing circulatory homeostasis, scientific communication, and questioning fundamental knowledge.

Neural Control of Posture, Balance, and Gait
An examination of the organization and processes underlying the control of human movement. Cognitive, affective, and behavioural influences are addressed in the context of normal development and aging and pathology models.

Measurement Issues in Applied Health Science Research
An overview of measurement issues central to applied health science research. Key measurement concepts and issues such as reliability, validity, psychometrics, instrument development and evaluation, item content relevance, and representation and construct validation.

Pediatric Exercise Science
An examination of the physiological responses to exercise and training among healthy children and the effect that growth may have on these responses, and of the potential benefits of physical activity and exercise among children with chronic illnesses.
Prerequisite(s): KINE 2P90, or KINE 2P97 and 3P90, or equivalent.

Cell Signaling Pathways in Health and Disease
An overview of the fundamental insights and concepts in cellular signaling. Discussions on current knowledge of major signaling pathways involved in normal cell function and understanding their dysfunction that leads to diseases.

From Drug Target Discovery to Diagnostics and Therapy
Theory and experimental methods of contemporary drug (with special focus on therapeutic antibody) discovery and development. The course covers the entire workflow from drug target discovery using systems biology to antibody development for diagnostics, and therapeutic / prophylactic interventions of human disease.
Restriction: open to MSc and PhD students.

Functional Assessment of the Neuromuscular System
Examination of muscle electrical activity during voluntary contractions and by peripheral nerve stimulation for the life sciences. Techniques for measuring, analyzing, and interpreting muscle electrical activity for both clinical and kinesiological applications.
Note: Course taught in conjunction with KINE 4P98.

Psychological Approaches to Health Behaviour Change
An overview of the field of health behaviour change from a psychological perspective. The complexities involved in health behaviour change and the utility of psychological theories in planning, conducting, and evaluating health behaviour change interventions.

AHSC 5V20-5V29
Selected Research Topics
Focuses on a specific research problem or issue. Topic(s) to be negotiated on a small group basis reflecting the research interests of faculty members.

PhD Research and Thesis
A research project involving the preparation and defence of a thesis proposal and a final thesis report which demonstrate a capacity for independent work. The thesis shall be carried out under the supervision of a faculty member and both the proposal and final thesis shall be defended at an oral examination.

PhD Seminar in Applied Health Sciences
An open discussion/debate of current theories, methods, and issues as they apply to the various fields of applied health science research with visiting faculty and AHS faculty and students from the various areas within the Faculty of Applied Health Sciences.

Research Methods in Biomechanics
This course develops a comprehensive understanding of methods and analysis related to research in biomechanics and neuroscience. Critical evaluation and application of basic signal to noise processing, electromyography and kinematic approaches to quantify movement. The course uses labs, assignments, and critical review of primary literature articles to develop a strong scientific communication and numerical research skills.

Advanced Qualitative Analysis
A critical examination of philosophical issues, current paradigms, and research methodology related to the conduct of research. Discussion of published and ongoing research from various perspectives will be explored. Topics will vary with respect to the current research and expertise of the instructor.
Prerequisite(s): AHSC 5P17 or equivalent or the permission of the instructor.

Advanced Biostatistics in Applied Health Science Research
Statistical principles and their applications in the applied health sciences with emphasis on advanced understanding of multivariate analysis and practical skills in statistical programming.
Prerequisite(s): AHSC 5P27 or equivalent or the permission of the instructor.

Directed Study
Directed individual project in a substantive area to be chosen in consultation with a faculty advisor.

Directed Reading
Directed individual or group reading in an area of applied health sciences.

Social Theories of Sport and Physical Activity
An examination of major theories in sociology and cultural studies as they apply to sport and physical activity. Building on both classical and contemporary theory, the course considers major issues of representation, difference, governance, and agency.

Optimizing Health Through Nutrition
How nutritional strategies optimize health throughout the lifespan. The role of nutrition in the prevention and management of chronic diseases that most commonly afflict Canadians. Emerging research in nutritional sciences and health.
Prerequisite(s): One of HLSC 3P93, PEKN 4P08, 4P90, 4P97 or permission of the instructor.

Top-down Proteomics
Key analytical methodology in current and future biomedical research with focus on the two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DE). Advantages and disadvantages of bottom-up approaches will be evaluated.
Restriction: open to MSc and PhD students

Advanced Regulation of Fuel Metabolism
Physiological approach to understanding the regulation of metabolism and dysregulation in disease states in a variety of tissues, organs and organ systems. Examination and critical review of the current research in human metabolic regulation.
Note: Student should have an advanced understanding of metabolic pathways.

AHSC 7V20-7V29
Selected Research Topics
Focuses on a specific research problem or issue. Topic(s) to be negotiated on a small group basis reflecting the research interests of faculty members.