Last updated: December 10, 2004 @ 01:27PM

Political Science

Chair
Garth Stevenson

Undergraduate Program Adviser
Ingrid Makus

Professors Emeriti
Victor M. Fic, William H. N. Hull, William A. Matheson, J. Patrick Sewell

Professors
Carl Baar (on leave), Gerald E. Dirks (on leave), W. D. Kenneth Kernaghan, Daniel Madar, David T. Siegel, Garth Stevenson

Associate Professors
Leah Bradshaw, Charles Burton, Terrance G. Carroll, Juris Dreifelds, Pierre Lizée, Ingrid Makus, William Mathie

Assistant Professors
Hevina Dashwood, Paul Hamilton, Livianna Tossutti

Lecturers
Jennifer Berardi, David Whorley

Seminar Co-ordinator
Jacqueline Dix

General Information

Administrative Assistant
Christine Schacht

905-688-5550, extension 3476
Taro Hall 468
https://brocku.ca/politicalscience/

Politics affects everyone. It is through politics that the future of the world we inhabit is shaped. Aristotle called politics the master science because he recognized how wide and pervasive politics is. The interests of political scientists are diverse. They may include conflict at city hall or in the courtroom; the arguments and processes through which our national existence might be preserved; the collapse of Communism and the struggle to establish new political arrangements in its place; the role of pressure groups in shaping public policy; electoral reform; the control of civil servants; the rule of law among nations; the place of moral principle and national interest in the conduct of foreign policy; or how far any citizen might have the right or duty to disobey an unjust law. Political Science offers us the opportunity to become freer human beings and citizens because, whatever the subject of our immediate inquiry, the focus is always upon the ideas, institutions and processes that shape our lives.

The BA Honours program provides students with the opportunity for a more intensive examination of issues in the field.

Political Science may be combined at the Honours or Pass level with other disciplines, the choice depending upon the student's interests and capabilities. As well, it is possible, within the departmental offerings, to arrange a thematic program of study around a selection of courses built to suit the student's particular interests.

All students in Political Science especially those proceeding to graduate studies or to a career in the public service, are encouraged to become proficient in a language other than English, normally French. Students who develop interests in a particular geographical area are urged to select related courses in history, language and literature. MATH 1F92 provides a sound background in those skills often employed in modern social science research. Questions about the Political Science program should be directed to the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

Public Administration Co-operative (Co-op)
Public administration is the study of the political, legal and managerial dimensions of the public sector. Designed to equip students with the necessary skills, knowledge and practical experience to provide them with a competitive edge in seeking employment in the Federal, Provincial or Municipal levels of government, the Public Administration Co-op program combines academic and work terms over a four and one-half year period. Students spend two and one-half years in an academic setting studying political science with a specialization in public administration and public policy prior to their first work placement. In addition to the current fees for courses in academic study terms, co-op students are assessed an annual administration fee (see Schedule of Fees).

Students admitted to the Public Administration Co-op program must follow the Co-op program schedule. Failure to adhere to the schedule may result in removal from the Public Administration Co-op program. Eligibility to continue is based on the student's major average and non-major average. A student with a minimum 70 per cent major average and a minimum 60 per cent non-major average will be permitted to continue. A student with a major average lower than 70 percent will not be permitted to continue in the Public Administration Co-op program but may continue in the Public Administration stream. If a student subsequently raises his/her major average to 70 percent, the student may be readmitted to the Co-op program only if approved by the departmental Co-op Admissions Committee.

The Public Administration Co-op program designation will be awarded to those students who have honours standing and who have successfully completed a minimum of twelve months of Co-op work experience.

Collaborative Study in Policing and Criminal Justice
The Collaborative Studies in Policing and Criminal Justice program involves courses offered through Brock and Niagara College of Applied Arts and Technology. This four-year program combines training in policing and criminal justice with an education in a chosen academic discipline, which may be either Political Science, Psychology or Sociology. For students majoring in Political Science, this four-year program leads to a BA (Honours) in Political Scienceand a diploma in Police Foundations from Niagara College. The program caters to the increasing demand in society for professionals who possess both solid applied skills and the substantive knowledge needed to apply them to the areas of policing and criminal justice. Normally, this involves attending college after gaining a university degree, but the Brock and Niagara program combines the two in a single integrated package. Consult the Policing and Criminal Justice listing for further details. Enrolment is limited.

Program Notes
  1. Students are encouraged to take courses from at least three of the designated subfields in Political Science.
  2. With the permission of the Undergraduate Program Adviser, methods courses which are required in other departments may be considered equivalents for POLI 2P80, 3P91 or 3P92.
  3. Students in the Honours program with concentration in Public Law are strongly recommended to complete SOCI 1F90.
  4. In all 20 credit degree programs, at least 12 credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above, six of which must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above and of these, three must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above. In all 15 credit degree programs, at least seven credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above, three of which must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above.

Political Science Subfields

The courses numbered 2(alpha)00 or above fall into a number of fields and the Department advises Political Science majors to select courses from at least three of these fields.

Canadian Politics
POLI 2F12*
POLI 3P05, 3P12, 3P15, 3P16, 3P17, 3P18, 3P28, 3P72
POLI 4P14, 4P15, 4P19, 4P71, 4P75, 4V10-4V19, 4V60-4V69

Comparative Politics
POLI 2F30*, 2P42, 2P47, 2P94, 2P95, 2P97, 2V40-2V49
POLI 3P33, 3P43, 3P44, 3P45, 3P71, 3P72
POLI 4P32, 4P34, 4P38, 4P39, 4P47, 4P73, 4V30-4V39

International Politics
POLI 2F20*, 2P47
POLI 3P21, 3P26, 3P28
POLI 4P20, 4P21, 4P22, 4P26, 4P27, 4P72, 4V20-4V29

Political Theory
POLI 2P91*, 2P92*, 2P93
POLI 3P02, 3P04, 3P05, 3P07, 3P71, 3V00-3V09
POLI 4P01, 4P02, 4P03, 4P04, 4P05, 4P06, 4P07, 4P08, 4P70, 4V00-4V09

Public Administration
POLI 2F98*, 2P62,
POLI 3P11, 3P50, 3P52, 3P65, 3P67, POLI 4P50, 4P52, 4P54, 4P59, 4P74, 4P75, 4V50-4V59

*recommended for students intending to take other courses in this field in years 3 and 4.

Honours Programs

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Science context credit
·   two elective credits
Year 2
·   POLI 2P80 (see program note 2)
·   one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 to 2(alpha)99 (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits
Year 3
·   POLI 3P91 or 3P92 (see program note 2)
·   one-half credit from political theory list
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 (see program note 1)
·   two elective credits
Year 4
·   POLI 4P90
·   one POLI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one and one-half POLI credits numbered 4(alpha)00 to 4(alpha)99
·   two elective credits (see program note 2)

Policing and Criminal Justice (Honours only)

Consult the Policing and Criminal Justice entry for a listing of program requirements.

Public Administration Co-op (Honours only)

Students admitted to the Co-op program must follow an approved program pattern. The most common pattern is listed below; however, as courses are subject to change and availability, students' schedules must be approved by the Co-op Director. Failure to adhere to an approved pattern may result in removal from the program.

Year 1
·   POLI 1F90 and 1P98
·   MGMT 1P51 and 1P52
·   one Humanities context credit
·   one Science context credit
·   one-half elective credit
Year 2
·   POLI 0N90, 2F12, 2F98, 2P80, 3P65 and 3P67
·   one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93
·   one elective credit
Year 3
Fall Term:
·   POLI 3P11 and 3P52
·   POLI 3P91 or 3P92
·   one-half credit from political theory list
·   one-half elective credit
Winter Term:
·   POLI 0N01
Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   POLI 0N02
Year 4
·   POLI 4P50, 4P52, 4P59, 4P90 and 4P54
·   two and one-half elective credits
Spring/Summer Sessions:
·   POLI 0N03
Year 5
Fall Term:
·   POLI 4P74
·   two elective credits

International Political Economy (Honours only)

Consult International Political Economy entry for a listing of program requirements.

Pass Program
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80 (see program note 2)
·   one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93
·   five POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above (see program note 1)
·   one Humanities Context credit
·   one Science Context credit
·   six elective credits

Combined Major Programs

Students are likely to find that both parts of their program benefit if they combine studies in Political Science with studies in another Social Science, such as Communication Studies, Popular Culture and Film, Economics, Geography or Sociology; or with studies in a related field in a different faculty, such as Business or History. Political Science also provides a sound disciplinary core when combined with a program of study in Canadian Studies, Environment, Labour Studies, Great Books/Liberal Studies or Women's Studies.

Honours
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80
·   POLI 3P91 or 3P92
·   one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93
·   one-half additional credit from the political theory list
·   one-half POLI credit
·   four POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above (see program notes 1, 2 and 4)
·   seven credits from Co-major discipline
·   one Humanities Context credit
·   one Science context credit
·   three and one-half elective credits
Pass
·   one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2P80
·   one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93
·   one POLI credit
·   two POLI credits numbered 2(alpha)90 or above (see program notes 2 and 4)
·   five credits from Co-major discipline
·   one Humanities Context credit
·   one Science context credit
·   three elective credits
Political Science and Business (Honours only)

Year 1
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   ECON 1P91 and 1P92
·   MGMT 1P93 and 1P96
·   one Humanities context credit (FREN 1F90 recommended)
·   one Science context credit
Year 2
·   POLI 2F12 and 2P80
·   ACTG 1P91, 2P12 and 2P40
·   MATH 1P98
·   OPER 2P91
·   one of POLI 2P91, 2P92, 2P93
·   one-half additional credit from political theory list
Year 3
·   POLI 2F98
·   FNCE 2P91
·   MKTG 2P91
·   OBHR 2P91
·   one and one-half credits from POLI 3P11, 3P15, 3P16, 3P18, 3P21, 3P26, 3P33, 3P52, 3P65, 3P66
·   one elective credit (ECON 3P14, 3P15 recommended)
Year 4
·   POLI 3P91 or 3P92
·   POLI 4P54
·   FNCE 3P93
·   MGMT 3P82
·   OBHR 3P42
·   one and one-half credits from POLI 4P01, 4P14, 4P15, 4P21, 4P50, 4P52, 4V10-4V19
·   one-half OBHR credit numbered 4(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   one-half elective credit
Political Science and Labour Studies

Consult the Labour Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

Political Science and Great Books/Liberal Studies (Honours only)

Consult the Great Books/Liberal Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

Certificate Programs

The Political Science Department offers programs leading to a Certificate in Public Administration and a Certificate in Public Law. These programs provide an overview for interested people who do not wish to proceed to a degree or those who have already obtained a degree with a major other than Political Science. Only under exceptional circumstances and with special permission from the department will applicants who already have a degree with a major (or combined major) in Political Science be admitted.

The Certificate in Public Administration is of interest to people already employed in the public sector environment and wanting to embark on a program of part-time studies.

The Certificate in Public Law is of interest to people already employed in the legal and justice fields who wish to embark on a program of part-time studies and to those with Community College qualifications in law and justice who would like to add university-level certification.

The requirements for admission to the certificate programs are the same as for admission to the degree program. For those without a degree, the equivalent of five approved credits selected from the lists below are required.

See "Certificate Requirements" under Academic Regulations.

Certificate in Public Administration

The Certificate in Public Administration is awarded upon completion of the following courses with a minimum overall average of 70 percent:
·   POLI 1P98
·   one-half additional POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2F12 and 4P52
·   POLI 2F98 or POLI 3P50 and 3P65
·   one of POLI 4P50, 4P54, 4P59
·   one elective credit approved by the Undergraduate Program Adviser
Under exceptional circumstances, the Department may require the substitution of other relevant courses for those usually required.

Certificate in Public Law

The Certificate in Public Law is awarded upon completion of the following courses with a minimum overall average of 70 percent:
·   One POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99
·   POLI 2F12, 3P18 and 3P26
·   one credit from POLI 3P11, 3P15, 3P66, 4P01, 4P14, 4P19, 4P34
·   one credit from POLI 3P04, 3P07, 3P11, 3P15, 3P50, 3P52, 3P66, 4P01, 4P14, 4P19, 4P34, 4P50

Concentration in Public Law

Public Law consists of those areas of the law that deal with the relationship between the individual and the state or relationships between jurisdictions. These include administrative, constitutional, criminal, international and municipal law.

Students may earn a Concentration in Public Law by successfully completing the following courses as part of the requirements for a BA (Honours) in Political Science:
·   POLI 2F12, 3P18, 3P26, 4P01 and 4P14
·   POLI 4P19 or 4P34
·   one credit from POLI 1P91, 2F98, 3P11, 3P15, 3P66
·   one and one-half credits from POLI 1P91, 2F98, 3P04, 3P07, 3P11, 3P15, 3P50, 3P52, 3P65, 3P66, 4P19, 4P20, 4P34, 4P50, 4P95
·   one credit from ACTG 2P40, ENVI 3P02, LABR 2F00, SOCI 2P61, 2P62, 3P33, 4P33 (see program note 3)
The words "Concentration in Public Law" will be added to a student's official transcript when the student graduates with a BA (Honours) in Political Science having completed the above listed requirements.

Master of Arts (MA) Program

The MA program allows for study and directed research with a concentration in several fields including Canadian politics, comparative politics, international relations, political theory and public administration. For details about graduate courses and programs, see the Graduate Calendar.

Course Descriptions

Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable term timetable for details.

# Indicates a cross listed course
* Indicates a primary offering of a cross listed course

Prerequisites and Restrictions

Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.

Political Science
POLI 1F90
Introduction to Political Science
Introduction to the ideas, institutions and processes that shape Canadian and world politics.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P50
Introduction to Dispute Resolution
Theoretical, practical and ethical issues relating to disputes and dispute resolution from the perspective of political science and other disciplines emphasizing alternative dispute resolution procedures.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P91
Courts and Politics: Great Cases in Constitutional Law
Constitutional cases - past and current, Canadian and non-Canadian - as an introduction to fundamental issues in the study of politics, and to the analysis of political and social phenomena.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P92
Freedom and Power in the New Millennium
Topics include the legacy of ideological and imperial divisions of the 20th-century; variations on notions of freedom and rights; considerations on obligations of citizenship in the age of technology.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P93
Canada and the Global Community
Impact of politics, economics, culture, society and globalization on Canada's role in the community of nations. Canadian political system in comparative perspective and trends in Canada's political development.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P94
Politics, Power and Persuasion
Greatest leaders and worst tyrants have been distinguished by their ability to shape public opinion. Exploration of the nature of politics through the examination of the use and abuse of words and speech to acquire political power and to create or resolve political crises.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P95
Statehood, Ethnicity and Nationalism
Evolution of the modern state, origin of modern ethnic identities and politics of multi-ethnic states which are the vast majority in the international community. Case examples explore accommodation and conflict in situations of competing ethnic identities and nationalisms, with outcomes ranging from stable rule to civil war.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 1P98
Politics, Policy and Public Service
Understanding politics and government through an examination of the political and managerial dimensions of public service. Topics include the public interest, business-government relations, public policy, law, ethics, the media and electronic government.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 2F12
The Government and Politics of Canada
Political institutions and processes of Canada including the constitution and federalism, regions and regionalism, the political attitudes and behaviour of Canadians, parties and elections, and the policy process.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 2F20
International Relations
Characteristics of the international system, the process of foreign policy formulation in individual states and the means of acting internationally.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 2F30
Dictatorship to Democracy: Politics in the Contemporary World
Politics in industrialized, capitalist, state socialist and developing countries. Compares types of institutions, parties and political cultures and recent developments in a variety of countries. Topics include the challenges of European integration, democratization and the relationship between capitalism and democracy.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 2F98
Public Administration
(also offered as COMM 2F98 and LABR 2F98)
Political, legal and managerial dimensions of public administration. Topics include the structure and management of public organizations; government reform; political-bureaucratic relations; pressure groups; human resources and budgetary processes; the policy process; ethics and accountability.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, COMM 1F90, LABR 1F90 (1P91 and 1P92) or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 3P50.

POLI 2P42
The Rise of China
China's emergence as an economic and political power: political, cultural and economic implications. Impact of China on Canada as a Pacific nation from government and business perspectives. Implications for Canadian identity of greater China as Canada's main source of immigrants.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Note: this multidisciplinary course is designed for all students interested in Canada's increasing integration into the Asia-Pacific region.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 3P42.

POLI 2P47
Rights Across Borders
Current issues in application, verification and enforcement of UN Covenants on Torture and Human Rights. New concept of "human security" as a means to revitalize international relations in the post-Cold War era.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 2P62
Government and Politics
An introduction to government and politics intended for students in the second year of the BAcc and SPMA programs.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to BAcc and SPMA majors with a minimum of 3.0 overall credits.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 1F90.

POLI 2P73
Politics in Film
Exploration of political themes and issues in selected films. Topics may include political aspects of justice and revenge; power and oppression; alienation and conformity; courage, loyalty and love.
Lectures, seminar, lab, 4 hours per week.

POLI 2P80
Political Analysis
Research methodologies and skills commonly used by political scientists. Topics include the evolution of political science, the ways in which empirical political research is carried out, advantages and limitations of the scientific approach in political analysis.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 2P91
Political Theory I
(also offered as GBLS 2P91)
Socratic origins of political philosophy as understood by Plato and Aristotle and their Christian, Jewish and Islamic successors. Machiavelli's critique.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, GBLS 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 2F90.

POLI 2P92
Political Theory II
Modern political philosophy in the writings of Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Tocqueville, Marx and Nietzsche.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 2F90.

POLI 2P93
Liberal Democracy
Classical and contemporary variants on liberty and democracy and critical alternatives to liberal democracy.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 3P01.

POLI 2P94
Russia, Ukraine and other Successor States of the USSR
Historical, geographical and demographic factors that have shaped post-Soviet- societies. Nationalism, ethnic tensions, economic debates, societal values and behaviour, leadership and forces affecting stability and division.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI 3P41.

POLI 2P97
The Government and Politics of the United States
American political system and the institutions of the federal government in the context of the constitutional separation of powers and the political party structure. Related topics include federalism, elections and voting behaviour, civil rights and selected public policy issues.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 2V40-2V49
Government and Politics of a Selected Nation State
Political processes and institutions of a nation state not included among regular departmental offerings.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 2V70-2V79
Politics and Culture
Relationship between politics and aspects of culture such as film, literature or music.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 3P02
Politics and Civic Education
Studies in citizenship and political rule, and the relation between private and public virtues as they have been examined by selected political philosophers in the Western tradition.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P04
Politics, Law and Justice
Contrasting accounts of the role of justice and other moral principles in political life and in the conduct of political leaders and states.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P05
Canadian Political Thought
Selected works of 20th-century Canadian thinkers such as Harold Innis, Marshall McLuhan, Northrop Frye, George Grant, Charles Taylor and John Ralston Saul. Topics include the relationships among art and technology, politics and myth, culture and identity.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P07
Democracy in the United States
Examines the attempt to devise, establish and preserve a new political order in the United States based on the principles of liberalism, through discussion of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Federalist Papers, and selected judicial decisions. Crisis for that order posed by the Civil War. Analysis of that order by Tocqueville, George Grant and others.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P11
Local Government
Local government and politics in Canada with particular reference to Ontario. Topics include municipal organization, metropolitan and regional government, provincial-municipal-relations, elections, councils and councillors, citizen participation, property taxation and municipal finance, selected policy areas and theories of local government.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, POLI 2P62 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P13
The Politics of Labour
(also offered as LABR 3P13)
Relations between the labour movement and the state, with particular reference to Canada, including tripartism, corporatism, incomes policy, organized labour and political parties, industrial democracy and worker participation.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P15
Politics in Ontario
Major aspects of political life in Ontario, including province-building, voting behaviour, party systems, policy making and administrative apparatus.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P16
Politics in Québec
(also offered as CANA 3P16)
QuÈbec's political, social and economic evolution since 1945. Topics include old and new varieties of nationalism, the Quiet Revolution, the changing roles of church and state, the decline of the Anglophone minority and Québec's impact on Canadian federalism.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, CANA 2P91, 2P92 (2F91) or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P17
Politics and the Mass Media in Canada
(also offered as COMM 3P17 and PCUL 3P17)
Canadian mass media and their relationship to the political process.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, COMM 2F50 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P18
Law and Politics
Canadian constitutional law emphasizing the protection of civil liberties both before and after the adoption of the Charter of Rights. Courts in both legal and political perspectives.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P21
Introduction to International Political Economy
Survey of theoretical perspectives and policy-related frameworks necessary to the study of the international political economy. Topics may include relations among production, finance and trade; role of transnational corporations and international economic institutions; politics of underdevelopment; emerging issues such as gender and work, the environment, new technologies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P26
International Law and International Organization
International law and organization in the changing context of international politics. Activities and mechanisms of the United Nations, the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Court. Tensions between law and power at the international level.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P28
Canadian Foreign Policy
Foreign policy formulation process in Canada; significant factors, both domestic and external, which contribute to the shaping of specific policy objectives.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P33
The State and Economic Life
(also offered as LABR 3P33)
Ideological perspectives on the state-economy relationship; policy instruments including taxation, regulation and public ownership; alternative models of economic policy including socialism, Keynesianism and neo-liberalism.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P43
Politics in the Developing World
Political institutions, processes and social movements in the developing world, including the role of international organizations and transnational corporations. Countries examined may be drawn from Africa, Asia and Latin America.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P44
Politics of the European Union
Political institutions, treaties and political processes of the European Union. Topics include accession of new members, democratic reform, public policy, member-state ­ EU relations, and the new constitution.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: POLI 2F30 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P45
Politics in Advanced Democratic Systems
Comparative study of political institutions and processes of advanced democratic systems in Europe and elsewhere.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P50
Canadian Public Administration
(also offered as LABR 3P50)
Role of the public sector in the marketplace and the internal operation of government organizations emphasizing the comparison of public and business administration and government-business relations.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one of one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, POLI 2P62, MGMT 1P93 and 1P96 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in POLI (COMM/ LABR) 2F98.

POLI 3P52
Ethics in Government
Issues of responsible and ethical behaviour by elected and appointed government officials emphasizing the behaviour of public servants. Topics include conflicts of interest, political rights of public servants, political neutrality, administrative responsibility, confidentiality/freedom of information, privacy, accountability and the public interest.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P65
Introduction to Public Policy
(also offered as LABR 3P65)
Major theories, approaches and concepts including the nature of public policy studies, contending theories of the state and public policy making, the growth of the state and the expansion of the scope of public policy activities, and alternative modes of state intervention.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to (alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P66
Environmental Policy, Law and Administration
(also offered as ENVI 3P66)
Development of the issue of pollution, including perceptions of the problem of different actors, public participation, governmental reactions and legislation, the implementation of potential solutions and international cooperation. Topics may include toxic wastes, acid rain, energy, the Great Lakes, risk assessment and ideologies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P67
Issues in Canadian Public Policy
(also offered as LABR 3P67)
Topics may include criminal, environmental and reproductive policy, gay rights, privacy rights, and such public health issues as water quality.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: POLI 3P65.

POLI 3P71
Gender and Politics
(also offered as WISE 3P71)
Theoretical and practical issues in the relationships among gender, sex and politics, such as sexual equality and its nature and implications for public and private life.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, WISE 1F90 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P72
Women in Politics
(also offered as WISE 3P72)
Women's participation and influence in the political institutions, processes and policies of modern states emphasizing contemporary Canada.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99, WISE 1F90 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 3P91
Quantitative Political Analysis
Statistical analysis of quantitative political data and the use of computers in political research. Topics include central tendency and dispersion, association and correlation, regression and analysis of variance, statistical significance and the SPSS computer analysis program.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: POLI 2P80.

POLI 3P92
Qualitative Political Analysis
Qualitative techniques in research design and political analysis: qualitative versus quantitative research, ethical problems, interviewing, participant and non-participant observation, content analysis, use of microcomputers in qualitative research.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: POLI 2P80.

POLI 3V00-3V09
Politics and Theory
Philosophic issues raised by various questions in contemporary moral and political life.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.

POLI 3V70-3V79
Special Topics in Political Science
Topics selected on the basis of instructional expertise and student interest.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: one POLI credit numbered 1(alpha)90 to 1(alpha)99 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 4F99
Honours Thesis
Individual study and research under faculty supervision.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: topics may come from any field in the discipline and may involve library research, field work and empirical analysis. Students must consult the Undergraduate Program Adviser about topics, regulations and a faculty adviser before registration.

POLI 4P01
The Philosophy of Law
(also offered as GBLS 4P01)
Traditional and contemporary accounts of law and their implications for issues of contemporary concern.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P02
Ancient Political Theory
(also offered as GBLS 4P02)
Premodern political philosophy examined in the works of Plato and Aristotle emphasizing those features distinguishing ancient political science and philosophy from that of modernity.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single and combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P03
Modern Political Theory
(also offered as GBLS 4P03)
Modern political theory examined in selected texts. Topics may include historicism, consent, progress, equality or a selected author such as Rousseau, Kant, Hegel.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P04
Politics and Tyranny
(also offered as GBLS 4P04)
Comparative accounts of ancient and modern tyranny examined in light of the question: has political domination varied significantly in the Western tradition?
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single and combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P05
Shakespeare's Politics
(also offered as GBLS 4P05)
Issues of justice; politics, law and morality; republican, monarchical and tyrannical government as explored in selected Shakespearean comedies, tragedies and histories.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single or combined) majors until date specified in the BIRT guide. After that date open to ECUL, ENGL (single or combined) and HIST (single or combined) majors. Students must have either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P06
Philosophy, Politics and the Family
(also offered as GBLS 4P06)
Family relations and their significance for the political community as both have been treated by ancient and modern political philosophers and by contemporary feminists and their critics.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisites: POLI 2P91; POLI 2P92 (2F90), 2P93 (2P01 and 3P01) or permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P07
Postmodern Political Theory
(also offered as GBLS 4P07)
Perspectives on the postmodern condition in the works of selected 20th-century thinkers. Topics may include notions on the self; aesthetics and politics; reason and power; the construction of meaning.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P08
Politics of Consent and Coercion
Exploration of important texts in the history of political thought that seeks to clarify the concepts of consent, obligation, coercion and their relationship to justice. Application of these concepts to contemporary debates about consent and the law, including sexual consent and medical ethics.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P14
Federalism in Canada
Canadian concepts of federalism, judicial interpretation of the constitutional distribution of powers, the social, economic and cultural factors that influence federal-provincial relations, issues in federal-provincial relations, the impact of federalism on public policy, and the politics of constitutional change.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and LABR majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P15
Canadian Political Economy
(also offered as LABR 4P15)
Political economy tradition in Canada, from the writings of Innis, Mackintosh and Creighton to contemporary neo-Marxist and dependency theorists. Topics may include foreign investment, regional development, the labour movement, resources and Canada's place in the new international economy.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined), INPE and LABR majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P19
The Canadian Judicial Process
Procedures and processes of courts in civil and criminal cases and the impact of these procedures and practices on the administration of justice.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P20
Globalization and Global Governance
Globalization of national politics and the reconstruction of politics at a global level. Topics may include policy problems linked to the effectiveness of international and national institutions; theoretical considerations on new concepts of politics and democracy in the globalized world.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P21
The Global Political Economy
Examination of international trade and monetary systems from the perspective of economic theory focussing on policy choices facing governments.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P22
Canada and the Developing World
Canada's role in addressing global inequality in a comparative context. Topics may include political economy of Canadian policies towards the developing world; international ethics; international cooperation on issues of vital interest to the developing world.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P26
International Politics and National Security
Conditions affecting the use of force in the post-Cold War international system. Basis of state security, the nature of threats and regional conflicts.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P27
Theories of International Relations
International relations theory emphasizing the nature of the international system and its relationship to the choices and actions of individual states.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P32
Comparative Mass Media
(also offered as COMM 4P32)
Selected problems concerning the mass media and the political process in Canada and other countries.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and COMM (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and either a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: POLI 3P17 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P34
Comparative Judicial Systems
Judicial power and legal processes throughout the world. Topics may include common law systems in such countries as Australia, England, India and Singapore; civil law systems in selected countries in Europe and Latin America; communist and post-Communist judicial systems in countries such as Cuba and Russia; evolution and change in legal systems.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P36
Revolution or Reform? Political Change in the Modern World
Comparative study of patterns of transformation and transition of totalitarian, authoritarian and paternalistic systems towards political pluralism and democracy. Democratization in selected regimes-Communist, nationalist and religious-in different parts of the world and the dynamics of political and social change.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P38
Nationalism and Ethnic Politics
Theory and case studies of the origins and resolution of national conflict, the mobilization of ethnic groups and the role of international forces in what have been viewed traditionally as domestic conflicts. Case studies situate Canada's ethnic tensions within a broader comparative perspective.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P39
Elites and Power
Bases of power and of the degree of power concentration in government, industry, bureaucracy and the media in Canada, the United States and other selected countries. Characteristics, lifestyles, interrelationships and actions of the individuals in senior positions of power.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: POLI 2F30 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P47
Arab Politics
Topics include religion, pan-Arab nationalism and political culture; problems of economic development; the Palestinian factor in Arab politics; the Gulf War and its aftermath; and a comparative analysis of ways in which political Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: POLI 2F30 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P50
Machinery of Government
Structures and processes of federal and provincial government in Canada. Emphasis on the operation of government departments, central agencies, regulatory agencies and crown corporations.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: POLI 2F98 or 3P50 or permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P52
Managing the New Public Organization
Political and managerial dimensions of new developments in government organizations. Topics include administrative reform, innovation, collective bargaining, human resource issues, budgeting and comparisons with business organizations.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: POLI 2F98 or 3P50 or permission of the instructor.
Note: open to non-POLS majors with relevant background in other disciplines and permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P54
Business-Government Relations
(also offered as LABR 4P54)
Politics and management of relations between business organizations and governments in Canada emphasizing current research and issues. Topics include theories of business-government relations, the legislative and regulatory environment of business, public enterprise and privatization, lobbying, and interaction among government, business, media and labour.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined), INPE and LABR majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: POLI 2F98, 3P50 or permission of the instructor.
Note: open to non-POLS majors with relevant background in other disciplines and permission of the instructor.

POLI 4P59
Electronic Government and Democracy
Politics and management of information and information technology. Prospects for electronic democracy in such areas as citizen participation, electronic voting, lobbying and political campaigns. Implications of electronic government in such areas as service delivery, government reorganization, privacy, security, equity and accountability.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and INPE majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4P70
Tutorial in Political Theory
Guided reading on an aspect of political theory not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P71
Tutorial in Canadian Politics
Guided reading on an aspect of Canadian politics not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P72
Tutorial in International Relations
Guided reading on an aspect of international relations not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P73
Tutorial in Comparative Politics
Guided reading on an aspect of comparative politics covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P74
Tutorial in Public Administration
Guided reading on an aspect of public administration not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P75
Tutorial in Public Policy
Guided reading on an aspect of public policy not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P76
Tutorial in Political Science
Guided reading on an aspect of political science not covered in the department's regular course offerings.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and permission of the Department.
Note: topics must be chosen in consultation with a faculty member willing to supervise the tutorial. Further information is available from the Undergraduate Program Adviser.

POLI 4P90
Honours Seminar
Analysis of selected contemporary issues in Canadian, comparative or international politics.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: this course is required for POLS (single) Honours.

POLI 4P95
Political Science Internship
Part-time internship in a government agency, political party, research institute, relevant non-governmental organization (NGO) or other approved placement.
Tutorial, 1 hour per week, plus internship placement time.
Restriction: open to POLS (single) and INPE majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits, a minimum 75 percent major average and permission of the Department.
Note: enrolment limited to number of placements available up to a maximum of 15 students. Students will be required to complete a major paper setting the internship experience within a theoretical context.

POLI 4V00-4V09
Selected Problems in Political Theory
(also offered as GBLS 4V00-4V09)
Particular writer, work or theoretical problem in political philosophy examined.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) and GBLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4V10-4V19
Issues in Canadian Politics
Selected aspect of Canadian government and politics or an issue of contemporary concern.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4V20-4V29
Selected Problems in International Relations
Selected problems and issues drawn from both the system and nation-state levels of international politics.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4V30-4V39
Selected Problems in Comparative Politics
Comparative study of selected political institutions, processes or policies in various states.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

POLI 4V50-4V59
Selected Topics in Public Administration
Selected problems and issues in public administration drawn from the federal, provincial and/or municipal levels.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).
Note: open to non-POLS majors with relevant background in other disciplines and permission of the instructor.

POLI 4V60-4V69
Selected Topics in Canadian Public Policy
Field or topic in Canadian public policy, including the analysis of policy making and policy outcomes.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and a minimum 70 percent major average or approval to year 4 (honours).


CO-OP COURSES
POLI 0N01
Work Placement I
First co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N02
Work Placement II
Second co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N03
Work Placement III
Third co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N04
Work Placement IV
Optional fourth co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N05
Work Placement V
Optional fourth co-op work placement (4 months) with an approved employer.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.

POLI 0N90
Co-op Training and Development
Framework for the development of learning objectives by students for individual work terms. Includes orientation to the Co-op experience, goal setting, rÈsume preparation, interview skills preparation.
Lectures, presentation, site visits, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to POLS Co-op students.