Last updated: August 17, 2004 @ 12:30PM

Shyamal K. Bose

John E. Black, Ramesh C. Shukla

Shyamal K. Bose, Douglas H. Bruce, Bozidar Mitrovic, Fereidoon S. Razavi, Stuart M. Rothstein

David A. Crandles, Maureen Reedyk, Kirill Samokhin, Edward Sternin, Art van der Est

Frank A. Benko

Fulvio Boseglav

Cindy Dunne

Fran Meffe

The department offers four-year programs of study leading to a BSc Honours in Physics, a BSc Honours Co-op option in Physics, a BSc with a Major in Physics and a three-year BSc Pass degree program. Students may take a single major in Physics or a combined major with Biological Sciences, Chemistry, Computer Science, Earth Sciences, Mathematics or Great Books/Liberal Studies.

The department also offers a Minor in Physics program. The goal of this program is to introduce students to the fundamental concepts of various branches of physics and their applications. The selection of courses is tailored to the needs and interests of individual students with diverse backgrounds (e.g, philosophy, classics, business and finance, mathematics and other science departments). Students should consult the Undergraduate Student Adviser of the Physics Department to plan the sequence of courses most suited to their background and needs.

The core of the program is designed to provide an understanding of the principles and fundamental interactions of classical and quantum physics as well as many applications of these principles in technology and everyday life. It is possible for non-Physics degree students to take advanced courses, provided they have the physics and mathematics required in the year 1 Physics program. An experimental physics path of PHYS 2P31 and 3P92 or a modern physics path of PHYS 2P50 and 3P91 are possible.

The Physics Co-op program combines academic and work terms over a four and one-half year period. Students spend two years in an academic setting, where they acquire the necessary background prior to taking the first work placement. In addition to the current fees for courses in academic study terms, Physics Co-op students are assessed an annual administrative fee (see the Schedule of Fees).

Students admitted to the Physics Co-op program must follow the Physics Co-op program schedule. Failure to adhere to the schedule may result in removal from the Physic Co-op program. Eligibility to continue is based on the student's major average and non-major average. A student with a minimum 70 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent non-major average will be permitted to continue. A student with a major average lower than 70 percent will not be permitted to continue in the Physics Co-op program, but may continue in the Physics stream.

The Physics Co-op program designation will be awarded to those students who have honours standing and who have successfully completed a minimum of twelve months of Co-op work experience.

- Students should consult a faculty adviser when planning years 3 and 4 of the BSc programs or year 3 of the BSc Pass program.
- In all 20 credit degree programs, at least 12 credits must be numbered 2
*(alpha)*00 or above, six of which must be numbered 2*(alpha)*90 or above and of these three must be numbered 3*(alpha)*90 or above. In all fifteen credit degree programs, at least seven credits must be numbered 2*(alpha)*00 or above, three of which must be numbered 2*(alpha)*90 or above.

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended) |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 |

· | CHEM 1F92 |

· | COSC 1P93 |

· | MATH 1P01, 1P02 and 1P12 |

· | one Humanities context credit or Social Science context credit |

· | PHYS 2P20, 2P31, 2P32, 2P50 and 2P51 |

· | MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08 |

· | the Humanities context credit or Social Science context credit not taken in year 1 |

· | one-half elective credit |

· | PHYS 3P35, 3P36, 3P41, 3P70 and 3P91 |

· | MATH 3P08 and 3P09 |

· | one and one-half elective credits |

· | PHYS 4P51, 4P52, 4F90, 4P30, 4P41 and 4P70 |

· | one of PHYS 3P20, 3P92, 3P93, 4P71 |

· | one elective credit |

Students admitted to the Co-op program must follow the program schedule as listed below. Failure to adhere to the schedule may result in removal from the Physics Co-op program.

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended) |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 |

· | CHEM 1F92 |

· | COSC 1P93 |

· | MATH 1P01, 1P02 and 1P12 |

· | one Humanities context credit or Social Science context credit |

· | PHYS 2P20, 2P31, 2P32, 2P50, and 2P51 |

· | MATH 1P98 |

· | MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08 |

· | SCIE 0N90 |

· | the Humanities context credit or Social |

Spring/Summer Sessions:

· | PHYS 0N01 |

Fall Term:

· | PHYS 3P35, 3P70 and 3P91 |

· | MATH 3P08 |

· | one-half elective credit |

· | PHYS 0N02 |

Fall Term:

· | PHYS 0N03 |

· | PHYS 3P36 and 3P41 |

· | MATH 3P09 |

· | one elective credit |

· | PHYS 4F90 and 4F91 |

· | one-half elective credit |

Fall Term:

· | PHYS 3P92 or one-half elective credit |

· | PHYS 4P51 and 4P70 |

· | PHYS 4P30 or 4P41 |

· | one half elective credit |

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended) |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 |

· | CHEM 1F92 |

· | COSC 1P93 |

· | MATH 1P01, 1P02 and 1P12 |

· | one Humanities context credit or Social Science context credit |

· | PHYS 2P20, 2P31, 2P50 and 2P51 |

· | MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08 |

· | the Humanities context credit or Social Science context credit not taken in year 1 |

· | one elective credit |

· | PHYS 3P35, 3P36, 3P41, 3P70 and 3P91 |

· | MATH 3P08 and 3P09 |

· | one and one-half elective credits |

· | PHYS 4P30, 4P41 and 4P70 |

· | two PHYS credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above |

· | one of PHYS 2P32, 3P20, 3P92, 3P93, 4P71 |

· | one elective credit |

Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.

The Department of Physics and the Faculty of Education co-operate in offering two Concurrent BSc (Honours)/BEd programs and a BSc Integrated (Pass)/BEd program. The Physics BSc (Honours)/BEd programs combines the BA Honours program or BA Integrated Studies Honours program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching at the Intermediate/Senior level (grades 7-12) and at the Junior/Intermediate level (grades 4-10). The BSc Integrated (Pass)/BEd combines the BSc Integrated Pass program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching at the Junior/Intermediate level (grades 4-10). Refer to the Education-Concurrent BSc (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), Education-Concurrent BSc Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate) or Education-Concurrent BSc Integrated Studies (Pass)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate) program listings for further information.

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended) |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92, 1P93 (recommended) |

· | BIOL 1F90 |

· | CHEM 1F92 |

· | MATH 1P01 and 1P02 |

· | one Humanities context credit or one Social Science context credit |

· | PHYS 2P20 and 2P50 |

· | BIOL 2F01 |

· | one credit from BIOL 2P05, 2P92, 2P93, 2P96, 2P98, 2Q04 |

· | MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08 |

· | the Humanities context credit or Social Science context credit not taken in year 1 |

· | PHYS 2P31 and 2P51 |

· | one of PHYS 3P20, 3P35, 3P70 |

· | one BIOL credit |

· | one BIOL credit numbered 2(alpha)00 to 3(alpha)99 or one PHYS credit numbered 2(alpha)90 to 3(alpha)99 |

· | one and one-half elective credits |

· | PHYS 4F90 and 4F91 or BIOL 4F90 and 4F91 or PHYS 4F90 and one elective credit or BIOL 4F92 and one elective credit |

· | one PHYS credit numbered 2(alpha)99 or above |

· | one BIOL credit numbered 2(alpha)99 or above |

· | one PHYS or BIOL credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above |

Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended) |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 |

· | COSC 1P02 and 1P03 |

· | MATH 1P01, 1P02, 1P66, and 1P67 |

· | one Social Science context credit |

· | PHYS 2P20, 2P31, 2P50 and 2P51 |

· | COSC 1P12 and 2P03 |

· | MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08 |

· | one Humanities context credit |

· | Two credits from MATH 3P08, 3P09, PHYS 3P20, 3P35, 3P36, 3P41, 3P70 |

· | COSC 2P13, 2P32, 2P50, 2P90 |

· | MATH 1P12 |

· | one-half elective credit |

· | Two credits from PHYS 4P51, 4P52, 4F90, 4P41, 4P70 |

· | COSC 3F00 |

· | two COSC credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above |

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended) |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 |

· | MATH 1P01, 1P02, 1P12 and 1P40 |

· | one Humanities context credit |

· | one Social Science context credit |

· | PHYS 2P20, 2P31, 2P50 and 2P51 |

· | MATH 2P12, 2P81 and 2P82 |

· | MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08 |

· | one-half elective credit |

· | Two credits from PHYS 3P20, 3P35, 3P36, 3P41, 3P70 |

· | MATH 2F40, 3P08 and 3P09 |

· | one elective credit |

· | PHYS 4P51 and 4P52 |

· | one credit from PHYS 4P30, 4P41, 4P70 |

· | PHYS 4F90 and 4F91 or MATH 3P04, 3P12 and one MATH credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above |

· | one elective credit |

Consult the Chemistry entry for a listing of program requirements.

Consult the Great Books/Liberal Studies entry for listing of program requirements.

Students in other disciplines can obtain a Minor in Physics within their degree programs by completing four full credits from the following courses with a minimum 60 percent average:

· | PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 |

· | one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92, 1P93 |

· | three PHYS credits numbered 2(alpha)00 or above |

The department offers an MSc program in condensed matter physics including experimental and/or theoretical research. Current research interests and activities involve experimental, theoretical and computational studies in materials science and condensed matter.

For details, see the Graduate Calendar or contact the Chair of the Department.

Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.

ASTR 1F00

Topics include a description of the appearance of the night sky, the properties of the sun and stars and a discussion of the planets of the solar system, galaxies, history of astronomy and the properties of some unusual astronomical objects such as pulsars and black holes.

PHYS 1P21

Kinematics, Newton's laws and their applications to equilibrium and dynamics with examples from biomechanics; waves and sound.

Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in PHYS 1F20, 1F25 and 1F90.

PHYS 1P22

Charges and fields, electric currents and circuits, optics and elements of modern physics.

Prerequisite: PHYS 1P21.

Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in PHYS 1F20, 1F25 and 1F90.

PHYS 1P23

Fluids in equilibrium, surface tension and capillary action; fluids in motion, viscosity and turbulent flow. Heat and temperature, elements of kinetic theory and the laws of thermodynamics. Electromagnetic waves and wave nature of light.

Prerequisite: PHYS 1P21.

Note: OEVI students may register without the prerequisite.

Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in PHYS 1P10.

PHYS 1P91

Combination of lectures and tutorials in PHYS 1P21 with a laboratory session.

Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in PHYS 1F20, 1F25 and 1F90.

PHYS 1P92

Combination of lectures and tutorials in PHYS 1P22 with a laboratory session.

Prerequisite: PHYS 1P91.

Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in PHYS 1F20, 1F25 and 1F90.

PHYS 1P93

Combination of lectures and tutorials in PHYS 1P23 with a laboratory session.

Prerequisite: PHYS 1P91 or permission of the instructor.

Note: OEVI students may register without the prerequisite.

Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grade in PHYS 1P10.

PHYS 2P20

Mechanics of particles and systems of particles by the Newtonian method; conservation of linear momentum, angular momentum and energy; elementary dynamics of rigid bodies; oscillators; motion under central forces; selected applications.

Prerequisites: PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended); one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 (one of PHYS 1F20, 1F25, 1F90); MATH 1P01 (1P93) and 1P02 (1P94).

PHYS 2P31

Conduction in metals and semi-conductors; circuit analysis; semi-conductor junction, diode and transistor; rectification, switching and amplification; operational amplifiers, active filters; laboratory instruments.

Prerequisites: PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended); one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 (one of PHYS 1F20, 1F25, 1F90); one MATH credit or permission of the instructor.

Note: no previous course in electricity/magnetism/electronics is required. Secondary school algebra and some basic calculus will be used in the quantitative sections.

PHYS 2P32

Principles of digital electronics; combinatorial logic and circuits; sequential circuits, counters; digital computing and control; analog-to-digital conversion; signal sampling; elements of computational science.

Prerequisites: PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended); one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93; one MATH credit or permission of the instructor.

Note: prior credit in PHYS 2P31 is recommended.

Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHYS 2P92.

PHYS 2P50

Special relativity, photons, the wave-particle aspects of electromagnetic radiation and matter; introduction to wave mechanics; the hydrogen atom and atomic line spectra; orbital and spin angular momenta; lasers.

Prerequisites: PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended); one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 (one of PHYS 1F20, 1F25, 1F90); MATH 1P01 (1P93) and 1P02 (1P94).

PHYS 2P51

Geometrical and wave optics, reflection, refraction, lenses, matrix methods, aberrations, gradient index phenomena including fibre optics, interference, coherence, holography, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, polarization.

Prerequisites: PHYS 1P21 or 1P91 (recommended); one of PHYS 1P22, 1P23, 1P92 (recommended), 1P93 (one of PHYS 1F20, 1F25, 1F90); MATH 1P01(1P93) and 1P02 (1P94).

PHYS 3P20

Advanced treatment of the mechanics of particles and of rigid bodies; Lagrangian and Hamiltonian methods; Poisson brackets, applications to the theory of small oscillators and central force motions, elements of chaotic motions.

Prerequisites: PHYS 2P20; MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08.

PHYS 3P35

Electric field, divergence and curl of electrostatic field; relation between electric work and energy; conductors; application of Laplace's and Poisson's equation in electrostatics; electrostatic field in matter; field in polarized object and linear dielectric.

Prerequisite: MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08.

Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHYS 2P30.

PHYS 3P36

Magnetostatics, divergence and curl of magnetic field; magnetic vector potential; magnetic field in matter; magnetization; field of magnetic object; magnetic field inside of linear and non-linear media; electrodynamics; Ohm's law; Faraday's law and Maxwell equations; energy and momentum in electrodynamics; electromagnetic waves.

Prerequisite: PHYS 3P35.

Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHYS 3P30.

PHYS 3P41

Introduction to probability distribution functions, accessible states, entropy, temperature, partition functions and relations to thermodynamic functions.

Prerequisite: PHYS 2P50.

PHYS 3P70

Wave particle dualism, Schrodinger equation, solution of simple one-dimensional barrier problems and the harmonic oscillator, hydrogen atom, angular momentum theory, introduction to perturbation theory and variational methods.

Prerequisites: PHYS 2P50; MATH 2F05, or MATH 2P03 and 2P08.

PHYS 3P91

Laboratory experiments to be selected from atomic physics, nuclear physics, solid state physics.

Prerequisites: PHYS 2P50 or permission of the instructor.

PHYS 3P92

Operational amplifiers, converters, switches, microcomputers and their application to physical measurements.

Prerequisite: PHYS 2P31 or permission of the instructor.

PHYS 3P93

Principles of operation of solid-state devices, from the point of view of the quantum theory; electronic bands and conduction in semiconductors; operation and manufacture of silicon and germanium diodes, junction and field effect transistors; thin-film deposition technology; special topics.

Prerequisite: PHYS 3P70.

PHYS 4F90

Small experimental, theoretical or applied physics research project to be carried out under the supervision of a member of the department.

Restriction: open to PHYS (single or combined) and CAST majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits, a minimum70 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent non-major average or approval to year 4 (honours).

Note: the project may, under special circumstances, be started in the summer months. Students must consult with the Department Chair regarding their proposed program during the first week of lectures.

PHYS 4F91

Small experimental, theoretical or applied physics research project to be carried out under the supervision of a member of the department.

Restriction: open to PHYS (single or combined) majors with either a minimum of 14.0 overall credits, a minimum 70 percent major average and a minimum 60 percent non-major average or approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the department.

Prerequisite: PHYS 4F90.

Note: the project may, under special circumstances, be started in the summer months. Students must consult with the Department Chair regarding their proposed program during the first week of lectures. PHYS 4F90 and 4F91 may be taken concurrently.

PHYS 4P30

Electromagnetic wave propagation in vacuum, dielectrics, conductors and ionized gases; reflection, refraction, polarization at the plane boundary between two media; wave guide and transmission line propagation; dipole and quadrupole radiation fields; antenna systems; electromagnetic radiation pressure; transformation of the electromagnetic fields.

Prerequisites: PHYS 3P35, 3P36, MATH 3P08 and 3P09 (3F94).

PHYS 4P41

Fundamental postulates, equilibrium statistical mechanics and its relation to thermodynamics. Maxwell-Boltzmann, Bose-Einstein and Fermi-Dirac statistics are derived and applied in appropriate physical situations of non-interacting and interacting particles; fluctuations; elementary treatment of transport theory.

Prerequisites: PHYS 3P41, 3P70, MATH 3P08 and 3P09 (3F94).

PHYS 4P51

Postulates about states, observables, probabilities, change of state in a measurement, and time evolution. Dirac's bra and ket notation; representation and transformation theory. Two-level systems. Complete set of commuting observables and classification of states. Symmetries and their usage in classification of states.

Prerequisites: PHYS 3P70, MATH 3P08 and 3P09.

Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHYS 4F50.

PHYS 4P52

Operator methods in quantum mechanics, charged particles in electromagnetic field, angular momentum, variational method, time-independent and time-dependent perturbation theories, theory of scattering.

Prerequisites: PHYS 3P70, MATH 3P08 and 3P09.

Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHYS 4F50.

PHYS 4P61

Intrinsic properties of nuclei, nuclear binding energy; qualitative treatment of shell model; alpha, beta and gamma radioactivities, nuclear fission, characteristics of nuclear reactions.

Prerequisites: PHYS 2P50 and 3P70.

PHYS 4P70

Crystal structures and crystal binding; the vibration of atoms in solids and the thermodynamics of solids; introduction to transport properties of solids.

Prerequisite: PHYS 3P70.

PHYS 4P71

Energy bands in metals and semiconductors, dynamics of electrons, Fermi surfaces and transport properties of solids, magnetism, screening in electron gas, optical properties.

Prerequisite: PHYS 4P70.

PHYS 4P92

Families of logic devices, selection and implementation techniques; synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuits; safety and physical constraints; programmable array logic designs; digital signal processing, optoelectronics; CAD; circuit layout.

Prerequisite: PHYS 3P92.

Note: completion of a project from design to a working device is required.

PHYS 4V80-4V89

Examples of topics are relativity and cosmology; surface physics and electronic states in ordered and disordered systems.

Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHYS 4P80.

PHYS 0N01

First co-op placement (4 months) with an approved employer.

Restriction: open to PHYS Co-op students.

PHYS 0N02

Second co-op placement (4 months) with an approved employer.

Restriction: open to PHYS Co-op students.

PHYS 0N03

Third co-op placement (4 months) with an approved employer.

Restriction: open to PHYS Co-op students.

PHYS 0N04

Co-op placement (4 months) with an approved employer.

Restriction: open to PHYS Co-op students.

PHYS 0N05

Co-op placement (4 months) with an approved employer.

Restriction: open to PHYS Co-op students.