Last updated: June 28, 2005 @ 02:33PM

Child and Youth Studies

Chair
Dorothy Griffiths

Professors
Mohammed Dore, Maurice Feldman, Dorothy Griffiths, Zopito Marini

Associate Professors
Frances Owen, Teena Willoughby

Assistant Professors
Voula Marinos, John McNamara, Thomas O'Neill, Rebecca Raby, Hans Skott-Myhre, Christine Tardif, Donato Tarulli

Lecturers
Heather Chalmers, Jan Frijters

Co-ordinator
Alison Lahn

General Information

Administrative Assistant
Carol Penner

905-688-5550, extension 3740
South Block 455
https://brocku.ca/childandyouthstudies/

The Department of Child and Youth Studies offers a four-year program leading to the BA Honours in Child and Youth Studies, a BA Pass degree and a concurrent BA (Pass) degree/BEd degree program in child and youth development theory and its application. Each program integrates psychological, sociological and educational perspectives (for further information see the Child and Youth Studies Student Handbook).

The BA in Child and Youth Studies is not equivalent to an Early Childhood Education diploma and does not directly lead to certification as a preschool teacher. Many colleges offer fast-track Early Childhood Education programs designed for University graduates. Alternately, the Association for Early Childhood Education (Ontario) may issue a letter of equivalency upon completion of additional qualifications. Normally, graduates must have successfully completed CHYS 3P50 and 3P52.

Applicants to the Child and Youth Studies program must have a minimum 75 percent overall average across six Grade 12 U courses or OACs; Grade 12 U or OAC English is required; one Grade 12 U or OAC mathematics is strongly recommen-ded(Mathematics of Data Management preferred.)

Students must apply to a common first year. Following successful completion of year 1, students may continue to one of two programs in Child and Youth Studies: the Honours or the Pass BA; or apply on a competitive basis to the concurrent Child and Youth Studies BA (Pass))/BEd program. These are limited enrolment programs and applicants must have the approval of the Chair of Child and Youth Studies. Admission is not guaranteed by attainment of the minimum requirements.

Brock students, both full-time and part-time, may apply to Child and Youth Studies. Entrance requires a minimum 65 percent in Child and Youth Studies required courses, if they are taken, and departmental approval. Students who have other credits may be evaluated on an individual basis. Application forms for the Child and Youth Studies, BA and BA(3 Year [Pass])/BEd programs are available in the Child and Youth Studies Office from April 1. The forms must be completed and returned to the office by June 1. New applications to the Child and Youth Studies Honours and Pass BA programs are accepted in years 2 and 3. Applicants for Honours Child and Youth Studies year 4 must submit a Child and Youth Studies departmental application form to the Child and Youth Studies office before May 1, in addition to the University honours application form. Students must apply to complete either a thesis, project or course work option for an Honours degree. Late applications will not be accepted.

Students who have completed an appropriate College of Applied Arts and Technology two or three-year diploma must have a minimum 85 percent cumulative average for consideration by Child and Youth Studies and may receive between three and five transfer credits if they are admitted to Brock. Child and Youth Studies evaluates the files of eligible students in consultation with the Registrar's Office after acceptance to Brock has been completed and transferable credits have been awarded. If Early Childhood Education graduates from Niagara, Lambton and Mohawk Colleges are subsequently admitted to the Child and Youth Studies BA(Pass)/BEd program in year 2, they may receive up to one and one-half additional transfer credits. All applicants must take CHYS 1F90. It is recommended that Child and Youth Studies majors seek academic advice from the Co-ordinator. See the Child and Youth Studies Student Handbook (https://brocku.ca/childandyouthstudies/handbook.pdf) for more information.

Teachable Subjects
Students wishing to apply to teacher education programs in provinces other than Ontario are advised to check the admission requirements in the pertinent faculties of education with regard to teachable subjects. Students wishing to apply to teacher education programs in Ontario who do not take a minimum of three elective credits in courses designated as teachable subjects in one area may be restricted to certification at the Primary/Junior level.

Concurrent CHYS BA(Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior)
The Department of Child and Youth Studies and the Faculty of Education co-operate in offering a Concurrent BA (Pass)/BEd program. The Child and Youth Studies BA (Pass)/BEd program combines the BA Pass program with the teacher education program for students interested in teaching Primary/Junior (grades K-6). Refer to the Education - Concurrent BA (Pass)/BEd Child and Youth Studies Program listing for additional information.

Program Notes
  1. Students wishing to proceed to years 2 and 3 of the BA program must have achieved a minimum of 65 percent in Child and Youth Studies required courses. All CHYS courses; PSYC 1F90 and SOCI 1F90; one of MATH 1F92, PSYC 2F23, SOCI 2P11, 2P13 (for combined CHYS/SOCI majors); will be used to calculate the CHYS average. Students failing to maintain the required average may request an opportunity to upgrade their marks and to be reinstated. A request to upgrade may be granted only once and for only one full academic year (Spring, Summer, Fall/Winter).
  2. All Child and Youth Studies majors are encouraged to choose electives from other departments to broaden their academic experience. If CHYS majors register in more than one-half credit from required CHYS courses as electives, they may be deregistered.
  3. Combined CHYS/SOCI majors who change to a single CHYS major will be required to take MATH 1F92 or PSYC 2F23.
  4. Admission to year 4 (Honours) is by application through the Department and requires a minimum 70 percent major average and a minimum 75 percent overall average in CHYS 3P10 and 3P15.
  5. Applicants to the individual thesis option are required to submit a detailed (one page minimum) letter of intent.
  6. SOCI 4F90 is restricted to students with a minimum major average of 80 percent.
  7. SOCI 4F91 is restricted to students with a minimum major average of 75 percent.
  8. CHYS and CHYS BA(Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) majors cannot take PSYC 2F12, 3P18 or 3P93 in fulfillment of their degree requirements.
  9. In all 20 credit degree programs, at least 12 credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above, six of which must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above and of these, three must be numbered 3(alpha)90 or above. In all 15 credit degree programs, at least seven credits must be numbered 2(alpha)00 or above, three of which must be numbered 2(alpha)90 or above.

Honours Program

Year 1
·   CHYS 1F90
·   PSYC 1F90
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit or Science context credit
·   one elective credit
Year 2
·   CHYS 2F10, 2P35 and 2P38
·   MATH 1F92 or PSYC 2F23
·   the Humanities context credit or Science context credit not taken in year 1
·   one elective credit
Year 3
·   CHYS 3P10 and 3P15
·   one of CHYS 3P09, 3P11, 3P12, 3P23, 3P24, 3P65, 3P74, 3Q33
·   one of CHYS 3P20, 3P21, 3P26, 3P35, 3P43, 3P47, 3P48, 3P60
·   one of CHYS 3P27, 3P28, 3P30, 3P31, 3P32, 3P38, 3P39, 3P44
·   two and one-half elective credits
Year 4
Depending upon the major average and other departmental requirements, students may select one of three options:

Individual Thesis option:
·   CHYS 4F99 and 4P98 (see program note 4)
·   one CHYS credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   one of CHYS 4P01, 4P16, 4P35, 4P38, 4P48, 4P65
·   two elective credits
Group Thesis option:
·   CHYS 4F97 and 4P98 (see program note 4)
·   one CHYS credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   one of CHYS 4P01, 4P16, 4P35, 4P38, 4P48, 4P65
·   two elective credits
Course Work option:
·   Three CHYS credits numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   two elective credits

Pass Program

Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the Honours program entitles a student to apply for a Pass degree.

Combined Major Programs

Students may take a combined degree in Child and Youth Studies and another discipline. For requirements in the co-major discipline the student should consult the relevant department. It should be noted that not all departments provide a combined major option.

Child and Youth Studies and Linguistics

Consult the Applied Language Studies entry for a listing of program requirements.

Child and Youth Studies and Psychology

Honours

Year 1
·   CHYS 1F90
·   PSYC 1F90
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit or Science context credit
·   one elective credit
Year 2
·   CHYS 2F10, 2P35 and 2P38
·   PSYC 2F23
·   one of PSYC 2F20, 2F25, 2F30, 2F36, 2F45, 2F50
·   the Humanities context credit or Science context credit not taken in year 1
Year 3
·   CHYS 3P10 and 3P15
·   one of CHYS 3P09, 3P11, 3P12, 3P23, 3P24, 3P65, 3P74, 3Q33
·   one of CHYS 3P20, 3P21, 3P26, 3P27, 3P28, 3P30, 3P31, 3P32, 3P35, 3P38, 3P39, 3P43, 3P44, 3P47, 3P48, 3P60
·   PSYC 3P30 and 3P39
·   one PSYC credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one elective credit
Year 4
·   CHYS 4F97 or 4F99 (see program note 4)
·   CHYS 4P98
·   one-half CHYS credit numbered 3(alpha) 90 to 4(alpha)99
·   one of CHYS 4P01, 4P16, 4P35, 4P38, 4P48, 4P65
·   PSYC 4P92
·   one and one-half PSYC credits numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   one-half elective credit

Pass Program

Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the combined Honours program entitles a student to apply for a combined Pass degree (students may substitute one PSYC credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above for PSYC 3P30 and 3P39).

Child and Youth Studies and Sociology

Honours

Year 1
·   CHYS 1F90
·   PSYC 1F90
·   SOCI 1F90
·   one Humanities context credit or one Science context credit
·   one elective credit
Year 2
·   CHYS 2F10, 2P35 and 2P38
·   SOCI 2P11 and 2P13 (see program note 3)
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)00 or above
·   the Humanities context credit or Science context credit not taken in year 1
Year 3
·   CHYS 3P10 and 3P15
·   SOCI 3P00 and 3P01
·   one of CHYS 3P09, 3P11, 3P12, 3P23, 3P24, 3P65, 3P74, 3Q33
·   one of CHYS 3P20, 3P21, 3P23, 3P26, 3P27, 3P28, 3P30, 3P31, 3P32, 3P35, 3P38, 3P39, 3P43, 3P44, 3P47, 3P48, 3P60
·   one SOCI credit numbered 2(alpha)90 or above
·   one elective credit
Year 4
Students may select one of three options:

CHYS Project option:
·   CHYS 4F97, 4P38 and 4P98 (see program note 4)
·   one-half CHYS credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   SOCI 4F91 or one of SOCI 3P99, 4P10, 4P11, 4P15, 4P16, 4P70 and one-half SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above (see program note 7)
·   one SOCI credit numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one-half elective credit
CHYS Thesis option:
·   CHYS 4F99 and 4P98 (see program note 4)
·   SOCI 4P38
·   one-half CHYS credit numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   one and one-half SOCI credits numbered 3(alpha)90 or above
·   one elective credit
SOCI Thesis option:
·   CHYS 4P38
·   one and one-half CHYS credits numbered 3(alpha)90 to 4(alpha)99
·   SOCI 4F90 and 4F01
·   one elective credit

Pass Program

Satisfactory completion of the first three years of the combined Honours program entitles a student to apply for a combined Pass degree.

Course Descriptions

Note that not all courses are offered in every session. Refer to the applicable term timetable for details.

# Indicates a cross listed course
# Indicates a primary offering of a cross listed course

Prerequisites and Restrictions

Students must check to ensure that prerequisites are met. Students may be deregistered, at the request of the instructor, from any course for which prerequisites and/or restrictions have not been met.
CHYS 1F90
Introduction to Child and Youth Studies
Theories, methods and issues involved in studying children and youth from a multidisciplinary perspective. Topics may include the history of childhood, family life, peer relations and children and youth with special needs.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to students admitted to CHYS BA(Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS, CHLH, BA(Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BA Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate), BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BSc (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) and BSc Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior) until date specified in BIRT guide.

CHYS 2F01
School Learning
(also offered as EDUC 2F01)
Psychological processes involved in learning in a school setting. Cognitive theories of learning applied to examples in each of the major school subject areas with emphasis on the specific nature of the learning associated with each subject. Topics may include individual differences and problems in evaluating school learning.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: CHYS 1F90 or PSYC 1F90.
Note: CHYS BA(Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and BSc Integrated Studies (Pass/BEd (Junior/Intermediate) students must have a minimum of 10.0 overall credits.

CHYS 2F10
Child and Youth Development
Basic concepts and contemporary issues in the development of the child and youth, including processes in cognitive and social-emotional patterns of change. Developmental theory and research provides the conceptual framework.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), BA(Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BA Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate), BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BSc (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BSc/BEd Integrated Studies (Honours)/BEd (Junior/Intermediate), BSc/BEd Integrated Studies( Pass))/BEd (Junior/Intermediate), CHLH, LING (single or combined), CHSC, HLSC majors with a minimum of 5.0 overall credits and BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Primary/Junior) majors with a minimum of 10.0 overall credits until date specified in BIRT guide.
Prerequisites: CHYS 1F90 and PSYC 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Note: students may not concurrently register in PSYC 2F12. A half-day placement per week is required for all students. School placements are arranged by the Director, Concurrent Education Programs. Transportation to placement is a student responsibility. Students having school placements require Identification Cards issued by Ontario Education Services Corporation (OESC) based on a satisfactory police record check. Application packages for OESC are available from the Concurrent Education Office. Proof of freedom from active tuberculosis is required. This course is designed to promote the bridging of disciplines.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PSYC 2F12.

CHYS 2F90
Young Offenders
Scope, nature and outcomes of youthful offending from a multidisciplinary perspective.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide.
Prerequisite: CHYS 1F90, PSYC 1F90 or SOCI 1F90.

CHYS 2P35
Diversity and Development
Theoretical aspects of development of children and youth with exceptional needs. Topics may include cognitive, physical and psychological/emotional differences.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide.
Prerequisites: CHYS 1F90; CHSC 1F90 or PSYC 1F90.
Co-requisite: CHYS 2F10 or PSYC 2F12.

CHYS 2P38
Childhood, Youth and Society
(also offered as SOCI 2P38)
Historical, cross-cultural and sociological perspectives on the relationship between childhood, youth and society. Topics include children and youth in schools, communities, popular culture and state policy.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide.
Prerequisites: CHYS 1F90; CHSC 1F90 or SOCI 1F90.

CHYS 2P93
Rhythmic Activities for Children
(also offered as PEKN 2P93)
Elements of rhythm development of rhythmic abilities; role of rhythm in motor skill acquisition performance; practical experiences with small apparatus; methods of music education and curriculum planning.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Primary/Junior), BPhEd, BKin and BSc(Kin) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: one of PEKN (PHED) 1P90, CHYS 1F90, PSYC 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHED 2P93.

CHYS 2P94
Physical Activity for Preschoolers
(also offered as PEKN 2P94)
Movement experiences for pre-schoolers in dance, games and gymnastics. Topics include the impact of physical activity on the developing child, pre-schooler's characteristics and needs, motor development principles and planning age-appropriate movement activities.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Intermediate/Senior), BPhEd (Honours)/BEd (Primary/Junior), BPhEd, BKin and BSc(Kin) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 4.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 1F90, PSYC 1F90, PEKN (PHED) 1P93.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PHED 2P94.

CHYS 2P99
Literacy in Childhood and Youth
(also offered as LING 2P99)
Exploration of selected issues in literacy development. Topics may include reading, writing, the impact of information technology on literacy development in the Canadian or global context.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: LING 1F94 or PSYC 1F90.

CHYS 3F94
Children and Youth with Special Needs
Theoretical and applied issues in assessment and intervention; topics may include field work relationships, ethical issues, participant observation, and issues in program development, application and evaluation. Extended community placement.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 14.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P20, 3P26, 3P35, 3P43, 3P48.
Note: enrolment will be limited to the availability of an appropriate match between a student and a child/youth. Transportation to placement is a student responsibility. Screening such as police checks for criminal activity may be required. Cost associated are borne by the student.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P96.

CHYS 3P09
Developmental Psychopathology and Culture
Environmental risk factors on the etiology and trajectories of childhood and youth behavioural/emotional disorders. Emphasis on the influence of culture, gender, and race/ethnicity.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10.

CHYS 3P10
Qualitative Research Methods in Child and Youth Studies
Qualitative research design and analysis. Topics include participant observation, interviewing, archival research, discourse analysis, ethics.
Lectures, tutorial, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors.
Prerequisite: one of MATH 1F92, PSYC 2F23, SOCI 2P11 and 2P13 (2F10) (for CHYS/SOCI combined majors).

CHYS 3P11
Theories of Development and Socialization
(also offered as PSYC 3P11)
Interdisciplinary exploration of child and youth development and socialization, including the foundational literature in psychology, sociology and anthropology, as well as contemporary and critical interpretive theories of childhood and youth.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits or 3.0 PSYC credits above PSYC 1F90.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10 or PSYC 2F12.

CHYS 3P12
Emotions in Children and Youth
Multidisciplinary consideration of theoretical and applied issues in the development of emotion, including interaction between cognition and emotion, and the role of motivation. Topics may include emotion theories, theory of mind, empathy, motivation, disorders, and cross-cultural perspectives.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10.

CHYS 3P15
Quantitative Research Methods in Child and Youth Studies
Practical, theoretical and ethical issues in quantitative research design including computer applications and analyses.
Lectures, tutorial, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors.
Prerequisite: one of MATH 1F92, PSYC 2F23, SOCI 2P11 and 2P13(for combined CHYS/SOCI majors).

CHYS 3P20
Learning Disabilities
Current theoretical, methodological and remedial approaches to learning disabilities in children and youth. Cognitive and social aspects of learning disabilities.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: Open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P35.

CHYS 3P21
Learning Disabilities: Laboratory
Supervised experience in analysis and evaluation of informal assessment and treatment strategies to be used with children at-risk for learning disabilities.
Lectures, lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 3P20.

CHYS 3P23
Psychology of Parenting
(also offered as PSYC 3P23)
Determinants, varieties and consequences of parenting focusing on psychological research findings in contemporary parenting/parenthood issues. Topics include different styles of parenting, parent-child relationships, child maltreatment, partenting children with different temperments and parenting in ecological contexts.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), CHLH and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits or 3.0 PSYC credits above PSYC 1F90.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10 or PSYC 2F12.
Note: students minoring in Psychology may register prior to date specified in BIRT guide. Contact the Department.

CHYS 3P24
Development of Peer Relationships
Influences of peer relationships on cognitive, social and emotional development. Topics may include social competence, social influence, aggression and bullying.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10.
Note: students may not concurrently register in CHYS(PSYC) 3Q94.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS (PSYC) 3Q94.

CHYS 3P26
Introduction to Infants and Preschoolers with Special Needs
Issues in the assessment of children, as well as preventative and early intervention strategies. Variety of assessment techniques including testing, observation and rating scales.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), CHLH and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10 or PSYC 2F12.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P90.

CHYS 3P27
Policies of Childhood and Youth: Canadian Perspectives
Canadian initiatives in child welfare, education, health and children's rights within a broader global context. Roles of national and local governments, non-governmental organizations, professionals, adults and children.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P97.

CHYS 3P28
Policies of Childhood and Youth: The Rights of the Child
Canadian and global initiatives in child provision, child protection and child participation before and after the 1989 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P98.

CHYS 3P30
Embodiment of Children and Youth
How the physical body is experienced and performed in the lives of children and youth.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), CHSC and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.

CHYS 3P31
Practical and Theoretical Issues in Child and Youth Work
Introduction to key issues in policy and programmatic responses, philosophy, values, roles, ethics and tasks.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 1F90.

CHYS 3P32
Children, Youth and Popular Culture
Influences of popular culture, including film, television, music, performing arts, video games and literature.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.

CHYS 3P35
Developmental Disabilities: Issues of Inclusion
Philosophical and practical issues of inclusion of the child and youth with disabilities in the family, schools and the community.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P35.

CHYS 3P38
Children, Youth and Families
Research on children and youth in families from historical, comparative and contemporary perspectives. Topics may include theories of the family, comparative family relations, issues of social change and policy and their impact on children and youth in the context of family life.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in SOCI (WISE) 2F21 and 2P21.

CHYS 3P39
Children, Youth and the Law
Introduction to the ways in which children and youth are regulated through the law in Canada. Exploration of various statutes and provisions relating to education, sexuality, family violence, mental health, and the youth justice system.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.

CHYS 3P43
Behavioural Challenges of Children and Youth
Factors influencing behavioural challenges presented by children and youth, within a multi-modal paradigm. Use of case examples to illustrate the model from the perspective of assessment and intervention.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in the BIRT guide.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P35.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P93.

CHYS 3P44
Gender and Sexuality in Childhood and Youth
(also offered as SOCI 3P44 and WISE 3P44)
Historical, cross-cultural and sociological approaches to the development of gender identities and sexuality amongst children and youth. Topics include the role of families, schools, peers and state policies.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors, SOCI and WISE (single or combined) majors or minors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 2P38, SOCI 2P11 and 2P13, WISE 2P90, 2P91.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P92.

CHYS 3P47
Foundations of Behaviour Analysis and Therapy
Basic learning principles and concepts focussing on research, education, clinical practice and everyday life.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P35.
Note: not open to students who have completed PSYC 2F45.

CHYS 3P48
Applications of Behaviour Analysis and Therapy
Diverse habilitative and rehabilitative work with children, youth and families focussing on research, education, clinical practice and everyday life.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 3P47.

CHYS 3P50
Focus on Early Childhood Education I
(also offered as EDUC 3P50)
Early childhood education programs for children from birth to age eight. Topics include the historical and societal influences on early childhood education, program models derived from theories of learning and child development and research on the effectiveness of these programs.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10.
Note: CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) students must have a minimum of 10.0 overall credits.

CHYS 3P52
Focus on Early Childhood Education II
(also offered as EDUC 3P52)
Methods in early childhood education programs for children from birth to age eight. Topics include curricula, instructional strategies and evaluative techniques.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 4 hours per week.
Prerequisite: CHYS 3P50.
Note: enrolment limited to 25 students to be determined by academic standing. Students will be involved in a field placement working with young children in a community setting.

CHYS 3P60
Autism
Nature, epidemiology, assessment, treatment and research of Autism and the other Autistic Spectrum Disorders focussing on research, educational and clinical practice.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P35.

CHYS 3P61
Child Language Acquisition: Early Stages
(also offered as LING 3P61 and PSYC 3P61)
Theories, research and methods in early language development. Linguistic stages in the development of child language at the level of grammar and meaning (phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics). Discourse as an indicator of the socialization process. Effect of interaction with care givers. Early bilingualism.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Prerequisite: LING 1F91, PSYC 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS (LING/PSYC) 2P98.

CHYS 3P65
Thinking and Development
Theoretical and applied issues in the development of thinking abilities including how this is expressed in the development of motor control.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10.

CHYS 3P74
Psychology of Computers in Education
(also offered as PSYC 3P74)
Uses of computers in education in light of current theories of child and youth development.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits or 3.0 PSYC credits above PSYC 1F90.
Prerequisite: one of MATH 1F92, PSYC 2F23, SOCI 2P11 and 2P13 (for CHYS/SOCI combined majors). May be taken concurrently.
Note: this is not a computer programming course.

CHYS 3P80
The Health of Children
(also offered as CHSC 3P80)
Biological, psychological and sociological determinants of health during childhood. A wellness perspective will be emphasized.
Lectures, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), CHLH, CHSC and HLSC majors, until date specified in BIRT guide.
Prerequisite: CHSC 1F90 or CHYS 2F10.

CHYS 3P83
Family Conflict and Violence
(also offered as SOCI 3P83)
Conflict within modern family relationships. Contemporary research on spousal violence, power and decision-making, sexual abuse and child abuse. Socio-historical factors contributing to increased family stress. Institutional and interpersonal strategies for reducing family conflict.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) and SOCI (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHSC 1F90, SOCI 1F90 or permission of the instructor.
Note: students minoring in Sociology may register prior to date specified in BIRT guide. Contact the Sociology Department.

CHYS 3P91
Approaches to Family Assessment and Intervention
Theoretical, research and clinical issues pertaining to assessment and intervention with families. Interventions include parent training, self-help groups and family counselling. Focus on early identification and intervention.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 14.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10 or PSYC 2F12.

CHYS 3P94
Childhood, Youth and Equity Issues
Research on contemporary children and youth focussing on how age and generation intersect with social class, race and gender. Topics include children's rights, child poverty and equity strategies.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and CHLH majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.

CHYS 3P99
Contemporary Issues in Childhood and Youth Studies
Current research in the area of child and youth cultures. Topics may include the ethnography of childhood, youth and popular culture.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2P38.

CHYS 3Q33
Conflict, Contradictions and Development
(also offered as PSYC 3Q33)
Conflict in early human development including the understanding of the causes, management and outcomes of conflicts. Cognitive and social strategies used to resolve conflicts.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10, PSYC 2F12 or permission of the instructor.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3Q93.

CHYS 3Q90
Directed Readings I
Program of study not available among the regular course offerings, designed in consultation with the faculty member directing the course.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits and approval of the co-ordinator.
Note: arrangements must be agreed upon with the co-ordinator prior to registration. Normally taken in conjunction with an honours thesis.

CHYS 3Q91
Directed Readings II
Program of study not available among the regular course offerings, designed in consultation with the faculty member directing the course.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA(Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior) and CHYS (single or combined) majors. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits and approval of the co-ordinator.
Note: arrangements must be agreed upon with the co-ordinator prior to registration. Normally taken in conjunction with an honours thesis.

CHYS 3Q94
Advanced Topics in Social Development
(also offered as PSYC 3Q94)
Social competence, aggression, friendship and other topics in social development from a variety of developmental perspectives. Methodological and intervention issues relevant to the study of social development.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA (Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined) and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits or 3.0 PSYC credits above PSYC 1F90.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10, PSYC 2F12 or permission of the instructor.
Note: students may not concurrently register in CHYS 3P24.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 3P24.

CHYS 3V92-3V93
Special Topics Seminar
The topic will vary depending on the needs of the program and availability of a faculty instructor.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.

CHYS 4F31
Treatment Approaches for Children and Adolescents
(also offered as PSYC 4F31)
Theoretical background, research and evaluation of current therapeutic approaches. Disorders including conduct discords, emotional distress, anxiety states, autism, family dysfunction; dynamic therapies therapeutic play, Gestalt approaches, counseling techniques and expressive work; behavioural theory and techniques, including social skills training, cognitive work and relaxation.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) and PSYC (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 13.5 overall credits.
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10 or PSYC 2F12.
Note: students will participate in a weekly practicum placement.
Completion of this course will replace previously assigned grades in CHYS (PSYC) 4P31 and 4P32.

CHYS 4F97
Honours Group Thesis
Group research projects providing experience with different methods of data collection and analysis.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the Department.
Prerequisites: CHYS 3P10 and 3P15.
Co-requisite: CHYS 4P98.
Note: students must hold a minimum 75 percent overall average in CHYS 3P10 and 3P15.

CHYS 4F99
Honours Individual Thesis
Research project carried out under the supervision of a faculty adviser.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours) and permission of the Chair.
Prerequisites: CHYS 3P10 and 3P15.
Co-requisite: CHYS 4P98.
Note: students must hold a minimum 75 percent overall average in CHYS 3P10 and 3P15, and submit a detailed (one page minimum) letter of intent.

CHYS 4P01
Development of Self and Identity
Multidisciplinary exploration of the development of self and identity in childhood and adolescence, focussing on classic and contemporary theoretical frameworks. Topics include distinction between self-as-subject and self-as-object, unity versus multiplicity in the self, and social construction of selfhood.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).

CHYS 4P02
Peer Cultures
Survey of peer cultures emphasizing social structural and interpretive understandings of peer group formation and their impact on child and youth identity.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P27, 3P28, 3P38, 3P39, 3P44.

CHYS 4P04
Early Intervention and Prevention Systems
Examination of community and organiza-tional systemic factors contributing to the prevention of problems, and aiding in early intervention in the lives of children and youth with special needs. Topics include examination of the nature of prevention, and the development and maintenance of co-ordinated service delivery systems.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: CHYS 2F10.

CHYS 4P05
Multiculturalism, Race, and Racism
Historical and current construction and effects of race and ethnicity in the lives of children and youth in Canada and globally.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year four (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P27, 3P28, 3P30, 3P31, 3P32, 3P38, 3P39, 3P44.

CHYS 4P16
Children, Youth and Globalization
Political-economic and postmodern perspectives on globalization and its effect on children and youth.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P27, 3P28, 3P30, 3P31, 3P32, 3P38, 3P39, 3P44.

CHYS 4P35
Issues in Diversity and Development
Contemporary issues of social policy and practice affecting the diversity and development of children and youth.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P20, 3P26 (3P90), 3P35, 3P94 (3P96).

CHYS 4P38
Issues in Childhood, Youth and Society
(also offered as SOCI 4P38)
Canadian and international research on childhood and youth in changing societies. Topics include globalization of childhood and youth, child labour, child welfare and Canadian policy.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) and SOCI (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P23, 3P38 (2P91), 3P44 (3P92), 3P91, 3Q33 (3Q93), 3Q94.

CHYS 4P41
Risk-Taking in Youth
Topics may include youth lifestyle choices, problem behaviour theory, risk and protective factors, competence, and developmental pathways in the context of community, family, peer, and intrapersonal factors.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P09, 3P11, 3P12, 3P23, 3P24, 3P65, 3P74, 3Q33.

CHYS 4P48
Advanced Topics in Applied Behaviour Analysis
Current research applications focussing on research, educational and clinical practice.
Seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: CHYS 3P48.

CHYS 4P56
Maturation and Development
(also offered as PSYC 4P56)
Influences of brain physiology and maturation on psychological development and vice versa; the role of heredity in understanding human development.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS BA(Pass)/BEd (Primary/Junior), CHYS (single or combined), NEUR and PSYC (single or combined) majors until date specified in BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 13.0 overall credits or 5.0 PSYC credits above PSYC 1F90.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in PSYC 3P56.

CHYS 4P65
Issues in Thinking and Development
Contemporary issues in learning and development. Topics may include memory, cognitive approach to motor development and social cognition.
Lectures, seminar/lab, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisite: one of CHYS 3P11, 3P25, 3P65.

CHYS 4P98
Thesis Seminar
Applications of principles of research design and data analysis.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) majors with a minimum of 14.0 overall credits and approval to year 4 (honours).
Prerequisites: CHYS 3P10 and 3P15.
Co-requisite: CHYS 4F97 or 4F99.
Note: students must hold a minimum 75 percent overall average in CHYS 3P10 and 3P15.
Completion of this course will replace previous assigned grade in CHYS 4P99.

CHYS 4V00-4V10
Advanced Special Topics

CHYS 4V01
2004-2005: Contemporary Political Theory
Current theories of society and political philosophies. Authors include Niklas Luhman, Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri.
Lectures, seminar, 3 hours per week.
Restriction: open to CHYS (single or combined) and PHIL (single or combined) majors until date specified in the BIRT guide. Students must have a minimum of 8.0 overall credits.