Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

Department of Geography and Tourism Studies

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh

Associate Professor
Department of Geography
Brock University
Office: MC-C319
Phone: 905.688.5550 ext. 5221
E-mail: pmackintosh at



I’ve spent most of my career researching the influence of bourgeois culture on Victorian, Edwardian, and interwar Toronto, and its production and maintenance of public spaces. This has ranged from city beautiful and park planning, and from evangelical Protestantism, fraternalism, and bourgeois domesticity, to bicycling and automobilism, and to surface infrastructure and liberal newspapers.


Ph.D, Urban Historical Geography (Queen's)
M.Pl., Urban and Regional Planning (Queen's)

I supervise MA student research, especially in the following fields:

the urban historical geography of the modern city, including:

  • public space and bourgeois culture
  • historical newspapers and liberalism
  • urban reform and city planning
  • historical bicycling
  • Victorian gender relations and fraternalism


  • GEOG 2P03 Cities in a Globalizing World 
  • GEOG 2P50 Geography of Canada
  • GEOG 3P45 Urban Dystopias
  • GEOG 5P50 Critical Geographies of the City


Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (in press) Freemasonry's Sacred Space in America. Oxford Research Encyclopedia: Religion in America. John Corrigan, ed. 

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (2017) Newspaper City: Toronto's Street Surfaces and the Liberal Press, 1860-1935. Toronto, Buffalo, and London: University of Toronto Press. Link to Amazon , Link to Literary Review of Canada

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (2016) Contradictory Mobility: Child Welfare and Automobiles in Interwar Toronto. Special Issue, Canadian Cities: Past into Present. British Journal of Canadian Studies 29 (2): 199-224.

Michael Ripmeester, Phillip Gordon Mackintosh, and Christopher Fullerton, eds. (2013) The World of Niagara Wine, Waterloo, Wilfrid Laurier University Press.

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh and Clyde R. Forsberg, Jr. (2013)  ‘Co-agent of the millennium’: City planning and Christian eschatology in North American City, 1890-1920, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 103, 3, pp. 727-747.

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (2011) The “occult relation between man and the vegetable”: Transcendentalism, immigrants, and park planning in Toronto, circa 1900, in Andrew Baldwin, Laura Cameron, and Audrey Kobayashi, (Eds.), Rethinking the Great White North: Race, Nature and the Historical Geographies of Whiteness in Canada, Vancouver, UBC Press, pp. 85-106.

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh and Richard Anderson (2009) The Toronto Star Fresh Air Fund: Transcendental Rescue in a Modern City, 1900-1915, The Geographical Review, 99, 4, pp. 539-562.

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (2007) A Bourgeois Geography of Domestic Cycling: The Responsible Use of Public Space in Toronto and Niagara-on-the-Lake, 1890-1900, Journal of Historical Sociology, 20, 1/2, pp. 128-157.

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (2005) ’The Development of Higher Urban Life’ and the Geographic Imagination: Beauty, Art, and Moral Environmentalism in Toronto, 1900-1920, Journal of Historical Geography, 31, 4, pp. 688-722.

Phillip Gordon Mackintosh (2005) Scrutiny in the Modern City: The Domestic Public and the Toronto Local Council of Women at the Turn of the Twentieth-Century, Gender, Place, and Culture, 12, 1, pp. 29-48. 


The Gourmet Club (2004), Directed by Juha Wuolijoki, screenplay by Raymond Mackintosh and Phillip Mackintosh, Finnish adaptation by Juha Wuolijoki and Pekko Pesonen.