Office of the Vice-President, Research

Important notice from the Vice President, Research concerning the COVID-19 coronavirus

Brock University has enacted a number of measures in response to the public health situation created by the COVID-19 novel coronavirus, declared a pandemic by the World Health Organization on March 11. The various offices comprising Brock’s Research Enterprise have put in place strategies to continue supporting the work of researchers. Details of specific research measures, and the Brock response in general, can be found on the University’s coronavirus information website. Please keep checking the Research section on the Frequently Asked Questions page for the latest research-related updates.

All members of the Brock University community are encouraged to follow best practices to reduce risk of transmission. The importance of basic protective measures including handwashing, cleaning and disinfecting surfaces, respiratory hygiene, practicing social distancing, and staying home when unwell cannot be overstated.

Brock University is committed to building a strong, sustained culture of research leadership based on the foundational pillars of creativity, collegiality, accountability, ethics and integrity.

Fresh, innovative approaches

A transdisciplinary approach to research provides the structure for the type of collegiality needed for breakthrough research that solves complex issues and challenges. Many of our laboratories and social areas in places such as the Cairns Complex are physically structured so that researchers from different disciplines can work and socialize side-by-side.

Our transdisciplinary research hubs, along with our research institutes and centres, bring experts with their various vantage points together to generate truly innovative, fresh, brand-new approaches to common problems. Solving complex problems requires complex approaches and Brock transdisciplinary hubs are taking innovative approaches by working cross-discipline to make this happen.

See the 2019-2025 Brock University Strategic Research Plan for more details.

Integrity in innovation

As they pursue their lines of inquiry, the Office of the Vice-President, Research requires our researchers to abide by the Tri-Council’s policy statement, Ethical Conduct for Research Involving Humans, which recognizes the fundamental, intrinsic value of human beings and the respect and consideration that they are due. Regarding the treatment of animals, Brock adheres to the Standards and Guidance of the Canadian Council on Animal Care in Science; our facilities and procedures are state-of-the-art in animal care.

Tying everything together is integrity: ensuring that our resources are used wisely; that our services are delivered with excellence; that we continue to put the needs of our researchers, and by extension the wider community, front and centre at all times.

Responsible Conduct of Research

Brock University is committed to research integrity and the responsible and ethical conduct of research.

To that end, we have created  The Responsible Conduct of Research Policy, which fosters an environment that values the responsible conduct of research. The Policy promotes education about, and awareness of, the principles and practices of the responsible conduct of research and ensures that we comply with federal government requirements in this area.

Brock and the Office of Research Services take allegations of research misconduct very seriously. If you have any questions or concerns about research taking place at Brock, please contact Dr. Tim Kenyon, Vice-President, Research. Written allegations may be submitted in any form; however, an optional template is available.

“The fundamental purpose of research administration is a simple one. It is to enable all scholars and investigators to make good on their research aspirations. My job is to make sure that researchers have the support to do the things that they’re great at. It’s a matter of providing the conditions for your colleagues to be their best.” – Dr. Tim Kenyon

Since becoming Brock University’s Vice-President, Research in 2018, Dr. Tim Kenyon has focused on supporting the Strategic Plan priority of building research capacity across the institution. During this time the University has seen significant growth in the range of internal programs that facilitate the scholarship, innovation, research, and creative activity of all researchers, while new facilities such as Brock LINC and the Validating, Prototyping, and Manufacturing Facility have also been inaugurated.

Dr. Kenyon looks forward to the continued expansion of these and other programs and facilities to enhance funding, impact, and recognition for Brock researchers, while promoting institutional values of diversity, equity, decolonization, and community engagement. Dr. Kenyon says research exists to make a difference, and Brock’s research community has the creativity and inspiration to show just how great a difference it can make.

Prior to joining Brock, Dr. Kenyon held research and teaching positions at the University of St. Andrews, the University of Alberta, University of Aberdeen, and the University of Waterloo, where he served terms as Chair of the Philosophy Department and Associate Dean for the Faculty of Arts, and received the University of Waterloo Distinguished Teacher Award. He was President of the Canadian Philosophical Association in 2015-16, and is a member of the Executive for the Ontario Council for University Research.


Research exists to make a difference.

This might look like a platitude; at least, it ought to seem a platitude. But when we take it seriously, it turns out to have some substantive implications.

Is it true? Platitudes sometimes aren’t, but this one is. Whether our research is basic or applied in its design and conception, curiosity-driven or contract-based, we researchers are all committed at some level to the idea that research exists to make a difference.

No funding agency or scholarly institution has ever rallied to support inquiry under the banner of changing nothing whatsoever, and mattering to no one at all. As for researchers, yes, we are a highly varied group. But I doubt that any of us ever got into academic study excited by the prospect of our work never being read, never finding application, never changing anyone’s way of thinking or acting. Nobody ever looked forward to reflecting on a long, productive research career, and noting with satisfaction that it was like it had never happened.

But if research should make a difference, then as both a researcher and a research administrator I have some questions to ask myself. Some apply to me as a scholar:

  • What am I doing to maximize the impact my work has among my disciplinary (or same-problem-focused) academic peers?
  • What am I doing to promote the uptake of my work by academic peers working in different fields, or on different problems?
  • What specific positive steps am I taking to make my scholarship, my expertise, and my creative labour accessible to community organizations and citizens who might find it illuminating and informative?
  • Markets are among the most powerful forms of connections and impact in existence; what am I doing to determine whether my work can make a difference via commercialization?
  • How am I taking steps to explain my research through popular media and news media?

Other questions apply to me as a research administrator and member of a research collegium:

  • What I am doing to help my colleagues maximize the impact of their research and creativity?
  • What seminars and training can we offer on effective academic publication – including discussion of the different conceptions of effectiveness itself that may be relevant?
  • How does my institution support, not just specific transdisciplinary or interdisciplinary projects, but research conduct in general that invites transdisciplinary uptake and partnership?
  • How does my institution promote, facilitate, celebrate, and valorize the engagement of researchers and the impact of their work with community organizations?
  • What support does my institution offer for the commercialization of research outputs of all kinds, where the opportunities exist?
  • What training, support, and clarity of practices does my institution offer to researchers to facilitate their effective outreach via traditional media, new media, social media, and other forms of mass communication?

Where I work at Brock, there are many good answers to these questions that can be read off existing events, practices, and values. But these remain serious and often difficult questions. They all flow quite directly from our taking seriously the idea that researchers want their work to make a difference.

For my part, I was never mentored in graduate school to think of the wider impact of my research as the sort of thing in which I should take a strong interest, or about which I might even have scholarly duties. As a result, I still find it an effort to expand the minimalist understanding of proper scholarly aims that I learned as a young researcher. And I work at weeding out the subtle but definite attitudes that I internalized from both professors and graduate peers, to the effect that to seek non-academic uptake of one’s work was to show too much ambition, or in any case the wrong kind of ambition. No doubt I circulated those attitudes myself, in turn! Designing my own scholarship to make it accessible and applicable is now an ongoing project – much of it still in the planning stages.

It is not uncommon for academic researchers to be vexed by the low regard in which knowledge and expertise are popularly held these days. People ought to take the insights and knowledge of scientists and scholars more seriously, we are inclined to think. But look: something has gone wrong if we enjoin the wider world to value academic research, while we treat as marginal or impure the effort and the disposition to bring scholarship to the widest audience, in forms that enable its uptake and application. To will the end is to will the means. And willing the means is much, much more than just allowing the means to count somewhat towards tenure or annual performance appraisals! It requires us to design our inquiries and our institutions accordingly.

I am heartened and proud to see how much my colleagues are doing to ensure that research makes a difference. I hope we can continue to challenge ourselves to national and international academic leadership in this regard: to recognize our successes as an institution that values difference-making research, and to expand our commitment to still greater success.

A brief profile of Dr. Tim Kenyon’s research

I write (and speak, and think) about issues in Philosophy of Language (the nature of assertion, coerced speech, testimony, naming); Social Epistemology (the epistemology of testimony, disagreement, ignorance); Critical Thinking (pedagogy, debiasing); Philosophy of Mind (cognitive science, personhood, belief ascription); Metaphysics (antirealism, knowability); Philosophical Logic (theories of truth, doxastic logic), and Bibliometry and Research Measurement.

PhD in Philosophy, University of Western Ontario, 1998

MA in Philosophy, Carleton University, 1994

BA Hons in Philosophy, 1992; University of British Columbia


2007:  Clear Thinking in a Blurry World.  Toronto: Nelson Academic. 378 pp.

2006:  A Logical Approach to Philosophy (Co-edited with David DeVidi).  Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science.  Dordrecht: Springer. 227 pp.

Articles in books

2018: Disagreement. Routledge Handbook of Applied Epistemology (D. Coady and J. Chase, eds). New York: Routledge. 233-246.

2006: Introduction (with David DeVidi), A Logical Approach to Philosophy (D. DeVidi and T. Kenyon eds). Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science.  Dordrecht: Springer.

2006: Idealized psychology and doxastic logic. Paradox:  Logical, Cognitive and Communicative Aspects.  Jurgis Skilters, Ed., University of Latvia. 141-6.

2005: Non-sentences, implicature and success in communication. Ellipsis and Non-Sentential Speech, (Studies in Linguistics and Philosophy).  R.Elugardo and R.Stainton (eds.).  Dordrecht: Springer. 131-148.

2000: Indeterminacy and realism. Dennett’s Philosophy:  A Comprehensive Assessment.  Brook, Ross and Thompson (eds.).  Cambridge USA:  MIT Press. 77-94.

Journal articles (anonymized peer-review)

2020: Peer idealization and internal examples in the epistemology of disagreement. (CPA Prize-Winning Essay) Dialogue 59.1: 69-79.

2016: The scope of debiasing in the classroom. Topoi. doi:10.1007/s11245-016-9398-8 (Co-author: Guillaume Beaulac).

2016: Oral history and the epistemology of testimony. Social Epistemology. 30.1: 45-66. (First published online March 2015). DOI: 10.1080/02691728.2014.971912

2014: Critical thinking education and debiasing. Informal Logic 34.4: 341-363. (Co-author: Guillaume Beaulac).

2014: Defining and measuring research impact in the humanities, social sciences and creative arts in the digital age. Knowledge Organization 41.3: 249-257.

2014: False polarization: Debiasing as applied social epistemology. Synthese 191.11: 2529-2547.

2013: The informational richness of testimonial contexts. Philosophical Quarterly 63.250: 58-80.

2013:  Noninferentialism and testimonial belief fixation. Episteme 10.1: 73-85.

2010:  Assertion and capitulation. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 91.3: 352-68.

2005:  Are names ambiguous? Compositionality, Concepts and Representations I: New Problems in Cognitive Science: Protosociology 21: 140-51.

2003:  Analogues of knowability. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 81.4: 481-95 (Co-author: David DeVidi)

2003:  Cynical assertion:  Convention, pragmatics, and saying ‘Uncle.’ American Philosophical Quarterly 40.3: 241-8.

1999:  Non-sentential assertions and the Dependence Thesis of word meaning. Mind and Language 14.4: 424-40.

1999: Truth, knowability and neutrality. Noûs 33.1: 103-17.

1998:  Searle rediscovers what was not lost. Dialogue (Canadian Philosophical Review). 37.1: 117-30.

Book reviews

2003:  Review of Gary Ebbs, Realism and Rule-Following. Philosophy in Review, April.

2000:  Review of José Luis Bermúdez, The Paradox of Self-Consciousness. Psyche, 6 (Journal of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness).

2000:  Review of Luciano Floridi, Philosophy and Computing; An Introduction. Ends and Means, 4:2, 26-7.

1999: Review of Jennifer Hornsby, Simple Mindedness. Dialogue, 38:3, 656-9.

Other scholarly work (Invited; academic encyclopedias; refereed conference proceedings)

2019: Introduction. Educar Para o Pensamento Crítico na Sala de Aula. Pinto Lopes, Santos Silva, Dominguez & Nascimento, eds. Pactor: Lisboa.

2016: Critical thinking for engineers and engineering critical thinking. Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference of the Portuguese Society for Engineering Education. ISBN 978-1-5090-3913-5

2011: Critical thinking in the workplace: A course design and implementation. Andres, G., Kenyon, T., Peariso, R., Pretti, J., Stubley, G. Conference Proceedings of the Canadian Engineering Education Association.

2006:  Semantic paradoxes. The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd Ed Keith Brown (Ed.), Elsevier: Oxford.

2004: ‘Marvin Minsky’, Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers.  E. Lepore, ed.  Bristol: Thoemmes Press.

2004: ‘John McCarthy’, Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers.  E. Lepore, ed.  Bristol: Thoemmes Press.

2003:  Guest editor’s introduction:  The limits of warrant.  Special issue of Eidos 17.1: 1-5

Presentations & lectures (5 years; * = anonymously-reviewed; † = invited or non-reviewed)

† April 2020 (currently postponed): The worth of commitment. Invited keynote lecture, Philosophy Union Annual Conference, University of Toronto.

† January 2020: Accepting testimony and believing testimony. Department of Philosophy, University of Waterloo

† June 2019: Peer idealization, internal examples, and the meta-philosophy of genius in the epistemology of disagreement. Canadian Philosophical Association annual meeting, Vancouver.

† April 2019: The epistemology of corroborative testimony. Humanities Institute Spring Symposium, Brock University.

† May 2018: Commentary on ‘The epistemology of testimonial trust’. Social Epistemology Network conference, Oslo.

† February 2018: Phenomena and theory in the epistemology of testimony. Department of Philosophy, University of Victoria.

† November 2017: Dois dilemas do pensamento crítico. Centro de Estudos Humanísticos, Universidade dos Açores.

† February 2017: Epistemic kinds of testimony. LanCog  (Language, Mind and Cognition Research Group),  University of Lisbon.

† February 2017: ‘Disagreement, from theory to practice,’ and ‘Content drift and why it matters to philosophers and others’. Invited lectures at ArgLab, the Reasoning and Argumentation Lab at IFILNOVA, New University of Lisbon

† February 2017: ‘Characterizing research impacts in and around the humanities’ and ‘Interpreting and applying research metrics: Reflections of a humanist at a STEM-heavy university’. Presentations to the Institute for the Humanities, University of Manitoba

† November 2016: Why impacts? Why an impact project? Symposium on community-based research impacts, Canadian Federation of Humanities and Social Sciences annual meeting, University of Toronto

* October 2016: Critical thinking for engineers, and engineering critical thinking. CISPEE conference, UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal

May 2016: Eliteness and diversity in Philosophy. Presidential Address, Canadian Philosophical Association Annual Meeting, University of Calgary

† May 2016: Addressing bias. Symposium presentation, Ontario Society for Studies in Argumentation, University of Windsor

† November 2015: Saving the epistemic phenomenon. Keynote address at the Canadian Society for Epistemology annual conference, Université de Montréal

† November 2015: Social cognition in social epistemology. CRISCo research group (Le Cercle de recherche de l’Institut des sciences cognitives), Concordia University

† August 2015: Commentary on Alex Barber, ‘Lying, duplicity and deception’. Language, Cognition and Context Workshop, Montevideo, Uruguay

† May 2015: Modeling fallibility in critical thinking instruction. Keynote workshop at the Second International Seminar on Critical Thinking, Universidade de Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal

* February 2015: The scope of debiasing in the classroom. Conference presentation at Reasoning, Argumentation, and Critical Thinking Instruction (RACT 2015), Lund University, Sweden. (With Guillaume Beaulac)

† February 2015: Confounds for convergent testimony. Colloquium presentation to Department of Philosophy, University of Sheffield.

† February 2015: Two-part workshop on critical thinking education: (1) What is critical thinking, and how could everybody be teaching it if it’s so hard? (2) Intellectual virtues and social skills as critical thinking strategies. Universidade do Porto, Instituto de Filosofia, Clube Filosófico do Porto.

“Our institution has excellent supports in place to facilitate research. I aim to contribute to that system, whether that’s supporting the staff who provide those direct, frontline services, or working with faculty to determine what we can do for them so that they can focus their efforts on their research.” Dr. Michelle McGinn

The Office of the Vice President, Research is pleased to announce the appointment of Dr. Michelle McGinn as Associate Vice-President, Research, effective January 1, 2020 for a period of three years.

Dr. McGinn was appointed Interim Associate Vice-President, Research in 2018. Before that, she was Associate Dean, Graduate Student Services, Research, and International in the Faculty of Education, Dr. McGinn brings to the position her expertise in higher education, particularly related to the formation and implementation of research teams that cut across subject matters and disciplines.

Her early dissertation work focused on the sociology of science, where she had the chance to interact with a range of scientists and document their work practices, which gave her an understanding of how science works. Her more recent research has focused predominantly on social science research teams and the broader research policy landscape in Ontario.

More recently, Dr. McGinn completed a Mohawk College certificate in research administration co-offered by the Canadian Association of Research Administrators (CARA). This has given her a broad appreciation of the various staffing positions and roles that support research.

Continuing to grow and support the Research Enterprise

To reinforce the research enterprise here at Brock, I plan to aid researchers’ programs in any way that I can. As an institution we already have great supports in place such as the Research Initiative Award as well as the amazing Research Officers and our Research Ethics team that keeps our proposals moving quickly.

I firmly believe in making the research culture at Brock University more inclusive and celebratory. It is important to recognize and celebrate the variety of research forms and topics that we have here. The more I learn about the wonderful research my colleagues are doing, the more I appreciate its vibrancy and depth and the amazing things that are happening at Brock.

Most importantly, I would like to remind researchers about the role of persistence and tenacity, especially when applying for research funding. It’s important to remember that, just because you are not successful the first time or in a particular venue, your research project is still valuable and important; it’s the tenacity and persistence that wins over time.

We have a great support team that helps researchers find different funding avenues to pursue. We encourage researchers to act on feedback given to them by the Research Officers so that they can revise and resubmit their applications if need be. Each competition is a new competition; the more that researchers apply, the more likely that the odds will rise in their favour for being successful.

The Office of the Vice-President, Research supports Brock’s faculty from across all disciplines to explore new research and scholarship opportunities and strengthen existing ones.

This is accomplished primarily through the Office of Research Services (ORS), the roles and functions of which include:

  • advising researchers on funding opportunities
  • assisting with applications for research grants
  • providing direction on financial management
  • liaising with national granting councils and provincial agencies in the negotiation of research contracts
  • promoting our researchers’ work in the media and at public events
  • connecting our researchers with industrial partners and fostering those relationships

Broad reach

In addition to overseeing ORS, the Office of the Vice-President, Research is also responsible for:

  • articulating the broader vision and direction of the institution’s research
  • overseeing research institues and centres such as the Niagara Community Observatory and the Cool Climate Oenology and Viticulture Institute (CCOVI)
  • contributing to the larger provincial and federal research environment through involvement and leadership in such initiatives as Research Matters

The bicameral system of governance of Brock University consists of two governing bodies: the Board of Trustees and the Senate.

Generally, the Senate is responsible for the educational policy of the University, and the Board of Trustees is responsible for the administrative management of the institution. The Office of the University Secretariat provides administrative services and overall support for both governing bodies. The following provides a general overview of the bicameral system of governance.

The Vice-President, Research delivers a report at the meetings, which are generally held monthly. Below are the VPR’s Senate reports for 2019 and 2018. Click here for reports given before then. (Click on the link listed in the “Meetings Agenda” column; a link to the report is found within the meeting agenda).


September 8, 2020

May 22, 2020

April 22, 2020

March 25, 2020

March 4, 2020

February 4, 2020

January 8, 2020


December 6, 2019

November 4, 2019

September 30, 2019

September 13, 2019

May 22, 2019

April 3, 2019

March 6, 2019

February 7, 2019

January 10, 2019


January 17, 2018 meeting (oral update)

February 14, 2018

March 14, 2018

April 11, 2018

May 2, 2018 meeting (oral report)

May 30, 2018

September 12, 2018

October 17, 2018

November 14, 2018

December 12, 2018

Contact us

Tim Kenyon
Vice-President, Research
905 688 5550 x3127

Judith Maiden
Executive Assistant
905 688 5550 x4315

Michelle K. McGinn
Associate Vice-President, Research
905 688 5550 x5024

Dawn Zinga
Acting Associate Vice-President, Research
905 688 5550 x3152