Jeff Stuart

Professor, Biological Sciences

Jeff Stuart

Office: Mackenzie Chown F 224
905 688 5550 x4814

My research in cell physiology focuses on mitochondrial biology in the context of health, aging, and disease. I am particularly interested in developing new tools and approaches to observe, manipulate, and measure mitochondria in living cells. Some of these are accessible on my Github site: Recent developments include MiNA, Hypoxio, O2/CO2 incubators, and Mitochondrio. Some of these are works in progress.

Physiological Cell Culture

To learn about basic mitochondrial and cellular biology, understand mechanisms of disease, and develop drugs, cell culture is indispensable. However, it is critical to maintain conditions similar to those cells experience in vivo. Recently, we have focused on understanding how standard cell culture approaches, which fail to replicate in vivo conditions, affect various cellular functions. We are interested in developing better methods for maintaining cellular models in culture.

Mitochondrial Network Analysis (MiNA)

Mitochondria exist in a dynamic balance of fusion/fission and biogenesis/mitophagy that determine the size and morphology of the ‘mitochondrial network’. Many of the mitochondrial phenomena we investigate exert effects on these processes and thus manifest as changes in mitochondrial network morphology. These morphological changes affect cell physiology and are therefore important to measure and understand. To facilitate this we developed the Mitochondrial Network Analysis (MiNA) toolset as a simple set of macros making use of existing ImageJ plug-ins that allows a semi-automated analysis of mitochondrial networks in cultured mammalian cells. Use the Github link above to access this and other tools.


Stuart, J.A. and Robb, E.L. Bioactive Polyphenols from Wine Grapes.  Springer Press, New Jeresey. 2013.  77 pp.

Stuart, J.A., Editor, Mitochondrial DNA: Methods and Protocols, 2nd edition. Volume 197 In: Methods in Molecular Biology, Human Press, Totowa, New Jersey. 2009.

Book Chapters

Alva R, Abbas M, Bagshaw ORM, Moffatt C, Gardner GL, Stuart JA. Mitochondrial Oxygen Toxicity. In: Mitochondrial Intoxication. Ed Marco de Oliveira. Elsevier Press, 2022. In press.

Bagshaw ORM, Alva R, Goldman J, Drelich JW, Stuart JA. Mitochondrial zinc toxicity. In: Mitochondrial Intoxication. Ed Marco de Oliveira. Elsevier Press, 2022. In press.

Stuart JA, Moradi F. Resveratrol effects on skeletal muscle. In: Mitochondrial Protection for Health and Aging. Ed Marco de Oliveira. Elsevier Press, 2021.

Bagshaw ORM, Balardo CJ, Bland NA, Pardiwalla N, Samuel IAJ, Zoso SLS, Stuart JA. Mitochondrial dynamics in health and disease. In: Mitochondrial Protection for Health and Aging. Ed Marco de Oliveira. Elsevier Press, 2021.

Bagshaw ORM, Atkinson J, Fajardo VA, Leblanc PJ, Stuart JA. Mitochondrial-targeted therapeutic approaches for manipulating cardiolipin. In: Clinical Bioenergetics, Ed. Sergej Ostojic, Elsevier Press, 2020. 15pp.

Valente AJF, Fonseca J, Moradi, F, Foran G, Necakov A, Stuart JA. Measuring mitochondrial network morphology in mitochondrial disease. In Mitochondria in Health and Sickness. Ed. Urbani A, Babu M. Springer Press, 2019. 18pp.

Recent Journal Articles

Alva R, Mirza M, Baiton A, Lazuran L, Samokysh L, Bobinski A, Cowan C, Jaimon A, Obioru D, Al Makhoul T, Stuart JA, 2022.Oxygen Toxicity: Cellular Mechanisms in normobaric hyperoxia. Cell Biology and Toxicology. doi: 10.1007/s10565-022-09773-7.

Geromella MS, Ryan CR, Braun JL, Maddalenna LA, Bagshaw O, Hockey B, Moradi F, Fenech RK, Ryoo J, Marko DM, Finch MS, Dhaliwal R, Sweezey-Munroe J, Hamstra SI, Gardner GL, Silvera S, Vandenboom R, Roy BD, Stuart JA, MacPherson REK, Fajardo VA. 2022. Low dose lithium supplementation promotes adipose tissue browning and SERCA uncoupling in muscle. J Biol Chem. In press.

Gardner GL, Moradi F, Moffatt C, Cliché M, Garlisi B, Gratton J, Mehmood F, Stuart JA, 2022. Rapid medium nutrient depletion to below the physiological range by cancer cells cultured in Plasmax. American Journal of Physiology – Cell Physiology.

Braun JL, Messner HN, Cleverdon RG, Baranowski RW, Hamstra SI, Geromella MS, Stuart JA, Fajardo VA, 2022. Heterozygous SOD2 deletion selectively impairs SERCA function in the soleus and left ventricles of female mice. Physiological Reports.

Samokhin P, Moffatt C, Stuart JA. 2022. An inexpensive ‘homemade’ incubator for mammalian cell culture capable of regulating O2, CO2, and temperature. Oxygen. 2(1), 22-30;

Costa CF, Pinho SA, Pinho SLC, Bagshaw ORM, Stuart JA, Oliveira PJ, Cunha-Oliveira T, 2022. Mitochondrial and metabolic remodeling in human skin fibroblasts in response to glucose availability. FEBS Journal. Feb 25.

Torices S, Motta CS, Gomes da Rosa B, Marcos AC, Alvarez-Rosa L, Siqueira M, Moreno-Rodriguez T, Matos A, Caetano B, Martins J, Gladulich L, Loiola E, Bagshaw ORM, Stuart JA, Siqueira MM, Stipursky J, Toborek M, Adesse D, 2022. SARS-CoV-2 infection of human brain microvascular endothelial cells leads to inflammatory activation through NF-κB non-canonical pathway and mitochondrial remodeling. bioRxiv. 2022 Jun 16:2022.06.16.496324. doi: 10.1101/2022.06.16.496324.

Bagshaw ORM, Moradi F, Moffatt CS, Hettwer HA, Liang P, Goldman J, Drelich JW, Stuart JA, 2021. Bioabsorbable metal zinc differentially affects mitochondria in vascular endothelial and smooth muscle cells. Biomaterials and Biosystems. Vol. 4

Moradi F, Moffatt C, Stuart JA, 2021. The effect of oxygen and micronutrient composition of cell growth media on cancer cell bioenergetics and mitochondrial networks. Biomolecules.

Moradi F, Fiocchetti M, Marino M, Moffatt C, Stuart JA, 2021. Media composition and O2 levels determine effects of 17β-Estradiol and selective estrogen receptor modulators on mitochondrial bioenergetics and cellular reactive oxygen species. American Journal of Physiology – Cell Physiology. 321(1):C72-C81.

Fiocchetti M, Cracco P, Montalesi E, Solar Fernandez V, Stuart JA, Marino M, 2021. Neuroglobin and mitochondria: the impact on neurodegenerative diseases. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 701:108823. doi: 10.1016/

Abbas M, Moradi F, Hu W, Regudo KL, Osborne M, Pettipas J, Atallah DS, Hachem R, Ott-Peron N, Stuart JA, 2021. Vertebrate cell culture as an experimental approach – limitations and solutions. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B. 254:110570. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpb.2021.110570.

Guillory R, Kolesar TM, Oliver A, Morath LM, Sikora-Jasinska M, Stuart JA, Bocks M, Drelich J, Goldman J, 2020. Suppression of vascular intimal hyperplasia by degradation byproducts from zinc-based implants. Materials Science & Engineering C. 111, 110826. doi: 10.1016/j.msec.2020.110826.

Moradi F, Copeland E, Baranowski RW, Scholey A, Stuart JA, Fajardo VA, 2020.
Calmodulin-Binding Proteins in Muscle: A Minireview on Nuclear Receptor Interacting Protein, Neurogranin, and Growth-Associated Protein 43. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 21, 1016; doi:10.3390/ijms21031016.

Stuart JA, Selim S, and McGowan S, 2019. A limited metabolomics analysis validates sonication-assisted extraction of Ice Wine grape pomace polyphenols and demonstrates their seasonal variation. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization. 1-6.

Kurgan N, Whitley KC, Maddalena LA, Moradi F, Stoikos J, Hamstra SI, Rubie E, Kumar M, Roy BD, Woodgett JR, Stuart JA, Fajardo VA (2019) A low-therapeutic dose of lithium inhibits GSK3 and enhances myoblast fusion in C2C12 cells. Cells, 8(11), 1340;

Fajardo VA, Watson CJF, Bott KN, Moradi F, Maddalena LA, Turner BC, Peters SJ, LeBlanc PJ, MacNeil AJ, Stuart JA, Tupling AR, 2019. Neurogranin is expressed in mammalian skeletal muscle and inhibits calcineurin signalling and myoblast fusion. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 317(5):C1025-C1033. doi: 10.1152/ajpcell.00345.2018.

Bagshaw ORM, De Lange M, Renda S, Valente AJF, Stuart JA, 2019. Hypoxio: a simple solution to preventing pericellular hypoxia in cell monolayers growing at physiological oxygen levels. Cytotechnology. 71(4): 873-879.

Stuart JA, Aibueku O, Bagshaw ORM, Moradi F, 2019. Hypoxia Inducible Factors as Mediators of Reactive Oxygen/Nitrogen Species Homeostasis in Physiological Normoxia. Medical Hypotheses. 129: 109249.

Fonseca J, Moradi F, Maddalena LA, Ferreira-Tollstadius B, Selim S, Stuart JA, 2019. Resveratrol integrates metabolic and growth effects in PC3 prostate cancer cells – involvement of prolyl hydroxylase and hypoxia inducible factor-1. Oncol Lett, 17(1): 697–705.

Marquardt D, Ghelfi M, Maddalena LA, Stuart JA, Atkinson J, Harroun TA, 2019. Vitamin E-inspired Multi-scale imaging agent. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, 29(1):107-114.

Fonseca J, Moradi F, Valente AJF, Stuart JA, 2018. Oxygen and glucose levels in cell culture media determine resveratrol’s effects on growth, hydrogen peroxide production, and mitochondrial dynamics. Antioxidants, 7(11): 157. doi:10.3390/antiox7110157.

Stuart JA, Fonseca J, Moradi F, Cunningham C, Seliman B, Worsfold CR, Dolan S, Abando J, Maddalena LA, 2018. How supra-physiological oxygen levels in standard cell culture affect oxygen-consuming reactions. Oxid Med Cell Longev, Article ID 8238459.

Mazinani SA, Stuart JA, Yan H, 2018. Microwave-assisted delivery of an anticancer drug to cancer cells. RSC Advances 8: 31465-31470.

Said SA, Isedowo R, Guerin C, Nar NN, Lillie L, Bukovac S, Simone JJ, Green MR, McCormick CM, Stuart JA, 2018. Effects of long-term dietary administration of estrogen receptor-beta agonist diarylpropionitrile on ovariectomized female ICR(CD-1) mice. GeroScience 40(4):393-403.

Maddalena, L.A., Selim, S.S., Fonseca, J., Messner, H., McGowan, S., Stuart, J.A., 2017.  Hydrogen peroxide production is affected by oxygen levels in mammalian cell culture.  Biochem Biophys Res Commun.  493:246-251.

Mazinani, S., Moradi, F., Stuart, J.A., Yan, H., 2017 Microwave irradiation of PC3 cells at constant culture temperature alters the incorporation of BODIPY into cells and reduction of MTT.  Chem Biochem.  2(26):7983-7986.

Valente, A.J.F., Maddalena, L.A., Robb, E.L., Moradi, F., Stuart, J.A., 2017.  A Simple ImageJ Macro Tool for Analyzing Mitochondrial Network Morphology in Mammalian Cell Culture.  Acta Histochem, 119(3):315-326.

Robb, E.L., Moradi, F., Maddalena, L.A., Valente, A., Fonseca, J., Stuart, J.A., 2017 Resveratrol stimulates mitochondrial fusion by a mechanism requiring mitofusin-2.  Biochem Biophys Res Commun, 485(2):249-254.

Maddalena, L.A, Ghelfi, M., Atkinson, J., Stuart, J.A., 2017. The mitochondria-targeted imidazole substituted oleic acid ‘TPP-IOA’ affects mitochondrial bioenergetics and its protective efficacy in cells is influenced by cellular dependence on aerobic metabolism. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1858:73-85.