CRC (Tier II) in Human Dimensions of Water Resources and Water Resilience
Associate Professor, Environmental Sustainability Research Centre and the Department of Geography and Tourism Studies
Ph.D. University of Saskatchewan (Environment and Sustainability)
M.Sc. University of Saskatchewan (Soil Science)
B.Sc. (Distinction) University of Alberta (Crop Science)
My research interests centre around the decision-making processes and actions we take focused on water resources. I aim to:
• building an understanding of how (and why) people engage in water management and governance, and how the qualities of these processes relate to social and ecological outcomes;
• how the concept of resilience relates to water governance, and how it is operationalized and applied in practice; and,
• applying the notion of social-ecological systems to agriculture, how these kinds of systems can be modeled, and how those models can be used to improve decision making about practices that influence water resources on agricultural landscapes.
My research is situated within the field of sustainability science. I collaborate with researchers from diverse disciplines and outside of academia to pursue solutions to research questions. My research is influenced by my many years on the family farm, educational background in the natural sciences, and keen interest in how people make decisions and take action to impact the sustainability of our water resources.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Jollineau, M., & Dale, G. (2021). Evaluating ecological outcomes from environmental stewardship initiatives: A comparative analysis of approaches. Journal of Environmental Management. 297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.113266
Bennett, E., Baird, J., Baulch, H., Chaplin-Kramer, R., Fraser, E., Loring, P., Morrison, P., Parrott, L., Sherren, K., Winkler, K., Cimon-Morin, J., Fortin, M.-J., Kurylyk, B.L., Lundholm, J., Poulin, M., Rieb, J.T., Gonzalez, A., Hickey, G.M., Humphries, M., Krishna, K.C., &Lapin, D. (2021). Ecosystem services and the resilience of agricultural landscapes. Advances in Ecological Research. https://doi.org/10.1016/bs.aecr.2021.01.001
Plummer, R., Baird, J., & Dale, G. (2021). What makes an environmental steward? An individual differences approach. Environmental Values. https://doi.org/10.3197/096327121X16141642287773
Mallette, A., Plummer, R., & Baird, J. (2021). Seeing things differently: How are environmental conditions perceived and why does it matter? Parks Stewardship Forum, 37(1). http://dx.doi.org/10.5070/P537151752
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Dale, G., Kapeller, B., Mallette, A., Feist, A., & Kataoka, Y. (2020). The emerging scientific water paradigm: precursors, hallmarks and trajectories. WIREs Water. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/wat2.1489
Baird, J., Hutson, G., & Plummer, R. (2020). Examining the potential of connections to nature as an outcome of NOLS. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education and Leadership, 12(4): 367-379.
Baird, J. and Plummer, R., Eds. (2020). Water Resilience: Management and Governance in Times of Change.Switzerland: Springer Nature. 311 p.
Baird, J. (2020). Charting a course for management and governance dimensions of water resilience. In J. Baird and R. Plummer, Eds. Water Resilience: Management and Governance in Times of Change. Switzerland: Springer Nature. P. 293-307.
Baird, J., Quinlan, A., Plummer, R., Moore, M.-L., & Krievins, K. (2020). Assessing the capacities of watershed organizations to navigate change: Making sense of social-ecological resilience, adaptation and transformation. In In J. Baird and R. Plummer, Eds. Water Resilience: Management and Governance in Times of Change. Switzerland: Springer Nature. P. 139-169.
Plummer, R. & Baird, J. (2020). The emergence of water resilience: An introduction. In J. Baird and R. Plummer, Eds. Water Resilience: Management and Governance in Times of Change. Switzerland: Springer Nature. P. 3-19
Feist, A., Plummer, R., & Baird, J. (2020). The inner-workings of collaboration in environmental management and governance: A systematic mapping review. Environmental Management, 66(5), 801-815. Available at: https://rdcu.be/b5Z8a
Bodin, Ö., Baird, J., Schultz, L., Armitage, D., & Plummer, R. (2020). The impacts of trust, cost and risk on collaboration in environmental governance. People and Nature, 2:734-749. Available at: https://besjournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/pan3.10097
Parker, C., Nohrstedt, D., Baird, J., Hermansson, H., Rubin, O., & Baekkeskov, E. (2020). Collaborative crisis management: a plausibility probe of core assumptions. Policy and Society. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/14494035.2020.1767337
Baird, J., Dale, G. & Farhad, S. (2020). Individual differences predict endorsement of water resilience. Scientific Reports, 10 (1), 1-11. Available at: https://rdcu.be/b3qhd
Feist, A., Plummer, R., Baird, J. & Mitchell, S.J. (2020). Collaborative processes for climate change adaptation in New Brunswick, Canada. Environmental Management, 65(5), 665-677. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-020-01284-7
Plummer, R., Baird, J., Farhad, S., & Witkowski, S. (2020). How do biosphere stewards actively shape trajectories of social-ecological change? Journal of Environmental Management, 261. Available at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301479720300773
Bodin, Ö., Nohrstedt, D., Baird, J., Summers, R., & Plummer. R. (2019). Working at the ‘speed of trust’: pre-existing and emerging social ties in wildfire responder networks in Sweden and Canada. Regional Environmental Change. Available at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10113-019-01546-z
Nohrstedt, D., Bodin, Ö., Baird, J., Summers, B. and Plummer, R. (2019). Organizational challenges in responding to escalating wildfires: when and how to ramp up the crisis response organization? In D. Nohrstedt and F. Bynander (Eds.). Collaborative Crisis Management: Inter-Organizational Approaches to Extreme Events. Routledge
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Schultz, L., Armitage, D., & Bodin, Ö. (2018). Does socio-institutional diversity matter in collaborative environmental governance of social-ecological systems? Environmental Management. Available at https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00267-018-1123-5
Baird, J., Schultz, L., Plummer, R., Armitage, D., & Bodin, Ö. (2018). Emergence of collaborative environmental governance: What are the causal mechanisms? Environmental Management, 63(1), 16-31.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Schultz, L., Armitage, D., & Bodin, Ö. (2018). Integrating conservation and sustainable development through adaptive co-management in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Conservation and Society, 16(4): 409-419.
Krievins, K., Plummer, R., & Baird, J. (2018). Building resilience in ecological restoration processes for freshwater systems: A social-ecological perspective. Ecological Restoration, 36(3): 195-207.
Melo Zurita, M.d.L., Thomsen, D.C., Smith, T.F., Lyth, A., Holbrook, N.J., Munro, P.G., de Bruin, A., Roggero, P.P., Seddaiu, G., Baird, J., Plummer, R., Bullock, R. Collins, K., & Powell, N. (2018). Global water governance and climate change: identifying innovative arrangements for adaptive transformation. Water, 10, 29. Available at www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/10/1/29/pdf.
Plummer, R., Baird, J., Bullock, R., Dzyundzyak, A., Dupont, D., Gerger Swartling, Å., Johannessen, Å., Huitema, D., Lyth, A., Melo Zurita, MdL., Munaretto, S., Smith, & T. Thomsen, D. (2017). Stakeholder insights into flood governance: an international multiple case study of flood prone areas. Environmental Policy and Governance, 28(2):67-81. Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eet.1796/full.
Armitage, D., Plummer, R., Baird, J., Dzyundzyak, A., Schultz, L., & Bodin, Ö. (2017). An approach to assess learning conditions, effects and outcomes in environmental governance. Environmental Policy and Governance, 28(1): 3-14. Available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eet.1781/full
Plummer, R., Renzetti, S., Bullock, R., Melo Zurita, MdL., Baird, J., Dupont, D., Smith, T., & Thomsen, D. (2017). The roles of capitals in building capacity to address urban flooding in the shift to a new water paradigm. Environment and Planning C, 36(6): 1068-1087. [online] URL: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/2399654417732576
Plummer, R., Dzyundzyak, A., Baird, J. Schultz, L., Armitage, D., & Bodin, Ö. (2017). How do environmental governance processes shape evaluation of outcomes by stakeholders? A causal pathways approach. PLoS One, 12(9): e0185375. [online] URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185375
Plummer, R., Baird, J., Armitage, D., Bodin, Ö. & Schultz, L. (2017). Diagnosing adaptive co-management across multiple cases. Ecology and Society, 22 (3):19. [online] URL: https://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol22/iss3/art19/
Plummer, R., Baird, J. Dzyundzyak, A., Schultz, L., Armitage, D., & Bodin, Ö. (2017). Is adaptive co-management delivering? Examining relationships between collaboration, learning and outcomes in UNESCO Biosphere Reserves. Ecological Economics, 140: 79-88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2017.04.028
André, K., Baird, J., Gerger Swartling, Å., Vulturius, G., & Plummer, R. (2017). Analysis of Swedish forest owners’ information and knowledge-sharing networks for decision-making: insights for climate change communication and adaptation. Environmental Management, 59(6): 885-897.
Plummer, R., Baird, J., Bullock, R., Dupont, D., & Renzetti, S. (2016). Probing the relationship between ecosystem perceptions and approaches to environmental governance: an exploratory content analysis of seven water dilemmas. Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses. Online: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/21693293.2016.1202903#abstract.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Bullock, R., Dupont, D., Heinmiller, T., Jollineau, M., Kubik, W., Renzetti, S., & Vasseur, L. (2016). Contemporary water governance: navigating crisis response and institutional constraints through pragmatism. Water Special Issue. Water Governance in Times of Change: Perceptions, Institutions, Praxis and Learning, 8(6):224. DOI: 10.3390/w8060224.
Baird, J., Dzyundzyak, A., Plummer, R., Bullock, R., Dupont, D., Jollineau, M., Kubik, W., Pickering, G., & Vasseur, L. (2016). Ecosystem perceptions in flood prone areas: a typology and its relationship to preferences for governance. Water Special Issue: Water Governance in Times of Change: Perceptions, Institutions, Praxis and Learning, 8(5):191. DOI: 10.3390/w8050191.
Baird, J., Jollineau, M., Plummer, R., & Valenti, J. (2016). Exploring agricultural advice networks, beneficial management practices and water quality on the landscape: a geospatial social-ecological systems analysis. Land Use Policy, 51: 236-243.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Moore, M.-L., & Brandes, O. (2016). Introducing resilience practice to watershed groups: What are the learning effects? Society and Natural Resources, 29(10): 1214-1229.
Plummer, R., Baird, J. Krievins, K., & Mitchell, S.J. (2016). Improving river health: Initiating collaboration in a transboundary river basin. International Journal of River Basin Management. 14(1), 119-132. DOI: 10.1080/15715124.2015.1080717.
Baird, J., Plummer, R. & Bodin, Ö. (2016). Collaborative governance for climate change adaptation: Experimenting with adaptive co-management from a social network perspective. Regional Environmental Change, 16(3): 747-758. DOI: 10.1007/s10113-015-0790-5.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Dupont, D. & Carter, B. (2015). Perceptions of water quality in First Nations communities: Exploring the role of context. Nature and Culture, 10(2): 225-249. DOI: 10.3167/nc2015.100205.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Haug, C., & Huitema, D. (2014). Learning effects of interactive decision making processes for climate change adaptation. Global Environmental Change, 27: 51-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2014.04.019.
Plummer, R., Baird, J., Moore, M-L., Brandes, O., Imhof, J. & Krievins, K. (2014). Governance of aquatic systems: What attributes and practices promote resilience? International Journal of Water Governance, 4:1-18. DOI: 10.7564/14-IJWG51.
Keskitalo, C., Baird, J., Ambjörnsson, E.L. & Plummer, R. (2014). Social network analysis of multi-level linkages: A Swedish case study on northern forest-based sectors. AMBIO, 43(6): 745-758. DOI 10.1007/s13280-014-0492-0.
Baird, J.M., Plummer, R. & Pickering, K. (2014). Priming the governance system for climate change adaptation: the application of a Social Ecological Inventory to engage actors in Niagara, Canada. Ecology & Society, 19(1):3 Online: http://www.ecologyandsociety.org/vol19/iss1/art3/.
Baird, J., Velaniškis, J., Plummer, R. & FitzGibbon, J. (2014). Political legitimacy and collaborative water governance: An exploratory case study. International Journal of Water Governance, 2:61-84. DOI: 10.7564/13-IJWG3.
Moore, M.L., von der Porten, S., Plummer, R., Baird, J., & Brandes, O. (2014). Water policy reform and innovation: A systematic review. Environmental Science and Policy, 38:263-271. DOI:10.1016/j.envsci.2014.01.007.
Baird, J.M., Belcher, K. & Quinn, M. (2014). Context and capacity: The potential for performance-based agricultural water quality policy. Special issue “Applications of Water Policy and Economics in Canada.” Canadian Water Resources Journal, 39(4): 421-436. DOI: 10.1080/07011784.2014.965033.
Baird, J., Plummer, R., Purdy, S., Mitchell, S. & Rathwell, K. (2014). Enhancing source water protection and watershed management: Lessons from the case of the New Brunswick Water Classification Initiative. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 39(1): 49-62. DOI: 10.1080/07011784.2013.872872.
Plummer, R. & Baird, J. (2013). Adaptive co-management for climate change adaptation: Considerations for the Barents Region. Sustainability, 5(2):629-642. Online: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/5/2/629.
Baird, J.M., Carter, B., Cave, K., Dupont, D., General, P., King, C., Plummer, R. & Varewyck, A. (2013). Gaining insights about water: The value of surveys in First Nations communities to inform water governance. Indigenous Policy Journal, 23(4). Online: http://www.indigenouspolicy.org/index.php/ipj/article/view/144/132.
Baird, J.M., & Plummer, R. (2013). Exploring the governance landscape of Indigenous Peoples and water in Canada: An introduction to the special issue. Indigenous Policy Journal, 23(4). Online: http://www.indigenouspolicy.org/index.php/ipj/article/view/143/131.
Baird, J., Plummer, R. & Summers, R. (2013). Cisterns and safe drinking water in Canada. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 38(2):121-134.
Baird, J.M., Walley, F.L., & Shirtliffe, S.J. (2010). Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonization and phosphorus nutrition in organic field pea and lentil. Mycorrhiza, 20(8): 541-549.
Baird, J.M., Shirtliffe, S.J., & Walley, F.L. (2009). Optimal seeding rate for organic production of field pea in the northern Great Plains. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 89(6):1089-1097.
Baird, J.M., Walley, F.L., & Shirtliffe, S.J. (2009). Optimal seeding rate for organic production of lentil in the northern Great Plains. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 89(3):455-464.