Voice, Speech & Dialects: Diversities in vocal training
In this video, Paul explores how the voice provides access to the identity and difference of the speaker in intimate and immediate ways. He identifies challenges with inherited assumptions about the ‘naturalness’ of the human voice and provides strategies for understanding the voice in its cultural/social specificity.
Voice and speech: Diversities in voice training, by Paul de Jong, Program Coordinator and Head of Voice for the Theatre Performance program at Humber College.
- Paul discusses that the “predominant approach to voice training in North America, [is] one which revolves around a discourse of the free and natural voice,” and as such excludes diverse manifestations of voice and speech. The “standard” of good speech—based on England’s Received Pronunciation–stresses an accent that is devoid of abnormalities. How do standardized voice and speech practices work to benefit some actors training in post-secondary institutions? On the other hand, how does it exclude other identities and lived experiences of actors-in-training?
- How can post-secondary institutions embrace cultural and environmental differences that exist amongst actors-in-training? How can such differences be used to create and maintain creative environments that support diversities?
- Paul discusses Tara McAllister-Viel’s notion that one should “begin voice training with the assumption that socio-cultural and environmental influences prepare the body/voice with certain skills necessary for discipline-specific actor training.” If we embrace this belief, we acknowledge that our own social and cultural influences serve as the foundation for voice work. How has your own social and cultural background informed your voice training? Do you feel it has positively impacted your acting training? Why?
- Paul states that “[t]he voice is then defined by its relationality, the degree to which it searches out, moves and affects the unique other in the creation of an image,” acknowledging that differences in voice and speech add a dimensionality that may be lost when searching for the “free and natural voice.” In what circumstances can diversity in voice potentially create difficulties in acting training? Should Received Pronunciation be used in post-secondary institutions as the basis for all voice training? Why or why not?
- Paul gets his students to explore what Roland Barthes “calls the grainof their sound: the so-called ‘dirty’ sound that characterizes any instrument and makes it unique”. In doing so, the students were able to explore the tension and release of their own socially and culturally constructed voices. What aspects of your voice do you feel encompass your experience of diversity? How can sharing our differences open doors for a range of possibilities in voice training?
Knowles, R. P. “Interrogating the natural voice.” Shakespeare, theory, and performance, 95. 1996. Print.
McAllister-Viel, T. “Speaking with an international voice?”. Contemporary Theatre Review. Vol. 17. No. 1: 97-106. 2007. Print.
McAllister-Viel, T. “Voicing Culture: Training Korean Actors’ Voices through the Namdaemun Market Projects.” Modern Drama, 52(4), 426-448. 2009. Print.
Mills, L. “Theatre Voice: Practice, Performance and Cultural Identity”. South African Theatre Journal. Vol. 23, No. 1: 84-93. 2009. Print.
Mills, L. “When the Voice Itself Is Image 1.” Modern Drama. Vol. 52. No. 4: 389-404. 2009. Print.