She Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks. Charlottetown, PEI: Ragweed Press, 1988.

Thorns. Stratford, ON: Williams Wallace Inc., 1980.

Salmon Courage. Stratford, ON: Williams Wallace Inc., 1983.


Coups and Calypsos: A Play. Toronto: Mercury Press, 2001.

A Geneology of Resistance and Other Essays. Toronto: Mercury Press, 1997.

Caribana: African Roots and Continuities: Race, Space and the Poetics of Moving. Toronto: Poui Publications, 1996.

Urban Confections: Race, Crimes and Immigration. Toronto: Poui Publications, 1994.

Showing Grit: Showboating North of the 44th Parallel. Toronto: Poui Publications, 1993.

Frontiers: Essays and Writings on Racism and Culture, 1984-1992. Stratford, ON: Mercury Press, 1992.

Looking for Livingstone: An Odyssey of Silence. Stratford, ON: Mercury Press, 1991.

Harriet’s Daughter. Toronto: Women’s Press, 1988.


Cameron, Elspeth. “Who is Marlene Nourbese Philip and Why is She Saying All Those Terrible Things about PEN?” Chatelaine 63.11 (1990): 86-87+.

Carr, Brenda. “To ‘Heal the Word Wounded’: Agency and the Materiality of Language and Form in M. Nourbese
Philip’s She Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks.” Studies in Canadian Literature 19.1 (1994):

Clarke, George E. “Harris, Philip, Brand: Three Authors in Search of Literate Criticism.” Journal of Canadian
35.1 (2000): 161-189.

Cramer, Laura Ann. “Exploring Voice and Silence in the Poetry of Beth Cuthland, Louise Halfe and Marlene Nourbese Philip.” (Ad)dressing Our Words: Aboriginal Perspectives on Aboriginal Literatures. Ed. Armand Garnet Ruffo. Penticton, BC: Theytus Boks Ltd., 2001. 125-134.

Deloughrey, Elizabeth. “From Margin to the (Canadian) Frontier: ‘The Wombs of Language’ in M Nourbese
Philip’s She Tries Her Tongue, Her Silence Softly Breaks.” Journal of Canadian Studies 33.1 (1998):

Dorscht, Susan R. Rev. of Grammar of Dissent: Poetry & Prose, ed. Carol Morrell. Canadian Ethnic Studies 29.1 (1997): 188-191.

Hall, Phil. “The Continent of Silence: Marlene Nourbese Philip.” Books in Canada 18.1 (1989).

Harris, Claire. “Poets in Limbo.” A Mazing Space: Writing Canadian Women Writing. Eds. Shirley Neuman and Smaro Kamboureli. Edmonton: Longspoon / Newest, 1986. 115-125.

Hunter, Lynette. “After Modernism: Alternative Voices in the Writings of Dionne Brand, Claire Harris and Marlene
Philip.” University of Toronto Quarterly 62.2 (1992/1993): 256-281.

Lima, Maria Helena. “‘Beyond Miranda’s Meanings’: Contemporary Critical Perspectives on Caribbean Women’s
Literatures.” Feminist Studies 21.1 (1995): 115-28.

Mehan, Uppinder. “The Art and Activism of M. Nourbese Philip.” Paragraph 15.2 (1993): 20-23.

Morrell, Carol, ed. Grammar of Dissent: Poetry & Prose by Claire Harris, M. Nourbese Philip & Dionne Brand. Fredericton: Goose Lane Editions, 1994.

Saunders, Leslie. “Marlene Nourbese Philip’s ‘Bad Words’.” Tessera 12 (1992): 81-89.

Saunders, Leslie. “‘The Mere Determination to Remember’: M Nourbese Philip’s Stop Frame.” West Coast Line 31.1 (1997): 134-142.

Sarbadhikary, Krishna. “Weaving a Multicoloured Quilt: Marlene N Philip’s Vision of Change.” International
Journal of Canadian Studies
10 (1994): 103-118.

Thompson, Dawn. “Looking for Livingstone in Marlene Nourbese Philip’s Looking for Livingstone.” Writing a Politics of Perception: Memory, Holography, and Women Writers in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2000. 63-78.

Vevaina, Coomi S. “Searching for Space: A Conversation with M Nourbese Philip.” Interview. Open Letter 9.9
(1997): 15-26.

Wiens, Jason. “‘Language Seemed to Split in Two’: National Ambivalence(s) and Dionne Brand's ‘No Language
is Neutral.’” Essays on Canadian Writing 70 (2000): 81-102.

Williamson, Janice. “Blood On Our Hands: An Interview with Marlene Nourbese Philip.” Paragraph 14.1 (1992):

Williamson, Janice. “Writing a Memory of Llosing that Place.” Sounding Differences: Conversations with Seventeen Canadian Women Writers. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1993. 226-244.


Uppal, Priscila. “Recovering the Past Through Language and Landscape: The Contemporary English-Canadian Elegy.” York University, 2004.


1995: Toronto Arts Award

2002: Chalmers Fellowship for Poetry



Marlene Nourbese Philip was born and raised in Tobago. She studied economics at the University of the West Indies, and travelled to the University of Western Ontario where she received her Masters of Political Science in 1970, and in 1973, her Law Degree, also from the University of Western Ontario. She worked as a lawyer in Toronto while writing poetry, and in 1983 gave up law, deciding to spend her time writing. Philip has published three books of poetry, as well as several collections of fiction, non-fiction, and essays. She is also a playwright. In 1990, Marlene Nourbese Philip was made a Guggenheim Fellow in poetry. For more information, see Nourbese Philip’s website:

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