Afterworlds. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1987.

The Honey Drum. Oakville: Mosaic Press, 1983.

Earth-Light: Selected Poetry 1963-1982. Toronto: General Publishing, 1982.

The Fire-Eaters. Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1982.

The T. E. Lawrence Poems. Oakville: Mosaic Press, 1982.

The Chocolate Moose. Toronto: N/C Press, 1979.

Mermaids and Ikons: A Greek Summer. Toronto: House of Anansi, 1978.

Magic Animals: Selected Poems Old and New. Toronto: Macmillan, 1974.

The Armies of the Moon. Toronto: Macmillan, 1972.

Noman. Ottawa: Oberon Press, 1972.

The Shadow-Maker. Toronto: Macmillan, 1972.

King of Egypt, King of Dreams. Toronto: Macmillan, 1971.

A Breakfeast for Barbarians. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1966.

The Rising Fire. Toronto: Contact Press, 1963.

The Drunken Clock. Toronto: Aleph Press, 1961.

Selah. Toronto: Aleph Press, 1961.


Atwood, Margaret and Barry Callaghan, eds. The Poetry of Gwendolyn MacEwen: The Early Years (Volume One). Toronto: Exile Editions, 1993.

Atwood, Margaret and Barry Callaghan, eds. The Poetry of Gwendolyn MacEwen: The Later Years (Volume Two). Toronto: Exile Editions, 1993.


“Open Secret.” CBC Learning Systems, 1972. [phonograph record]


Atwood, Margaret. “MacEwen’s Muse.” Canadian Literature 45 (1970): 24-32.

Barrett, Elizabeth. “A Tour de Force.” Evidence 8 (1964): 140-143.

Bartley, Jan. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Canadian Woman Studies 9.2 (1988): 87-88.

Bevis, Richard. Rev. of The Honey Drum, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Canadian Literature 116 (1988): 192-194.

Bowering, George. “The Canadian Poetry Underground.” Canadian Literature 13 (1962): 66-67.

Bowering, George. “A Complex Music.” Canadian Literature 21 (1964): 70-71.

Craig, Terrence. Rev. of The Honey Drum, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Atlantic Provinces Book Review 17.1
(1990): 11.

Davey, Frank. “Gwendolyn MacEwen: The Secret of Alchemy.” Open Letter (second series) 4 (1973): 5-23.

Di Michele, Mary. “Gwendolyn MacEwen: 1941-1987.” Books in Canada 17.1 (1988): 6.

Dragland, Stan. Rev. of The Armies of the Moon, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Quarry 21.4 (1972): 57-62.

Farr, Moira. “Women Beware Critics: Moira Farr on Rosemary Sullivan's Biography of Gwendolyn MacEwen, Germaine Greer's Last Rant, and the Love-Hate Relationship Between Women and Poetry.” This Magazine
29.5 (1996): 26-28.

Gerry, Thomas M. “Green Yet Free of Seasons: Gwendolyn MacEwen and the Mystical Tradition of Canadian
Poetry.” Studies in Canadian Literature 16.2 (1991/1992): 147-161.

Gillam, Robyn. “The Gaze of a Stranger: Gwendolyn MacEwen’s Hieratic Eye.” Paragraph 13.2 (1991): 10-13.

Glickman, Susan. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Books in Canada 16.5 (1987): 26.

Godfrey, Dave. “Figments of a Northern Mind.” Tamarack Review 31 (1964): 90-91.

Gose, E.B. “They Shall Have Arcana.” Canadian Literature 21 (1964): 36-45.

Harding Russell, Gillian. “Gwendolyn MacEwen’s ‘The Nine Arcana of the Kings’ as Creative Myth and Paradigm.” English Studies in Canada 15.2 (1988): 204-217.

Harding Russell, Gillian. “Iconic Mythopoeia in MacEwen’s The T.E. Lawrence Poems.” Studies in Canadian Literature 9.1 (1984): 95-107.

Harding Russell, Gillian. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Event 17.1 (1988): 95-99.

Hatch, Ronald B. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. University of Toronto Quarterly 58.1 (1988):

Helwig, Maggie. “The Shadowmaker Confirmed the Poet in Me.” Catholic New Times 21.19 (1997): 13,14.

Jones, D.G. “Language of Our Time.” Canadian Literature 29 (1966): 67-69.

Keeney, Patricia. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Canadian Literature 118 (1988): 150-152.

Kelly, M. T. “Thoughts From a Friend (Profile of Gwendolyn MacEwen).” Canadian Woman Studies 9.2 (1988):

Kemp, Penn. “A Musing I Would Like to have Shared with Gwendolyn MacEwen.” Tessera 5 (1988): 49-57.

Lever, Bernice, et. al. “Arts Funding & the Canadian Literary Writer: Statements from Poets, Fiction Writers, Editors
and Publishers.” Cross Canada Writers Quarterly 9.3/4 (1987): 22-26.

“MacEwen Possessed a Talent that was Fragile, Precocious.” Globe and Mail (Metro Edition) 2 Dec 1987: A10,

Marshall, Joyce. “Remembering Gwendolyn MacEwen.” Brick 45 (1993): 61-65.

Marshall, Tom. “Several Takes on Gwendolyn MacEwen.” Quarry 38.1 (1989): 76-83.

Marshall, Tom. Rev. of The Rising Fire, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Quarry 14 (1964-65): 54-55.

Meyer, Bruce and Brian O’Riordan. “The Magic of Language.” In Their Words: Interviews With Fourteen Canadian Writers. Toronto: Anansi, 1984. 96-105.

Mezei, Kathy. Rev. of Norman, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Quarry 22.2 (1973): 70-71.

“Obituary: Author.” Gwendolyn MacEwen. Quill and Quire 54.3 (1988): 62.

Potvin, Elisabeth. “Gwendolyn MacEwen and Female Spiritual Desire.” Canadian Poetry 28 (1991): 18-39.

Purdy, Al. “Death in the Family.” Saturday Night 103.5 (1988): 65-66.

Reimer, Elizabeth. Rev. of Shadow Maker: the Life of Gwendolyn MacEwan, by Rosemary Sullivan. Textual
Studies in Canada
10.11 (1998): 177-189.

Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Queen's Quarterly 95.3 (1988): 754-755.

Rev. of Shadow Maker: the Life of Gwendolyn MacEwan, by Rosemary Sullivan. Books In Canada 24.7
(1995): 39-40.

Revell, Peter. “Images.” Alphabet 13 (1967): 96-97.

Ringrose, Christopher. “Vision Enveloped in Night.” Canadian Literature 53 (1972): 102-104.

Singleton, Martin. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Cross Canada Writers Quarterly 10.1
(1988): 22-23.

Skelton, Robin. Rev. of Afterworlds, by Gwendolyn MacEwen. Quill and Quire 53.5 (1987): 24.

Sowton, Ian. “To Improvise an Eden.” Edge 2 (1964): 119-124.

Stiles, Diane. Rev. of The Poetry of Gwendolyn MacEwen, eds. Margaret Atwood and Barry Callaghan.
Canadian Literature 152/153 (1997): 244-247.

Stiles, Diane. Rev. of Shadow Maker: the Life of Gwendolyn MacEwan, by Rosemary Sullivan. Canadian
152/153 (1997): 244-247.

Sullivan, Rosemary. Shadow Maker: The Life of Gwendolyn MacEwen. Toronto: Harper Collins, 1995.

Tsingos, Nikolas. “Poems for Gwendolyn MacEwen.” Descant 24.4 (1993/ 1994): 41.

Warwick, Ellen D. “To Seek a Single Symmetry.” Canadian Literature 71 (1976): 21-34.

Wilkinson, Shelagh. “Gwendolyn MacEwen's Trojan Women: Old Myth into New Life.” Canadian Woman
8.3 (1987): 81-83.

Wood, Brent. “From The Rising Fire to Afterworlds: The Visionary Circle in the Poetry of Gwendolyn MacEwen.” Canadian Poetry 47 (2000): 40-69.


Potvin, Elizabeth. “Aspects of the Spiritual in Three Canadian Women Poets: Anne Wilkinson, Gwendolyn MacEwen, and Phyllis Webb.” Dissertation. McMaster University, 1992.

Shostak, Dorothy. “Open Secrets: Fetishicity in the Poetry of Gwendolyn MacEwen.” Dissertation. Dalhousie University, 2001.

Wood, Brent Donald. “Approaching Spirit: Myth, Metaphor and Technique in the Poetry of Avison, Nichol and MacEwen.” Dissertation. University of Toronto, 2003.


1965: CBC New Writing Contest

1969: Governor General's Award, The Shadow-Maker

1983: Borestone Mountain Poetry Award

1987: Governor General's Award, Afterworlds (awarded posthumously)

Gwendolyn MacEwen was born in Toronto in 1941. Her first poem was published in The Canadian Forum when she was only 17, and she left school at l8 to pursue a writing career. With her first husband, MacEwan operated a coffee house in Toronto, The Trojan Horse, in the early 1970s. During her lifetime, MacEwen published fifteen collections of poetry, as well as several works of fiction and drama. She won the Governor General's Award at the age of twenty-seven for her poetry collection The Shadow Maker. MacEwen served as Writer in Residence at both the University of Western Ontario and the University of Toronto. Gwendolyn MacEwen died in 1987, at the age of 46.

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