Scott Forrester, PhD

Associate Professor, Recreation and Leisure Studies

Office: STH 337
905 688 5550 x4247

My transdisciplinary research examines the impact of participation in campus recreational sports on outcomes of importance to both students (e.g., academic, personal growth and development, health and well-being, leadership and social benefits) and post-secondary institutions (e.g., recruitment, persistence, retention, and satisfaction). My interest in this area stems from graduate work experiences in the Division of Recreational Sports at Indiana University administering intramural sports, conducting campus wide studies examining the impact of these programs, and serving as an interim Assistant Director for Club Sports

  • Student benefits of participation in campus recreational sports
  • Institutional benefits of campus recreational sports in post-secondary settings
  • Psycho-social determinants of participation in campus recreational sports
  • Academic and social outcomes of intramural sport participation.
  •  National Intramural Recreational Sports Association Lifetime Member
  • NIRSA Value of Collegiate Recreation Advisory Group Member (2013-2015)
  • Recreational Sports Journal Editorial Board Member
  • Applied Recreational Research and Programming Annual Review Board Member.

Books and Chapters Contributed to Edited Books

Mull, R.F., Forrester, S.A., & Barnes, M.L. (2019). Recreational sport management:  Foundations and Applications (6th ed.). Urbana, IL: Sagamore-Venture Publishing. 

Forrester, S. (2015). The benefits of campus recreation. Corvallis, OR: NIRSA: Leaders in Collegiate Recreation.

Johnson, R., & Forrester, S. (2013). Urban recreation. In R. McCarville, & K. McKay (Eds.). Introduction to recreation and leisure: Leisure for Canadians (2nd Ed.). State College, PA: Venture Publishing.

Mull, R., Forrester, S., & Barnes, M. (2013). Recreational sport programming (5th ed.). Urbana, IL: Sagamore Publishing.

Forrester, S. (2013). Recreational sport programming: Instructor’s guide. Urbana, IL: Sagamore Publishing.

Forrester, S., & Adams, L. (2012). The event planning model: The event evaluation and renewal phase (pp. 145-165). In C. Mallen & L. Adams (Eds.). Event management in sport, recreation and tourism: Theoretical and practical dimensions (2nd ed.). London: Routledge.;

Articles in Refereed Journals

Lower, L., Forrester, S., Elkins, D., & Beggs, B. (2020). Optimizing student learning outcomes  of collegiate recreational sports participation. The Journal of Campus Activities Practice  and Scholarship2(1), 3144. 

Noel-Elkins, A., Forrester, S., & Elkins, D. (2019). Examining the relationship between students’  perceived sense of campus community and satisfaction with school life. College Student  Affairs Journal, 37(1), 28-38. 

 Forrester, S., McAllister-Kenny, K., & Locker, M. (2018). Association between collegiate  recreational sports involvement and undergraduate student retention. Recreational Sports Journal42(1), 64-74. 

 Lower, L., Forrester, S., Elkins, D., & Beggs, B. (2018). Optimizing health and wellness outcomes of collegiate recreational sports participation. International  Journal of Sport Management, 19(1), 44-56. 

Power, S., & Forrester, S. (2017). Relationship between collegiate intramural sport participation and social integration into the campus community. International Journal of Sport  Management, 18(3), 441-459. 

Webb, E., & Forrester, S. (2016). Peer created motivational climates: Variations in the perceptions of collegiate intramural sport participants. International Journal of Sport Management, Recreation and Tourism, 23, 22-50.

Webb, E., & Forrester, S. (2016). Peer motivational climate and its relationship with positive and negative affect in collegiate intramural sports. International Journal of Sport Management, 17(4), 622-645.

Forrester, S. (2015). Benefits of collegiate recreational sports participation: Results from the 2013 NASPA Assessment and Knowledge Consortium Study. Recreational Sports Journal 39(1), 2-15.

Webb, E., & Forrester, S. (2015). Affective outcomes of intramural sport participation. Recreational Sports Journal 39(1), 69-81.

Palmer, A., Whitty, J., & Forrester, S. (2014). An exploratory study of the motivations of intramural indoor soccer participants using Self-Determination Theory. Applied Recreational Research and Programming Annual, 4, 49-67.

Barnes, M., Forrester, S., & Walsh, M. (2013). A city looks to its past to discover its future: A retrospective case study examining the impacts of an artificial white-water river development 25 years later. Managing Leisure, 18(1), 16-30.

Shiffman, R., D’Andrade, G., Eichel, J., Moss, K., & Forrester, S. (2012). A comparison of constraints to participation in intramural sports between international and non-international students. Recreational Sports Journal, 36(1), 2-12.


Published Refereed Conference Proceedings

Lavigne, J., & Forrester, S. (2013). Understanding the sport commitment of wheelchair basketball athletes. American Association for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance (AAHPERD). Research Consortium Abstracts, Special Supplement to Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84(1), A89.;


Research-based Reports

Forrester, S. (2014). The Benefits of Campus Recreation. Corvallis, OR: NIRSA.

Forrester, S. (2014). Benefits of Campus Recreational Sports Participation: Results from the NIRSA/NASPA Consortium Nationwide Survey of over 32,000 Students. Prepared for the National Intramural Recreational Sports Association.

  • Recreation Programming: Theoretical and practical foundations for planning, designing, promoting, implementing and evaluating recreation programs.
  • Introduction to Research Design and Evaluation: Principles and techniques for research. Issues concerning the construction, administration and evaluation of data collection as well as the processing and analysis of data.
  • Campus Recreation: Practical and theoretical aspects of campus recreation relating to different programming areas, values of recreational sports and the role of campus recreational sports programs in the context of higher education settings.
  • Quantitative Analysis: Quantitative means of understanding, interpreting and analyzing statistical data and information.
  • Program Evaluation in Professional Practice: Focuses on needs assessment in planning, managing, and administering delivery of leisure services and programs. The course integrates theory with professional development and practical experiences in recreation and leisure organizations.