Karen A. Patte, PhD

Assistant Professor, Health Sciences

Office: AS 326a
905 688 5550 x3882
kpatte@brocku.ca

My main project is the lead of the COMPASS Mental Health Module – a research platform designed to evaluate the real-world effectiveness of school-based mental health interventions. The project aims to build capacity and provide infrastructure to continually improve programs, policies, and resources for the advancement of youth mental health.

I am also a Co-Investigator on the larger COMPASS study – a 9-year (2012-2021) prospective cohort study that uses a hierarchical quasi-experimental design to evaluate how programs, policies, and built environments impact various youth health behaviours and outcomes (diet, physical activity, screen time, substance use, bullying, obesity, school achievement and connectedness) among 50,000+ students and 80+ secondary schools.

  • My main research interests include: mental health and illness; substance use and addictive behaviours; and obesity, eating disorders, and unhealthy-weight control strategies.
  • Mental health: Currently, my primary research focus is on the promotion of mental health, and the prevention and early identification of mental illness, among youth in the school context. Also, I am interested in the relationship between mental health and various other health behaviours, outcomes, and correlates.
  • Obesity and disordered eating: In particular, I am interested in the psychosocial consequences and contributors to youth obesity and unhealthy-weight control behaviours. Recently, I have explored potential unintended consequences of obesity prevention and intervention strategies, including factors such as weight perceptions, dieting, weight-based bullying, and weight bias. My previous work focused on the psychogenetic risk factors for obesity and eating disorders, particularly related to the brain reward pathways.
  • Substance use and addictive behaviours: My recent work has focused on youth binge drinking and cannabis use. I have also explored links between addictive behaviours and eating disorders/obesity.
  • Youth sleep durations

Submitted Manuscripts

Patte, K. A., Cole, A. G., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. Youth sleep durations and school start times: a cross-sectional analysis of the COMPASS study. Revision submitted.

Gohari, M. R. Patte, K. A., Leatherdale, S. T. Ethnic differences in school connectedness among youth in the COMPASS study. Submitted.

Patte, K. A., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. Modifiable predictors of insufficient sleep durations: A longitudinal analysis of youth in the COMPASS study. Under review.

Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Patte, K. A., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. Sleep duration trends and trajectories among youth in the COMPASS study. Sleep Health: Journal of the National Sleep Foundation. In press.

Patte, K. A., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. Binge drinking and academic aspirations, engagement, and performance: A longitudinal analysis among secondary school students in the COMPASS study. Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada: Research, Policy and Practice. In press.

Davis, C., Patte, K., Zai, C., Kennedy, J. L. Polymorphisms of the Oxytocin Receptor Gene (OXTR) and Overeating: The Mediating Role of Endophenotypic Risk Factors. Nutrition and Diabetes 2017;7:e279; doi:10.1038/nutd.2017.24

Patte, K. A., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. Is Binge Drinking Onset Timing Related to Academic Performance, Engagement, and Aspirations among Youth in the COMPASS Study? Substance Use and Misuse 2017. Available online 12 Jun 2017: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10826084.2017.1306562

Patte, K. A., Laxer, R.E., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. An analysis of weight perception and physical activity and dietary behaviours among youth in the COMPASS study. Social Science & Medicine – Population Health 2016;2:841-849.

Patte, K. A., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. Marijuana and alcohol use as predictors of academic aspirations and achievement: a longitudinal analysis among secondary school students in the COMPASS study. Journal of School Health 2017;87(5):310-318.

Godin, K. M., Patte, K. A., Leatherdale, S. T. Examining predictors of breakfast skipping and school breakfast program use among secondary school students in the COMPASS study. Journal of School Health. In press.

Vine, M. M., Harrington, D. W., Butler, A., Patte, K., Godin, K., Leatherdale, S. T. Compliance with school nutrition policies in Ontario and Alberta: An assessment of secondary school vending machine data from the COMPASS Study. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2017;108(1).

Patte, K. A., Leatherdale S. T. Are Ontario Secondary School teachers supported in the delivery of healthy eating and weight-related initiatives? Physical Health and Education Journal 2016;82(3). Available at: http://journal.phecanada.ca/issues/169/volume-82-issue-3/are-ontario-secondary-school-staff-trained-and-supported-delivering

Patte, K. A., Laxer, R., Qian, W., Leatherdale, S. T. A cross-sectional analysis of weight perception and weight-control intentions among secondary school students in the COMPASS study. American Journal of Health Behavior 2016;40(5):614-623.

Patte, K. A., Leatherdale, S. T. A cross-sectional analysis examining the association between dieting behaviours and alcohol use among secondary school students in the COMPASS study. Journal of Public Health 2017;39(2):321-329.

Patte, K. A., Davis, C. A., Levitan R. D., Kaplan, A. S., Carter-Major, J., Kennedy, J. L. A behavioural genetic model of the mechanisms underlying the link between obesity and symptoms of ADHD. Journal of Attention Disorders 2016. Available online January 21, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054715618793

  • The Mental Health of Children and Youth
  • Childhood Obesity
  • The Health of Children
  • Exercise in Pediatric Chronic Conditions

Co-Applicant: Leatherdale ST (PI), Faulkner G (BC Lead), Haddad S (Quebec Lead), Carson V, Chaurasia A, Costello J, Dubin J, Elton-Marshall T, Harrington D, Janssen I, Mann R, Milicic S, Patte K, Pierard E, Sabiston C, Story K, Veugelers P, Vine M. Shaping the direction of youth health across Canada by expanding the COMPASS study to new jurisdictions. Substance Use and Addictions Program (SUAP), Health Canada; 2016/17 – 2018/19; $934,086.00.

Co-Applicant: Leatherdale ST (PI), Carson V, Chaurasia A, Cole A, Dubin J, Elton-Marshall T, Faulkner G, Janssen I, Laxer R, Mann R, Patte K, Sabiston C, Storey K, Veugelers P. Extension of the COMPASS Study: building on our current success shaping the direction of youth health. 2016/7 – 2020/21;; $1,578,695.

Co-Applicant: Vine M (Co-PI); Leatherdale ST (Co-PI), Bassett-Gunter R, Brown K, Butler A, Elliott S, Godin, K, Hanning R, Laxer R, Patte K, Skinner K, Valaitis R. Developing a research agenda for school nutrition policy in Ontario: A planning meeting including key stakeholders from across Canada. CIHR Planning and Dissemination Grant – Institute Community Support; 2017 – 2018; $19,374.

Project Lead: Leatherdale ST (Co-PI), Patte K, Cairney J, Elton-Marshall T, Faulkner G, Henderson J, Mann R, Sabiston C. Development of a mental health module for the COMPASS system: improving youth mental health trajectories. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) 2016 Project Grant (Awarded Bridge Funding). 2016/7 – 2017/6; $100,000.