Academic credential requirements by country

The following represents the minimum academic credential required for admission consideration. Attainment of the minimum credential does not guarantee admission because additional factors, including academic standing, program choice, program prerequisites and English language proficiency are also part of the admission decision.

CountryMinimum credential for admission consideration
AfghanistanBaccalauria and Concours
AlbaniaCertificate of Maturity/Secondary School Leaving Certificate
AlgeriaBaccalauréat de l’Enseignement Secondaire
AngolaFirst-year standing in a recognized university
Antigua and BarbudaCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
ArgentinaBachillerato y Ciclo Bàsico Comùn
ArmeniaAttest o Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
AustraliaSenior matriculation certificate qualifying for entrance to university
AustriaReifeprufüng/Matura from Allgemeinbildende höhere Schulen
AzerbaijanSvidetel’stvo/o Srednem Obrazovanii (after Grade 11)
BahamasSenior Matriculation A levels; including 12 years of secondary school + CSEC, GCSE exams or one year at College of the Bahamas
BahrainTawjahiya (Secondary School Leaving Certificate)
BangladeshHigher Secondary Certificate
BarbadosCSEC plus GCE A levels; CSEC plus one year at Barbados Community College
BelarusSvidetel’stvo/o Srednem Obrazovanii (after Grade 11)
BelgiumCertificat d’Enseignement Secondaire Supérieur (academic stream)/Getuigschrift van Hoger Secundair Onderwijs
BelizeCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
BeninBaccalauréat
BermudaBermuda Secondary School Certificate, GCSE or, Post-Graduate year at Saltus Grammar School, or one year at Bermuda College
BhutanIndian School Certificate class XII of the CBSE and ICSE
BoliviaBachillerato
Bosnia HerzegovinaMatura
BotswanaFirst-year standing in a recognized university
BrazilCertificado de Conclusao de 2 Grau/concurso Vestibular
BruneiBrunei Matriculation Examination; Brunei Cambridge GCE A levels
BulgariaDiploma za Zavarsheno Sredno Obrazovanie
BurmaFirst-year standing at a recognized university
CameroonCameroon GCE A levels; Baccalauréat
CaribbeanCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
Central AfricanBaccalauréat/Diplôme de Bachelier de l’Enseignement de
RepublicSecond Degré
ChadBaccalauréat
ChileLicencia de Educación Media/Prueba de Aptitúd Académica (PAA)
China (PRC)(Grade 12) Senior High School Graduation Certificate (3 Years) plus final transcript showing Grade 12 first and second term grades
ColombiaFirst-year standing at a recognized university
CongoBaccalauréat
Costa RicaFirst-year standing at a recognized university
Cote d’IvoireDiplôme de Bachelier de l’Enseignement du Second Degré/Baccalauréat
CroatiaMatura; Secondary School Leaving Diploma; Medunarodna matura
CubaBachillerato/Preuniversity course and the national competitive examination
CyprusApolytirion of Lykeion and General Entrance Exam; Lise (Bitirme) Diplomasi with high standing
Czech RepublicMaturitni Zkouska; Maturita
DenmarkStudentereksamen; Højere Forberedelseseksamen Højere Handelseksamen
Dominican RepublicBachillerato
EcuadorBachillerato en Humanidades; Ciencias
EgyptFirstyear standing at a recognized university
El SalvadorBachillerato plus entrance exam
EstoniaSecondary School Certificate
EthiopiaEthiopian School Leaving Certificate
FijiForm 7 Examinations
FinlandYlioppilastutkinoto/Studentexamen
FranceBaccalauréat de l’Enseignement du Second Degré; Baccalauréat Technologique; Diplôme de Bachelier de l’Enseignment du Second Degré
GabonBaccalauréat
GambiaWest African School Certificate plus West African Examinations Council A levels
GeorgiaAttestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (after Grade 11)
GermanyAbitur; Reifezeugnis; Zeugnis der Allgemeinen Hochschulreife
GhanaSenior Secondary Certificate Examinations plus University entrance exam
GreeceApolytirion of Lykeio plus General Entrance
GrenadaCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
GuatemalaFirst-year standing at a recognized university
GuineaBaccalauréate 2ème partie
GuyanaCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
HaitiBaccalauréat II; Diplôme d’Enseignement Secondaire
HondurasFirst-year standing at a recognized university
Hong KongHKDSE: minimum entry is Level 2 in 5 subjects (must include all program specific prerequisites) Note: competitive programs will require courses at Levels 3 or 4.
HungaryErettsegi; Matura
IcelandStudentsprof from gymnasium
IndiaAll India Senior School Certificate awarded by CBSE (after 12 years); Indian School Certificate (awarded by ICSE)
IndonesiaSurat Tanda Tamat Belajar S.M.A.
IranDiplomMetevaseth/National High School Diploma
IraqSixth Form Baccalauréat
IrelandLeaving Certificate
IsraelBagrut; Mechina
ItalyDiploma di Maturità; Diploma di Superamento Dell’Esame di Stato
JamaicaCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
JapanKotogakko Sotsugyo Shomeisho
JordanTawjihi comprehensive
KazakhstanSvidetel’stvo/o Srednem Obrazovanii (after Grade 11)
KenyaKenyan Certificate of Secondary Education
Korea, NorthFirst-year standing in a recognized university
Korea, South (R.O.K.)Academic Upper Secondary School Certificate plus Academic Aptitude Test
KuwaitShahadatalthanawiaala’ama
KyrgyzstanSvidetel’stvo/o Srednem Obrazovanii (after Grade 11)
LaosFirst-year standing at a recognized university
LatviaAtestats par visparejo videjo izglitibu
LebanonBaccalauréat
LesothoFirst-year standing at a recognized university
LiberiaSenior High School Certificate plus entrance exam
LibyaGeneral Secondary Certificate
LiechtensteinMatura (Type B or Type E)
LithuaniaSecondary School Diploma
LuxembourgDiplôme de Fin d’Etudes Secondaires
MacaoSee: Portugal; Hong Kong
MacedoniaSecondary School Leaving Diploma
MalawiMalawi School Certificate of Education; (See also UK and Commonwealth)
MalaysiaMatriculation Certificate; Sijil Tinggi Persekolahan Malaysia (STPM), Unified Examination Certificate (UEC)
MaliMali Baccalauréat
MaltaAdvanced Matriculation; (See also UK and Commonwealth)
MauritiusSee: UK and Commonwealth
MexicoBachillerato
MoldovaAttestat O Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
MoroccoBaccalauréat
MozambiqueCertificado de Habilitacoes Literarias
MyanmarFirst-year standing at a recognized university
NambiaSee: South Africa; UK and Commonwealth
NepalTribhuvan University Proficiency Certificate
NetherlandsV.W.O. Certificate
New ZealandHigher School Certificate plus University Entrance Examination
NicaraguaFirst-year standing at a recognized university
NigerBaccalauréat/Diplôme de Bachelier de l’Enseignement du Second Degré
NigeriaSenior School Certificate
NorwayVitnemål fra den Videregående Skole
OmanThanawiya amma
PakistanIntermediate/Higher Secondary School Certificate
PanamaBachillerato
Papua New GuineaHigher School Certificate
ParaguayBachillerato
PeruFirst-year standing from a recognized university
PhilippinesSecond-year standing from a recognized university
PolandMatura/Swiadectwo Dojrzalosci
PortugalCertificado de fim de Estudos Secundarios
Puerto RicoSee: U.S.A.
QatarThanawaya Aam Qatari
RomaniaDiploma de Baccalaureat
RussiaAttestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
RwandaCertificat des Humanités
Saint Kitts and NevisCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
Saint LuciaCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
Saudi ArabiaTawjihiyah
ScotlandScottish Certificate of Education at the Higher Level (4 subjects); (See also UK and Commonwealth)
SenegalDiplôme de Bachelier de l’Enseignement du Second Degré/Baccalauréat
SeychellesSee: UK and Commonwealth
Sierra LeoneSenior School Certificate; (See also UK and Commonwealth)
SingaporeSingapore/Cambridge GCE A levels; (See also UK and Commonwealth)
Slovak RepublicMaturitná skúska/Maturita
SloveniaMatura
Solomon IslandsUniversity of the South Pacific Foundation Year
SomaliaFirst-year standing in a recognized university
South AfricaSenior Certificate of South African Certification Council
SpainTitulo de Bachillerato plus University entrance exam
Sri LankaSri Lankan GCE A levels in 4 subjects
SudanSudan School Certificate
SurinamV.W.O. Certificate
SwaizilandFirstyear standing in a recognized university
SwedenAvgangsbetyg/Slutbetyg from Gymnasieskolan
SwitzerlandMaturitätszeugnis; Certificat de Maturité; Baccalauréat; Attestato di Maturità;Federally recognized Cantonal Maturity Certificate
SyriaAlShahâda AlThânawiya/Baccalauréat
TaiwanSenior High School Leaving Certificate
TajikstanAttestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
TanzaniaCertificate of Secondary Education + Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education
ThailandMathayom/M6
TogoBaccalauréat
Trinidad and TobagoCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
TunisiaBaccalauréat
TurkeyDevlet Lise Diplomasi/Lise Bitirme Diplomasi
TurkmenistanAttestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
UgandaUganda Advanced Certificate of Education
UkraineAtestat Pro Povnu Zagal’nu Sersdniu Osvitu (at Grade12)
U.S.S.R. (former)Attestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
United Arab EmiratesTawjihiyya
United KingdomFive GCE/GCSE/IGCSE subjects with at least two at A-level (GCSE grades at C or above). One GCSE/IGCSE/O-level subject (graded C or above) and four AS-level subjects will be considered provided the AS-levels do not duplicate subject matter at the GCSE/IGCSE or O level. VCE A-level, VCE A-level Double Award and BTEC Certificate/Diploma qualifications.
U.S.A.Grade 12 graduation in an accredited high school.
UruguayBachillerato
UzbekistanAttestat o Srednem Obrazovanii (at Grade 11)
VenezuelaFirst-year standing at a recognized university
Viet NamBang Tu Tai (Diploma of General Education)
West IndiesCSEC or GCSE, and GCE A levels
YemenAl Thanawiya
YugoslaviaSecondary School Leaving Diploma/Matura (Serbia & Montenegro)
ZaireDiplôme d’Etat d’Etudes Secondaires du Cycle Long with Homologation Certification
ZambiaZambia School Certificate
ZimbabweCambridge School Certificate and Higher School Certificate; (See also UK and Commonwealth)