Human Nature and Conduct
An Introduction to Social Psychology
Table of Contents
Part 1: The Place of Habit in Conduct
Section I: Habits as Social Functions
Habits as functions and arts; social complicity; subjective factor.
Section II: Habits and Will
Active means; ideas of ends; means and ends; nature of character.
Section III: Character and Conduct
Good will and consequences; virtues and natural goods; objective and subjective morals.
Section IV: Custom and Habit
Human psychology is social; habit is conservative; mind and body.
Section V: Custom and Morality
Customs as standards; authority of standards; class conflict.
Section VI: Habit and Social Psychology
Isolation of individuality; newer movements
Part 2: The Place of Impulse in Conduct
Section I: Impulses and Change of Habits
Present interest in instincts; impulses as reorganizing.
Section II: Plasticity of Impulse
Impulse and education; uprush of impulse; fixed codes.
Section III: Changing Human Nature
Habits the inert factor; modification of impulses; war a social function; economic regimes as social products; nature of motives.
Section IV: Impulse and Conflict of Habits
Possibility of social betterment; conservatism.
Section V: Classification of Instincts
False simplifications; "self-love"; will to power; acquisitive and creative.
Section VI: No Separate Instincts
Uniqueness of acts; possibilities of operation; necessity of play and art; rebelliousness.
Part 3: The Place of Intelligence in Conduct
Section I: Habit and Intelligence
Habits and intellect; mind, habit and impulse.
Section II: The Psychology of Thinking
The trinity of intellect; conscience and its alleged separate subject-matter.
Section III: The Nature of Deliberation
Deliberation as imaginative rehersal; preference and choice; strife of reason and passion; nature of reason.
Section IV: Deliberation and Calculation
Error in utilitarian theory; place of the pleasant; hedonistic calculus; deliberation and prediction.
Section V: The Uniqueness of Good
Fallacy of a single good; applied to utilitarianism; profit and personality; means and ends
Section VI: The Nature of Aims
Theory of final ends; aims as directive means; ends as justifying means; meaning well as an aim; wishes and aims
Section VII: The Nature of Principles
Desire for certainty; morals and probabilities; importance of generalizations.
Section VIII: Desire and Intelligence
Object and consequence of desire; desire and quiescence; self-deception in desire; desire needs intelligence; nature of idealism; living in the ideal.
Section IX: The Present and Future
Subordination of activity to result; control of future; production and consummation; idealism and distant goals.
Part 4: Conclusion
Section I: The Good of Activity
Better and worse; morality a process; evolution and progress; optimism; Epicureanism; making others happy.
Section II: Morals are Human
Humane morals; natural law and morals; place of science.
Section III: What is Freedom?
Elements in freedom; capacity in action; novel possibilities; force of desire.
Section IV: Morality is Social
Conscience and responsibility; social pressure and opportunity; exaggeration of blame; importance of social psychology; category of right; the community of religious symbol.