What's New in Research
Brock experts weigh in on managing Halloween’s sugar nightmare
October 29, 2015
Bags full of sweet treats your little ghosts and goblins bring home Saturday night might be scarier than the costumes themselves. Halloween is a fun night of trick or treating, but the sudden mountain of sugar can wreak havoc on children’s health.
Brock University has numerous experts specializing in nutrition, obesity and pediatric health issues who are weighing in on how to keep Halloween’s from getting out of hand for young kids.
Andrea Josse, Assistant Professor, Department of Kinesiology and the mother of a soon-to-be three-year-old, said Halloween is a time of indulgence that needs to be managed.
“It’s not about taking away everything just because it’s not healthy. It’s about letting kids enjoy this fun time once a year. The fact is, kids do eat a lot of things that aren’t healthy, so it is a good idea to use Halloween to engage in discussions with your kids about healthy vs. unhealthy eating,” she says.
Knowledge focus needed to transform Niagara’s economy, says new Brock policy brief
October 28, 2015
Niagara needs to develop a “knowledge” economy that would build on the region’s strengths, says a new policy brief from the Niagara Community Observatory.
In it’s brief, titled “Moving Niagara Towards a Knowledge Economy,” the Brock University research group says that while Niagara has strengths in agriculture, tourism and as a border community, manufacturing enterprises have been the traditional source of jobs in the area.
With the decline of the manufacturing sector, large and small communities in Canada are now positioning themselves to function as “vibrant economic hubs.” Core to these hubs is a knowledge economy, which “places a premium on creativity and creation of new knowledge and innovation as drivers of economic revitalization,” says the brief.
Included within innovation would be new inventions in fields such as genetics or biotechnology, reconfiguration of existing goods produced or revolutionizing the way that these goods are produced, including advanced manufacturing.
Brock researchers involved in world forum focused on ecosystem threats
October 22, 2015
Modeled after the World Economic Forum, the World Forum on Ecosystem Governance brings together experts and leaders from around the globe to come up with ways to respond to ecosystem threats.
Vasseur, who holds a UNESCO Chair in Sustainability, is a program leader for one of the forum’s two themes: implementing the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
Recently approved by the United Nations, the SDGs include measures and targets to reduce poverty and increase access to health care, food, education, employment, energy and many other basics by 2030.
Vasseur will be giving a number of presentations on the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals and the conservation of ecosystems, which relates to the forum’s second theme – addressing climate change.
Brock study explores gender differences in workplace bullying perceptions
October 21, 2015
Young women preparing for the business world tend to see teasing, isolation and other relationship-oriented actions as being acceptable behaviours in the workplace as compared to the view of their male counterparts, says a recently published Brock University study.
The study, “Workplace Bullying: The Perceptions of Canadian University Students” aimed to determine differences in male and female undergraduate business school students in the way they viewed manifestations of workplace bullying.
“A common misconception is that workplace bullying is gender neutral; the reality is that it is not,” says study author and Goodman School of Business Assistant Professor Lisa Barrow. “Gender plays a significant role in the workplace bullying epidemic.”
And, both sexes accepted a range of hurtful behaviours that Barrow says is troubling.
Research looks at fungi that kills bugs and helps plants
October 21, 2015
It’s a mouthful for most of us to say “entomopathogenic fungi” out loud. But not for Larissa Barelli, a doctoral student in Brock’s Biotechnology program and recipient of a prestigious 2015 Canada Graduate Scholarship from the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC).
Her scientific vocabulary rolls out with enthusiasm — and passion — along with a knack for explaining the complexities of her research interest and what motivates her as a researcher.
“I believe that some of us are born to ask the question why, to question the mechanics of life and how we can improve upon them, and solve the problems that affect the world around us,” she says. “Every researcher has their niche that they carve out for themselves, and I want the opportunity to contribute my piece to the larger puzzle.”
Barelli has found her piece of the puzzle working with her supervisor, Michael Bidochka, and his world-renowned research team. The group studies entomopathogenic fungal species that not only kill insects but are also plant symbionts — meaning they have an association with plants that contribute to the health of the plant.
Nursing team receives award for patient care and teaching research
October 16, 2015
The U.S.-based Journal of Nursing Education has awarded a Brock team for research on how nurses make decisions on patient procedures and care.
Researchers Joyce Engel, Dawn Prentice and McMaster University undergraduate student Adriana Cappelletti (first author) received the Christine A. Tanner Scholarly Teaching Award for their paper “Systematic review of clinical judgment and reasoning in nursing” in the Journal of Nursing, 53, 453-8.
“We were completely surprised,” says Engel. “The fact that we’re Canadians and that the award is given to an article that advances knowledge in nursing education is a huge honour.”
The paper explores factors that influence clinical decision-making resulting in “a reasoned and accurate judgment that guides nursing actions and evaluations,” and how best to teach these concepts to nursing students, says Engel.