Country Profile - Ghana

Country Profile - Ghana


  • Full name: Republic of Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast)
  • Independence: March 6, 1957 from British Administration
  • Population: 25.5 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Accra
  • Area: 238,533 sq km
  • Major languages: English, African languages including Akan, Ewe
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
  • Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 66 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: Cedi
  • Main exports: Gold, cocoa, timber, tuna, bauxite, aluminium, manganese ore, diamonds
  • GNI per capita: US $1,410 (World Bank, 2011)



Ghana was the first place in sub-Saharan Africa where Europeans arrived to trade - first in gold, later in slaves

It was also the first black African nation in the region to achieve independence from a colonial power, in this instance Britain

Ghana is one of the more stable nations in the region, with a good record of power changing hands peacefully

A well-administered country by regional standards, Ghana is often seen as a model for political and economic reform in Africa

Ghana is the world's second largest cocoa producer behind the Ivory Coast and Africa's biggest gold miner after South Africa. It is one of the continent's fastest growing economies and newest oil producer

Ghana has a high-profile peacekeeping role; troops have been deployed in the Ivory Coast, Liberia, Sierra Leone and DR Congo

Radio is Ghana's most popular medium, although it is being challenged by increased access to TV

There were nearly 2.1 million internet users by December 2011 (

Mobile phones are widely used to access news

Additional Information

BBC News - Africa

Go Africa - Ghana Facts and Information

GhanaWeb - Resource for News, Sports, Facts, Opinion etc.